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September 22, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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September 22, 1923
 

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n :on Millions Saved Russia -- Commnn- I have died without this rellff, but evc&apos; Russia is dead and ! larger numbers would have perlzhed Ls on the road to [ t from the cesspool of comglou d CoL William N. I ea. In char of Amer-t activities a final report to Lloover, c.halrman al amount- during the last two of lives in Russia, but it helped to reco:ery and, mere all, spread a lasting In- In good will of Colonel Haskell's re- the two years' work Ion Period." tmtd the ro- Under a million tons of and medical sup- bought in the United relief admit- about 250 voyages Theae supplies carloads on the the organization of stations at t]e worst were feeding nearly women and children these millions "In the battle against these ep demlcs the relief admlalrtlo fur. nlhed supplies In over 15.000 tw, spt- tals and Institutions and organlz the Ino<-alatlon and vaccinathm >f over 7,(gJ0$)00 ladviduas. IL sysre- marie campaign of nltarl, m stamped out tha mo6t daogero-aa r of raglan in tl entire world. "From seed imported abot 8.O)0,000 acres of land were sown. TI worst of the famine was over s year ago but the relief administration uas ctmtl ned to feed, clothe, and give medtcal service to an average of 2J){K0 0ere- lict ehlRlru until they we past dan, ger and to provide food sad cic4blni for over 100.000 teachers sxd profes- sional people as a supematary aervi ' "To the mincis of the Rrwisn com- mon people tim American relief ad- ministration was a mlracis of God which came to them, In their darkest hour. under the Stars an 8tripes" said the report  tDrn the corner for dvllLv.ation tn Russia- It lifted the Rutan poop m 0ealr to hope." Movement Gains in Europe THOMPSON of tl trade commimie. from a three vUdt In urope" hima + heady of co<)perative In there. survey of movement," said the British Isles, Finland. Esthonla, IAthuanla, Italy and France. societies gave us free books and financial 'mitted inspection that greatly impressed these countries are to become self econo/h 1tally lade- export and import gtvtng great encour. Industry. u Fininnd. Estho- tkeeboslovalda, where energetic effortJI in reeomltrottk going on. the govemment are lean- lag heavily on the farmer co-opera- tiva organtWus as mediums to for. ward their efforts. There Is a very distInct and apparently ucet, Dful back to the sol/ movement la may of tim conntrtes of Eurot despite oh- staelea. It is on.o of   aging signs of the times. "In nearly all the eomltrles ex,pt Finlal the dty or commraer aflves do not seek nor wat govern- ment aid except that they appreciate whatever the government does to edu- eate the public, All they  is a fair field to work in. "]lurope has found that the eo-olp eratives do not destroy competltlon. The movement will zmulata competi- tion and has done so. "There Is a strong economic Interna- tional spirit and feeling of brotherly attitude in all the I'urpean co-oper. alive organlsatlone." Remains Our Greatest Marke00 of Commerce Hoop- that our trade with Is suffering from the inteme inter- manufacturers In ex- with South merica view is et forth In by the It winds out a familiar hint farmers and other to Europe should in the condition eapactty to import. our greatem mar- ofltclals In close activities feel that has been given to Of Kmerican foreign Amertca and Aslat1 the detriment of our Pineed on exports to aelds, which is out of the actual volume of tan, however, be not lie only In the general supposition on the part of Americams that our trade with Latin America and the Far East is a grow- ing trade In erpandlng countries with Increasing standards of living whereas European trade ha already been developed In past decade "There is probably an even mor weighty reason. ---gtaple commodities In the World's markets are generally handled by mid- dlemen. The farmer wboe grain moves to the United Kingdom and the cotton grower whose product Is re- salved on the Bremen docks have little knowledge of. and therefore com- paratively little direct Interest in their goods after they have been received and paid for by the American middle- man- The manufacturer of machlnery, electrical ulpment, and t.ectaltles" however. Is generally personally inter- ested In his foreign bnsJnes because it is carried on by direct trade. "For this reason European develop- meats