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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
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November 10, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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November 10, 1923
 

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,I L.1IuBmmmmmuumlU| mmmmmuHm j 0 AG CULTURAL PAGE i UR RI Catarrk I. l, CNX  co., TokYo, o - Particularly Interesting to Farmers--Tersely Told in Picture and Story -=_- =  _= =-  _= i " &apos;Ikl]IESIIIUIS"H0UlISAI _ - Building, Horticulture, Etc. IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIilIIIilIIHIIIIlllIIIIIIIIlll I1 fl fl # II-'00 Plow in Fall to Concrete Bee Cellar  A -- ? P--. U g I12 Reduce Leaf-Spot Will Pay for Itself 1[ [ \\;V] i A soothing, errealVeo saze ..ar,liP' e . ,., , b. .rt_,  .. Tomato Bn Be Con- " P s.Jl trolled Covering Infect- " " '-- ed Vines With Soil. The life of n bee  measured by its Concrete Highways Are Folly. Many of us are too constructive. qWe have no affection for human na- Cre as it Is nor wish to cllerlsh it. bt to rebuild it from the ground up. ---]golly. iOTHERI GIVE SICK BABY "CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP" 14armlese Laxative to Clean Liver and Bowels of BabF or Child. Even constlpat- ad, bilious, fever- .d['' , or sick, colic Zr,.,"rA ]Babies and Chll- [" __.?" ',< "I Irca love to take | ',C eaulne ' Callfor-  ..  .. -: Fig Syrup." I   ]No other laxative ] ,/.-*  aregulates the ten- -ft :.er little bowels ]k -=   So nicely. It#" " " weetens the I''2<.."-"-. mtomach and starts the liver and Ibowel$ acting without griping. Con- in$ no narcotics or soothing drugs. a "California" to your druggist and torpid counterfeits! Insist upon gen- mine "California Fig Syrup" which eontalns directlons.--Adver tlsement. Masses May Get Tired. who keep up to concert pitch the music for the masses to Lace by; and sometimes the masses get tired of dancing. WOMEN CAN DYE ANY -, GARMENT, DRAPERY IDle or Tint Worn, Faded Thln0 New for 15 Cents, ]Dn't wrmder whether you can dye tint successfuLLy, because perfect bme delng ts guaranteed with "Dia- :::mot[ Dyes" even if you have never ,,dyed betke. Drnggists have all colors. =Dlmm In each package.--Adver- An Epicure. our cat Is very fussy about hl mting. What Is his name?" -Kmcullus." 9FTEN USEFUL" IH Bi6 FAMILY Eack-Draught Proves Valuable emedy for Liver and Stomao,5 ]'roubles, Says North Car- olina Parents," N. C.--"I will write in re- liver medicine, using It more than says a letter written Mr. S. F. Mintz, of it In my home al it is mostly our family When we begin to feel or sluggish, with trouble the liver or stomach, we take a of Thedford's Black-Draught and trouble is soo over. I mostly a dollar package at a time, a]ad saved me many a bill" Mlntz says she takes Black. for colds and biliousness. "It a low country where we live," she ay, "and In the spring when I get p feeling sluggish, and ache, nothing eat tastes good. I know my liver meeds to act and I use Black-Draught, very soon I am feeling just e... I have eight children and we mmke tea fl'om Black-Draught for hem when they have colds." For more than 80 years, Thedford's .Blaek-Draught has been a popular, cmdard remedy for simple liver. stomach and bowel troubles. More nine million packages are now Soid per annum, as a result of its @roven merit. Refuse imitations I Insist on Tells of Blackleg and Ways of Its Prevention (Prepared by the United States Department of Agrieultore. I Immunization by vaccination is the only practicable and effective means of protecting animals against black- leg and eventually ridding pastures of the infection, says the United States Department of Agriculture in Farm- ers' Bulletin 1355. prepared by Dr. John R, Mohler, chief of the bureau of animal Industry. This disease, which is found in all climates and altitudes In practically all parts of the world, is the cause of great losses in this country, particularly in the great cat- tle raising and feeding sections of the West. In the new bulletln all of the Impor- tant information on this disease has been brought together In concise form. The nature of the malady and the characteristic syraptoms are so de- scribed and compared with those of other diseases that there can be little danger of confusion. Cattle, especial- ly young animals from six to eighteen months of age, are most susceptible, but sheep and goats also are subject to it, and in exceptional cases hogs have contracted it. Man, horses, dogs, cats and fowls appear to be immune from the infection, improved animals seem to be less resistant to  than common or low-grade stock. Spring and fall are the seasons of greatest prevalence, but blackleg may occur at any time of the year. Medicinal treatment has been found worse than useless as animals sick with the disease are sure to die, and the longer they are kept alive the greater the danger of