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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
October 20, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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October 20, 1923

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i I (i J o Work on Illinois Waterway Under ..... / B0ndl00sue o , , SCAI. S 11181 Itatlon and electric power but not yet a channel for eommerce. They would see New Orleans with Its slogan, "The second port of the United States" and Its $20,000,000 new harbor. Tkey would see the Great Lakes teemlag with commerce, but not yet with a path to the Sea; the Mississippi with Its barges but not yet a path to the Great Lakes. They would see the East and the West at vari- ance over tlle Great Lakes-St. Lawrence route to the sea. They would see Illinois and some of her neighbor states at variance over the Great Lakes- Gulf route via the Illinois Waterway. Ttley wouhl see in Illinois itself legal complica- tions whicl] threaten further delay. But they would see, looking with the eyes of the 1923 nation-builders, within the space of ten years one great path leffding to the Atlantic and Europe and another great path to the Gulf lead- Ing to the Panama canal and South America. Doubtless this vision will be fulfilled. What was done at the Sac can be done at Lachlne: the chan- neling of the St. Clair fiats can be repeated in the mudbanks of the Illinois The Illinois river, which flows into the Missis- sippl above Alton, is connected with Chicago and the Great Lakes by the Illinois and Michigan - canal, width begins at LaSalle. This canal was completed and opened in 1848. It eentributed largely to 2he initial growth of Chicago and aided in the development of northern Illinois. Until 1887, when the railroads were able to haul greater tonnage and the state was unable, because of the restric- tions In the constltuthm of 1870, to enlarge It to greater capacity, It carried a commerce that paid. Its right of way Is slated to be now worth $15,- 000.000. It was the necessity of a more adequate channel of navigation and water transPortation from Chi- cago to the Gulf that impelled the people of B- linois to vote In 1908 the twenty-million-dollar bond Issue for the purpose. Power development was an important factor In the final selection of the river route as against an attempt to enlarge the canal. Following the bond Issue authorization In 1008 all efforts to get action tn the legislature were blocked hy differences of opinion and polltlal Jealousies. In 1915 the legislature agreed on a bill incorporating a plan for the work, which Ie- came a law. It provided for locks of a minimum width of 5,5 feet and a length of 250 feet. The chief of engineers of the War department refused to approve the plan on the ground the "ize of locks was but little Improvemen! on the old canal and that a wa;er power scl]eme was pllranlouflt. This refusal resulted In a delay of four ye,,,rs more. In 1956 Superintendent Sackett lied a tn- ference wlth Gen. Wiilhuu M. Black. then chief of engineers, aml succaded in working mn an agreemem with him. "['his was lncorl)ora,l in the law of 19l.q passed by the Fifty-first :enerm assembly. Plnns for the work by M. G. Harne chlef engineer, who had beau In government sere- Ice in connection with tile constructbm of sac Panama ,nal, gained "aPl)t oval of the oilier ot -n- gineers ,of the War department and Secretar) of war In March, l!r2o, after five years of effort tal- lowing the first enactment by the general assembly. Tile plan spiT-veal provides for tile tmprovv,aent of tile Desplalnes river from Lockport to Its mouth eight miles west of Joliet ?2 Its confluence with rhe Kankakee river, tilt. two forndng tile lllln,ds river. amt of the Ill!nois river trois that point to Utica where the presen llavlgable water of tile river is taehed. "l'ltis will be dune by construction of fonr dams creuthl navigable pools and live locks, compared with litteen locks In the old lllinoi and lobi,.,an c-anal. The locks will be the saute width as tile ha'ks of tile Panama ellnal, 110 feet. but 10 feet long, oJ lwo-thlrds the length of /ha locks of tile Pananhl canal 'l'bese locks are tbont two city blocks in length and nearly half a block IU width They will have a depth of 14 feet over " lly JOHN DICKrNSON SHERMAN LLINOIS Is making progress In the work on the Illinois Water- ? way. Under instructions from Governor Small, Col. C. R. 5111- ler, director of the department of pnbllc works and bulldlns. has received bids for the con- struction mf another lock, the and of five to be constructed between Lockport and Utica. Tlds lock is to be built at Lock- "" rport and will connect the chan- : eg tl Chlcago Saattary distrlet with the Des- rivet at that pallet. Bids were also re-  lit the ame time for furnishfng and erect- lg tile  gate= for this lock and for the lock N=rsetlles lock, begun November 20, 1920. .  .t=d far the steel gates and operating ma- '" . The contract bid price was $1,375.115 at pe.,d o[ war prices, but William L. Sackett, tendent of the division of' waterways, re- 7tPt=t that it has been completed for $100.000 less "in=trt gbe contract price. Bids received last Feb- mmu3 r foe the Starved Rock lock and dam were mmatilly beh)w the state's estimate of cost for k. These figures, Superintendent Sackett  how tlmt the Illinois Waterway can (mm well within the $20,000,000 bond ls- a antlrtzed ,V he state. os bones lie In the bed of the Mississippi er. Radlason's are---who knows? Joliet's are (ta. Marquette's are at St, Ignace, Mich. ==re In Texas.  onld wake these famous explorers the dead and take them from the Great to the Gulf through Chicago and its drain- dowt the Bllnois and Michigan canal IH Hver to the Mississippi and down to New Orleans. Just Imagine t would feel" and say I Illt  tmw the Lower Mississippi In 154L tile Upper Mississippi about 1655. at, may not have crossed the Chicago  urlF a 1ff70, but he certainly in 1682 t Fvrt C/vecoeur .at Peoria. Then, descend. the Iginols and the Mississippi to the Gulf, 4mlltm posesslon of the region in the name of and named It Louisiana, after Louis XIV.  Marquette, In 1073, went by canoe from to the mouth of the Arkansas by way   and the Wisconsin. They returned " l[ the llllnoi and the Chicago Portage. Ate@ ]Maraetl spent the winter of 1674-5 in a hut   of Chicago. , t'ter the failure of his expedition for was bent on escaping from the wllder.  by mtrchtug across the continent. Radisson`   exptoratitms came the Hudson's Bay aemmy, -as ltmking for furs. Marquette was a m  agaged in religious work. ile and Joliet were empire builders and w In the Chicago portage the key to water 'tion from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to  of Mexico throngh the heart of the New lll of North America. Tlmy said a few men .R  a the Chicago portage could unite b  Lake mad the Gulf of-Mexico and they fim3 rbe I the exaggerathm, for In season -  it was usual re travel by cnoe uver the !- imge. Tley had the vision to see the '1i matag of this uniting of the waters at the portage between the Chleag river aad " iBll  the heats of these great Frenchmen t, aee of sullen-builders who had like visions. the explorers now revisit the Mississippi wodd stand aghast at what has al- aetmplished ahmg the line of their he would marvel at th slowness of They would be pdzzled by cam- with tmmlfieatlons seemingly without : WM see Chicago of 1923--the third city : "mmk; the second city of tile wealthiest and m att! aation of earth ; the first city of tle btalt 't-natlon, the Mississippi valley.   the Chicago river turnea oa,' -ttmdl =uml tlowing into the Illinois. furnishing s,a- FARM PRODUCTS ARE UP SIXFOLD  Four Billion Dollat lt 1897 tv0.000 In 1910 and $23.7t,000,000 In fl'om less than $. tl,lncrsed by more than 40 per cent, 11 11597 to $5,000,000,t10 |h:' Tim prlce of agricultural products 105; t;. 4 Umt served d more rs. miter sills. The uilnlmum depth of the pools formed by the dams will be nine feet, which is the :zvailable del)th for navlga'tlon In the" Missla- slpp, from Cairo to New Orleans. The Lockport lock--the picture gives an idea of its size as reckoned In skyscrapers---will have the highest lift of any lock of its size .'u the world --41 feet. This will enable boats to get from the Desplalns river into the Chicago Sanitary district channel which affords a navigable channel of 21 feet into Chicago--an Important link in the im- provement by the state of the 65-mile stretch of the Desplalnes and Illinois rivers from Lockvort to Utica and considered the most valuable potential artery el transpurtatlon for its length in the world. These locks will permit transportation in fleets. without braaklng bulk. from New Orleans to Chi- Cago, of 9,000 tons cargo capacity, which Is equal to 13 average tralnhmds in 1920, TILe waterway, when completed will have an annual tonnage ca- pacity of more than sixty milllon, The cost of haul by water Is about one-third the railroad freight rate of 1921. The fali from Chicago to Utica is 140 feet. This will afford a power development at each of the dams totaling 75,000 horsepower. This, It Is esti- mated, should net the state an annual Income of $1,500,000. With the completion of the Illinois Waterway Chicago will be 400 miles nearer to New Orleans than is Plttsburgh