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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
December 10, 1898     The Woodville Republican
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December 10, 1898

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:L !!, WOODVILLE, MISS., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1898. NO. 26. PRigi0iNI I0 {0NfiRigg "-==== = =" ===&apos;= =" = PN 00ta01100ii0i00g ,,,, .= we,o= . ..... =---- |ng victorv, for whiLd neither ancient nor TttE CZAR'S FEACE pROPOSAL, taking a wide rang'e, ill(' Spuniards lirltot G. GUlett modern h]st01Y affords a parallel in the * wire pressed for definite slatentents, Digest of the Annual Message of President McKinley to the Con- gress of the United States. LARGELY A REVIEW OF THE REGENT WAR, The President llas Ooly Words ot Praise for Those Who Iroaght the War to a Iuccessful Conelusiont and Looks For- *yard Conflcntly to the Conclaslon of an l=lonorable Tremt of Peace with Spaln. Vfashington. Dec. 5. President Mc- ](inley's second annual message, sub- rnitted to congress, contains about 20,- 000 words. Following is a brief synop- sis including stone direct excerpts of th more important features of the message : TO THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF I=tEPRESENAT1VES: Nothwithstanding the adde burdens rendered necessary by the war, our people rejoice in a very sat- lsfactorY and steadily-increasing degree of prosperity evidenced by the largest 'volume of business ever recorded. Manu- factures have been productive, agricul- tural pursuits have yielded abundant re- turns, labor In all fields of industry is better rewarded, revenue legislation passed by the present congress iias in- creased the treasury's receipts to the amount estimated by its authors; the finances of the government have been suc- cessfully administered and its credit ad- vanced to tile first rank: while its cur- rency has been mMntatned at the world's highest standard. Military service under a common flag and for a-righteous caUSe has strengthened the national spirit, and served to cement more closely than ever the fraternal bonds between every sec- tion of the country. CONTROVERSY %VITH SPAIN RE- VIE\\;VED. In reviewing the controversy which led p to the war with Spain, the president ative where lakes up the thread or narr it terminated in his last annual mes- sage. He concluded: "It was .hone_stay due to our friendly relations wits pa n that she should be given a reasonable chance to realize her expectations of re- form to which she had become irrevoca* bly committed." It became evident, however, that the proposed plans were harren of good re- Iults. No tangible relief was afforded the reconcentrados, among whom the rate 01 mortality frightfully increased; the poffered exnedlent of zones of cultiva- th-n proved illusory, and it was apparent th,t nothing save the physical exhaus- tion of Spain or tile Cubans and the prac- tical ruin of the island of Cuba could re- cult from the struggle then In progress. DESTRUCTION OF THE MAINE. At this critical Juncture the destruc- tion of the battleship ..Matne" occurred. Concerning it the president says: "'It is a striking evidence of the poise and sturdy good sense .stinguldaing our national character that this shocking blow, falling upon a generous people, al- ready deeply touched ny preceding evenfa In Cuba. dtd not move them to an in- stant, desperate resolve to tolerate no longer the existence of a condition el danger and disorder at our doors that made possible such a deed. by whomso- ever wrought/' Resmning the war narrative, the presi- dent directs attention to the measures, including the $50.009.000 appropriation tfor, national de'lense, taken to place country on a war footing, and adds: is sufficient to say that the outbreak of war, when it did come, found our nation not unprepared to meet the conflict." AppREHENSION BY EUROPEAN .. POWERS. l0,fercnce Is made to the apprehension of coming strife by the continental pow- ers, voiced in the address to the presi- dent through their ambassadors and en- voys, and to the president's reply thereto. Still animated, however, hy the hope of a peaceful solution of the difficulty, and obeying the dictates of duty, tee presi- dent relaxed no effort to bring about a ndv ending of the Cuban struggle. Ne- gotiations with the Madrid government proved futile, so far as practical results were concerned, and then it was (be president presented the question to con- nress, saying: "In the name of humanity, the name of civilization, in behalf of endangered American interests, which give us the right and duty to speak and to act, the war in Cuba must stop." THE DECLARATION OF CONGRESS. The result of this statement of the ease was toe adoption of the memorable Joint resolution by congress, declaring the pur- pose of the United States between the Spaniards and Cunan. ,'oi- lowing swiftly upon the enactment of the resolution, came the severance of diplo- matic relations between tbe two coun- tries, the proclamation of a blockade of Cuban ports, the call for volunteers, and the formal declaration of the existence of a state of war. All other governments were immediately notified of the exist- ence of war and each proclaimed neu- trality. "It is not among the least graft- lying incidents of the struggle that the obligations of neutrality were impartially discharged by all, often under delicate and difficult circumstances." THE