are closely followed by a much mailer than is the ease with respect to non-European fleld" of Economics of Fononnc recently completed entitled "Germany's Pay," the concln- is that under she can pay-.noth- about a year ago by eorporatinn of New  of assembling the onomle data of national and work of the in- 'Iy's written by and O. H. MeGuira. almate the payments Germany in cash and while France and Ger- that they amount to The discrepancy is the institute in- it considers, though does not, lder the ,'eparatlons Yerllea treaty, while Hunts for Data Germany indudes Items which the commission and the institute agree should be excluded. Premiet Poincaye of France, refer- ring to this report, recently said France had "not been Informed what the Institute of Economics" was. The officers of the Institute are Rob- eft S. Brooklngs of SL Louis, presl. dent; President Arthur T. Hadley of Yale, vice president ; David F. Hous- ton, former secretary of agriculture, treasurer, and Harold O. Moulton of Chicago. associate professor. Univers- ity of Chicago, director, all of whom are members of the board of trustees, which Includes also Edwin A. Alder- man, president of the Unh-erslty of Virginia ; Whlteford R. Cole of Nash- ville, Tenn.. railroad president ; Charles L. Hutchinson of Chicago, banker; David Klniey. president of the University of Illinois; A. Lawrence Lowell, president of Harvard ; Samuel Mather of Cleveland. O, and Bolton Smith of Memphis. Tenn.. business men; James J. Storrow of Boston. banker; John Barton Payne. the Cost of Sugar Beets commission has or- "comprehensive" in- Into the cost of sugar beets withIn The survey, the explaIned, rand distInct from the into the tnmt In Cuba, Hawaii and of the WmR, and will be so-called flexible tariff act of 19. sugar prices prevailIng early In the year were attributal to the tariff duties. The new investigation will go a step further than the one already in prog- re& In that it proposes to delve to the very tmglnnlng of sugar production. The inquiry announced calls for a survey of the cost of producing beet in about thirty mgar areas In Mlehl- gall, Nebraska, Colorado, Utah and California. Records will be taken from approx- new study will go costs from the lmately two thousand farms, or about regarded In I5 per cent of the total production of a dlre bearing the thirty districts. duty on sugar lm- This amount, the commission asld. that the should represent about 10 per sent of proposl, all sugar beets produced In the United mention of how it State& qbtaed or the The commission will send out two crews comprising twelve or fourteen has be(m men who are-ttined In agricultural industries. Among them will be sev- eral from the Department of Agr|cui- ture, loaned for the purpose of the woov00 x00Pu00Mo00m. Labor the United States Is Better Paid Than Labor Anywhere Else By SAMUEL GOMPERS, in New York Times. 0T in any country in Europe is there a trae union movement as free from internal disrd, as free from bitterness and dis- appointment, as united and onfident of the future as the trade union movement of the United States. The condition of labor in Europe is not all due to pt-war confusion. Labor in the United States is better paid than labor anywhere else iv the world. It lives in better homes. It wears better clothes. It has more leisure. It enjoys better food. It has a wider margin of choice in determining how and where it shall live. It has more essential freedom. Finally, it has a better trade union movement with which to achiece more progress and improvement. What is of interest to every one is the strik- ing fact, attested by every competent authority, that A/nerican labor is the most skillful and productive labor in the world. Of what avail are the programs of :Europe if their concrete results are inferior to the results of the efforts of American labor? It is notable that the lalor movements of Europe run strongly to programs and formulas" They make formulas for everything. They embellish them, decorate them, punctuate them nicely, capitalize them freely, make speeches about thegn endlessly, gaze upon them worshipfully---and no doubt thus please employers immensely. But the American workers prefer an increase in wages, with all the resulting opportunities, to a pleasing formula framed on the wall. We have great distances where there is no industry whatever. In point of population our country is still almost half rural and agricultural. In addition, we have in our land kll of the nationalities and races of the earth. In