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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
December 29, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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December 29, 1923

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t,,c.reeezr.yh'uheW ),/era 00ECRE:TA00Y WORK APPOINTj ,SPECIAL ADVlJOR3 TO MAKE mcLuIR00 By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN ECttETARY OF THE INTERIOR ItU- BERT WORK is reorganizing tile bu- reau of reclamation and all the West is watching the process. And there is plepty to watch, for there are 28 reclamation projects in 14 states, rep- resenting an investment by the fed. oral government of $181,000.000. Con- siderably over a million acres of Ir- rigated lands are cropped each year =rod the products are vahled at $50,'000,000 or more. Ot the. project lands are about 500,000 people, ex- of the cities and villages. The Influence of is of course wide-reaching; whole- purchases of manufactured products by the people on the Yuma project (Arizona-California), :or example, totaled $5,411,000 in 1921. So the Isperity of many people is bound up with the l'osperlty of each project lmator Ashurst of Arizona, in a debate in the ]bSt congress, said this: .&t the outset let it he remembered that the full of national Irrigation cannot be mess- for it has an intangible value not in tonnage tables nor transporta- t re*tea. In building new commonwealths in the lands af the 'est the government is utlllz- eloped resources and creating opportuni- citizens. One of the primary purposes law was to create homes, and has been richly fulfilled Viewed from wtandpolnt alone national reclamation has" Justified all for which It's LdvomLtes hoped. be true. Nevertheless, this reclama- is business proposition. Uncle Sam work and is It now looks if it would be some time before he breaks even. bars of congress have been preparing to make demands for repayments in this congress. Secre- tary Work is quoted as saying, "The service was t m= he rocks and couldn t have lasted five years longer." /Ie is also quoted as fpeaklng of himself =s the "receive of the reclamation service." A1- the twenty years of governmeoL.:hma, do not seem to have beefi unqllfled sue- ( 'ortunately th:e is an official statement which Rives a fair JCa of conditions. It was made by Wrk to the Special Advisors' committee by him last fall to make an exhaustive trite tim financial and physical features of and into governmental policies and personnel of this committee is dls- now at work on the in- of the United States " *n "flea SeFvi secretary of the in- z, lo ,,, former president of the of City, Oscar F. he American Eiwood Mead, noted authority on reclatnarion Berkeley, Cal. Mr. Campbell was and Dr. committee ins secr attention wu particularly direct to 4 tions relating to the recl anlation projects constructed or being con- Brueted by the department In the western states amtamong which Ihave lived for, thirty.five year ,rhroggh complaints from organizations of wa- r rsers, Indtvidue2 water users, repos o agents, specters, official records of the delrtment and nearly all of the projects h ,condition that some radlcal reforms mast be had if they were to be loss of their homes, of the money advanced by the gor- ier their construction and maintenance to be secured. "The complaints and criticisms cover a variety i' f points too numerous to be described here, but lnehtded charges that in many of the projects the l estimates under which settlers were In- to go upon the projects were from 50 to 100 and that the actual cost has been that it Is impossible for the farmers to pay Within the time and manner fixed by law. or even at all; that mistakes, engineering and oth- ervAse, had been made whtcll added materially to tlte cost of eonktruct.ed projects; that' others had been undertaken that should never have been start- J.R. rflield 7:'.. Campbell c//,,,,, ice I have been unable to get figures that appear to be dependable as to the cost of Individual proj- ects or the total money expended on all projects. "It is represented, take from the records of the = "'Unur tar .,.;- ganization the direct- or of recbmation has been abolished. A commtssh)ner of reclamation has been appointed (D. W. Davis) and the bu- reaa organized in line wlth the other 14 bu- reaus of the Depart- ment of Interior. "In the Washing- ton office we will now have the law dlvi- sion, the auditing division, the chief clerk's office, the bu- reau engineer and the four field inspectors. "In the Denver of- flee the duties will be engineering, hav- ing to do with the construction we rk relative to bringing water to the