Newspaper Archive of
The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
October 27, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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October 27, 1923

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 <!! /!it ! :, , ' %  I :\\; t Da00tle00hip to bebuilt 00der Washington Arrn0000 Treaty Cornrnt0000ioned , By JOHN DICKINSON SHEI -' THE U. S. S. flreadnaught Just goes lnto battle, the tit the Centennial State are of their time on t prayer until tlley hear the result. For they are Just wrapped np in the Col- orado and like to burst With pride over this $27,000,000 fighting shlp, the third e bear the name and prolmbly the most powerful in the world. The (;olorado stae flag flies on bar Oe lnd ifty Colorado boys are ameng the more are going, Reproductions of CJi= adorn her. The sliver service pre- the state to the old Colorado (now- he is .on board. reasons the Colorado is of particular de nation--and t the world. "A vast laboratory of marine engineering," aP'lt is said of her: "'Though hting machine, she need never al te enemy to earn her cost of $27,- ralty nes over for her country." It ap- $Ia,l tile most advanced desims of ship have been installed in the Colorado :g.e results of their test will be placed at tile of American shipbuilders for their guid- t bullding thenatlnal merchant marine and motor-drlveu propellers, 1&000-horse- generators, nd oll-burnlng boilers of the advanced construction that Is said this 't20-ton superdreadnaught slgnlfl -  marine engineers. Further unusual fen- supposed to be proof against sub- . lr bent)s, as well as direct fire. With honeycomb of water-tight compartments F shot to pieces before she can 'llgbt 16-inch guns in two forward and (the largest permitted by the can drop eight tons of the deck of an enemy to put Out of commis- A captive observation hal- and several mout airplanes are also carried. In the controloro0m;far down Between the horsepower tUrtm:electrie generators 8,0(D-horsepower electric propeller , eoatrvl every movement of these two gl- and every other"important me- , m vrders from the bridge. thing that adds to the interest In the Is the fact that she, with her sister ship, Virginia, Is the last superdreadnaughf the United States will undertake Yet four- years, under the Five-Power Naval trety. l[2zt means that slm may be the last of her kind --either because of universal peace or because by time the capital ship may be wholly futile the purposes of war. /,! third Colorado was designated as Battle- )Io. 45 (conntlng from the first in the new authorized in the building program of Aug. 6, to be of 32,600 tons trial displacement, guns in four cnter line nrrets, guns for torpedo defense, eight guns and tvo orpedo tubes. Her is designated to attain twenty- about 28,000 horsepower, two nmin of Westinghouse type driving on four shafts, one screw on each. She is turrets, conning tower She uses only fuel oil and her anchor windlass and most other q'e electric driven. She will gatalmtt for: launclflng airplanes and gen- t ave all improvements of the best naval e Waahington coherence on the reduction zaamets, the Colorado and the West Virginia ell the l!st offered of uncompleted ships to mpped, but the Japanese were so bent on re- the iS" newest battleship, Mutsu, at tim time g[imt completed, that a new scrapping program made, by WhiCh the Colorado and West VIr- vere to be completed and the two olest dzmughts, Delawxe and North Dakota, mucl mater vessels, would then be scrapped, the re- mlliZg tom, age offsetting the Japanese increase LINEo OF SURVEY t 67/Y "-2/A2 "/GHA2 Picture No. 1 shows President M. A. Neeland, of the New York Shipbuildinl corporation, oiclally turning over the Colorado to Capt. R. R. Belknap, U. S. N. No. 2 shows orward turret and two of the eight 16-incJ guns. NO. 3 shows tho ship's company saluting "Old Glory" as she is commissioned. No. 4 shows the ofers lined up for inspection. through the Mutsu. By the conference treaty, no more battleships are to be built before 1937. The Colorado, the West Virginia and the Maryland (this last commissioned in 1921), three sister ships, are the most powerful and modern battleships in the world, though one British battleship is a close rival, The Colorado is 624 feet in length. 97 feet 3 Inches beam; 82,600 tons mean displacement. She Is driven at a speed of twenty-one knots (,about twenty-five land miles) an hourby electrical drive machinery. She carries eight sixteen-inch guns crmsers authorized three at a time, by congress lu 1S99 anti 190(}. of ]3.