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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
December 1, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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December 1, 1923

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THE WOODVILLE REPUBLICAN. WOODVILLE, MISSLIPPI ......  /ii 7::: ......  ........  a Labor of Love, but a Great, Serious National Responsibility GEN. MILTON F. DAVIS, i New York Herald. will bear me out when I say that we are the most war- ntion on earth; at the same time the most unmilitary.. is a natural result of our national life---of the individual- of our forefathers, Indian wars and long-lasting Western We are ever ready to fight at the drop of the hat, but never under military discipline. Individuality, personal initia- independence are our national characteristics. The state- by the fact that we have had 104 calls to arms since grasp the fact that trained manhood is the basic factor of and that the nation will be secure in proportion as every his responsibility and does his bit. strength is the underlying principle of national growth, and moral and physical fitness of our people are the three better citizenship. We are not greatly interested in ourselves; on the back porch of life contemplating the end of a day. But we are very much interested in the encore- of our nation, and who shall say but that on them rests the world. The chronicles of recent years would certainly have disappeared. Our daily shopping is done in the market place, where bur own wares predominate. We are nation of earth We have five-eighths of all the gold known have to look only forty years to see where we shall be forty and to realize in a measure that the responsibilities of our greater than ours have been. Their preparation is in our not only a labor of love, but a great, serious national re- the Touring Motorist With Peculiarities of Local Regulations FRED H. CALEY, Executive Secretary, N. M. A. the National Motorists' association advocates uniformity having all traffic rules identical in all towns. The needed is not similarity of rules, which ia rarely pos- t standardized form of acquainting the tourist with the peon- the local rules. At the entrances to all Cities and towns there on signs of uniform size and charszter brief but as to the details of the community's rules. a healthy rivalry among cities in an effort to arrive at some means of speeding up traffic with safety and of simplify- and this should be encouraged. But not at the expense of or to his embarrassment. No tourist should be obligl to what he should do in driving through a strange town. The should be given him where and when he is accustomed to look .In other words, he should be given every opportunity to the city in following out its traffic plans. Fight Against the Scrub Cow on the Farms of America FRANK O. LOWDEN, Former Governor of Illinois. milk production for the entire United States is annie- half the average production of the cows of the most advanced in Europe. This would be inexplicable were it not fay the than 3 per cent of the dairy cows of America are pure bred. improvement, therefore, is vast; and the opportunity for stimulating in the bx-tTeme. dairy associations that are making the most per- fight against the scrub cow, which still remains in numbers 9pen the farms of America. Calf clubs are being over the country, composed of boys and girls, who become or more pure-bred or high-grade calves. Through activities the dairy cattle of the community begin to improve. second place the club tends to attach the boy or girl to the successful breeders and farmers of coming years will be those of boys' and gifts' clubs. Always a Problematic Sport; Ways of Fishes Mysterious DR. HENRY VAN DYKE, in New York Herald. has always been a problematic sport. The ways of fishes Who knows where the salmon schools spend their win- the black bass will refuse every temptation for a week and on an ordinary day, bite greedily at almost any old lure ? trout planted in England thrive for a couple of years away like the Snark that was a Boojum ? Why the same similar waters in New Zealand stay, and multiply, and Where the tihfish go when they disappear for ten,years each individual fish of all the game species sets a particu- his would-be captors. He has his own prejudices and rising, his own way of pl'ing and his personal tricks are just alike. That is the charm of angling. You every big salmon or trout caught on fine tackle means the 'a new and separate problem. Been Sacrificing