and there will be five locks on the Illinois Waterway route as against fifty-four on the-Ohio river route. Chicago will have a 7,000-mile all-water route to San Francisco with one barge-to-ship transfer at New Orleans---a sav- ing of over $1,000 per car between Chicago and Pacific coast ports. In 1922 it was planned to proceed with the con. struction of tile Starved Rock lock and dam, for which plans were ready. The site for the lock had to be acquired. Because of complications In title the attorney general's office held It would be. necessary to acquire this land by condemnation proceedings. The decision of the county court o1 LaSalle county in this case was adverse to the state. That work may not be entirely suspended pearling the decision of the state supreme court, where the LaSalle county case Is on appeal. Gv ernor Small has authorized the construction ff the Loeklbort lock. Several questions have been raised in the La- Salle county case which threaten years of delay in actual construction, ff it would be possible to cen- struct the waterway at all. It is contended : to P.3)00,000,000 4n 1919.  ng.rlcuitut inmroved . ? weDqeitlg from 18'/ to l.ltiiag, timt t,le the gross value h the United 8rat 1919. It tqas. therefore, six times as htgh in 1919 as in 1897. During this whole perhal the number at peuple engaged in agriculture ln- ereased le than lO per cent, ,vhJle the tmtput of agricultural products. measured In pounds, gallons antl hush- Yarimrs Stages of Ineubatia. Recorded--Baby Oysters Photographed. New York.--The process of making motio pietures througll a ghlss win- dow set in the side of a fresh egg and tracing the changes in the stages of iucubatlo unti 1 the heart of tile chicken is beating has been demon. , strated a the laboratory of Dr. it Charles F 1term, formerly of the American Museum of Natural His- : tory. i Driven by a time clock the camera I automaticalls- flashes strong light [ every ten minutes through tile glass I window into tile interior of the egg it and snaps a picture. Tills process goes on night and day for 33 hours, at the end of which time tile heart of the chick has been formed and started to work. The glass window is inserted after a section three-quar- ters of an inch square has been re- moved from the shell. The window is sealed in place by paraffin, and. does not interfere with the develepment of the egg in the incubator. Taking microscopic pictures auto- matically, every ten seconds, every two minutes, or at any interval de- sired, this machine can also record tile details of chemical reaction, the action of wtLite corpuscles and the growth of new tissues in the healing of wounds, the building up of fine crystals from solutions, or the gradual changes inside the egg of a fish from the original clear fluid to the fully formed baby fish. Oper.Lted in an observation night and (lay for two and even three weeks, this camera has made records of scores of biological and chemical proc- esses hitherto incompletely observed. To Film Cancer Action. One of the experiments soon to be fihaed is that of placing a group of healthy cells and a group of cancer cells together in s solution to show the attack by the malignant bodies. Tile camera is a development irma an earlier type used by Doctor Herin to assist Dr. Alexis Carrel in studying the protecting and healing action of white corpuscles in wounded tissue. It is planned to use the instrUment for the diagnosis of n]anv obscure plant diseases. A series of scientific and educa- tional flhus made at Doctor Herm's lalmratory at Pelham was shown at the Pelbam theater to a party of sci- entists and others, including Dr. Vil- liam Firth Wells, biologist of the state eonsetwation commission, and Georg N. Pindar and Harry F. Beers of the American Museum of Natural History. One of the most lnterestin of these films was a microscopical study of the life cycle of the oyer. This film l expected to have a practical bearir, on the pr(,blem of rearing oysters arti- ficially and using their egs for seed to stock he,ls from which the oysters have disappeared. The film was made under the direction of Doctor Wells, who has wmked out a system of mak- ing oysters lay billions of egs for the state as a means of restoring the breed in pats of the Long Island coast and other places where spells of bad weather, parasites or other enemies have temporarily wiped our the shellfish. Baby Oyster' Life Perilou The oyster lays eggs by tile thou. sands and scatters them In an unfer- tilized condition In the water. The is "i : Answers of Pupihr ' [ : "Revise" H;storv :1 : London.