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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
October 27, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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October 27, 1923

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mP i l--Beautlful new building of the United States Chamber of Commerce In Washington nearin corn letlon 2 ) ,, ,, . , g P . 2-I otas world-cruiser in which army aviators hope to make a flight around the world. 3---Maestro Nlni Iilnaldi of Milan, aged twelve years, w he composed an oratorio entitled, "TheChlldhood of Saint John the Baptist," affd conducted an orchestra of 2,50 that played it in Tourcoing, France, before musicians from many land& REVIEWOF CURRENTEVENTS not true Americans--is glad to listen to the words, of the man who more than any other individual won the war against Germany. Prolmbly his most significant ad- dress was that delivered in Chicago. To an audience of 12,000 the former I premier set forth in plain terms the President nd Governors Discuss British positlon in the matter of repa- rations, arguing that, while his coun- Ways Of Enforcing the try was as vitally interested as any Prohibition Law. t other in getting from Gernmny all that is possible, it believed the 'ay to go -- about it was to restore tile credit of Gernmny so that she could pay. France's LLOYD GEORGE ON GERMANY :method of seek to collect by ,ova- _ l sion and occupation of the Ruhr. he EDWARD W. PICKARD J said. means "revolution instead of rep- our laws can he enforced, es- I arations" and is "driving 60,000.000 of lhe prohibition law, is peol)le Into despair, ' exercising the ndmls of a great many I Mr. Lloyd George then, as he had In Americans these days. A cltizenship ther addresses, deelared himself conference on the subject has just i wholly in favor of the proposal of Sec- been held in Washington under the l retarv Hughes, that a commission of of the Federal Council of experts should determine Germany's of Christ in America. and, capacity to pay. He l)resulned that far as the Volstead act is corrcerned, the United States would be represent- addresses (,f some of the eminent ed on such a commission, and could developed a decided differ- find no reason why France should ob- Governor Pincher of Ject to the plan. In this way, he said, account are falling through because Herr Stresemann has stated publicly that the industrialists need.not look to the German government for pay- ment of nch material, especially dur- ing the reorganization of the nation's finances. A memorandum to this ef- fect was delivered tQ Premier Poin- care, who declined to discuss the mat- ter at all until the occupied regions resume work and payments in kind. The French Intend to continue the ex- ploitation of the seized Ruhr indus- tries, lmlding that the German gov- ernment must find a means of paying the owners. If Polncare persists In his preseut course there is revived danger that France will be isolated against Germany. The British authorl. ties have been studying the Belgian reparations plan known as the "tech- nical studies" and are said to approve of It, and it is believed the Italian and Japanese representatives on the repa- rations commission are of tile same mind. So far the French have been able to sidetrack any formal consid eratlon of this plan. The Belgians estimate that by means of mortgages the allles can calling the present state 'whir;ky rebellion." bluntly the blame for the lack of its sup- bare done that, then we could march t together to compel her to pay." at the doors of the White [ In conclnsian Mr. Lloyd George charged the federal en- : service with inefficiency anti for the flood of ll- that is pouring into local He said the government in belief, not only winked the law but in many graft collectors. He chbefiy responsible for spoke of the day of the armistice, say- ing : "It was a red dawn, but it was the dawn of peace, and our hopes were high. There is an old oriental saying, 'Hast seen the dawn? Thou hast not yet seen the.dusk.' The skies are full of menace. Stormclouds are gather- disgrace," asserting that in log over Europe. It will need all the state the bills of the domi- i wIadm, all the cahn all the Judgment "we would find a way to ascertain how raise 2,870,000,000 gold marks ($717,- much Germany can pay, and once we 500,000) annually for cash reparations payments, leaving the German govern. ment-the balance to COver the budget. and also to pay for coal and other de- liveries in kind. This total Is slightly less than the original reparations schedule, which amounted to 2.000.