Holland there are only Hollanders, in France only Frenchmen, in England only Britishers, in Germany only Germans. We must meet and recondle all of the prejudice of the world, bridge all the chasms of habit, language, thought and psychology, and employers have constantly taken advantage of that fact. There is slight similarity of any kind between the problems of labor in America and Europe, though European doctrinaires, intellectuals and superior persons generally, feel free to tell us how to order our affairs and how to enter the promised land which is" yet so very far from their own shores. i Americans Are Always Saying "All Right!" It Is Their Pet Phrase By GUSTAV FRENSSEN, in "Letters From America.'* The Americans are always saying cheerfully, carelessly and lightly: "All right I" It is their pet phrase. It is a phrase appropriate to wander- ers. pioneers, sportsmen, hunters. Americans are hunters, and always they have been lucky at hunting. They have hunted Indians and buffaloe% negroes and Spaniards and Germans, gold and copper and oil wells, and always luck has smiled upon them. And evenings they sit by the fire and talk of their spoils. Cares ? Reflections? Right or wrong? Hunters do not ask questions about such things. Americans are now going through an era like that which Rome went through when it reached the Adriatic coast, Spain when t dispatched Columbus, England when it laid hands on South Africa and India. They are a people in the bloom of its springtime, favored and blessed by God because of its freshness, brilliancy and efficiency. But remember, all that is right and valuable contains something tragic and sad. Individuals and peoples alike, everything, that is worth anything bears the noble mark of guilt, remorse and need on its brow. All the older nations carry this mark and do not seek to deny it: Spain, Holland, Sweden, England, France, Germany. Creation is tragic. The American people do not bear this old, holy sign of creation; in America there is no scar, <vmplaint, remorse, want, error. Everything tlre is still mathematically clear; everything comes out just as it should. Everything there is still "all right 1" ! I No Civilization Lasts Long Unless the People Are Trained to Their Tasks By PROF. M. V. O'SHEA, University of Wisconsin. The conditions in city life have changed maxkedly during the last few decades. The individual home has been constantly losing its dis- tinctive character. Fifty years ago, even in the city, young and old spent a considerable part of their time in their own homes. Today most of their time is spent outside of their homes; and even when they are in their own homes, their friends are there with them. The agencies in the city designed to help people to while away their time have been constantly increasing out of all proportion to an increase in the size of the cities. This simply means that people are spending much more of their time together in groups than they did formerly. The tendency of this new life is to make young people more respon- sive, more alert, more self-reliant in the presence of others, perhaps even "smarter" than was true in the old order. But at the stone time, young people do not have training outside of the school in long-continued appli- cation to any task. No civilization can long endure unless the people are trained to apply themselves to their tasks, whatever they may be, for a long time; that i to say, until the tasks are solved. "It Was Your Prime Minister George Who Saved Turkey From Herself" By DR. A. J. TOYNBEE, in Contemporary Review. Had we succeeded in establishing a moral hold over the last inde- pendent Moslem state, our ascendency would hardly have been disputed elsewhere; and the whole Islamic world, from Bengal to Constantinople, and from the African lakes to the Caucasus, might have been arawn into the wake of the British Empire, except for a few French and Italian dependencies scattered here and there as enclaves. Looking back on this position today, the Turk, Egyptians, Afghans, and Indians whom an English visitor meets at Angora have a way of smiling and professing ironical gratitude to Mr. Lloyd George. "It was your late prime minister," they explain, "who saved Turkey from herelL Had he given her one touch of kindne, one friendly stroke or a gentle word, she would have licked his hand and we might all have lost our independence forever. Fortunately, he preferred to kick her till ale shewed her teeth and summoned up her last energies to fight for her existence; and, as it turned out, we have gained far more by defiance than we could ever have guined by conciliation, v' William Lyon Phelps, in 8eribner's Magszine.