--Ti]e magazine of Or-"- : I : ley Farm, the tlarrow prepara- [ [ tory school, publishes the follow- I | it ing examinatlon "bowlers: '| Book were called the Fudle sys- tem." "The Feudal system was that i i if one man killed another a man in the family of the murdered could kill the murderers." s "Africa is much hotter than it some other countries because it is alwoad." w "Durban is in India, where | l i the native rrinees first saw King George. "Water turns into a viper .s when it is hot." "Water is a melted ream." , w a pretty miss--the -------------------...... bar bqron and into his "'bus2' From egs in water which has been inten- six-ely fertilized by the male. The film showed the I)rocess from the be- ginning. The floating sperm met the floating egg, attached itself to the egg membrane and fin:,.!ly pierced through to the interior aml awakened the vital processes. Cilia or whiplike processes soon ap- peared with which the new hatched oyster rowed itself through the water New Perfume wlth great speed. Just how the rul- nute oyster la'a propelled itself was Made'to not known before. It shot about with London.--Lifellke a speed which prevented the move- ment of the whips to be observed by the naked eye. Taking the pictures through a micro- scope at bigh speed and then showing them at low speed, however, made the rowing motion discernible. After ac- quiring the whips which enabled it to charge in all directions for food the oyster gradually acquired one shell, then another, and its after life was the degs or in the uneventful. New York Herald. cork is fitted in the Od,00 Tribe00 in Mad Women on Island Wear Odd Hair- dress--Scientist Has Large Field Here. Washlngq:on.--The Bezanozano belles ai Madagascar, where radium has re- cently been found, are wearing their hair in coiffures whicb produce the same effect as the shingle, the "last word" in hairdressing among the ladies of fashion at Rye and Newport. say a bulletin of the National Geo- graphic soclety from its headquarters here. The Madagascan lady, however, plaits her locks in fine braids and coils them in fiat disks low over her fore- it Lieut. Nick Namer, | ,I cruises daily over tl { northern Idaho, saW than a fire the other to central Washtngt0n marriage license ; then land, Ore., where Next day the the job again, but aerial cruises, for spending her with hubby, acting radiophone operator. foxes and dogs glass blown as finely as $ are the latest craze They will than any novelty years past. There are of every kind of dog, toy Pekinese to the The scent is stored i male oyster impregnates the water That complete detailed plans, not only for con- with great quantities of sperm which the southeastern coast of Africm structlott of the waterway, bt for all water power, are individually so minute as to be Curious Huma Relics. plants and aPpurtenances must be prepared and difficult of detection by the micro- The etlmologist who is hunting submitted to the cmrt. seope. The chance meeting of the two That the court must pass on the sufficiency o varieties of cells fertilizes the eg these plans and determine If the Waterway sad and starts the yonng oymer on the power plants can be built aearding to the plam career which is ended ninety-nine for $20,000,000. times out of a hundred by predatory That detailed plans must be submitted to &It the minnows. Those which escape, tiow- clues and villages along the route of the waterway and must be approved by them. ever. are stirl numerous enough to That all this must be done before the state baa keep the oyster indu.rrry flourishing. Doctor WelIs improved on nature" any right to bring condemnation sults to acquire land for any part of the eonstructlon of the water- y opening- the female oyster during way at any point, the egg season and scooping out the Cblef Engineer Barnes contends for the state eggs by tile millIo and raised the trodden but happy Betshnisaraka. and that it is physically impossible to prepare detailed plans for the water.way and water power mad ap- purtenances In advance of any construction. The waterway construction for navigation must first proceed--the locks and dams. Following that will come details of water power and uther aPl)urten.nt coastructlom The rights of the eiles, eoatends tile state, is limited to cases where public pr.p- arty is affected by constructio Another complication is this: The state of Wts- consim In an original injunction ult filed m oe United States Supreme court, contends the Cul- tag- Sanitary district is unlawfully diverting wa- ter from Lake Michigan to facilitate sewage ttts- posal and that this diversion has lowered the lage level six lches, in]pairing navigation facilities and inflicting an annual loss to lake commerce of from $750.000 