- 000.000 gold marks ($500,000,000) In cash plus 26 per cent of the exports annually, an estimated grand total of 3,500,000,000 gold marks. OR several days after the American It' Legion opened Its annual conven- tlaot partyDemocratlc or Republican l f the rffariners who are guiding the ,--were paid for years by the liquor tu- !ship of civilization to navigate it, or terests; aml he did not spare the sup- posedly respectable citizens who pat- ronize the bootleggers and thus main- tain the industry. "'The I'restdent." declared Mr. Pin- chat, "is tile only man who can meet the present emergency. It is idle to uggest that the laws cannot be en- forced, That the government of the :United States the most powerful na- gIon on earth, with the people over- ngly behind it, Is powerless be- or a f4w hundred of asserted lawbreakers is The fact is, we y tried." former Gee- Kansas, disagreed with of Pinchot's. and the President's warm- Pennsyl- had the "gen- ngreemeat- , to permit the to demonstrate his ability to government satisfactorily be- tlon in San Francisco last Monday it seemed there must be a quarrel over else It will be wrecked, with its loyal- the Ku Klux Klan question that might fuable cargo of achievement and hope split the Legion wide opeu. Delegates for mankind." from Michigan antl other states were determined to force the issue by offer- IIANCELLOR STRESEMANN. made virtual dictator of Germanv by the passage of the authorization act by tile reichstag, is pursuing with determination a path beset witl pit- falls. His first announcement was of ing resolutions flatly condenming the Klan. Others were awake to the grave danger involved In this and sought to avert such action. Finally the com- mittee on resolutions came to agree- ment and submitted to the conventhm a complete money system. of November a new currency, known as the rentenmark, will appear. It will be based on the Reichsbank gold reserve and triirutary mortgages on all German real poperty, and at first will amount to 1,200.0(0),0(VJ marks, includ- ing the reserve. Next there will be an issue of small gold loan certificates to a total of 200.000.000 gold marks. The paper mark will renmin in the field for u time and there will be no effort to control its exchange value. This seemed quite satisfactory to every one, bt meanwhile the Socialists aud Corn- reorganization of the a resolution which, while not specifi- During the first week cally mentioning the Klan. condemned all organizations fostered by racial and religious hatred. HE Oklahoma house of representa- tives tabled a resolution providing for an investigation of every member of the body to determine whether he belonged to the Ku Klux Klan and au- thorizing the expulsion of all mem- bers found to be klansmen. The house committee on Investigation and im- peachment of Govesrnor Walton and other state officers proceeded with its , other Rel)ublican hats should Into the nomination ring. They ] munlsts were busy and the people ]ch0[, r cognized as a presi-  were hungry and without employment, pos,iblli y, was trying to put [In Berlin, Letpsig and other places ;-(, -- - ": ", 1there were desperate food riots which Iltl{ on tile oel'enslve. I ..... " ...............  i the poliee could sell onl lth blood lr. UOOll(lge nlmselY hOWever m q Y - .' " : . .' shed Then the states of Saxon and r in the least worrletl over   " Y on hn erturbable as usual I Thurfngia where the Communists and p .... , I Socialists are In control, openly defied opening of the con- Streuen ann anti the Berlin "govern the governors of the states I "- , - .' - ]ment. The dictator s military governor glen Saturday, and then set of Saxony had or(leled the disband- tlmt gathering what he thinks nlent of tile state's PrOtective organl. ts the common-sense view of the prob. enforcement. With-, arms, threatening military action 'ing directly re Governor Pin-[zations anti the surrender of their charges, he pointed out tbat an against them if they (lid not .comply. change in tile llabits of Herr Zeigler. Socialist prime minister people cannot be of the state, said he wouhl ignore the in a few years: that complete order and the Saxon diet sustained will require time arn] l him. Thuringia, which is governed by "workers" organized nmeh like