P.REPARATION FOR %VAR. The president reviews at length the work of preparation for war, referring particularly to the enlistment of the vol- unteers, to the material increase of the navy in both men and ships, and to the precautionary measures taken for the protection of the seaboard coast and cities. "The aggregate number of mines placed was 1,585, at the.principal harbors from Marne to Callforma." " Referrin to "the difficult and im- portant character" of the work per- ]orrhed by the signal corps the president says: "This se.r.vtce was Invaluable to the executive in directing the operations of the army and navy. Vith. a total force of over 1,300, the loss was ny atsease, in camp and field, officers and men included, only five." As to the authorized loan of $200,000,000, which was taken entirely hy small bid- "This was a ders, the president says: most encouraging and significant result, showirig the vast resources of the nation and the determination of the people to uphold their country's honor." Taking up chronologically the events of the war, the president reviews them care- fully. The first encounter was the shell- ing of Matanzas on April 27. This was followed by an engagement which was "Destined to mark a memorable epoch in maritime warfare." DE%VEY'S VONDERFUL VICTORY. This was Commodore Dewey's wonder- ful victory at Manila. on May 1. "The ef- fect of this remarkable victory" says the president, "upon the spirit of our people and Upon the fortunes of the war was m- slant. A prestige of invincibility thereby attached to our arms which continued throughout the struggle." The president sas that "Only reluc- tance to cause neemess ross of life anil property prevented the early storming and capture of the city (Manila), and therewith th.e osolute m.illtar r occupan- cy of the wnom group, r'ouowmg the memorable trtp.ot tne battleship Oregon from San Francisco to ey west. and the bombardment oi San Juan and the forts of Santiago, to which special reference is made, the president says: LIEUT. HOBSON'S EXPLOIT. "The next act in the war thrilled not alone the hearts of our countrymen, but the world, by its exceptional heroism. On the night of June 3 Lieut. Hohson, aided by seven volunteers, blocked the outlet from Santiago harbor by sinking the collier Merrtmac in the channel under a fierce fire from the shore hatteries, escap- ing with their lives as by a miracle, but falling tnt9 the ha rds of the Spaniards. It Is a most gratifymg incident of ihe war that the bravery of this little band of he- roes was cordially appreciated by the Spanish admiral." THE SANTIAGO CAMPAI3N. The campaign of Santiago, l'esultlng in the investment and .ca|,ture of tha city is referred to as a orvuant achieve medal A brief reiew ie then presented of the decisive naval combat of the war on July 3, resulting In the complete de- struction of Admiral Crevera's fleet. Con- cnlng it the prevident se, ys: "Where all sO conspicuously distinguished them- selytm, from the commfi.nders to the the completeness of the event, and the mar- vel0hs disproportion of casualties, it "would be invidious to single out any oue for special honor." PRAISE FOR OUR SttIPBVII,DERS- In this connection the president says: "Nor can we be uninindful of the achieve- ments of our builders, mechanic. and ar- tisans for their part in the construe(ton of our warships." TEARS FOR THE DEAD. As to the success gained by the arms of the United States in Cuba, the presi- dent says that the earnest and lastiag gratitude of the nation is unsparingly due. "Nor should we alone remember the gallantry of the living, the (lead clainl our tears, and our losees hY battle, and disease must clond flay exultation at the result, and teach us the awful cost of war. however rightful the cause or signal the victory. ' CASUALTIES DURING THE x, VAR. "The total casualties in killed and wounded in the army during the war with Spain were: Officers killed, 23" en- listed men killed. 257; total, 280; ocers wounded 113; enlisted men wounded, 1- 464; totat 1,577. Of the navy: Killed, 17; wounded. 67: died as result of wounds. 1; invalided from service, 6: rot'd, 91, "It will be observed that while our navy was engaged In two great battles and in numerous perilous undertakings in block- ade and bombardment, and more than 50,000 of our troops were transported to distant lands, and were engaged in as- sault and siege and battle au(l many skirmishes in unfamiliar territory, we lost in both arms of the service a total of 1.668 killed and wounded; and in the entire campatgn by land and sea we did not lose a gun, or a flag, or a transport, or a ship, and with the exception of the crew of the "Merrlmac" not a soldier or sailor was taken prisoner." TRIBUTE TO THOSE \\;VHO COULD NOT GO. The president bears testimony and pays fitting tribute "to the patriotism and de- votion of that large portion of our army which, although eager to be ordered to tbe rest of greatest exposure fortunate- ly wPre not recluire'd outside of the United States." TheY did their whole duty and earned the gratitude of the nation. The president then says: "In tracing these events we are constantly remiuded of our ohligations to the Divine Master for His watchful care over us. and His safe guidance, for which the nation makes reverent acknowledgment and offers humble prayer for the continuance of Ills favors." THE PEACE NEGOTIATIONS. The peace negotiatons, which followed soon after the capitulation of Sautiago. and the