Infecting others In the'herd. Those slck with black- leg should be killed and burned or buried deeply in quick lime. Protec- tion against Infection is afforded by vaccination, and there are a umber of reliable preparations on the mar- ket. Formerly the Department of Agriculture manufactured and dis- tributed blackleg vaccine, but, as a re- sult of an act of congress, this distri- bution was discontinued beginning July 1, 1922. Copies of the bulletin may be had, as long as the supply lasts, by writing to the Department of Agriculture, Washington. Certain Minerals Quite Beneficial to All Hogs A healthy hog doesn't need a lot of drugs In his feed or water, but certain minerals are necessary, .and the most successful breeders keep these minerals before their hogs at all times. Wood ashes, or charcoal, lime and salt are used by many of the most successful breeders. Tlle charcoal can be made very easily by burning cobs. Rake up the cobs Into a pile and fire them. When they ae well charred sprinkle over them, then quench the fire water. The charred cobs may be 'aked into a pile and the hogs will help themselves. Where self-feeders are used and sail llme anl charcoal self-fed, the charcoal need not be salted, but simply grind up the charred material If your pigs run on good pasture and get plenty of good buttermilk or skim milk they will not need so much ef these minerals, but it well worth while to have tlem b fore them anyhow. They eed some of them to supplement and balance any Yation.' Santonin 1Mixture Will Banish Worms in Pis The presence of a cough in pigs is generally due to worms, and steps should be taken immediately to re- move the cause when a cough Is noted. Animal husbandrymen at the Iowa State college recomnend treat- ing coughing pigs with a mixture of eight grains of hantonln, two drams of areca nut, two grains of calomel and one dram of sodlun/ bicarbonate. This dose is suitable for a 100-pound pig. Reduce the dose or add to it as the size of the animal indicates. After the dose is administered, see at the pigs are removed to a clean pasture and are given clean quarters throughout. Do not leave the p!gs in the old pen, as it Is almost sure to be Infested. Improved Stock Help in Solving Feeding Problem The most serious feeding prolflem encountered is that of producing or ob- taining feed economically. About 99 per cent of those questioned find that pure bred and Improved live stock greatly aid in solving this problem. Tbe United States Department of Agriculture is preparing a handbook on feeding which-will be very useful and is free, Grooming Work Horses Will Improve Condition The old proverb, "Grooming is half the feeding," as applied to the farm work horses, still holds true In every sense of the word. The sweat glands of the horse eliminate In 24 hours an amount Of waste material nearly equal to that excreted from the diges- tive tract. If these glands become by sweat particles and dirt., a is closed brooming (Profited by the United States Department of Agriculture.) Recent investigations by the bu- reau of plant industry, United States Department of Agriculture, Indicate that tomato leaf-spot, or blight, which causes an average annual loss of ap- proximately 250,000 tons of tomatoes In the Middle Atlantic and Middle Western states, can be largely con- trolled by thoroughly plowing under all dead tomato vines in the fall to prevent the overwintering of the fun- gus. The tomato leaf-spot fungus, as shown by experiments, grows fruits, and overwinters on various kinds of dead plant material, such as weeds, grasses, corn stalks, wheat Stubble, and remains of other crops. It over- winters in greatest abundance on old tomato vines, however, as it starts on the live plants when there is little competition with other fungi and ob- tains a monopoly on this material. During the autumn and spring it thoroughly permeates the surface tis- sues of the old tomato vines lying partly or wholly on the surface of the soil, and in the summer produces in- numerable fruiting bodies and spores. This food supply usually carries it well into the fall, by which time it spreads to other dead plant remains and hence lives over another winter. By means of this saprophytic existence on dead plant debris, it Is able to live from year to year until it finds a favor- able opportunity to attack another to- mato crop. Causes Death of Fungus. Covering the Infected tomato vines with soil at the end of the picking season causes the death of the fun- gus before spring. The vines have [o be thoroughly covered, however, to obtain this result, as those left partly or wholly exposed harbor the fungus. If the leaf-spot fungus could be com- pletely prevented from living ,over even one winter there would be ob- viously no more leaf-spot. The more nearly this condition is approached, the less likelihood of an epidemic, for this fungus does not produce spores until summer and a small amount of It could hardly multiply enough