n Rus- of education; that to Ira- must be a en- sian soviet, wits ordered not to form a of all government republican guard. Herr Froelich. bead of the Thuringian government, replied state and munlctpa]. "Irl a long and definnt proehzlnatlon, de- to Washington the gee- tn West Baden. ind. There. c]aring Stresemann's dictatorship un- discussed pr,hlbltion, and. constitutional and asserting the state them, especla41y those from l wnld reorganize its defensive forces the opinion that I TM crry the fight through to a finish enforced by the at Saxonv's side. The German cahinet at once decided to give full flowers to by the federal gee. } tile military commanders in Saxony an( ThmIngla to see that the orders of the government are carried out. GEORGE were of Great Brit-r Bavaria under the dictatorship of ]he could not be received with more Von Kahr is reasonably quiet. An or- hot,or and acclaim than are being given dinance has been issued ordering the him during his tour of American cities, disbandment of all Red societies and I]ver.vwhere he mops tire pipefuls and fl)rl)idding the di.semlnatlon of props- eminent citizens WelCome him and the gan(la of fhe third inter:nationals. populace turns out to cheer him and "-7- to le,lr him. Not all his auditors rEALS between France and indus- agree with all l/esays, but every Amer- a. trhll niagnate of the Ruhr for ieag---except perhaps a few Sinn Fain. resumption of deliveries of material in pro-Germans who really are kind to the allies on reparations ferred gold in metal to tire gohlen OF GOLD IN: RHINE IskIs and golden hair of the Lorelei. its Guardians, Dragged Down t were dragged down to their fate. Misers of Old to Their [ The hair of tim Lorelei was said to Doom be span of impossible fine strands of and the gold of their story, at the hot - supposed to he the vast Rhine- )f the mass of gold at ulaille rich- beaten by the waters pebbles. see, and work vigorously. SRAEL ZANGWILL, famous Jewish author and publlcist, appearerl be- fore the American Jewish congress In New York and asserted that the Jews must forego their political hopes re- garding Palestine "rather than throw a match into such a powder factory as th world has beeone." The con- gress formally disavowed this view. Next day Mr. Zangwlll said he never had seen an audience slower to under. stand or more dens$ to appreclate this vital issue. ''The trouhle ttlay," he added "aside from a xeak British gov- ernor, is the fact that the Arab under- stands politics and the Jew does not. because he has lost contact with na: tional politics through 1,800 years' ab- sence from his national home." N' [r IS. T necess,try to tell anyone the a Yankees won the world's champion- ship nor how they won it. but tire event must be set dowu as part of tile record of the week. The receipts for the six games played were more than $1,000,000, of which the players divide up neary $363,(K)0. The series was more than commonly dramatic in inci- dent. EEKING SOme measure of relief - for American farmers, the biter- state commerce commission has or- dered au investigation into rates ant) charges ou grain and grain products. The luqniry affects all roads carrying those products. The American Farm Bureau federation has asked,a 20 per cent reduction in rates on wheat and flour for export, and Secretary Wal. lace has reconlmended a 2;5 Imr cent cut in rates on farm products. coaling crazed with the sight of IL to try to dip their hands in it and fall in, lamented by nobody.Detrolt News` Talk Sometimes Expensive. Talk Is the most expensive thing that is, in many cases, so long as there are excellent laws against slander. 8tlve in 289 B. C. 81leer was first . > W ASItINGTON.--The censds bureau discloses that there was one divorce to 7.6 mar- lion, 1,1'22. Divorces, 10,995: divorces riages in the United States In 1922, as shown by the first luarriage and divorce survey since 1916, when the record was one divorce In 9.3 mar- ria gas. Illinois ranked second in the number of divorces far 1922, the record for the state being 10,995 divorces to 75.- 208 marriages. ]exas bad the largest number of diw)rces, 12,399. Illinois' proportionate record, however, was 1 divorce to 6.8 marriagcs, a numher eli states having a higher record of di- vorce. The District of Columbia had the lowest record, 1 divorce to 35.8 mar- tinges` The total number of marriages was 1,126,418, while divorces totalled 148,- 554. In 1916 the record was 1,040,684 marriages and 112,036 divorces. In Nevada divorces exceeded the marriages, 1,026 to 935, this being due. of course, to the divorce colony at Reno. Statistics for the Mid-Western states for 192"2 were as follows : per hundred thousand pot)ulation, 164 Number of nmrrlages to 1 divorce, 6.8 Indiana--Marriages. 