(kS0 tk)ns displacement, carrying four eight-inch guns in two turrets, fourteen six- Inch, a score of smaller caliber and two underwa- ter orpedo tubes. Her Nlclausse boilers and four- cylinder triple expansion engines driving twin screws, developing 27,000 horsepower, attained a nmxlmum speed of over twenty-two knots. Her ship's company numbered 910. In 1915 the Col- orado II became flagship of the Pacific reserve fleet and on December 1, 1916, her name was changed to Pueblo, after the second city in Colorado. Un- der this name she served in the cruiser and trans- port force In the World war under Capt. G. W. Williams, escorting transports across, and after the armistice bringing 10,136 troops home. In 1921 he became the receiving ship at New York, pend- ing further active employment. What remarkable changes have taken place in tile sixty-five years' lapse between the first and the latest Colorado ! As a general measure of size, 3.400 tons displacement is grown nearly tenfold; the old seasoned oak hull is now all steel, of thick armored sides and many watertight compartments ; full sail power has utterly disappeared like cae masts, topped by large fire cOntrol stations; 'he symmetrical tracery of standing and running rig- ging Is now represented by the bristling, knobby and odd placed radio antennae. Do'n below in the old frigate, 'rectangular boll. ors of copper mounted steam at only 25 pounds prSssure to a thumping, cumbersome, slow-moving hori:ontai reciprocating engine, which by means of a single screw drove the ship at ten knots at best, where now eli burning, tubular steel lmllers gen- erate 290 pounds steam pressure for the delicate- ly balanced turbines adjusted to the thousandth of an inch which, without the least tremor of vibra- tion and wlth scarce a sigh of sound, spin at about 2,100 revolutions a minute, generating alter- nating electric current which by a twelfth reauc- tion turns four screw propellers 171 revolutions for a ship speed of twenty-one knots. For Illumination oil lamps and candles are re- taie8 only for emergency, should electric light fall, and the present sunlike searchlight had no like in the frigate days. In the day's work, the shrill pipe and hoarse voice of the bos'n's mates passing tlm word along the open sweep of decks IS now supplemented, in fact all but replaced, by speaking tubes, telephone and other instruments, electric or mechanical, for transmitting communi- cations to scores of separated spaces all through the ahip. And at: mHtimes, while navy beans still hold their own, salt pork, the venerable salt horse, plum duff and hardtack have given place to refrigerated meat. fresh vegetables, bakers' bread, pie and ice cream. Of all changes" however, the greatest is in the kind of demands nmde upon the crew and officers. In the frigate Colorado, the yards were hoisted and braced about, the sails were reefed and furl(d, the anchor weigbed, the boats rowed and hoisted, the ship steered, and stores whipped on board all by hand. Handling sail, besides making strong bbdies, taught eye, hand, and brain to work ninfl)ly together. In contrast, most of the demands for power in the modern battleship Colorado-are met by ma- cldnery. Include these: From a forward speed of as her main battery, In addition to twelve five- -knots the Colorado can be brought upPer.inch ' eight three-inch and two torpedo tubes. She thxee mlnutes. Her eighteen-inch at- has about 28,000 horsepower. Her complement the comprises 69 officers, 1,266 enlisted men and 75 marines. Captain Reginald Rowan Belknap, U. 8. N.. commanding officer, desires to have as many Colorado boys on board as possible. .Captain Belknap entered the Annapolis Naval academy in 1S87, served in the Spanish war, Philip- pine insurrection and Boxer cam,reign, was dec- orated for sertces in connection with the Me sine earthquake relief in 1909 and was commander of mine-laying and mine-sweeping branch of the Atlantic fleet from 1915 to 1917. He was promoted to captain in May, 1917, and was awarded the avy dlslinguished service medal ,for service in connection with fitting out and afterwards com- manding the American mine-laying sqnadron in the northern barrage operation in the North sea. During 1919 and 1920 he commanded the battle- ship Detaware and recently he was on the staff Of the naval war college. Com. Wilson Brown, United States navy, Is executive. The new battleship Colorado is the third ship In tile American navy to bear that name. The first, named for the Colorado river, was a wooden steam frigate of 3,400 tons displacement, mount- ing forty guns, launched at the Norfolk navy yard on June 19, 1856. She was one of the larger ves- sels of her tlhm in our navy, corresponding to the intermediate or fifty-gun ship of the days before steam and to the armored or battle cruiser of lat- er periods. Colorado I first saw war service as flagship of Commodore William Marvine, In establishing the blockade of the Gulf of Mexico coast, from Key. West to the Rio Grande In the Ci:ll war. Admiral Farragut wanted the Colorado for iis attack on tile forts below New Orleans, in April, 1862, but her twenty-three feet draft was much too deep to cross the Mississippi bar. Later the (:ol- orad0 became flagship of Commodore H. K. Tlmteh- er in the Norti Atlantic blockading squadron. Ater the Civil war the Colorado I served as flag- ship on various stations, including the Asiatic. Feb. 14. 