--A correspondent suggests for the ignoble prize no less a person than Walt Whitman, whose fame is certainly broader and higher at this moment than ever before. '1"o me, he is one of the American poets, and a man of geni. Yet there is an enormous amount of rubbish in his complete works. In many of his pages I see nothing but a Sears-Roebuck catalogue with calliope accompaniment. Would I place him above Edgar Allan Poe ?I ould not. And if I could read only one American poet, would it be Whit- man ? It would not. One hour of Poe is worth a cycle of Old Walt. But there are paages in the Camden bard, eecially hi first Lies, that like the the prairie trod the stars. /i WITH PE LIKE A GIFT Mother Shoots Son "to Save His Soul" HICAOO.--A mother turned and t'lsted restlessly upon her cot In the women's annex of the West Cldcago avenue police tatters torn with anxiety and remorse. Her nineteen-year-old son lay at Alex- Inn Brothers' hospital, a bullet wound "In his neck, Inflicted by his mother. If a relapse occurred the boy could not live, the doctors said. "i'm SOrry now---so sorry,  moaned the mother. Mr& Rom Simlz. wife of Joe Slmlz. a machinist. 1836 Mohawk street. Tears welled in her eyes end she hurled her face In the bed. And then the grief-mrlcken mother went over again the story of how she shot her son. Dezso. "to asve his soul." "He wouldn't work. Leafed all the time,  she sobbed. '*Yesterday when he got home at 6:PJ3 after rambling around all night with a bunch of wild fellows" l tried to make him clean up and go look for a Job. "'If you Insist on getting money out of me, I can go out and eal all you want. I don't have to work,' was the answer he gave me. "A blind rage seized me. The Idea of child of mine becoming a bum and a thief overwhelmed me. I stepped into the bedroom and got the revolver. "'I'11 kill you before I'll see Kansas Tenant Farmers Ask for Seed OPEKA. IL&N& -- For the fourth time In ten years the tenant farmers of southwest- ern Kansas have had to dl for help to get a winter wheat crop sown this year. They lost aU of their wheat this year and most of them had no chance eo recover with other eropL At a recent meeting of farme county official& mllletm, grain me bankers, and raUroad men at Dodge City plans were made for financing those farmers, who are in such finan- cial condition as to enable them to give a bankable note. Plans were also made to raise half a million dollars to pro- vide seed tO those who are unable to give impurity, This so-called "free sued" hi to be furnished pultely as a gamble. If the is a crop in western Kansas nt year, thoe who Supply the  will get two bushels of wheat for each bushel they supply for seeding. If there In't any crop, those who supply the seed will be out of pocket that much money. The farmers will be out the labor they were put to to prepare the ground and sow the crop. started on your way to the gallows,' [ told him. "'You dsren't shoot." he taunted. I was beside myself. Before I could help It the gun went off.' At the hospital the boy, a fine strap- ping physical specimen, appeared quite cheerful. But his face clouded wlmn told his mother was locked up. "Try to get bet out of that holt won't you?'' he Meaded. Mrs. Slmtz's face lighted with pride when telling of Yolanda, a younger siw ter. Though but sixteen. Yoiandfl is a graduate of the Waller high school and has a position In. the public library. "But is was upon Daze). our otrly son, that his father and l lavished out' whole Life's ambition." And the moth e's lip began to tremble again. "He was three when we came over here from Hungary. We had nothln but worked, scrimped, saved, for his education, We sent him through Crsnel Technical high school and he was graduated there with high honors. HIS success meant ours In the new world: "But every day I've seen him sink/ lower and lower. I couldn't stand it. 1 loved him so." A case Is now pending against the boy for automobile theft n'nd bond for felture according to Lieut. Jamen Mueller of the Hudson avenue polite. There are sixteen counties in the affected Section where there was plat,- tlcally a complete wheat lOSS this year. These sixteen counties had nearly one and three-quarters million acres of wheat sown last falL They harvests4 lem than 20 per cent of this acreage. Five counties did not harvest a sin- gle bushel from 300,000 acres sown last fall. One county