Women and Children on Altar of Mammon" GOMPERS, American Federation of Labor. sacrificing women and children in this country on the but the conscience of the people of America has been life of the country must be considered at all hazards. the Constitutions of the United States is impotent to protect of our time is begging the question. have declared that laws which were passed by the congress upon the demand of the people, to protect minors from are void. That the people, through their represents- pass a law to protect the child life of our time, is to lay the against our competency.. of ours, commonly known as a labor movement, is It result of cohditions, born in hunger by hun- .hunger for better shelter, hunger for rest, hunger for music, the arts, literatura-_all that a better and fuller life. o A. Br, Northwestern University.We must have a We mmot have a government controlled by the pay majorities of exalted and oftea ignorant reformers, sociologists, political science teachers and Bolshavistic as are the dynamiters of Ru&ia. use the bomb, but they are steadily under- our mrteship. 'TdagY--We have a prudent Solution of American Wheat Problem? A SHINGTON.--Solutlon of the wheat problem lies along two lines---the aJust- meat of production to American needs if the world market is overtmpplied from other producing countries at lower prices than are sat- Isfactory to the Ame'lcan producer ander prevailing conditions, and the development of an improved marketing system. These suggestions were made in a rtort to the President, made public by Eugene Meyer, Jr., managing director, aml Frank W. Mondell, director, of the War Finance comporatlon, who have completed an investigation under in- structions of the President of condi- tions in certain wheat-growing areas. The development of an improved marketing system, in the opinion of Mr. Meyer and Mr. Mondell, can be brought about by the organization of the producers of the country for the purpose of marketing their wheat under the co-operative marketing plan, making It unnecessary to rely so com- pletely upon the uncertain functhm- ing of the speculative public contract market. The report expresses strong opposi- tion to the various proposals looking to an Increase in the tariff on wheal government priqe fixing and govern- merit purchase of "surplus" wheat. It comments on but does not go on rec- ord regarding proposed distributing of $58,0(Y0,000 said to have been made as profit by the United States Grain cor- poration, and modification of the pres- ent Immigration laws so as to provide for selective admllon of a larger sup- ply of labor.  On the matter of returning the so- called profit of the grain corporation the report says it has no accurate is- formation on the subject, and with re- spect to modification of the immigra- tion laws the report says that senti- meat in this direction is almost uulvet  sal among the agricultural commtmi- ties vLslted. The report reflects the fact that the condition of the wheat farmers Is Im- proving under presentocondltions be- cause of 'the readjustment taking place. Conferences on the wheat situation with farmers and farm organizations, state departments of agriculture and agricultural colleges, city and country bankers and leading business men de- veloped many points of view. They were held at Chicago, Minneupolis, St. Paul, Sioux Fails, S. D. ; Fargo, N. D. ; Billings and Helena. Mont.; Spokane, Wash.; Portland, Ore.; Pocatello, Ida- ho, and Denver. Would Sell Germany Wheat on Credit RESIDENT COOLIDGE and Secretary of Agriculture Wal- lace were urged by a delega- tion of Middle-West grain men and bankers to support the so-called Gould plan for furnishing a government credit of $50,000.000 to aid Germany In purchasing 50.000,000 bushels of American wheal Those in the delegation were George E. Marcy of Chicago, president of the Armour Grain company; W. E. Gould, banker of Kewanee, Ill., and the an- thor of the Gould plan; Charles E. Lewis of Minneapolis and George A. Roberts of Omaha. Under the Gould plan the War FI- nance corporation would be authorized to make advances to American export- era to finance purchases of wheat and ram by Germany or other foreign gov- ernments. German obligations would be accepted by the War Finance cor- poration as security for a long-term loan. According to sponsors of the plan, Germany will purchase 50,000,0OJ bushels of wheat d a long-term credit basis, and thus dispose of the bulk of the wheat surplus of the United States, with the result that the price of wheat In this country will advance materially. The Gould plan was embodied in bills introduced in congress in the last session which met defeat before oppo- sition of Eugene Meyer, Jr., managing director of the War Finance corpora- tion, and others. The scheme for disposing of the wheat surplus proposes that the 50,- 000,000 bushels should be taken from different sections of the country, 30,- 000,000 bushels to come from the states east of the Rockies. 