1885, thirty-one years after the laying of her keel, she was sold to the usual fate of being broken up and burned for her copper fastenings and other salvage material Meantime the territory of Colorado, organized as sucli in 1861, tlad been admitted Aug. 1, 1876, into the Union as a state. Acquired part with the Louisiana purchase in 1803, parr with Texas ha 1845, and the rematmler bY cession from Mexico i 1848, the country was little known before 1858, when discovery of gold led to its settlement and gro.wth. Man-of-war Colorado II was one of six armored STRAIGHT .ftbr00concrete.feet hlgh and set in 1,500 pound raging torrents forded, camp made on glaciers, lvery obstacle of the wilder- hess was fought and conquered."-- Detroit News. Gains New Flower. Take some seed that has loged o his long tramp northward in the boot- sole of a common soldier in Vespa- slan's legiea. The boot reaches Dov- er, plo on, weaJ oL 18 east by the From It, axt In,speaking of the actual surveying work, a member of the commimflon ap- at intervlslble points not more than pointed to mark the boundary line four miles apart, and of a detailed said: 'The treaty makers (American mtp of the strip of country two miles and British, 1867) laid a ruler on a each side of the boundarY, At promi- mp and said, *This shall be theQ- ' lnlsslon wan rive dyer crossings, and at main riding line, The eom monuments are ym finishing the task. miles of elu. and line t and IJAILDELIVERY FOILED BY DOG Canine Attacks Prisoners When They Overpower Dep- uty Sheriff. REWARDED WITH STEAK Youngstown, O.--It has been truth- fully stated that a dog Is man's most faithful friend. Deputy Sheriff George Callahan of Mahoning countyhas rea- son to vouch for the truth of the statement. Paul Lyden, a Republican, was elect- ed to the office of sheriff In 1921, as- suming office on January 1, 1922. He is a great lover of the canlnl family, and when a friend presented him with a police dog puppy early In 1922 Paul immediately naturalized hini by naming him after his Repub- lican idol. Theodore Roosevelt, and seer "Teddy" was a real deputy sheriff, although not on the pay roll. The dog was quickly taught to keep watch'on prlsoner; to make friends with no one other than company se- lected by the sheriff, said company, of course including the various deputies about the Jail. On the night of September 17, Dep- uty Sheriff George Callahan went into the Jail to check his prisoners and see that they were locked up for the night. He had no sooner entered the cell block than he was set upon by seven colored prisoners, three of whom were awaiting trial for grave of- fenses. Fortunately he left the out- side door open, something that le rarely had done previously. The pris- oners grabbed him and .attempted to take his keys and weapons from him. He put np a battle, but was rapidly getting the worst of the scrimmage against the heavy odds. Dog Attacks Ringleader. 'reddy" who was reclining on a rug in the sheriff's office had heard the sound of the scuffle. YIe ran Into the cell room, and sizing up the situation. Went I nt Action. went Into action. He grabbed Floyd Barrett, charged with assault, and the ringleader of the mutiny,-by the right forearm and dragged him off Calla- han, and then returned to the fight and seized Clem Head, charged with murder, by the leg an 0 pulled him to the ground. The other mutineers then became alarmeltl'and fled to their cells. "Tedd:V" then for the first time barked, as much as to say, "Come on, all of you." but the challenge was not accepted. After seeing that his prisoners were secure.for the night, Callahan patched up his braises with articles in the sheriff's first-aid kit, called to 'reddy" to accompany him, and told Deputy Lament 3acoba that he and "Teddy" were going for a walk. 'reddy" refused to tell where the stroll took Callahan and himself, but there Is a persistent rumor that it led to a restaurant a short distance from the county Jail, and that the deputy bribed 'eddy" to remain his faithful friend. At Ieast he wa seen to. pay for a T-bone steak, while he dined on coffee and. When Sheriff Lyden returned from Columbus, wher he had gone to eom- mit a prisoner ta the penitentiary., he rewarded his faithful canine with a brand new COllar Battles Forty f'"cers; Afrai:J of-Litt!e Wife Chlcago.It to,'!: 40 policemen to subdue Morrow Ha,'dln, when he was arrested for ment:: observation. "Save me, Judge." the man ced in terror when hls slim little wife a- peered In court. Mrs. Harding was forced tD lesve the collr ro(m before her husband, who Is six feet Mx Tnehes tall. could be convinced he was safe. Hazing Causes Youth's Sulcldt. New Salem. Ind.