37,692; per hun dred thousand population. 1,261. Ill vorces, 7,005; per hundred thousam population, 234. Marriages to 1 di vorce, 5.4. Iowa--Marriages, 22,745; per hun dred thousand population, 92S. DI vorces, 3,815; per hundred thousan population, 156. Marriages to 1 di vorce, 6.0. Michigan- Marriages, 43,561; pe hundred thousand population. 1.120 Divorces, 7,572; per hundred thousami population, 195. Marriages to 1 dl vorce. 5.8. Minnesota--Marriages, 24,248: pe hundred thousand popnlation. 983. Di vorces, 2.588: per hundred thousand population, 105. Marriages to 1 dl vorce, 10.9. Wisconsin--Marriage.%" 17.277 : pe) hundred thousand population, 638. DI- vorces, 2,033; per hundred thousand population, 75. Marriages to 1 di- vorce, 8.5. Open Shop Claims Uncle Sam DVOCATES of the open shop in industry claim an ally in the United States railroad labor board, as the result of a recent decision. "A railway employee's membershlp or nonnembership in an organization should not be matter of compulsion," the labor board ruled in sustaining complaint of the wltchmen's Union of North America against a contract of the San Antonio & Aransss Pass Railway company with the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, guaranteeing that 85 per cent of the carrier's yard employees be members of the brotherhood. The board thus deelared this stipulation cold. An anomaly of the easeis that. be- cause the switchmen's units Is aflill- ated with the American Federation of Labor, It leaves the federation on record as opposed to the closed shop. The dispute followed dismissal of C. A. Brown. San Antonio & Aran- sas Pass railway switchman, through operation of the percentage provision of the carrier's contract with the trainmen's brotherhood. The loard directed that he be reinstated, with seniority rights unimpaired, and that he be pald for time-lost, "less any as Ally amount he may have earned while en- gaged In other employment." A point brought out In the evldence of the case, widch the board empha- sizes in Its decision, was that the Swltchmen's Union of North America "negotiated the first percentage agree. ment ever executed, but that organiza- tion has renounced the practice and become the victim of it." "That the rule in question is dis- criminatory and unfair is beyond con- troversy," reads an excerpt from the labor board's decision. "A railwaf employee's membership or nonmem- bership in an organization should not be a matter of compulsion. "He should not be coerced either by the labor organization or by the car- rier In the exercise of his right to Join an organizatbm or to make a choice between two rival organiza- tions. Anybody interested in the or- ganization affiliations of an employee can find abundant methods of a legiti- mate nature to bring to bear upon him. "It must be remembered that rail- way employees have not advocated the closed shop, and thls principle has not been recognized elsewhere in ' the railway service." "li00lk00(! come true in the case of Allister Mc- Corlnick, the young Chicago society man and helr to McCormick rail:ions. Not that he got Mary Landon Baker as his bride. But he did get a bride who did not keep him waiting at the church. This bride, Joan Tyndale Steven Is eighteen, the daughter of the lion. Mrs. Charles Melton Astley, a niece of Lord Hastings and a member of an old English family quite as dis- tinguished, to say the least, as the Bakers of Chicago They say she plays a good game of tennis, is an accomplished horsewoman, .a gracefu/' dancer, an expert swimmer and a bril- liant cOnversationalist--all of which made a hit with AIlister, even though he was still figuratively waiting at the church for the third year for Mary. Alllster and his new love met at Le Toqueville snd the young Chicagoan perked up so thoroughly days he had gained Joan's consent. They were married in paris. Spain's Dictator Eyes Latin ::! :.,!i .... " i " :::.:. :!]iii[ : :4,:: :;;}}; i ' 'i!:', :" :i;:'ii (ii::!:i: ......... federation Spain has followed fashion In Europe and hWl Gen. Primo Rlvera. torship has some frills own. It was Spain's perlalism that brought oe tion and now