differ. ent projects. At that point the field commissioner (Can- non), an agricultur- Ist. will assume charge of the project management, except for the work tha may be required of technical engineers, who will work from the office of the chief engineer. "The engineering division will send Its reports on the con- struction work to the Wash!ngton office and  the field com- missioner will for- ward his reports an the operation and maintenance of the projects to the same place. "F. E. weymouth (chief engineer at Denver branch) will act as engineer and Miles Can- non Is the field commissioner. They will act under David W. Davis, the commissioner of the bureau. who will have charge of the administration of the WOMAN TO STAND TRIAL ETER DODBIHG CgURT "Through Diversified Farming the Do More for Himself--" Society Leader of Long Island, Who is Habitual Speeder, Pays $25 Fine. Patchogue, L. I The law won Its second victory over Mrs. Marion B. Shaw, s'iety matron of Sonthamp- ton, when :;no paid a fine of $25 here, after pleading guilty to the charge of speeding. The police of Islip are trying to serve a summons on her for a shnilar charge and sbe will come before Judge Neville at Center Mo- riches to answer to another speed regulation violation. Mrs. Shaw's attorney, former Judge Joim It. Vunk, had ai)peared for her recently, entered a plea of not guilty, and demanded a jury trial. But he told Justice Johnson that his client was worn oUt by publicity and de- cided_to settle the matter by pleading guilty to the charge. A secondary charge of disorderly conduct had also been preferred against her by Patrolman Fred Preston, who said  that when he stopped her she called him a "silly ass, .... damned fool" and "ldck cop." " Nothing was done about this charge, as Mrs. Shaw appeared in court and said she and Fred "'have made up." Tim patrolman said "she's a bird," and let it go at that. Mrs. Shaw did not surrender with- out a fight. After she had been stopped she ignored the summons, and Patrol- man Preston had to trail her to her home at 7 West Fifty-fifth street, New York. She has now decided to tand trial at Center Moriches after Ignoring coui'ts for nearly a month. her attorney obtaining stays aud con- thmances. Her leaeue standing now resembles the following : Case won, 0; Iot, 2; eases to go, 2: failure to appear in court. 8: ap- pearances in court, 1; percentage, .003. Puts Baby to Sleep by Gluing Eyelids Shut Kansas City.--A ne "sleeping po- tl0n" was discoveed by Isabelle Peter son, three years old. Isabelle proved its efficacy in a try- out on her baby brother, Don, ten months old. Isabellet along about Den's bedtime, found a l)ottle *_ glue. The oozy stuff, she noted, =tde it hard for her to spread apart her fingers. In his crib Don kicked and cooed, staring wide-eyed at the ceiling. Isabella decided Den's eyes ought to be closed tightly in sleep. She spread some of the sticky stuff on his eyelids. They shut and stayed shut, but his lit- tle mouth opened wide and from it came infantile bellows of protest. At Genera$ hospital, hot water and delicately handled* scissors proved el- burea.u, that the govermnent's total investment to reclamation work and the organization. Mr. Wey-, fective antidotes. : June 30, 1923, in round numbers is $181,000,000, and mouth and Mr. Cannon have gone over this plan t They are the children of Mr. and Its total receipts about $16,000,000, leaving a ba-" with me and are thoroughly in accord with R. ] Mr iavlea J. Paterson, 403 Landis ante invested and unpaid of $t85,000,000. 'Mr Weymouth shall have cha$'  =lr     ...... :-- .... "The reclamation service, for which this depart- .neey.tu -  ....... --" ,,bffd .u  reconnaissance, investiga- meat ls responsible, apparently requires reef zeal- -" zation. Annual reports on some prole-lhdlcate their insolvency and pen din failure[ Out of the 28 projects only el)VAns met its obligations as they fell.,4}E. 'sng extensions of time for payments he are being urged individually and by projects. The o/'lginal 20-year period for payment Is expir- ing on certain projects and an additional 20-year extension is being asked. In one instance such ex- tension is to be preceded by a five-year moratorium. "Reclamation of arid lands by Irrigation from government funds as heretofore practiced is failing on a majority of projects as a business procedure and must be promptly readjusted as to methods ef reimbursement of funds appropriated and for the purpose of securing to the settler a permanent home. "Your committee Is requested to survey the whole subject in its entirety ; give to the bureau your opinions concerning our operating methods that we may avoid errors, and finally your