un. der natural conditions to do much damage In the short period favorable for its distribution. Plowing the vines thoroughly un- der In the fall In the preparation of the land for the succeeding crop will prevent an enormous amount of over- wintering. This accompanied by clean culture and crop rotation should prac- tically control this disease if gen- erally practiced. The use of s rolling corer to cut the vines or of a curved rod to turn the ends into the bot- tom of the furrow as they are cov- ered with soil may aid in the cover- ing. Dlsking and plowing will not Suffice unless all the parts are cov- ered so deep that they will not be- come exposeL The eastern practice of disking to- mato fields at the end of the harvest and sowing grain or grass is ap- parently responsible for much over- wintering of this fungus, as thls en- ables it to llve and multiply on the tomato vines until the grain stubble or dead grass leaves are available as food. Use of Early Plants. Owing to temperature limitations leaf-spot or blight does not usually appear in tomato fields in the Mid- dle Atlantic and Middle Western states until June 15 to July I. The use of very. early plants is therefore a means of partially escaping it. This will not apply, however, to the main or late crop. Moreover, it wilt not aid much If leaf-spot develops in the seed-bed and ls carried to" the field on .the plants, as this produces early epidemic conditions. The necessity of a clean seed bed is therefore appar- ent. Horse nettle, purple thorn ap- ple, Jimson weed, ground cherry, and black nightshade should be kept out of fields, roadsides, fence rows and other parts of the frm, as they are also hosts of this fungus. Food Is Essential in Production of Feathers Food is Just as essential In produc- ing feathers as it is in producing eggs---don't stop feeding your hens when they molt and quit laying. L.E. Payne, Kansas station, says to con- tinue to feed them a lang mash, as they need the nutrients that were for- merly required to produce eggs for developing new feathers. After the completion of the molt discontinue the feeding of the dry mash and keep the hens on a dry ration until about January 1, .when the mash should be resumed. Corn, wheat, barley, and kaffir, either singly or In combina- tion, would make a good fall feed. Encourage Purchase of Bulls Co-Operatively More than 600 additional live stock breeders' associations were formed with the assistance of agrlculti]re ex. tension workers in 1922, and 300 com- munltles were encouraged to purchase bulls co-operatively, according, to re- ports to the United States Depart- ment of Agriculture. Co-operatively owned Improved breeding stock, co- operative buying and selling of feeds and stocks, and community adoption of sanitary measures In care of live Of thee activities. In summer it Is proverb- Ially busy and its work soon wears It out. In the winter It must live slow- ly to live long. The proper temperature for bees during the winter Is from 53 to 55 degrees. If the temperature gets higher, the bees become more active from the heat; if the temperature be- comes tess, the bees must become ac- tive in order to generate hestr and hence consume more honey and die sooner. Charles N. Green, retained as chief apiary adviser for the Pennsylvania state board of agriculture, finds that bees wlntered under proper condi- tions consume from three to five Concrete Bee Cellar. pounds of honey per winter as con- pared with 25 pounds or more for those wintered in summer stands. The attached photo shows a con- crete bee cellar built by W. G. Lawer, Middletown, Pa. It Is built of concrete and paid for Itself In one year. In building a bee cellar, ventilation may be entirely omitted, but In case the cellar might ever be used for veg- etable storage, ventilation should be provided, but stopped up when the bees are being wintered in It. Selling Thin Chickens Never Proves Profitable Since chickens that are to be mar- keted can be fattened for a fraction of a cent a pound, it does not pay to sell birds in the thin condition they are ordinarily in when they come off the range. Fattening or fleshing, as it Is sometimes called, not only in- creases the weight but improves the flavor, makes the meat more tender. Tender beefsteaks always come from the cuts that are streaked with fat between the layers of lean and the same principle holds good with chicken meat. L.H. Schwartz of the poultry department at Purdue univer- sity says that theoretically the fat Is distributed between the muscle fibers In a way similar to the marbling in roasts and steak& In the roasting method of cooking poultry, the fat as- sists In shortening the time of cook- ing. He contrasts It with the lean bird which requires longer cvoking and from which the water evaporates, leaving the bird In a dry and tough condition. There is usually a good market for birds pen-fed In the fall for the holi- day markets. Birds can stand the