preparation and signing of the protocol, are discussed at length. Refer- ring to the work of the peace commis- sioners at Paris, the president says: "The,e negotiations have made hopeful progress, so that I trust soon to be able to av a definite treaty before the senate, with a review of the steps leading to its signature." GOVERNMENT OF OUR NE%V POS- SESSIONS. "I do not discuss at this time the gov- ernment or tenure of the new posscslons which will come to us as a result of the war with Spain. Such discussion will be appropriate after the treaty of peace shall be ratitled. In the meantime, an until the congress has legislated other- wise. it will he my duty to continue the military governments which have existed since our occupation, and to give to the people security in life and property and encouragement under a just and benefi- cent rule. TtfE FUTURE OF CUBA. "As soon as we are tu possession of Cuba and have, pacified the island it will he necessary io give aid and direction to its people to form a government for them- selves. This should be undertaken at the earliest moment coue,sten t with safely and assured success. It is Im- portant that our relations with this people shall be of the most friendly character and our commer- cial relations close and reciprocal. It should be our duty to assist In every proper way to build up the waste places of the island, encourage the industry of the people, and assist them to form a government which shall be free and in- dependent, thus realizing the best aspira- tions of the Cuban people. A HUMANE GOVERNNENT. "Spanish rule must be replaced by a just. benevolent and humane govern- ment, created by the people of Cuba, capable of performing all international obligations, and which shall encourage thrift, industry and prosperity, and pro- mote peace and good will among all of the inhabitants, whatever may have been their relations in the past. Neither re- venge nor passion should have a place in the new government. Until there is complete tranquillity in the island and a stable government inaugurated miIitary occupation will be continued." FRIENDLY WITH ALL THE REST OF THE WORLD. The president says that with one ex- ception of the rupture with Spain, the intercourse of the United States with the great family of nations during the past year has been marked with cordiali- ty. Concerning negotiations with the Ar- gentine government, initiated with a view to removing differences in cable rate charges Imposed upon messages passing from and to the United States. the presi- dent expresses his sincere hope for an in- ternational agreement whereby Inter- change of messages over connecting lines may be regulated on a fair basis of uni- formity, and adds: "It would be strange were the nations not in time brought to realize that modern civilization, which owes so much of its progress to the an- nihilation of time by tbe electrical force, demands that this all-important means of communication be a heritage of all pep- plea, to be administered and regulated in their common behalf," A QUESTION WITH AUSTRIA-HUN- GARY. As to the killing and wounding of strik- ing miners in Luzerne county, Pa., which aroused the solicitude of the Austro-Hun- garian government, many of the miners being subjects of that government, the president expects to reach a haruonious understanding on the subject with Au- stria-Hungary. The hope is expressed that the restric- tions imposed by Belgium on the impor- tation of American cattle will at an early day tm relaxed, so as to admit live Amer- ican cattle under proper regulations. THE NICARAGUA CANAL. The president expects that the Nicara- gua canal commission will shortly be able o report finally. "I have not hesitated to express my convictions," says the pres- ident, "that considerations of expediency and international policy as between the several governments interested in the construction and control of an inter- oceanic canal by this route require the maintenance of the status quo until the canal commission shall have reported and the Untted States congress shall have had the opportunity to pass fnally upon the whole matter." The president regards, in view of our newly-acquired interests in the Pacific ocean, the construction of such a mari- time highway as now more than ever in- dispensable. EVENTS IN THE CHINESE EMPIRE. Concerning the extraordinary events transpiring in the Chinese empire, the president says that our position among nations gives the equitable claim to con- sideration and friendly treatment in this regard, and that it will be his aim to subserve our large interests in the orient by all means appropriate to th e constant policy of our government. Reference is made to several claims of citizens of the United States pending against other nations and to the settle- ment of other claims during the past year. THE PARIS EXPOSITION. After reviewing the work of the Paris exposition commissioner, the president recommends that the appropriation for the exhibit of the United States at the Paris exposition be Increased to $],000,- 000. OUR RELATIONS WITH GREAT BRIT- AIN. Our relations with Great Britain Fav continued on the most friendly footing, and the president says it would gh, e him especial satisfaction if he should be au- thorized to commumcate to congress a favorable conclusion of the pending nego- tiations with Great Britain in respect to greee,'" Referrlug tO the proposal of the czar Of Russia for a general ,-eduction of the great military establishments, the I)resi- dent says: "Ills majesty was at once ie- forwed of the cordial sYml)athy involved in his exal:ed proposal, and of the readi- ness of the ITnltcd States to take part in the conference,'" The presideut says that the newly-a0- credited envoy of the l'nitcd States to the Ottoman porte carries instrUctionS looking to the disposal of nit(tars in con- troversy witi Turkey for a uuznber of years, FINANCIAI. AI?FA[RS. Alluding to the finarcial affairs of the Country, the president says iu part: "The Secretary of the treasury reports that ths receipts of the governinen t front all sourc,s during the fiscal year ended June 30. 