10.{K0,000 bushels from the Pacific coast and 10.- 000.000 bushels of durum wheat. One- third the wheat would be In flour. All would be American grown and all the flour would be ground in American mills. It is proposed that a percentage would be shipped in shipping board veels and the remainder in German vessel s. Hear). A. Snow of Oakland, Cal. (portrait herewith), appearsto be in disfavor tn somelluarers. Anyway. American museums and zoological gar- dens are. being given a bad reputation abroad because of "the ruthless slaughtering and cruel maiming" of wild animals In Africa by hh aC- cording to Dr. William T. Hornaday. director of the New York Zoological park. Dr. Hornaday, as trustee of the Permanent Wild Life Protection fund. has sent letters to the heads of scien- tific institutions in America, Interested in the preservation of wild animals. charging that Snow was being de- nounced "all the way from NalrobL British East Africa, to Cape Town." gor shooting specimens of game now almost extinct. Charges brought against Snow are : That he ran down big game 'n an automobile taking moving pictures af the. fleeing animals until they fell, unable to move, from exhaustion. That he wounded wild animals so that, while they writhed in agony, he cOuld take "cpse-up" pictures of them wthout Injury to himself. That he killed four of the only remaining twenty-four specimens of the white rhinoceros species. No More War; Society Does Not Approve Major Henry Reed Hatfleld of 1725 Walnut street, Philadelphia, has re- turned trlamphant from his European mlaaio. In a word or two Major Henry Reed Hatfleld was a "social am- bassador." The title, like the mission, is his own. The purpose to which he has dedicated himself Is nothing leu han world peace. There must be" Major Henry Reed Hatfleld points out, ome omnipotent force, recognized In every civilized land, if world peace ia to be attained. That omnipotent.force" recognbd la every civilized land, Is Society. So Major Henry Reed Hatfleld sailed for Europe as social ambassa- dor. The vital questions at which dip- lomats and politicians shy Major Hen- ry Reed Hatfleld ha discussed frank- ly aug settled finally with the elite of Paris, London, Berlin, Vienna and such of those of Moscow and Petro- grad as he found sojourning la Geneva and other enforced domiciles. Not only did he dlscflsa these questlo frankly with the aristocracy of Edrope, the only people who really court, but he set- tied those questions and formed an informal citizens' league for peace. Diplo- mats and politicians henceforth are powerless. They may blunder into war, but there will be no war. for society--in[ernatlonal societywill not coun- tenance it. .... J_._ [J 'Ill il ] ] I I I [ ill U I_[ . J .... _ Us S. Naw] Will Fight Peace Battles smuts in British Imperial Conference vided Into infantry, artillery, engineer, HE greatest and most spec- tacular peace-time naval en- gagements ever "fought" will be staged early next year off Panama and In the Caribbean sea. Practically the whole effective marine fighting force ef the United States will be represented in the three months of maneuvers designed to test revolution- art developments in strategy and im- plements of naval warfare glnce the close of the World war. Major problems in the complete scheme of a war enter Into the plans for the winter maneuvers. These em- brace attack upon land defenses, with army units participating, that Is, a naval fight against an army defending a fortified coast; defensive and of- fensive actions by army and naval units#long the cOast, defensive and of. fensive actions at sea between naval units, with the full utility of undersea and air units. There will be aerial battles, nnder- sea battles, destroyer, fast cruiser and dreadnaught engagements, as well as landing battles in which a complete fa'ce of marines will be involved, all- aviation and signal corps branch.s of that arm of the naval establishment. New scouting cruisers, fastest naval vesss afloat, and the I6-incit Cun drdnaughts will participate among the 150 naval craft that will make up the units in these war games. The Pacific fleet, under