confinement in the fall Pick out the ones that weigh around three or Lout pounds. They fatten readily. Boys' Club Work Is on Purely BusineSs Basis A third-year member of the boys' pig clubs In Arkansas some months ago sold ten of his plgs to younger club boys In his county. This young stockman. Paul Giles of Phillips coun- ty, Arkansas started In the live stock business through the winning of a money prize offered to the club boy in the county who grew the most corn on an acre of upland. When he re- ceived his money he determined to in- vest it In something that would give good returns. He decided to biy two pure bred pigs and learn how to feed and enre for them as a part of his club work. As he acquired skill in his new work he added to his herd. He sold In 1922, according to reports to the United States Department of Agriculture, over 1200 worth of pigs, had 40 bogs In his own herd, and has the pleasure of seeing other club boys In his county start in pure bred hog raising by means of his stock. Consider Conditions in Selection of Best Breed In selecting the Variety of fowl that you prefer to raise, It is well to con- sider the conditions It will be subject- ed to. With the average backlotter, close confinement is necessary and his selection, therefore, if bet results are to be secured, should be influenced by the effect such confinement will have upon the various varieties from which he desires to choose his flock. Select Seed Corn From Strong Stalks in Field Seed corn should be selected In the field from strong, vigorous stalks which show no sign of disease. The ears she'rid be carefully dried under a shed and then stored in a dry, well ventllbted room until next spring. At plalng time, escb ear should be of Help in Marketing Milk Milk is an everyday commodity. The most Important feature in market- ing milk ts to be able to deliver it as soon as possible after It is produced. On that item depends the success or failure of the dairying industry. It Is a well-known fact that In the loca- tions where the dairying industry Is me t successful, the community is ser ,d by a network of permanent bighays, usable every day In the year. Such a locaL',on is found in western Washington where nature has provid- ed vast areas of m'een pasture land and man has built lundreds of miles of broad concrete highways, thus pro- ducing the combination which makes possible the production and the trans- portation of this vital, everyday neces- sity. About twenty years ago a large milk products company constructed a small condensery at Kent, In western Washington. From this small begin- ning the enterprise grew until at the present time eight large condens- cries are established, and these are located In communities where paved highways furnish qulek and reliable transportation facilities from the farm Paved Hihwayo Furnish Quick and Reliable Facilitlu for Handling Milk. to the condensery. Every day, winter or summer, rain or shine, hundreds of trucks are seen carrying milk from the farms to the plants. Before the concrete highways were constructed, milk was hauled t9 the condensery by teams` By relaying teams it was possible to haul milk every day but the difficulties encoun- tered and the time consumed by this method were great. The load was hauled part way by one team, which when exhausted was replaced by a fresh team for the remainder of the trip. Only small loads were possible, 2,500 pounds or 40 cans being consid. ered a big load on unlmpreved roads. As the condition of the reads im- proved and paved highways were built trucks supplanted teams and routes were extended, until at the present time approximately 75 per cent of the milk received is transport- ed by truck. Some trucks cover two or three routes, each of which former. ly required a team. They bring in the milk in less time and haul larger loads. A comparison of two routes erving the Chehalis plant demon- strates the value of paved highways. One is an eight-mile route over poor roads and covered by a team;the oth- er is a 2mlle route over concrete roads and Is covered by a truck. Both routes start* on their Journey at the same time. The truck, covering 2.5 miles and delivering 100 cans of milk ar- rives at the condensery about 8:30 a. m. The team, covering only eight miles and delivering 50 cans. arrives about ten o'clock. To market bis milk the farmer needs only to set out his cans on a platform by the roadside. Along comes th truck over its established daily route, picks up the milk at the farmer's gate, delivers It to the plant and returns the empty cans on the return" trip. By this system alon is it possible for many farmers to market their milk. Most farmers do not produce enough milk daily to warr.:nt the trip totown with the milk. an, i for these farmers It would be unprofitable to bother with milk production If the mllk routes were not established. The hauling cost to the farmer varies with the distance h's milk is hauled and With tim conditi,n