harvested 100 bushels from .000 acres. This Is the second failure of the wheat In meeessive years. In July and August a year ago there were fine rains throughout the West. It was a season of great prospect tor wheat and the farmers prepared all the ground available for the crop. They sowed wheat by the hundreds of acre Thn sowing was in late September and Oc- tober. There was not a drop of rain In that territory from early In August until May of the present year. Ther was no snow either. The farmers gen- efally planted the ground to the soil sLums and to broom corn. but they will get little money for the sorghum cro except as feed. The broom corn will be about the only cash crop. Don't Be Too Sure She Owns the Mutt the stroll would be a failure without the "tone." "eclat," or whatever It is that fashionable dogs lend. is to ar- range in advance for the hire of their favorRe dog. Frequently some young woman is disappointed on a bright sunny after- noon to find the hontm SOld ot, so td peak---ery a dog of pedigree left 111 Its kennel. On an average each dog brinp Im owner a revenue of a couple of dollars a day. The dogs are fed dainties from the markets secieilzing In the choicest canine food. .bIlgh-priced veterinaria and dog eciallats give them carefu attention. Even with their expensive valeting and boarding they bring their owner a handsome Income" for he has a well- filled "'kelel koloy," and the pa pared pets never strike for higher wager. The dags are bathed dally and are well trained In the fine points of eti- quette. After 9 o'eloek, when curfew ring In Dogville, there Is never a yelp from the Whole establishment. -EW YORK.Next time you see a stunning girl sporting a swagger cane, wearing King 'Put sandals and carrying a blue-blooded Chow or i'ekinese or mayhap with an aristocratic wolfhound tUgging at leaah as she strolls of an afterDocm down the drive or up the avenue don't Jump to the eonchudou that she owns the mutt. Very likely she is paying for the privilege of giving Toweer or Pooh Pooh a constitutional at the rate o 50 cents or St an hour. What she pays depends on the size and pedigree of the pup. In thin city. famed for its eccentric busine enterprises, one of the oldest industries Imaginable flourishes u In One Hundred and Third ateo On the roof af a modern apartment oue there Is a man who earns his living by veting dog by the hour to flaP- who ilkR to pat on "dog." The giria go to Monsieur Dogreuter to get the finishing touch for their promenade costumes. Many find that the safe thins to do. If they feel that Mother Has Hunch INNETKA. ILL.Women are particularly siren to having an Intuition-- which is the feminine of hunch. And when a mother has ona about her children, why. It's worth while or it's a hunch worth pla#n. a man would say. Mr Heath 3?. By- ford. wife of the tennis ar, had one and played It. '*Somehow." Mrs. Byford mid to her husband wheu they had reached (i- ease an a two-day vacation trip. "I don't feel that everTthlog Is well at borne. It's tim children. [ JUSt can't help worrytug about them." "Everything's atl right." insisted Mr. Byford, patting his wife's arm reas- suringly. "I can't help It." Insisted Mrs. By- ford. "It'll be the first night I've ever been away from them---and I'm sure somethlng's wrong." Mrs. Byford won and eho and hr husband hurried hack to their home at 870 Ioxdale avenue. Hubbard Woods. The hysterical crie of Heath T. Jr.. nineteen months old. and Baby Patti- and Plays It Right cia. three .months. reached them aS they were croing the lawn. They were met nt the door hy the toddling boy. obblng and shaking with fright, "Miriam I" "shouted Mrs. Byfor, call. Ins Miriam Shea, th.e eighteen-year.old nmtd who had been loft In charge of the children, preparatory to demandtn an explanation. "*We "lone l" sobbed Heath Jr. "Mtr- rl 'way." A search of the house, after the children had been quieted and fed, failed to revcml the whereabouts of the maid. Mr. Byford went to the garage. His revolver bad been removed from Mrs. Katie Scheffel It, F. D. No. & Lowell, Oldo I have been suffering for year with itle trouble. Was operat @n five year ago. It relieved m some but I did not regain wasmY strength. Two years later taken ick and bedfast evcral months. I treated a long whiht, without much relief. I was dii couraged, my mind affected, zervous I could neither eat sleep and unable to do anything. We tried several doctors but one after another gave up my case as hopeless. Finally a good friend advised me to try Pe-ru-na. I