Spain is challenge the Monroe Spain's dreams of her to undertake a paign in Morocco, in suffered so many feats that the army got and played the role of Fascists. The result Cortes was dissolved, signed and a military formed with Alfonso, of course, COup d'etat and thereby society of dummy kings Learning nothing can fiasco, Spain Is now preparing to revive an old between Itself and the Spanish-speaking countries of Dr. Meiklejohn and Amherst The resignation by request of the trnstees of President Alexander Meik- lejohn of Amherst college in Massa- chusetts still continues to agitate the American educational world. Amherst Best Essayist in 400,000 School Pupih was founded a century ago by the . Congregational church, mainly to edu- BEST esylst of more than 400,-" the others having been*withdrawn by cats for the ministry and for the 000 elementary school pupils, I a process of elimination. Members of teaching profession. ()f late years It Theodore Peele, thirteen-year- t the reviewing committee consist of, has been quite prominent. President old school girl of Pontiac, Mlcb- I Mrs. A. H. Reeve. president. Xatlonal i Meiklejohn's resignation indicates an lgan, now residing at Lansing, Michi- I Congress of Mothers and Parent- i Interesting struggle between the old gan, Is announced as winner of the [Teacher assoelatfor, s I)hilndelphia; and the new. The questions raised by second national safety essay contest [ Richard J. Welsh. editor, Colller's the retiring president are severaI, hut Highway Education board. As a re- ward she receives a gold watcb and a trip to Washington with all expenses pald, the gift of the National Auto- mobile Chamber of C()mmerce, and she and her chaperon will be the guests of that organization and of the board when she visits the nation's capital this autumn. conducted under the ausplces of the Weekly, New York City, and James E. the main one seems to be this: Shah West, chief scout executive: Boy trustees and other outside influences couts of America. New York City. be abolished in all higher educational Second nations! honors were won institutions and control given to the by Edwina Hull, Frontier, Wyoming, t faculty ? school girl, whose prize is a gold lee- Dr. MeikleJohn- sets forth in the Ing cup. I,ester E. Rolland. Thief Century Magazine his own views on River Fails. Minnesota. school boy, the question, "To whom are 'we'the wins third honors, a silver loving cup. professors and presldents---responsl. These pupils had previously receh, ed ble?" He says In part: The board's third annual bontest, In which $6,500 will be divided into 4&5 prizes to be given for the best essays by pupils and lessons by teachers deal- Ing with the formation of safety habits, Is now on. The award was made by a commit- tee appointed by the United States commlssioner of education, Dr. John ft. Tigert, to review the best essay sub- mltted from each state and territory, gold mdals and $15 checks, in recognl. -tlon of their having submitted the best essays written within their respective states. In her letter aeknowledgln$ the high honor she has won, Miss Peele says "My present ambition is to learn to swim, but my ideas of the fltture are still rather hazy. Of course I must gc to college, and I have always Intended to be a writer." U. S. Supreme Court Has Crowded Docket HE United States Supreme ourt hes begam Its terms with crowded docket, as usual. A total of 580 cases are awaiting disposition, Of these 368 were brought over from the term which ended in June. Fllowlng long-estahllshed prece- dent. the court delivered no opinion at Its first session, but after receiving motions adjourned and proceeded to the White House for a formal visit of respect to the President. There is much ceremony in these visits to the White House. The Presi- dent receives the court in the hi'eric East room. There It lines up In a horseshoe, with the chief Justice at one end and tle Justlces following In the order of seniority. Beginning at the end where the chief Justice is standing the President passes along the lines, giving each member a hand- shake and expressing his pleasnre upon the Justices' retnrn frmn their vacation strengthened in health. When the court adjourned last June it carried over nnder advisement, fully submitted and ready for declslon twenty cases In which the court's deci- sion may be handed down at any time Four of thcse attack the constitutional ity of the alien land laws of California