Admiral S. S. Robinson, known Am the United Stat battle fleet, will leave about January 4. Tbis embraces the battle- ship divisions, the destroyer squadrons, submarine divlsiona, aircraft divisions and fleet base force. The Atlantic forces, known as the scouting fleet,' will leave the east coast at the same time the Pacific units leave Lem Angeles, and upon reaching Panama will engage in a combined war game with the Pacific units. The scouting fleet consists of battleship dlvisioas, deetroyer squadrons, air squadrons, train forces and a control force, and Is under ePmmand of Vice Admiral N. A. McCully. Admiral Robert E. Coontz will be in active command of the winter ma- neuvers. Gen. Jan Christian Smuts. premier of South Africa, emerged from the peace conference in Paris the ac- knowledged equal in intellectual and moral qualities of any participant In the treaty of Versailles. He has now bulked large In te imperial confer. enee in London of the British empire. England credits the South African premier with having forced the hand of Premier Baldwin of Great Britain in the matter of the new attempt to adjust conditions on the continent, by declaring in a speech that arrange- ments were being made for an inter- national oanference on reparations. The address by General Smuts, in which he appeals to the conscience of the world to redeem the chaotic European situation, is rightly to be regarded as an inspiring document In the realms of both diplomacy and mo- rality. '* General Smuts bluntly refused to give Indian ttlers in South Africa political rights. He held that they could not make a distinction between India ns and Africans. ]lll]lll I Jl A./ $1I ..... '!:.,,'L.' , / ,' ,: , .................. _-- - ., = Attack on Budget System in Congress Capital Society Approves Mrs. Kellogg financial control in congress, it la fell '!"'!" *'ITH the budget system as . _ ...... _ _-.,,,,,,,,- IAi their bulwark, advoCates would destroy Its efficiency. '-' --' .................. '"" V V of government economy and Four hundred million dollars was "Charming" and "well dressed." tax reduction are organlz- cut from the departmental estimates These are the adjectives being applied ing to prevent the overthrow of the by the late President Harding during tn Washington to Mr Frank B. Kel- present metld of handling federal the first two years following the adop- logg, whose husband has been ap- appropriations, ties of thg budget method, pointed ambaador to England. A Certain members of congress, it has Each federal department and sepa- buzz of speculative conversation con- been learned, ar planning to demand rate office prepared its own estimates, coming the former Minnesota senator's that the present powerful approprla- These estimates @are handled by eight wife has arisen around every tea table lions committee of the house restore different committees in the house and in the capital since the Appointment to the several committees their pro- then by nine more in the senate. The was announced. A small, plump, gray- vious Jurisdiction over appropriations, result was chaos.  haired person she hi. Without being Themccess oft his plan, it Is feared, .When the budget law was passed truly beautiful, her gowns and her would practleslly nullify all that has leaders in congre realized the ab- grooming are alway such that she been accomplished during the last two surdlty of asking the President's con- Fiat given the impression of being a years in efficient handling of govern- olidated estimates "to rue the gent- very handsome person whenever shu meat' finances on a business basis, let of seventeen unrelated committee has been teen, says capital report each vying with the other In the inter. The Kellogp have no childrea. Coming at a time when the admin- est of a particular service which fell Their home was alway| hasp|table, tratio is seeking to reduce the de- to its solicitous sponsorship.