189 inchn!lng $64.751.223 received from sale of Pacific ralh'oads, amounted to $405.321.335. and its expenditures to $413.- 46,5s2. "lt is estimated upon tile basis of pres- ent re\\;,enue laws that the receipts of the governnlent for the year ending June 30, lb'39, will bc $577,874,645. and its expendi- tures $689.74.647. resulting in a deficiency of $112.u.000. "In my judgment, tdae present condition of the treasury amply justifies the im- mediate euacnnent of the legislation rec- ommended one year ago, under which a portion of the gold holdings should be placed In a trust fund. from which green- backs should be redeemd upon presenta- tion. but when once redeemed should no" thereafter he paid out except for gold. It is not to be inferred that other legis- lation relating to our currency is not re- quired on the contrary, there is an ob- vious demand for it. COMMUNICATION WITH ACQUIRED 1SLANDS. The president says that in view of the recent acqulsltlon of territory by the United States, there should be estubllsheu rgular and frequent stoamsn!p commmd- cation, under the American flag, with the newly-acquired islamls. TIlE YELLO\\;V FEVER PROBLEM. In view. also, of tim increased impor- tance of tha proposed formation of a COmlulssion of sanitary experts to inves- tigate the yellow fever problem, owing to the military occuuation of Cuba, ths president recommends th:tt congress pro- vide for such a commission, INCRIASED REGULAR ARMY. The recomntendation made by the sec- retary of war for the increase of the reg- ular military establishment has the presi- dent's unqualilied approval. He says that it is his purpose to muster out the entire volnnteer lr*ny as soon as congrcss sh:tll provide for tile increase of the regular establishment, lie rec(>mmends the erec- tion of a huildlng for the department of justice, and suggests also the advisahility of making suitable provision for the su- prom court. SECI=tETAtlY LONG'S RECOMMENDA- TIONS APPROVED. Tie earnestly approves of therecommen- dations of Secretary Long as to the in- crease of the navy, and recommends also that the grades of admiral and vice-ad- miral bc temporarily revived, to be filled by officers who have especially distln- guished themeselves in the war with Spain. The president earnestly urges early leg- islation for the taking of the twelfth census, and legislation providing for thq education of the 30,000 white children in the Indian territory. 0THERWISE UNNOTICED: Dr. V. L. Stuggctts' fine farm resi- dence near Flora, Ill., burned Sunday night. Loss, $2,000. It was partially covered by insurance. Mart Seagraves, a ginner at Schna- baum's gin at Pocahontas, Ark., while feeding got his arm caught in the machinery and it was torn off. Judge Day halksent advices toWash- ington indicating that a favorable termination of the peace negotiations will result within a reasonable time. Dr. Morris Leftwich, for ten years superintendent of the Masonic or- phans' home of Missouri, at St. Louis, succumbed to cancer of the stomach. Phe transport Victor arrived in New York from ports on the south coaet of Cuba. She brought a number of American officers and invalided sol- diers. Hen. Dennis Keuyort died at his country home near MciLean, Ill. ZIe was stricken with parn.]ysis two years ago, and had been an invalid ever since. St. Louis politicians explain their frequent visits to Jefferson City by stating that lhey are desirous of in- specting the new passenger depot, re- cently erected there. Papers at Bilbao. Spain, report the discovery there of B96 rifles carefully secreted undergrotmd. A number of Carlists have been arrested on charges of being connected therewith. Greater New York was at the mer- cy of a storm, Sunday, whose severity was greater tha.n that.of a week ago. A terrific wind was central about that ,city, combined with a snowstorm. Col. William Jennings Bryan of the Third Nebraska regiment returned to Savatmah, Ga.. unday, after a 30days' sick leave, He was met at the depot by his regimelt and escorted to the camp. The officers of the Merrill & Chap- man Wrecking Co.. who have been working on the Spanish warships sunk at Santiago, express the opinion that the Christobal Colon can not be saved. ]owed down with ga'ief and incon- solable over the death of her husband, some days ago, Mrs. Carrie Andrae placed a revoh'er to her breast at her home in Jefferson City, M0., and killed herself. A bloody fight took place at Jack- son. Ky., between C. C. Runyon, mar- shal of Jackson county and Alfred Allen, a. well-known character, in which both participants were killed almost instantly. Madrid dispatches from lloilo say that the siege .is still maintained by the rebels, who have their guns trained on.the city and nmke nightly attacks. '/'he Dons are reported as de- fending the city