--After heinz hs--.d by fellow high school student% Ver- non A. Walke, sixteen years old. com- mitted suicide. Brooding over the hazing caused the act, the boy's par- emts Said. Police have begun an !tl. vestigation. Lunatic on Parole Slays Aunt. Lincoln. R. I."Urged by voices te cut off "the heads of the two women,  Arthur Rushton. of thls city, apa roled lunatic, killed his aunt. Mr Annie Fitzpatrick, and wounded his mother, aeeordlag to the police. On a Mllllonalr,, Now a Beggar. New York.Joepb Tartar. who .ld ha had lost In hotel ventures all of his $1,000,000, which he had earned as con- daeter of  was arrested oa of vagrsn. Leter he had t 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 To Brighten the Home When the at Evening to Rest By KATHLEEN D. MANNERING, ,E ABE all tremendously affected by the ever of an), climate. During a day of lowering likewise droop. And during a day of clear over the ground with a buoyancy that is only The sunshine plays upon our moods like a deft player on a Probably nowhere as on the farm is there need of ing. The homes are set at great distances apart, with spaces shrouded in darkness at nightfall, save for the stars and an occasional full moon At times it is a lonely life---that of the farmer. The the surroundings axe dark at nightfall which has a the spirits---is the more reason that every effort should and brighten the home when the family gathers in rest, to read and to enjoy the pleasures of home. In the days gone by there was no remedy for such a today farm electric lighting plants, at very moderate cost, glowing lights of the city to every farm home. These mae the farm home a haven of rest but a haven of light the home mad the barns and supply the force that and in other ways lighten the labor. But the big fact is that they light the hence, making it sunshine for the young folks to dance to music records and to friends, to read and to feel contented. Probably it would say that much of the discontent of the young men and farms is due to a lack of appreciation of the vital fact that in the home make for contentedness. Surely, the farmer today who does not give thi$ thought may be missing a means of keeping his children giving his wife and helpmate some of the fine she desen, es. lilllllllllillllllllllllllliillllil IIIIIIIlillllllllllllllll lilllillllllllllillllllll Reforming a Confirmed Beggar Can't Be a Good Living Too Easy " By JOHN D. GODFREY, Brooklyn Bureau I have investigated or talked with thousands of found men and women of extraordinary intelligence and pathy and confidence have been given to many of admit. Looking back on it all I have to confess that a aingle deserving case. Three years ago my department sent out investigators followed up 800 cases of street begging. Not a single In every,instance the mendicant was a professional. Reforming a confirmed beggar can't, apparently, be living is too quick and too easy. A well-trained work more than three or four hours a day, and in that time is at all capable, take in from $15 to $25. We have dreds of beggars, rying to rehabilitate them. We Clothed them, fed them, and gotten them jobs--and within $ are back on the streets again. iiiiiiiiiiiiiii "Biggest Disappointment of My Life in South Sea Islands" By MRS. WHITNEY SPERRY, American In Hongkong I met many American and English without a cent, whose real reson for going to China Most of them were more than thirty years old and tire. They had heard, incorrectly, that there were so lish and American men than women in China. Once return. Java should have been their goaL I received the biggest disappointment of my life South Sea islands. The scenery is beautiful, yes, but Java is more beautiful. Those beauteous maidens one fat, nearly all of them, and sloppy. Voluptuous, yes, There are derelicts of every ra. ee and nation, gone to there is quite a colony of writers and artists, but even of these have gone to seed. What strpck me ber of white men, educated and cultured, many of them and painters, who have married the native women. Illllllilllllilllllllllllllllllilllllllilillill|llll|llllimfll Chief Difficulty in Reconstruction of the State df Mind By PRESIDENT BUSH, New York Chamber of It is my opinion that the chief difficulty in the Europe is the state of mind of the people in the through which I passed. They are all doing, much before the war, hut do not realize it. Their prosperity froth of hysteria; of discontent, of suspicion, their neighbors. In some countries they hate other they have got to hating themselves. Yet under that artificial surface there is an that the masses of the people cannot see. had only one or two cows now have three or four and fruit production has increased in the same owners of the soil. The state of mind is perhaps more seriou .the9 little headway has yet been made toward curing iL llllllllilllllllllllllllllllllillllllllllllllllllillllll The Orderly Communist Becomes a One at the Point of By EUGENE W. LOHRKE, German So long as there is a possibility of bread the likely to keep at work and behave himself. But the becomes a disorderly one as soon as he reachea the the tide sets in strongly enough, there is nothing to t The government continues to pour out paper mills can print it, and the confidence in such comparative rates of foreign exchange as well ss i What one notices in particular is that the local matter. When the torch begins to glow in suddenly into flame in another. E. H., Gary.--The moral and religious . the Old and New Testaments, have never been fully combated. Since e preservation of history-' never been anything pproaching the Holy Bib le a# or de for a proper and desirable hum /or future hop