1. $1,000,1X)0. The sanitary district officials, challenging thee allegations as matters of fact but granting them for the sake of prompt action, offer to meet tee objections upon wl)ich they are based by building, at a cost of $2.500,000 and at the expense of Chl- cagJ, compensating works or floating duals in (he St. Clair, the Niagara, and the St. Lawrence riv- ers, The sanitary district represents the {nvt- mgnt of g120.0(X).000, it was created In 1889 and the drainage and ship eunsl connecting tile (?hi- cage and Desplalnes rvers was finished In 1900. in tile meantime Illinois and Indium, aided and abetted by the War department, are getting ready for the completion of the Illinois Waterway. llab- orato plans are well nder way for harbor un Lake Michigan at the state line affording reship pl"g facilities for Oreat Lakes to Gult traffic. head and ears and over her head to obtained. The the base of her neck. the tribal conclaV The Bezanozano tribe is one of the and the baob/tb great number of races and tribes of The Malay and Polynesian origin which in- for his endeavor habit this third largest of all the the la.rge animals. great islands of the world, lying off ing in the interl 'ombination of occupation and anmse- meat will find stimulating traces of the traditional Vazimba who were powerful before the coming of the conquering Hove, tbe fairest and most intelligent of all the islanders; In the warlike proclivities of the dark frizzy- headed Sakalaa; in the human fish ehsracteristics of the Vezo who seeca to be as much at home in the wster as on land; in the despised and down- ,Gatherinff Pollen for Hay Fever idly than those of other eommodltle& and the purchasing power of the far- mer reflected this movement. 1 any one desires further evidence that agriculture prospered during these years, he wlll find It in the tact that farm land Increased In value from $13,000,0().000 in 1900 to $28,000.{X)0,. 000 In 1910 ; and to almost $55,000,000,. tRRI In 19".;'0. The buildings Increased from $8,500,. 000,000 In 1900 to $11,500,000,000 *n 1920. Implements and machinery amounted to only $750,000,000 in 1000, 'in the Malagasy, in some resl)ectS a European women- In its _30,000 ritory, larger than war France, the Belgium combined, zoologist and also find stimuli beats. The b cludes a wide ' vegetation of the plains of the west ! forest belt with ItS tree-ferns and ravenalas or the leaf-sheaths tree a pure. cool. Discovery that a serl]nl cpucoeteil frolu the pollen of certain plants would rare hay fever has resulted in a thriving new industry. The young man shown there has placed glazed paper bags over rLgweed plants. When the pollen s shed it Is collected carefully and the extract !wings relief to sufferers. This ing ar to be the island has where else In tlae a squirrel-like size of a cat, its habits, Very the aye-aye.  ] with dread as wire kills one will The wild boar and 1 greatest of the But cuttle, new being and millions streams. Hammock is To him who reeled by cfvi holds out almost totally out the islaad, i possible means crnde hammock  carried on the ve]opment at tb Gold and years have land, and the merely adds one tile long lls: have been yteldiag put is the largest larger than tim nickel, copper, mother of Skunk Hai ' Lancaster, lng 50 aalf an hour skunk. wedged in a to free itself. took to the motorman switchbar and peci:t! method of IH'elmration has been developed at the hay fever clinic of ceeded. The he Woman's Welfare asseclation in Washington. by a searching and stood at $3,600,000,000 In 19"20; whUe five stock grew fro,. $3.0o0,000, found to be in to $ ,n Navy Makes Survey of Unknown Cuban Waters]h,w the Thus the total value of all farm property Increased from $20,000,000,0kL In 1900 to $ In 1910 and to $78.010,000,000 in 1W20.--Review of Re. views. You Toll 'Era, &eCnmulate a fortune of $100.000. Then, when you are old. you wUI ab way be a welcome visitor amtong your reiatle the surVey, Washlngton.The navy has Just close survey of near-by waters. The discovered a -'ompleted another chap:er of a ten- hydrographic office undertook the Job. preach rear Job of mapping the ahnost us- The naval officers have reported tofore taown waters around Cuba, undertak completion of the largest season's task vessels to m ia the interests of American ship- of the entire survey. An area of 760 One ing as well as of national defense, square miles was covered, 180 miles ted The Caribbean and the Gulf of Max- of shore line were plotted, and 6,500 eo are so full of unknown islands and miles of soundings taken. arge and small coral reefs and cays Many .Important mistakes in :pr, hat In 1906 the Cuban government e.hart= adtetl tl a