spiritedly. The coroner's jury at Carlinville. Ill., held that Noble Kent came to his death by gunshot wounds inflicted by his brother, William Kent. The latter is still at large, ltis plans were well laid. He had mortgaged his farm to get cash. A United States--transport arrived from Santiago with W. W. Seymour. an engineer's yeoman of the Glacier, aboard. He bcame insane recently and jumped overboard in an attempt to eomnfit suicide, but was remed. One of the most disastrous fires ever witnessed there occurred at the Dominlo of Canada. Marion, Ill.. destroying over $20,000 The president reports that the Hawaiian worth of property in less than an commission has fulflllea its mission, and that its report will be laid before congress hour. The Goodal] house, a large at an early day. "It was believed that. three,story brick, was lrurned and their recommendations will have" the [ with it went most of the hotel furni- earnem consideration due to the magni- tude of responsibility resting ripen you to [ lure, a clothiDg store, saloon and bar. to the relationship of bet sho. otir home us- The C0nierence in Paris Progress- ing Satis.*ac 0rily and a Favor- able Issue Expected. SOME QUESTIONS YET TO BE SETTLED, Furlher Concessioa, llowever, lItlst Be Optional w|th Spain, the Dema.dlng Stags Having Beoa Exltausted w%th the Protocol -Problems Itequlring Much Time for Their Aljutmeut. Washington. ])ce. 3.---lt can be stated positively that ll, hitch has oc- curred in the proceedings of tile l)eace commission at Paris. and an impres- sion to the contraryinccrtain quarters probably arose through a misunder- standing of the phase those proceed- ing havc reaehed. With the ac- qnieseenee by lhe S1)anish commis- sioners in the demands set out in the original protocol all danger of failure to rearh file point of signature of a peace treaty disappeared, and that such a treaty will be forthcoming, covering at least all of the protocol l)oinls, is considered as sure. Wtmt is now going on in l'aris is a negotiation respecting certain objects which the United States government seeks to ac- coml)lish in that nnmncr instead of re- sorting' to the more usual, but more tedious methcd of correspondence be- tween the two governtnents. These objects have been c]ear]y stated in general lerms in the prcss cable dis- patches front Paris, namely, the ac- quisition of one of the Caroline isl- ands as a. cable slalion and coaling station: of certain rights to land ca- bles on Spanish possessions at other points: 1he procurcnent of freedom of religions worship in the Carolinas. and fhe revival of certain treaties of trade and coninlerec, etc. Ptlrely Dlploutatlo Negotiations Vghlrh Do knot Affect thc Peace Treaty. But its tated fhese ntatters are purely the subjects of diplomatic ne- gotiations and do not in any way af- fect the cone[usionof the pcaee treaty. They nfight all fail to be realized and siill the treaty would not bc affected. Moreover, while Spain was the sub- ject of peremt)tory den(ands in the case of the protocol points, she is free of compulsion now while these diplo- matic exchanges are in progress. She may sell ;o the United States one of the Caroline islands or may refusc to do so, and, moreover, if wc buy the ishuul it lnust be at a price satisfac- tory to Spain. She may even sell the Caroline group to Germany instead of to the Unifed States. if she can ob- tain it better price for the former. There is good reason to assume the correetness of the report that Ger- many is, even now, bargaining for rhese islands. All other points covered by these egotiations are a luatter for mutual arrangement and not of demanding. Not ilankerlug After the Island of Cesta. The statement that Spain refused to sell us Ceuta. opposite Gibraltar, for a coaling and cable station, is iuac- curate; the United States government has not made any such proposition for the acquisition of that island and would bcsitale very long before era- taring upon tte turbulent field of ac- tivities inolved in the asumption of territory n 1he neighborhood of the Mcditerranean. Desirableness of Securlog the Carolinas. The case is different, respectiug the Caro]ines. The Americau naval ex- perts have urged vex')" strongly that this group, as, a whole be retaine(t, if possible, and in addition that of the l'elew group, lying to the westward, be purchased. The)" have pointed out that ihe southermnost island of the Ladrone group, Waloa, lies only 00 miles north of Ponape, in the Carp- lines, and the Pelew islands are only about 000 miles distant from the Phil- ippines. A Natural Trade Channel." Moreover. the vast bulk of trade in quarter of the world passes di- rectly throagh the natural channel between the Ladrones and the Carp- lines, of which the United States onld ltave command. If Germany is able to outbid the United States for these islands, she may obtain them. but a suspicion is entertained that the uamiug of $2,000,000 was inspired by a friendly desire to get the best possil)le terms for Spain fees the United States by raising the price of the goods. A l'ledge that Iast be Kept Inviolate. One of the pledges whieh is almost as good as a treaty obligation in its force even now. is that the United States, in rtd urn for the release of the political l'risoners from Cuba and Porto Rico. held by Spain, will secure the release of the Spanish prisoners held by Aguinatdo, and to this nmtter attention is being devoted here. There aas been an almost daily dispatch from Gen. Otis announcing the ar- rival of a transport at Manila loaded with United States troops, and the war department is fairly confident eL its ability now to nndertake the full control of the Philippines with the as- slstanee of the naval contingent tin- der 1)ewey. %111 Not Ue Easy of Aceompli*hment. It is realized that the task of in- ducing Aguinahlo to surrender the captives for whom lo has demanded such an extravagant ransom--$1.500.