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September 15, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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September 15, 1923
 

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lAlrpll:ne view of the I)usiness district of Tokyo, destroy(l by earth quake and flames. 2 Congressman H. C. Gerber. the only Repul)llcan representative elected from 0ldaboma to the Sixty-eighth congress. ?,--Ancient fort of (N tffu which the Italians shell ed when they seiT, ed that Greek island. HEWS BEVIEW OF CUBREHTEVENT$ Japanese Disaster Probably Unequaled in Loss of Life and Property. I$ TOlffO,-YOKOHAMA, IN RUINS erloa Leads in Relief for the Strick. 4m Nation--British Fleet Ready to Back League of Nations Agaimrt JtalyRuhr Passive Resist- ance Collapses. # By EDWARD W, PICKAR ISTORY does not record a {hsas- ter equaling that which has over- aken Japan, unless preent reports Jld estimates are greatly exaggerated, haken to pieces by viden earth- :, - ltmkes and set ablaze by resulting con- iagratlons, Tokyo, the capital, is tilter-fourths destroyed ; Yokohama, the chief seaport, is wiped out; nu- .aerous smaller cities and towns are tn ruins, and the entire eastern half of .Hondo, Japan's main lsand, is ,devastated. Latest estimates of the casualties, .l'ttved by the Japanese legation in ]Peking, put tile dead at 300,000 or more, of whom 100,000 perished in Yokohama. More than a million per- so]m are homeless, and the hunger and rffering In the altUcted region are Intense. It is not et possible to esti mate the monetary losses, but those in Tokyo alone are put at about $10,000,000,000. Many Americans and other foreign- ,--oRlcials. business men and tour- were caught in the disaster, and f course some of them were killed. However, the number of American fa- talities was rather small. Among them were Consul Max D. KlrJassoff ad Mrs. KirJassoff, Vice Consul Paul ]. Jenks at Yokohama, and Commis- sioner and Mrs. William Eadie in corn- amnd of tile Salvation Army forces in Tokyo. The Japanese emperor and t tbe prince regent escaped death bu several members of the royal family and of tile nobility were killed. United States Ambassador Cyrus E. Wcds notified Washington Tuesday that he, Mrs. Woods and the enUre per- mmael of the embassy were uninjured, but that the embassy buildings were destoyed` It will be many days before com- plete details of the dlsaster are re- ceived, for one feeble radio station has been the sole means of eommunl. tlon between Tokyo and the outside world, It is known 'that the tem- blor, which continued several hours tptember 1, not onty shook down mamerable buildings, but also broke ell .the water and gas mains, and that mren trted simultaneously all over the dues and raged for days. Bridges on which thousands of refugees had thered collapsed, and other thousands were trapped by flames in the parks, nd there perished. Tremendous tidal waves followed the earthquakes and ept over the water fronts, and many vessels went down. It is reported that considerable part of the Japanese nawy was thus destroyed. The better residence section of Tokyt probably was saved, but Yokohama simply no longer exists The entire city was burned to the ground, and the corpses ]lay piled in th, e streets. Kobe has be- ] me Japan s chlef seaport, and will mnaln such for a long time. Along[ eastei-n edge of the island the I the st llne is altered and the bottom the sea has risen. SOONER had the first reports of catastrophe been received than for the quick relief of the strick- ken In all civilized Out of Its great abundance States took the lead In mercy, inspired by the of President equally prompt army and state few hours flotillas of transpovt and destroyers laden with food' and medical snpplies, doc- tors and nurses, were steaming to- GUARD EXPOSE) HICKEY PLOT that part of the world were ordered to (-o-operdte, and Admiral Ander., fn command of the Pacific lleet, haned [o Yokohanm on his flagship the Jill- Pen and took temlmrary charge of the relief work. Later Brig. (AeP2 F, R. McCoy was made director general of American relief. President Coolidge directed the State, War and Navy departments to "go the limit" in extending aid, and he announced that this was the busi- ness of first importance before the govermnent. In accordance with the recommendation in his proclanmtion. contributions from municipalities, or- ganizations and individuals