of the road over which it ia transported. Over paved highways the rate per hun- dredweight is noticeably less than over unimproved roads. Among the most important Items in milk hauling is the length of time t milk Is on the road. Especially is this true in the summer time. Milk deliv- ered by truck Is always In better shape when It arrives at the condens- err than mlik delivered by wagon. Milk for Young Calf. After a calf is five weeks old It Ieeds no whole milk unless very deli- cate. Increase the feed until 18 or .'20 pounds are being fed dally. Wean at six months of age and if good hay and grain have been provided, wean- ing may be done earlier. Give Dairy Cowz Rest. Give the dairy cows six or eight weeks ret between drying and fresh. ening. It gives them an opportunity to put on some flesh and te in off the Old JUNIOIDJI-- Littls [Ro FROM GENERATION TO GEllE Mothers Advise Their ])a Rely upon Lydia E. Pi Vegetable Compound to Them in Health A Mothc''. Adwce  wer g Coron, &r'a'?hnad a termble tame nin my left side and had to go to every so often. Doctors had told ma I must be operated on, but I do not believe in the knife and would rather suffer than go through it. My mother also did not believe in it and she made me take Lydia E. Pink- ham's Vegetable Compound becau it had helped her. It has also helped ms for I am better and able to do all my work. I recommend your medi- cine and give you permission to use my letter as a tesUmoniaL"--Mrs.J. BUSCH, Jr., 11 S. Railroad Avenue, Co'ona, N. Y. A Sickly Cld Mahontngtown, Pa--"I would like to say a few words about Lydia F Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. About a year ago I thought it would be neeeesary for me to take my daughter out of school. She was losing waight, was nervous, and when she wuld come home from school she would drop into a chair and cry, and say, ' Mamma, I don't believe I mm go to e_hool another day 1' I Sheep continue to run from the wolves until they can find another wolf to lead them. No man realizes as promptly that he is a failure as he does that he ls a 9UCCeSS. :<il and morning, can certainly and if it will mazuse this letter as a! Madison Ave., strong, ann e daughter to do enjoy herself at Lydia E. Compound is all ttme her it herb nothing jure, and tends to to strengthen the so that they will and normal manner. For nearly fifty used by women tbe women know ita Let it help your omludf. The average woman joyment out of a cry Why bUY ninny fuges when one bottle Shot" will work without The timed never set for m A Harmless Substitute for Castor 0il, and Soothing Syrups -- No Narcotics! Mother ! Fieteher's Castorta has [ Food ; giving natural been in use for over 30 years to relieve [opiates. The babies and children of Constipation, ! Flatulency, Wind Colic and Diarrhea ; allaying Feverishness arising there- from, and, by regulating the Stomach and Bowels, aids the asimilation of TAKE HOUSES WITH THEM The A popular Natives of Barbados Load Structure his sermon ever Upon Cart and Carry It to 20 mlnutes to which New Location. limit lt, the words of ter ring In his ears, Moving in Barbados is so simple a l that some of his task as to rouse the envy of the ordi- less share her nary American householder. Wben a The occasion wa sixth birthday. negro In that happy island moves, says Sir Frederick Treves, in the Cradle of on Thanksgiving day. She went to the Deep, it is not uncommon to meet not only the furniture but the wimple house on the highway. The structure is placed on a car fiat, like a puzzle taken to pieces. The four walls are laid one above auother as if they were pieces of scenery from a theater. The roof is indistinguish- able as such, for the tiles are put into the bottom of the cart. The owner carries the front door on his head and kind friends assist with the window shutters and with the chicken house. There is no plumbing, fortunately, and the eve that follows a moving morn sees the entire establishment newly set up and settled, swept and "gar- nished.--Youth's Companion. Idealism. Moral Idealism is Justified if It means allowing; people to work out their careers as they choose, provided they don't Injure others. er and sat quietly The sermon was minister could not had plenty to say, early. "How did you like asked his young home together, her big one. "You preached said the little girl cause I love you a nice dinner when get what I'd been Magazine. That's Fair Friend (as waltz)What's that Distinguished Some preachers ings as though theY rant. "'It Keeps Me Awake is the" niliar conession o| the and co flee drinker. The reason is both tea and coffee contain a drug which is the |oe o| sleep and dab-time energy. Posture, the' pure cereal delicious and satisITing--and tree all the elements which so many el coffee a/d tea find dismbiz nerves and digestion. Posture contains no stimulant you awake nights. Post for Health "'There's a Reason" [" ..-.4. the cup by the addium el ,) er ms, w  the