- 000--under penalty of cutting their threats, is going to be a difficult one; but, after all, the United States com- missioners in t'aris have only under- takes fhat the United States govern- ment shall use its best effots to se- cure the release of the prisoners: they have not pledged the government to perform the impossible. Yesterday' s,:ssinu was a repetition virtu.alIJ" 01 vtrl l'lier meetings, they pleaded that thcy had not re- ceived instructions from Madrid. There- upon the Aln(ric:ns declarcd, in dip- lonlatic tlhrascoh)gY, that it was use- less to aste time in debate with men who were not empowered to make bar- gains, Although adjournment was taken ti!l to-day it is probable that there will 1)e a farther postponement. The Np;inlilh V,.raion. The Slmniards' version of ycsler- day's sc,sion is that they asked to have the treaty conclude(t first and then the zuhtor lnattrs discussed. According to reports front American sour( as, tbe Spanish con(missioners endeavcrcd to draw hints as to how far the Americans were willing to compronfise the demand nnder discus- sion without disc osing-whnt conces- sions Slmin u as willing 1o make. Mach l'Jino ]ay be Consallietl. As the negotiations proceed lha prospects of consuming ntueh time iu- creases. Several very important prop- psi(ions, prcsenling many phases, in- vite discussion, and tnust afterwards be embodicd in the agreements. This task of enlbodying may be drnwu ()tit, every word aml comma requiring cou- sideraiion. On the questions yet unsettled. which (Io not concern territorial or financial interests, boih conmfissions display luudable a ixiety to proniote lhe welfare of lhe inhabitants iu- volved. 2.ll A inel'icau commissioner re- markcd 1o a correspondent: Mutual DeMre to Secure the Good of the Subjec|s to be Traosferred. "We realize that these peoples are io beeoine our subjects and we desire to secure for them till their rights and privileges. Wc keep in mind the in- terests of Spanish citizens in the ter- ritories changing hands its well as the others, "Our Spanish friends exhibit a will- ingness to co-operate in lhis work of guaranteeing the rights of the peoples they are losing, it wiltinKncss that nlust eOnllnand our respect, for we realize that lhey migld ntakc the task ntuch more difficult if they were dis- posed to do so." Another Problem Requiring lIueh Atten- tion. Among the problents of the forcg'o- ing nature to which the commission- ers arc devoting much attention, is that of the eenrts. Both conunissiou desire as far as possible to arrange th,qt eontraeta entel'cd upon and law suits brongbt nnder the Spanlsh regime may be transferrcd to the jurisdiction of the American eonrts so that the litivunts may lose no rights through the change of govern- lI ell t The qucstion of continuing con- tracts for pnbllc works now under way is also b(ing considered, and it i possible that the treaty will guaran- tee the fultiilmcnt of existing inail cent rac tS. KigOTTY QUESTIO[S RAISED. me ot the Compact(loss Likely to Gro Out of the Annexalion Of A|len Torritory. Washington, 1)ec. 3. The United States government is being caller. upon to face somc questions of inter- est resulting from the expansion pol- icy. The British government some lime before the annexation of tIawaii to the United States filed with Ha- waii a number of claims for redress for the ill-treatment and illegal con- finement of l/ritish subieets involved in the revolutionary movement which overthrew tim qlleello These alnount to several hundred thousands of don lars in the aggregate and the quesliou is. the lfawaiian government having failed to settle them, whether the United States government does not in, herit liubility? The chlinls are jast such as were filed by the htte Secretary Greshaul against the Itawaiian government in behalf of a number of alleged Ameri- can citizens, most of whom, after- wards turned oat to be aliens. None of our claims were pressed, but they fornletl the foundation for the British claims. Another question of ulore ilnport- ance is the determinationof the status of some of our newly-acquired citi- zens or subjects, Already a Chinamau by birth, but a Philippine by citizen- ship, has applied for recognition its an American citizen. Another Chinamau in Hawaii wants a passport showing he is a citizen of the United States. The aunexation law prohibits the com- ing into thelimits of the United States of Chiuese persons from ltawaii, bur the constitutionality of any act that purposes to d iscriminateamong Ainer- ican citizens has been raised, aml this Chinamen is a citizen b adoption. ANGL0-A MERICAN ENTENTE. glr dward Grey Grows Euthuiastle Over the CJordlal Itelatlons Existing ie- tweeo England and Amerioa. London, ])ee. 3.