are being sent to the Aznerican Red Cros [ which has offered all its resources to the Japanese govermnent. The Red Cross has called on the American peo- ple to give $5,000,000. The Salvation Army Is undertaking to raise a like sum, and it got busy promptly in Ja- pan, where it has a large number of stations and workers. Along our Pacific coast, where the Japanese have not been popular racial antagonism was forgotten. Sa Francisco, remembering the assistance given by tile Japanese when the city was destroyed by quake and fire in 1906, was swift and generous In re- spnnse to the call for relief. The Rice Growers' Association of Califor- nia held practically tlle entire avail- able supply of rice in the state for Japanese relief and Its head announced there would be no advance in price and none would be sold to brokers, All the available fir and cedar lum- ber on the northwest coast also Is held to supply the Japanese demands for rebuilding and shipping men said most of the freight steamers on the Pa- cific would be pressed into service to handle the lumber traffic. Forty-five [ mllon feet of the lumber is to be do- nated by tlm nfills. Some Japanese authorities, dis- mayed and discouraged, said their eounu.'y had been set back a full gen- eration; but the more optimistic as- sert that its recovery will be com- parable to its emergence from ob- scurity into a first-cAress world power within a century. This view ls taken by Baron Watanaba of Osaka, prom- inent financier and president of fif- teen of the largest pubiie utiltty cor- porations in Japan. Interviewed in New York, he said he thought the re- ports o material loss had been ex- aggerated and that the total damage might not exceed three billion dollars. He believes reconstruction in Tokyo and Yokohama cannot be accomplished in less than three years, and con- tinned : "The Japanese government has suf- ficient funds to undertake this by itself. In all probability an appeal will be made for internal lms, fol- lowed by external loans. There is no doubt that American capital and brains will be asked to assist in re- building the stricken area. It is too formidable a task for Japan to tackle single handed." pREMIER MUSSOLINI one day last t week declared to his cabinet, and to the world, that ff the League of Nations insisted on considering and deciding the Italo-Greek embroglio, Italy would withdraw from the league and refuse to recognize Its decision. He also asserted the aelzure of Corfu was not a war mesaure, but that the Greek island would be held until Italy's demands had been satisfied. How- ever, Greece's appeal to the league was taken up by the council in Geneva, and Signor Salandra, the Italian dele- gate, read a statement from Rome that indicated M ussolinl wts cooling down considerably. It s merely that ,, tile Italian govermnent irrevocably expresses the opinion that the council should not proceed to take the action requested by Greece." The geveral belief was that the French and British representatives had induced tile Fascist premier to go slow. The council, however, post. poned action on the matter until the council of ambassadors should decide what it could do, and the latter body also delayed, pending further accord between London and Paris. Lord Robert Cecil is insistent that ttm league shall handle the affair, and It was said in London that the govern- meat had determined to back up the league with all the power of the Brit- ish fleet, acting as the league's fleet, which might mean forcibly ejecting the Italians from Corfu. The British view is that the council of ambassqdors is coml)etent to deal with tile murder of General Tellini and his staff but that the League of Nations is the only proper body to deal with the seizure of Corfu. Greece takes the same posi- tion and has offered to post a suffi- clent sum to cover whatever indenmi- ties shall be fixed by the ambassadors. Italy has presented to Greece a formal chdm for 20.0(.000 lire for the cost of the military occupation of Corfu. Paxos and Antipaxos. ASSIVE resistance in the Ruhr is admittedly at its last gasp, and the German government is moving toward an agreement )vith France which shall nmke possible the restora- tion of commercial relations and the resumption of negotiations concerning reparations payments. Chancellor Stressemann is acting with caution for his position Is precarious, but tie does not pretend that passive resistance has not collapsed, and