recom- mendatlons which congress may study and which should ultimateiy preserve the Sanctlty of con- tract, secure to formers afety for their Invest- ments already made and nsure a return- 0f invest- ed funds." Secretary Work'S first move was to accept the resignation of A. P. Dav:s as director of the rec- lamatlon and to abolish l he office. "' He then ap- pointed David W. Davis ,.ommlssloner of the bu- reau of reclamation, a: Miles Cannon, former eommsloner of agricult :'e of idaho, field recla- mation commissioner, L: :e last fall he announced that the two principal b,:adquarters of the reels- marion service would be "n Washington and Den- ver, the latter city being : central polntas to the various reclamation prL acts. The reclamation service will hencefoRh be divided Into two prac- tically separate departments. One will care for the construction of the projects ; the other will care for the operathm nd maimenance after construe- tion. Secretary Work's announcement o reorgan!za- tlon was made to a special cmmlttee of the Dqa-. ver Civic and Commercial association with when ' he had been in conference. He sald In part , .... "The dropping of 25 emph)yees in Washington will mean a saving of $20,000 a year, as the sal- aries of these employees approxlmalo- ly $10,000 a year, and the expenses incidental to their employment totaled about the same amount. "There are about 75 employees of the bureau in Denver and some 5,000 employees engaged in the work of construction, operation and malnten, mce on the different proJe:.ts. No decision wild be reached in regard to these employees until 1 have had an opportunity to go over the situation thor- oughly. "Formt rly the reclamation service was under the director of reclamation (A. P. Davis}, who was an engineer with nffices In Washingron. The branch office in Denver was for the administrative work in the field Each project was supervised by a manager who attended to the operation of the project and who was the connecting lhlk between the gnvernment and the farmer. Thls project man- ager 0td the collecting, glpervlsed the operation of the ditches and endeavored to get settlers for the land. tlons, designs, construction and such other work as may be assigned. He will have two assistant chief engineers with whom to consult and who will substitute for him In his absence. "As field commissioner, Mr. Cannon will haw charge of the operation of the reclamation dis- tricts such as the delivery of water, land. crop production, handling and marketing, improvement of farm conditions, industrial betterment, collec- tion of water and other charges, and the settle- ment of lands.'" Chairman Campbell of the Advisors' committee, after preliminary lnvesrigatloa, says that a prac- tical moratorium will have to be granted b) ' the government on a number of reclamation projects to prevent disastrous failure for the present ten- ants. "In my opinion," said Mr. Campbell, lt will be necessary for the government to 'reconstruct' the fiscal policy of its reclamation service and grant auew Start to a number of projects, probably one: third of them." The Western States Reclamation associnri(m re- cently met at Salt Lake, dected R. E. Shepherd president In place of D. W. Davis, resigned. The annual report of Seeretar Frank E. Brown said In part: "Those of us whe are Inclined pessimistically to view the seeming Inability of settlers on govern- ment irrigation proJe'ts tO tany their Just obliga- tions because of the wide spread between the cost of living and prod m:tio, and the price of farm products, have taken the view that a situa- tion dangerous to expansion ha developed through the necessity of the appoiotnfent by the secretary of tim interior of a fact-finding eommtssion (Spe- cial Advisors' committee), the report of which, they believe, may blast the hopes for the future. "'But the truth is. If we will review the situation calmly, we will agree that the fact-finding commis- sion is really the first great effort the government has ever made to looks'Into the development of these projects which a.O personal enriching. This fat;t-finding comtsslon, with a personnel which brings confidence, us not to be led on by the vagaries ot guesswork; tt will not be swayed tlie narrowness of unsound economic argument, nor will it be turned in its findings by those en- thusiasts among us in the West. "There have, however, been counter-currents. The farmers of the United States. ,particularly west of the Mississippi river, have been hard hit. Many of them and some of their representatives In congress are of the opinion that there ls already too much cvltlvated land tn the United States. "This association cannot depart from