---Sir Edward Gray, liberaI member of parliantent for Ber- wyk-on-Twecd, who wa.,; under secre- tary of state for forciKn affairs in Lord l{osebcrry's cabinet, spoke last night on foreign affairs at Blackburn in Lancashire. Referriug to the "'nlagritieent effcct on 1he rehttions between the United States and (ireat Britain ,.ccomplishcd by the free press of a free people on each si(lc of the Atlas(it, expressing the generou, impulses of each natiou," he said : '*[ ,e.'on](t rather have the free 1)hty of this national senlinwnt, which is enriching the public life of both coun- tries, thau ,l written allillnce. We, havc Report of the Hawaiian Commission Transmitted to Congress by the President. IT IS kOOOMPANtEB BY THREE BILLS. rhs Oas In %Vhleh the .'.|ost Interest Cen- ter'S Is that %Vhlch I'rovld0! for the Cre- tttion of the T0rtltory of Uawali witli l'roi lslol f Jr Orgaalzh,g a Regular Ter- ritorial tlovertimcnt. Washington, 1)ec. 6.- The president lexo, llut 111 Whereahats Ua- k,own--llls Late ll IvclnentS- Kansas ('ity. Me., Dec. 5. ---'- dis- p,ltcb to ",he Journal from Chinuahua Max,. sl|y s : Grant tl, Gillett, the lnissiug Kansas cattle plunger, whose sudden diap- l)earancc so startled lhe financial wolld, arrived in Chihuahua. Novem- ber 23 and ]efi till the moruing of the 2tth for Duraugo, where it is stated that hc del)ositcd a large sum Of niche 3- in +he bank, lie remained only a shorl time in 1)arango, v<heu he tmught a retur ticket to Chihuahua. Two prominent busiuess men of tht city came up from Dnrango on the transinilted to congress the report of same traiu with him, and stute(I that the fhvaiian couunission, consisting he lmnght it first class ticket cud rode of Senators ('ulloul and Morgan, llep- in a second (,lass eoach as far as 'For- rescntative llitt. President Dole an(l reon, where he took the l'ulhllau. Judge Frear, of [btwaii, togelher with The genllemen entered into a con- the text of the bills drawn by the versation wih hint. atul he said he c=omuission for the governmentr of the had nutde considerable money in Cefo- islands its it portion of the United in the generul Increhandise tulsi- ncss. and that he wus ill Mexieo with States. the view ,o investing" iu rauch or A DESCIIII"]'IVE SI'MMAIIY. mining property, tie couversed quite The preliminary" portion of the re- freely up,m wtrious |epics, referring port ts mainly descriptive of the lta- occasionally to fhe ealth, business. waiian islsnds, the inhabitants, the lle was well dressed and wore several existing institutions, the public do- beautiful diamonds. main, productions, climate, harLors At Jinliuez he was met by his at- attd shipping facilities, and various torney, C. It. Troxel, and ihe lwo eu- conditions of general interest. The tared into low conversation and re- remaining portiou is mainly devoted mained together nntil they reached to the discussion of the legislation Chihuahua. They arrived here last proposed by the commission, giving Monday and xcnt to'the leading hotel, in the appendix the varius reports of where they registered. The man was ub-eommittets and copies of the bill undoubtedly Gillett, us his signatUl'e suggested. TltREE AC('OMPANY[N(I BII,1,S. Three bills are formulated for the consideration of congress. The first and principal one outlines a general t)]an of governnlcnt, atul the other two dca! with suhordinatc questious, Of the nnlin bill the eonluiissioners eXlU, ess lhe Olfinion thai it will prove to l)e "such a measure for the govern- nent of thc l[awaiian lsh:nds as will best promote the interests of their eople at the same time that it pro- motes the iaterests and maintains the sovereignty of the people of the Unit- Id Slates," THE TEtIR1TORY OF HAWAII. It provides for the erection of the islands into a territory of the United States, to be styled the Territory of ttawaii. The bill contains provisions for the government of the territory. ;'iving it executive, legiMative und ju- dicial oteers. A governor, secretary of the territory, n 17hire(1 States dis- trici judge, n United States district attorney, and a United States mar- shal, are to be appointed by the pres- ident, and an internal revenue district and a customs district are created. The offices of president, minister of foreign affairs, finance, public instruc- tion, at(direr general, oeputy auditor shall be abolished. THE TERRITORIAL OFFICIA1.S. The officers of the territory nnder the new regime are an attorney gem eral. with similar powers attd duties corresponds with his siffnalure iuii doelunent hehl it* this lily. Troxel Jeff Tuesday on the siage for the west, presunlahly to the iuining euuips in the Sierra Madre lnountaius, {iilleit is still in the city,, but his vvhereabouts are nnknovcn, except to the d( tee(ires, The rel)ort that (;illett hail beet:* ar- reste(1 nnd hc]d in custody here is nn- trnc. The Jefe l'olitico says that lhe Mexican authorities have not seen Ihu and know nothing of his where- abouts. tie will be arrested immediately upon the arriveal of the authorities froni the stales, who are expected to lrrive from El Paso. Their baggage is all in thls city, cud on one of the lrunks is a lag with lhe name C. R. Troxel. Three letters which have ar- rived at the hotel for G. G. GiIlett have myteriously disappeared. A SAD TALE OF THE SEA. Lauoehed Their Boats to Jeek 8uceor lint Foand Death--Entire Crew Of t eboooer LOSU New York. Dec. 5.--The Nova So- tian schooner XValleda arrived yester- day from Gonaives. and reported that during the height of the hurricane ou Noveniber 28 in httitude 36.22, Iougi" rude 70.30, she sightcd a dismantled schooner of about 7(Xt tons fi,'ing sig nals of distress. It was hourly (lark lit the time, and her ercw conld be tory three years, be the owner in his own right of $2,000 worth of property. or to have during" the preceding year received $1.000 income. Representa- tives must be 25 years oht. mle citi- zens, must have iived three years n Hawaii, and must own porperty or have an income of 250 a year. WeiI-Kn,.wn iev York llulldr ileld. New York, Dee. 6.