he practically has paved the way to its abandonment. This may not be a formal abandon- ment by the government, for it is al- ready going on in the Ruhr, where the workers and the other inhabitants find they have reached tile limit. Streae mann says that only a Franco-German industrial union will solve the repara- tions problem, and France. It is said. recognizes that an economic accord with Germany is Indispensable and will be the best form of guarantee against German aggression. For the present the negotiations for such an agreement are limited to private con- versations between the German and French industrialist magnates. Berlin was startled Wednesday by the statement that the chancellor had decided on the arrest and prosecution of Dr. Andreas Hermes, finance, min- ister under Cuno, on a charge of ma- nipulating a huge fimncial swindle. It was believed tlle case would Involve Hugo Stinnes. G OVERN&R PINCHOT was still wgrklng hard last week to bring about a. settlement of the anthracite coal strike, and seemingly was mak- ing some progress, tteh side was said to be moderating its demands in some degree. It seemed likely the operators would abandon their demand for arbitration, and that the miners would accept the 10 per cent wage in- crease for ontract miners and would modify the check-off demand. NCE more .the soldiers of the Grand Army of the Republic, survivors of the Civil war, have met In annual reunion, this time In Mil- waukee where on Wednesday some ten thousand of them trndged bravely "if haltingly in parade between solid walls of cheering, weeping spectators. Not one of these marchers was less than seventy years of age and many were forced to drop out of the line of march. Gaylord M. Salt:zgaber of Van Wept, 0., was elected commander in chief. The Woman's Relief corps also held its yearly meeting, and Mrs. Belle W,, Bliss of Bamboo, Wls`, ws elected president. IR service, experts who witnessed the trial filght of ZR-1, the navy's new rigid dirigible, at Lakeburst, N. J., exz0ressed veat satisfaction with the test, The huge ship was in the alr for an hour and its working was closely observed from two alrplanes that accompanied it. The dirigible will be taken to St. Louis for the in- ternational air races October 1 to 3. ROHIBITION COMMISSIONER HAYNES asks for an appropria- tion of ten million d)llars for federal work in euforcing the dry" law, an m- crease of one million over last year. If he gets this sum. he plans an in- crease in the number of field agents and in the Washington and field head- quarters staffs. Mr. Haynes had a Ion[ conference with President Cool- idg the other day and it was stated the President was Inclined to call a convention in Washington of gov, ernors to devise means for federal and state co-operation in the enforce- ment of the prohibition law. MERICA'S defenders of the Davis cup, Tilden, Johnston and Wll- l llama, decisively defeated the Aus- tralian team. and the international ten- nis trophy renins in this country for another year. Tryon, who had fled from the city, but remainS1 on a man-of-war In the har- bor and sent supplies of money for bribery, etc. and Mayor Mathew The scheme wu to kill or lse the and to orally flag with him. Thomas Hlekey. one of the treacherous guards, was hanged in New York, the first military. execution In the American army. The 8matter. mSSISSTPPI - BOY- SCOUTS (Conducted by National Courtil of tll BOy Scouts of America.) BOY SCOUT COUNCIL MEETS With r2m great out-of-doors, sym- bolic of coutiag, as a background, the National Council of die Boy Scou of Amurica convened for its thirteenth annual meting at tle Boy Scout camps, at Palisades Interstate park, N. Y., tile Largest boys' camps in the world. Prominent men from all parts of tile country, distinguished in r2te field of church, school, education, and business, came together to discuss the furthering of boy welfare through the Scout method of citizenship ,training and character building. At the time at the camp were some boys, who had a chance to act as hosts to their disting'uisbed guests. Among the members present at the meeting was the I=Iom Theodore Roose- veil assistant Secretary of the navy, who addressed the convention. "I am strong for the boy scouts," said Roosevelt. *'They are building manly men, men who won't whine at a little hardship, men who are game to sacrl- rice themselves for the good of the country and their fellow citizens. "Cmping