Its first announced position of a Iroad and comprehensiVe reclamation plan" The principal eclamatlon projects axe as fol- lows:  Salt River. Arizona; Yuma. Arizona-Cal- Ifornia; Grand Valley and Uncompahgre, Colo- rado; Boise and Minidok Idaho'; Milk River and Sun River, Montana; Lower YellowstoDe, Mon- W tans-North Dakota; North Platte, Nebraska; Ne - lands, Nevada ; Rio Grande, New MexJco-Texas; Umatllta, .Oregn ; Klamath, Oregon-California : Delle 1.'ourche, South Dal:ota; Strawberry Valley, .Utah; Yakima. Washington; Shoshone. Wyoming. .... SUNKEN " RIVERS IN FLORIDA junction and runs underg,ound in a 00ropped into l, lle stream where It first winding way for possibly 12 miles, rls- sinks is seen *.o rise and pass through -- " .I. -= ing about three miles north of where lthe various si0ks t: the l.oint 12 mile One tream R s$ in Beautlful and whose courses you may trace the WacisSa comes into I. from below t below, in the :ase f the Aucflla river, Springs" Near Thmak City and from soil substances and after a time the eal=th ; the St Marks, the thlrdxest If ! :lmreThe itabovefinal,YnformationCOmes to istleauthorltaSUrface' Then Disappea gain. they as mysteriously rea!:pear, the sunken rivers, is a few miles ".  - " "  , "  roe rivers are the Wacissa, of tle Other two whicb after going tive and Is given out l aceordtmce The west coast of Fb'i(la feels that es in .Beautiful Springs" near underground rises again, a short dis- with an article written by the State a's "natural Commismoner of Agrbulture, W A the very fetv deetlons  City, and disappears within lance away, making Florid " : boas throe freak riv .,r, then bridge." MeRae. the s.ime uder , the Aucilla, Courses of the rivers are traced by sink holes and it Is said by investiga- The animals of the greatest 8o- tors that this. Is an easy matter to elabillty a. the animals of the hlgl. By ALEXANDER LEGGE, President International HIS is an age of specialition in almo call upon the farmer to do practically the opposite The answer is simple. 0nly by diversified the average farm be made to produce something adding to the farmer's wealth, the farmer's returns, all The one-crop farmeras, for example, the man m territory who raises wheat alone---is not productively : land is also idle for a oonsiderable part of the year. And , fixed charges against his farm keep on piling up. There is for taxes, interest, insurance, or any of the fixed charges of i are working all the time. :, I1 How long do you suppose any kind of business could i lions like those of one-crop farming, running only part o ; There is plenty of risk in farming at the besL Every polled to gamble against the weather, against various destroying pests, and against fluctuations of market Diversified farming is the best insurance I know of ] the Insurance of the feed lot, the dai barn, the hog pen, and the garden. If you want to know how the facts fit with these credit man who deals with customers in any agricultural the banker who does business with both kinds of farmers. ":: Expcrwnce has clearly proved that in any locality have gone in for live stock, dai,mg, poultry raising, forms of diversified farufing, they need little credit standpoint. The credit alan or the banker will tell exactly the reverse is true in a community that is farming, of wheat, or cotton, or corn. or any other single As far as I can read the signs of the future, I seeno the fixed charges for fa.-zning are going to be materially since the farnler cannot expect much, if any, uction charges, his hope of bettermen must lie in improvement of For this improvemen he may derive some help from marketing and from other economic measures that farmers can. play by pulling together. But, for the most part, the rest of us, must find his own cure for his own troubles. I firmly believe that through diversified farming, and individually applied, the farmer will do much more anybody will ever do for him. "Chicago Is Rather Obese; a VoluptuoUs l With a Bad Breatb" By NELLIE bIARGARET SCANkN, in New York X-Ray Reveals Darning Needle in Woman's Arm Dov0r, O.An X-ray in a local sn.rgery reveitted a darning needle, two and a half Inches long, embedded in the muscles of rim right forearm of Miss Vera Neff, 271 Walnut streL Its presence there could not be accounted for by Miss Neff or Dr. D. Downey, the surgeon who removed it piecemeal. Ten years ago, when she helped with t.]ae laundry work at her home, Mis Neff said she often washed garments from which needles and pins had not beeu removed. She has no teeollection, however, of their piercing her hand. Her mother, Mrs. Ida Neff, said she must have swallowed the needle when a babF, al- though she doe not recall tlmt