did. It relieved me almost immediately. Your medical department aid Ii wai suffering from chronic catarrh of the system. I began taking medicine in March, 1914, and 0n : tinued until Augtt. ,I took ten bottles of Pe-ru-na and three bot- tles of Man-a-lin and felt hke a new person. Your medicine seemed like a gift from Heaven. It was like coming from darkne into ,We have used your me ince for coughs, colds and gri with rood results. We will alway keep tt on hand. I weigh twenW- ive pemnds more than I ever did. eat and sleep well and can do good day's work. ]verybody Sas I look fine. Even the d>ctors ae surprised. I cannot thank  enough and will always recommend  . Pe.ru--n to sufferer from catarrh." MRS. KATIE SCHEF-II,. R. . D. No. 5, Lowell, O. Mrs. Scheffe! is only one Of . many thousand women in the world, who owe their present health : to Pe-ru-na. The record of this medicine i a proud one as Pe-rtt- na has held the confidence of both sexes for fifty years or more. If your trouble b due to a catarrhal Inflammation in any or. gan or part of the body, do llke [Mrs. ScheffeL Try Pe-ru-na. Iusizt upon having the original and re- fiable remedy for catarrhal condi- ions. You won't be orry. ak Yon- Deakw About Th Old-Tim Tried Rem**Iv Grave's Destroys in the Blood. BELLE 'iSLE HARD TO REACl41 Mariners Dread to Approach Through Treaoherous Bay of Bis. ay, Owing to 8wilt Ourrontih Belle Isle is a rocky islet nttinS Oat of the Bay of Biscay off the Brittany coasL While Belle isle ts but ten mlle from shore, the water is so rough that  few people care to risk the passage. The Bay f B|cay has always bee the dread of mariners becsusu of tl high tides, fleR'e currents and dan  ons reef. Belle isle was inhabited from ea' times, for the remains of rock stru ' lures made by the Drnlds ous. Later the an outpost of their empire. was held for a long time by lle monastery. In 1761 the lured th$ielan& after a Imlg but it went back to France socn Napoleon started to but nevqr finished the Job. "The Three Musketeers." mlts how gigantic Porthes labored great rocl[s used for the earlier dations. The Twlmt, "This is a plcre of my t'Win Slster a side I]aket of the ear and placed on I never knew yon had the front eat. indications were that 3ohn." some one had tried to start the ear. "She has been living tn but failed. Mcs. Byford discovered for twenty years." her watch, s new gown. and several "She looks much younger other artlc4 of wearing splmrel gone. "I presume she Is Louisville C,mHer-JournaL Mr. Byford notified the police and they learned Paul Breen a taxi driver. had drlven the maid o the Chicago & Northwestern station, where she caught a train for Chicago. Mount Wilbur Climbed for FL-st T'trne LAOIR PARK. MONT.--Nr, man Clyde. Weatbervllle. Cal. a member of the 81errs Slob of 8an Flandco. has done what no other human being ever ac- complished. He aended Mount Wlb  bet, 9,2 feet In Glacier National park. H hob-nailed boots made the flr haman tracks upon the 100-yard square ummit of this mountain. The best mountain climbers of the United 8totes have failed to ramie this pk. Clyde rmained o the Immmlt lv- eral hours In order to build a monu- ment to the late Doctor Wyn, na- tionally kwn mountain e]lmber who lost his life to F.rs ago while cllmbing Hount 91yah. Doctor Wyn had made uneeeasl attomp to climb Mount Wllber, but was never fortunate enoufh to find wat Clyde says perhaps ta the 0nly pmNble nmute to the summit of a very difaoelt taountain, a chimney climb up Its  perpendicular face. It tould be explained, for the benefit tlto sot familiar with motmtain climbing, tlmt a chimney I$ In effect a mall. partly inclosed perpendicular fissure tn the tmreipltous face. The climber climbs inside the chimney, using hands, feet, arms and elbows to make hls way up. Often on ahnoat yertieal |npes" sueb a ehlmaey la the only possible* way UP. The monument which Clyde 8oft on the summit Is visible throogtt binae iera from the verandas of Many Gla- cier hotel on the shore of Lake Ho- Dermott. It Is bt of ,red argllBte rocks as large. Ira a  mm can handle and Is In pyramid form. The pyramid Is six feet iuare at the ba and Its top stands seve feet attune the peak of the mouutain- Olyde set a record of climbing peak& one each day during his vucw tion stay in Glacier park this year He seems to be fatigue-proof. "Th higher they are the easter they climbed.  seems to be his motto. An be is not a young man, eLth, being thirty-eight years of age He is e country schoolmaster and walt bO Philadelphia.