--Edward Kil- patrick, one of the best known huild- traiued on the city, and fire on our troops nightly. Our troops maintatu a spirited fire, and have killed a num- ber of lhe enems," qrrled to Commit 8nll(le by Junaphlig Ovsrbord, New Ycrk. Dec. 5.Among 1he Ires - sengers xh,) arrived veslerday ou t| Ward I,in sleamer Seneca from the south side Cuban Imrts were Surgeons lhrnes, of the United States steam- fimtlly come to realize a doable patri- ors in New York, is dead at his home s]i l) Cim, innati, and II. V. Balx, loy, el olisnl, the patriotism of race uud the in this city, aged 69 years. Mr. Kil- the United States ship Glacier, having patriotism of country. 'lThe'e is a [F atrick was a close personal friend of in charge W. W. Seymour. engineer ( coulnlon bond between the wo pep- IIorace Greely. the Glacier, who is suffering from in* ples, anti we should look in limes of I IIIiilois upre,e Court. stinity. He xdll be taken to the naval peace to see the sentiment growing Springfield, Ill.. Dee. 6.The De- hospital at Washingtolt. During the and Ln times of dlsturbunce to find eaember term of the supreme court hay voyage he jumped overboard in an I in it somelhiu7 upon which w 0ithl. bega_ , its_ lscsiO0tl, tempt to commit suicide, !P for mutual t2PF oft-'' cued, Among the ther as now posseed by the attorney gen- seen on the decks gesticulating fran- eral of the Relmblic of lfawail, with a tically for aesistance. The Walteda few exceptious; a treasurer, wilh sire- bore down on the stranger and got ilar powers and duties to the present close under her lee and hailed her, minister of finance, and such powers They shouted that the vessel was and duties regarding licenses, corpo- sinking, and nsked to be taken off. re(tons, and companies, and partner- CapL Kemp told them that his boat ships, and registration of prints, la- were stove and useless. They said they bels attd trade nmrks as arc now pore would come to the Walleda in their sassed by the minister of the interior, , own boatS, During this time th except as ehange(h Mso a superintend- Walleda laid to, but found that he ant of public works, a superintendcnf was rapidly drifting re leeward, then of instrnetion, an auditor and a dep- went about on fhe other tack, and uty auditor, n surveyor wltn the pew- after several tacks managed to cross ers and duties of a surveyor general, fhe bow of the wrcck. The Walleda and a chief sheriff, to sneceed to the hailed again, but got no answer, lu duties of nmrshal of the republic, all the meantime another three-masted to b0 appointed by the governor, scho(mer came to her assistance, and LEGISIATION PROV1DED FOIl. assulued it positiou to the windward Provision is made for It legiMature, of the wreck, Both of them stood by to consist of two houses, a senate tO until daylight. XVhcn morning broke consist of 15 tnembers, as at present, the wreck ('as seen to be deserted and and a house of representatives, coin- the boats g,,ne. It is supposed thag sisting of 30 members,double themem- the unfortunate men had attentpted bership of the house under the Ila- to launch thei boat dnring the night, waiian repnblic. The members are to which capsized and all hands were be elected at a general election to be ]o);t. held on the Tuesday after 1he first Monday in November. 1899. and bi- CUBAN ANDPHILIPPINEDEBTS" ennially t hereafter. THE SUPREME COl+Wr. Tile Spanish abinet Dtspletted at la- The supreme court is to be the sole lat|oa In Ttleae o|l (be ]flout-- judge of the legality of eleetion to a Ouns Trained on IIolio, seat in either house in case of contest, Madrid I)ee. 5.The governnteut No member of the legislatnre is to be - ' . ., eligible for appoiutment or election has aot reached a full deetsum regard- "uban and Phili pint debts, to any office of the /erritory, and nc lng the ( P " officer or employee, notary public but the offieiul gazette );esterday pub- ageut of the territory is to be eligible lished an announcement that the to election as a legislator. There is drawing for the redenlptiou of the also a ,provision that no person whc Cuban bonds will oeeur tin 1)eeember having beeu entitled to qualify and 10. vote prior to October. 1s97. and since The sl)eeulation iu the Cubun and July, l#J4. failed to register as such Philippine debts on the bourse lts voter, shall have a vote, nnless he seriously displeased the cabinet. The shall take an oath to support the con- rise in these secnrities is attributed to" stitution of the United States. the report that the goverument will SESSIONS OF THE LIGISI,ATUIIE. devote theindcmnityreceived from the The sessions of the legislature are United Stales to the colonial indebted- limited to 60 days in duration, attd nes, regarding whichnodeeisive steI each member is allowed $400 as salary been taken by the ministers. nd ten cents a mile for traveling ex- An official dispatch fromthe Yisayaa l)hth nnes announces islands, in the "'pI i :, lenses. A senator is required to be a male that the insurgents have double( their citizen of the United States, 30 years attacks upon lloilo. The government' . of age, to have resided in the tcrri- advices say: "'The rebels have guts