she did. l]ruiae" From Typewriter Causes Eduoatods Death Chicago is rather obese; a voluptuous beauty with a Of the medley of sounds in Chicago the one that ing of brakes on Michigan boulevard. If Chicago had as God as it has in brakes, heaven would be overcrowded. The wheat pit is in Chicago. The wheat pit greatly at times. Lately they have had to brace the girders and constantly watch the levels. Chicago says wheat fluctuations that threw the building off its base, of earth. But you ask Kansas! One man actually told me that Chicago was quoted figures to prove it. But he was a dull wit. a fact ? The general attitude is: "Well, what do you Not that we" care a dn what you think; we're Chica is a sausage city, made r file ground fine. Fat and muscle, flh and blood, have gone Some are floating in rich gravy; others are fried in off. extreme Chicagos, but in between is a lot that is just Chicago wants to be a world port. It pibably wants to be a thing, it doesn't hesitate to try. I if some day fashions, change and it is more desirable ta a South Sea island. Then Chicago will lay a pipe lie ocean and build itself a coral reef. Trouble With College Athletics: Athletics and Too Few By W/LTER CAMP, in World's Work. ' The trouble with college athletics is that and too few athletes. Hundreds of thousands of the product is a few score athletes trained to the unnumbered thousands of college students are hand glory in the skill of "our team," and for the their own failure to secure a share in th6 general After all, it is t the amount of money taken in Pittsburgh.A bruise suffered while  how that money is expended that counts. We operating a typewriter caused the death of Prof. James Boden Smith of Californ[ secretary and treasurer of the Callrnia State Normal school ac- cording to Use eport at the coronet:a ,office. Professor'lth who was ev- enty years old. died in the West Penn- sylvania hospital, this city. Girl to Wed Sweetheart Made an Invalid by War Mattapoitt, Conn.Although  the war has made him a helpless invalid. Miss Ethel Carroll Raymond, wlll wed William Jphn Grant, her lover of glri- hood. days. Giant has procurel a four-day leave of absence for the cere- nlony, and will then return to the sanitarium for f. der tre;ttulenL 'o chance is held L,r his mplete re- covery. i Employee Shc.'s Loot ' From Ha:.d of Robber : $ Groton. S. D.--'rlwee bandits : # held np three e;do3ees in the First National b:mk here and # t stole a Sack containing $4,r) in # currency and Liberty I)on:i :rod an Undetermined amount of lo-se a currency and coins nn the corm- ter. After a running fire they # escaped, but not umll the sck containing $3J}00 of the Iooi had been shot out of the hand of one of the men as he made f." le motorcar waiting beside tim hullding. Man Convicted by Toss of Coin. Jackson, 3Vss.--[oger Sims. con- x'Icted of murder by a jury which toss.ed a coin to detrn]ine the verdict, has be(q1 Drtloned by Go,-era,u" Rus- sell. Sims lms been :t liberty ,m a aSCension of senten}'e nd has never been in the penilentiary. GIrD Strangled to Death in .Henhouse, theraee, Ia.--Overtarmng a nest bgx in a poultry house.o "that the ge of the box re.ted o ier throat, , two years old, in the erectiou of huge bowls, and stadiums, but meantime these structures yield the necessary funds the major but the minor spo, and to defray upkeep. The great problem to be attacked is of these receipts and the almost universal tendency much of the outlay upon a too limited few, as well lack of careful scrutiny to make these sums go tangible results of benefit to all the men in the "Among Us Are people of Fundamental By JUSTICE FLOYD E. THOMPSON, Illinois Among us there are people, ignorant o, principles, who seek to force their private vi people and to push their program through to the , which constitute the very fabric of the American erants preach that the individual has no rights save confers on him and that the majority may do it pleases. To them I reply whenever a centralized citizen, is made the source and repository of all of the United States is scrapped. However invasion of rights and privileges which are which are enjoyed by the grace of God. The line of proper restraint is and always can be said generally that when the rlght of a citizen can co-exist with the freedom of action of'ever. indfvidual liberty is invaded. ._.--- Arthur Ponsonby, British Parlia tice has yet to come. It will be the war stale traditions of discredited peoplea. It will be a war against bad conditions, and ignorance. The real enemy is established the spirit of tyranny, greed, ia the unfair distribution of wealth, the tion of riches. . Mrs. Alice Foote" MaaDougMl, stars are a the