- and they gave attractive ilt'tle dinner mands of various departments to a Both the house and te, ther parties, but never splurged with large figure $126,000,000 below those of the fore, amended their rules so that a affairs of any rt. Mrs. Kellogg had current fiscal year, the move to de- single appropriations measure, carte- an unusual custom of being informally centralize eotrol is regarded "as men - spending-In general to the consolidated at home every two weeks for her Min- acing, estimates submitted by the President, nesota friends and cittzeas from her While the budget sYStem would sur- would be considered by only om cOm- home state. The concenus t that Mrs. Kellogg will be eesful as a dlplo- viva In theory, the decentralization of mlttee in each branch, rustic hostess, for she ta easily Into any society. German in Lusitania Liability Claims Nansen Here in Aid of Refugee Greeks OUR deeisimm determining Oer- punitive, damages. It held that such _ _ ......... o* - ........... ,,--. man liability for American damages were penal in their nature, ' " '0' ..... - -- ' .... .... '" "  -  -- claims rceulting from the war, not compensation, and. therefore, un- The arrival In the United States including those growing out of authorized by the Treaty of Berlin. of Dr." FrtdtJof Nansen. high commis. the Lusitania's torpedoing, have been "There is no place in the trimly fo sins for rllef in Europe and the Near announced by the mlxedclalms cam- any vindictive or punltlv provisions." East, on a quest for money to feed mhmina, the, decision said. "'Germany must a million Greek refugees in Thrace, While upholding, broadly, the Lusl- make compensation and reparatio brinks an impressive figure again Into tanla's claims, numbering 278 and ag- for all losees falling Within its term the limelight. gregating approximately $22,600.000, sustained by American natlonal Thal It was In 1896 that Nansen, In cloth- the eammlmflou  ;80,190 compensation must be full, adequate tag fashioned by himself out of skins, claims, totaling about $345,000.000, and complete. To this extent Germany walked out over the Arctic ice to Splt for the recovery of insurance preml- will be held accountable. "But thl bergen with a single companion, from urns paid by Americana for protection, commission is without power to ira. a point nearer the North Pole than General principles governing the as- pose penalties for the use and b, tmefi! any man had ever reached before, and sessment of the American claims were of private claimants when the Unite( into a place, In the world's regard laid down by the commilon. Three States has exacted noe.'" which he has never lost'. Nansen has of the decisions, including that on the No specific awards in the Lsitanh played an Important part in Norwegian Lusitania clatms, were unanimous, but cases were made by the eommlaMon` politics. Later he was drawn Into in the other Interpreting treaty oblige- its decision merely announcing th xrld affairs, aways from the humani. tton EdWin B. Parker, umpire, con- principles to be tpplled In determinlr tartan standpoint. curred with Chandler P. Anderson, each claim. In this annectton It bel And now, at rite head of the In. American commissioner, over the dis- that actual damages for metal a fernattonal Relief commission of the sent of the Oerman cOmmlssioner, Dr. guiah and suffering of relatires ot League of Natlone, he is trying to Wilhelm Lhelbach. Americans lost on the Ltmltania woul raise to mlpport the Greel feature of the I, be compensated for, but that "tentl. who Asia Minor tha the mental or The Remedy You Need the Year Round in Your Home Sold Every- where Tablm or Lmd i  iii il , / Horses and Mules can be k on their feet and wok- in If owne give "SPOHN'S" for ,Iturm, Shpt,tns Fr, Cough and Col&. Cheapest and rarest meam of escaping these dls- Occional doses work won, Give "SPOHN'S" for Dog Dtstmp. Used for thirty 60 cents and $1.20 at drug stores. , ILL Cuticura S T/LE N] r OU][JA BOA]gD. "M'YSTIO0.  A startUns discovery; lots Ot fun. Patetel, k beautiful lrt destgn, made of birch verier. A handsome Xrns Dreent. 12,,33 In., $1.01 $x23 in., 5e. Money order or stamlm. Mystico Co., IT3 0th St.. Milwaukee, Wilt, Pile OUR00 In 8 fro 14 Druk are nuthortzed to refund mone if PAZO OINT- ldgNT  to cure aw cue 0 mininG. Bl,llO, l-_lmmm or PROTRUDING PILES. O0umm ordinnW cesm In S da tim worst ems in 14 dan. Uevea  lqLES can de. reed, sleep COo, Cottonseed in ypt. The production of coW'seed oil and cake Is a flourishing EgTptlan try. There are seven large mills omed by European cam in Alexandria, Cairo, Kafr el and Mlt Ghamr. In 1922 kilos of cottonseed oil were frmn Egypt to the value of 183,000; 13,000 metric tons of cot  cake valued at 84,000 were also exported In 1922. Don't Let That Cdd Tam Into "Flu" ba G=d O/d Mmmm That cold may turn into "Flu,.  PI , even worse, male you take care of it at oa. - Rub good old Mugero on tlm.coL " r and see how quickly it Colds are merely tiom rol, mad, isa countero stmmlates cmlation and helS doesthe La the por, then a cooling wdcome rdieL To Mothcra# Musttl is now made in milder form fo babi and small ldldrn. k foe Children'a MuI 35c and 65, ia jars  THIN, PALE of life get dawn value [or