and Vashlngton. four question the tax ability of so-called "MasachusetD trusts" under federal statutes, and th others lnelude controversies arisin out of the use of the water of Bltte creek, Wyoming, for irrigation par poses; what eountle may do witt money paid them by the federal g,v. ernment under forest reserve laws brought by King county, Washington against the Seattle school district No 1 ; North Dakota's claim against Mtn nesota for damages growing out o flood conditions along the Bois d( Sioux river: the constltntionallty n, North I)akota's graln-.':rading act : tw cases [nyo]ving the fight of Texas t( prevent the ah:tnd,mn)ent and dls)))))n tling of the Eastern Texas railroad the liahility of stock])ohlers of n ua tional bank for its obligati,)ns after [ had been Sold to another nations bank. Dawes Calls Branch Banking a Menac( T tAT branch banking is devel- oping to such a point as to become a menace was asserted by Comptroller of the Cur- rency Henry M. Dawes of Chlcago be- fore the Joint congreasinnal commlt- tee which is investigating phases of the federal reserve system. Mr. Dawes announced that he had Just received an opinion from Attorney General Daugherty to the effect that national banks could not engage In general branch banking. The effect of the attorrey general's opinion Is to restrict the activities of national bank branches in a few locali- ties where broader operations have been sanctioned during the last few months by the 0glee of the comptrol- ler of the currency, Mr. Daweg Poaitlon relative to the menaee of branch banking Is in con- filet with that of me of the meat- bera of the fedm-l ruerve board, who would the "Since I am not responsible to "student or parent, to church public or gradtmte, to trustee or state, then I am responsible side myself; I am responsible to myself alone. hls Is a because responsibility Is an external relation .... Scholar other men do owe allegiance ; tfley are responsible.... relationships In which the scholar feels and The first and lesser of these is the relation to other teacherS to other seekers after the truth. The second and greater which 'we' feel and acknowledge toward the truth Itself. so far as an answer to our question 1 possible at tll, the think, be found." rency and the transfer of Its functiom to the federal reserve' board. Genera conclusions presemed by Mr. Daws., were summarized by him as follows. First that the development oi branch banking, unless curbed, wl| mean the destruction of the faders reerve system and the substitutiot of a privately controlled reserve sys tern for a governmental system of ordination. Second, that If the federal reserv bOard has not the newer to refuse th( admission of institutions engaged lit general branch hanklng, and to curt tha farther extension of this prlnclpi. by member bank, it should be g:ve the power. Third, tb,t the aholittoa of the of flee of star,, nsrl,mat Von Kahr00 Bavarian Military  Even a not unscramble the , aver. here is a neW Guatav Von Kahr [ Bavaria. At this eral commissioner ude "ausna hme dltlon)which Is to military dictator Bavaria. Upon re eeipt the Germah lul a decree state of siege ing all executive power Minister of Defea statement was tion that this wa Bavaria's hands rising. According lin regarded move toward the independent state precht as king. Dictator Von monarchist, but aya Bavaria has no intention of setting itse]L Bes,des dlscu00sing 00anch hanktog Hittler, Leader of Mr. Dawes took issue with the pro. posal supported by the Amerlcat Here is a portrait of Adolph Hltt- Banking association for tire abolltlo[ let--the only known photograph of of the office of comptroller of the cur him In existence. Hittler Is the Be- varian Nationalist leader, the head of the gray-shirted men who are up- posed to aspire to the role of "Bava- 4an Fasclsta." The German situation changes day by day, but at this writ- ting Hittler is talking like this: "We need another revolution in Germany. Not that SocialisL bonr- geoisie, and Jewish revolution of 1918, but s nationalist revolution today, to restore GernlanyS might and great- ness. We can save Germany from In- ternal and foreign foes" only through blood and sword. It ia not question of republic or monarchy, but of de- livering Germany from the nen who betrayed her. Wa blame the Germ government for yielding to the French. We could not hne prevented the French from holding the Ruhr, but before we tmrrendered, "Bavarian