builds you up in streng'th, and builds you up in character. The selfish man In camp shows up right away. You will know the boy who reaches for the best piece of bacon in the pan. There is no better way of finding out the whiner than In camp- ing. He is the boy who doesn't want to finish the hike because he has a blister on his big toe. Then there is the careless boy, who runs around while supper is being cooked and gets sad in the frying pan. In peace or in war, the man who has been a scout will come through I00 per cent." At the conclusion of the address, the delegates rose and stood In silent toast to the memory ofgkis father, that (k-eat Scout, Colonel Roosevelt. Gen. John 3. Pershing spent one morning during the meeting inspecting the 28 camps which make up the en- fire unit. "The camps are wonderful," he said. "I consider the boy scout movement one of the great movements in America today. I am impressed by the manly bearing of the boy scouts, and their democratic attitude fowaxds each other and their superiors. "1 would not Introduce military training into the boy scout move- ment if I could. I believe the work you are doing Is perhaps more broad- ening than that which would be given under a military regime, In any event you are teaching boys the right thingto be good citizens. -r cannot speak too strongly in praise of the boy scou movement. I have always been enthusiastic and am much more so since my experience to- day." BOY SCOUT ROUNDUP CLOSES Upon the death of President Hard- lng, the roundup which was being conducted by the Boy Scouts of Amex- lea to secure I00,000 net increase In membership was brought to a clos This roundup was one of the many evidences of the practical interest of President Harding in the work of the Boy Scouts of America. Under the conditions of the roundup effort the President was awarding a streamer to each troop and to each local council. and prentlng a persoal letter to the president of every local council earning 25 per cent increase In mem- bership over a stated time. Chief Scout Executive Jmes E. West explained that the death of the President automatically brought the roundup to an end. as it would mmzl- festly be impossible to carry out the terms and conditlo under which the roundup was inaugurated, for any fu thor effort All those who have quali- fied up to date will receive the awards as pro He further eplained that the result of the roundup has brought ha an increase of 83,058 scouts end 21f 787 scout officials, or a net gain of both of 104,845, thus giving the Boy Scouts of America a total membership of 61%952 men and boys. This be char- acterlzd as a splendid tribute to the interest and activity of the late presi- dent. FOR GOOD CITIZENSHIP "I am glad to indorse the boy scout movement because of its value in stimulating in boys right conduct and the proper appreciation of the duties and responsibilities of life. "Such an influence at this impres- sionable age is a great help in estab- lishing the habits of good living, and will do much to insure good citizen- ship for the future.'Redfield Proc- tor, Governor of Vermont. GRANDDAD TAKES SCOUT TEST Scout David Locus of Lawton` Okla.. has made a scout enthusiast of, his grandfather, F. M. Howe The two to- gether recently passed the scout merit badge test for cycling, by riding 50 miles on bicycles in less than tn hours. One of the requirements of the test is that some one accompany the scout taking it. Scout Locus Invited his granddad. Mr. Howe stated the morn lag following the trip that he never felt better in his life ud that he would like to make the trip again. SCOUTS WERE "PREPARED" Tokyo, Japan, Which Was Laid in View of Yokohama, Destroyed by Quake tEMPLE LANTERN, NIKKO EMPEROR OF JAPAN ROYAL CASTLE, NAGOYA Busy Street Scene in #00ama-Yama ,mor by the lomaua He was the son ,f Mrs and Venus" and was generall .presnted with $oldon wings" sl armed with a uiver of arrows, wldeiz Mine Into the b(mom of those ods a! men that 1 would inflame t ssion of lov  aS the  N Df fA IPrevious to the time of K1exandm-the ill ll.llUO ll [Great ]gros wm concetved as a hand- . I some youth; but in later times the In classic mytholog7 Eros is the OM  poets dmmrlb him as a wanton bo, ,ne  the dty termed Cupldo olhmn whose cruel  neRhe gods i rim" mea were ssJ Fke Stamp on MarlkL. orS of rae 9estag stamps r coll..tom' albums la a business of lsrp i,z'ei'tlou. Hundreds ot 1  a sm platl  t 11 J Volcano