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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
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September 15, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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September 15, 1923
 

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BOR H, wlZq by Lydia E. 5ydia E. md e- redwith sides all I can't how , but I was talk- feel- she said she just like I egettble Corn- mate 3, in to other E. Pink- an error In a rural Point It out first will do what we claim for it-- or Deafneu Toledo, Ohio laugher sat. as mean as the Toilet Trlo. keep It clear your everyday to cleanse to soothe and and per- Is complete be at least the loafing an- ! the same old with ache? out" ? it is taken Take. headaches, troublel thommnck Ask your Cam My kid- Pill8 cured IIDNZY PILLS N.Y. Or leer In Aa ointment. ecgem Tablet at WOODVILLE REPUBLICAN. WOODVYLLE. MISSISSIPPI i i OUR AGRICULTURAL rAGE i m ffi _din = " = _ - 1   Particularly Interesting to Farmers---Tcrsely Told in Picture and Stc   ! =.=- _ auyo| D" " . Live Stock,. u _Po , Road lmprovenumt,.., Hom00 ._ " ffi= ' Building; Horticulture, lzta == _ " : .-0000ffi00m Profitable Feed Som-Ways of Using" k'  ][ it DAIRY for Farm Stock Big Sweet votames itlk,l \\;l/ Dairy Cows Respond to Good Feed and Treatment A dairy cow will respond to good feeding and good treatment, perhaps better than any other farm animal. Each Individual dalt.T cow smuld be t unlt by herself. Unlike other farm animals, dairy cows cannot be efficient- ly fed In a feed lot. as the requlre- tilellb tir el|c| co'v IDlly )e different. The bel feed for dai" cows Is an abundance of pastnre grass when that Is available. A good pasture provides a balanced ratitm. Some high-produc- Ing cows will require a little grain as 8 supplement to pacture. Durin tt,e time of the year when s good pasture is not availal)le, s cow can be fed efficiently by providing: 1. An abundance of palatable feed. 2. A balanced ration. 3. Succulent feed, 4. A m-derate temperature In barn. 5. Comfortable surroundings. A dairy cow Is fed for the following purposes : 1. For maintaining the body. 2. To supply material for milk. 8. For development of fetus. 4. For growth of animal. If Imma- ture. 5. At times to produce gain in weight. Three general classes of food mate- rlal are required for feeding cows: 1. Protein or nitrogenous material 2. Carbohydrates and fat to supply beat and energy. 3. Ash or mineral matter. A well-balanced dairy ration will contain the above food material In the proper proportions. In making up s feed for dairy cows. It Is usually most convenient to balance the roughage and concentrates separately and then feed atl the roughness each cow will eat and adjust the grain mixture to the amount of milk or butterfat pro- duced by the cow. A good general rule to use as a guide In feeding Is to feed from one, fourth to one-half as much of a bal- anced grain mixture per day as the 3ecretary Pugsley Sees Way for Two Classes of Farm- era to Help Each Other. Pttpdtred by the United StatlNI Depaxtment Of Agriculture.) Distress calls have been coming to ae United States Department of Agri- ulture from two large classes of armers---from the wheat growers, who hd their market extremely bad, and tom live stock fee,.era In the corn :,It proper wlm have tlSed Up the corn a their own neighL,,rhoods and :-e :fading diihculty get,lag it at a rea- :,rouble price-frota t,:ttslde. In view , thes fac says ctlng Secretary of griculture C. W. Pugsley, these two ,,a- may find it possible to assist -ach other. He calls attention to the :act that wheat is a good feed for Lye stock and that when certain ro- Ads exist between the prices of corn rid wheat the latter can be fed with a,s good results as are obtained by feed- ng corn if proper methods axe fol- lowed. Supply of Corn Low. The visible supply of corn on the first of July of this year was extreme- ly low, In fact the lowest ha more han ten years, and compared with the same time in 1922 the supply Is very -herr Indeed. Department figures show :hat on July first the visible supply of orn was 3.167.000 bushels, compared with 29.337,000 last year. The wverage visible supply on tlmt date from 1915 o 192L Inclusive. was 8,500,( bushels, and for the period from 1910 to 1914 was Just about 8,000.000 t,tmheis. There Is a possibility that in many places wheat may now be fed to stock, lmrtlcularly flee lower grades which have about the same farm feeding value as the better grades. However. It should be remembered that more labor Is necessary In feedIng wheat than In feeding corn because of the ad- visabiUt2g of grinding or crushing It. The bureau of aulnlI Industry has studied the relative values of wheat and corn and the methods of feeding cow gives milk per day. Cows givlngi wheat to the different domestic anl- rich milk usually give less per day reals. Price ratk)s have been deter- but need a little more grain In proper. I mined so the farmer may make up his tlon of the mllk.--A. C. Beer, Profes-  mInd from this Information when tl}e sor of Dairying, Oklahoma A. and M. College. Summer Suggestions on Care of Dairy Utensils It Is-m"o-re or less difileult to giv adequate care to the dairy utensilt during the summer months. This b due to the fact that hot scalding wa- ter or steam IS more troublesome t obtain. Proper care of these utenstl is important during the umme mguths due to the temperature which favors the multiplication of bacteri In the production of high-grade milk It la necessary that all utensils b thotoughly cleaned, for If any organic matter Is left in any of them, It is ab most tape.Ibis to produce the desired quality of milk. If the utensils pre cleaned with wa- ter Just as It comes from the well m tap. some bacteria will remain whlc will multiply very rapidly during the warm weather of the summer months The utensils should be sterilized, and this Is done by exposing them to llv steam for several minutes. In th{ cleaning of tinware they should b first washed with cold water and then with hot 'ater and a washing powdeq fl,at Is alkaline In nature. Ordinar soaps are not satisfactory In the clean- ing of the utensils of the dairy. A.ftm the tinware has been thoroughl] cleaned it should be sterilized. Star flizatlon is the most Important factm In the production of high-grade milk B. W. Fairbanks, Associate Prof., sor Amal Husbandry, Colorado Ag- ricultural College. Series of Experiments to Decide Value of Corn Recently a series of experiments was run to decide the value of grind- Ing corn. In these teats it was found that cornmeal produced.7 per cent more milk and 14 per cent more fat Ian ear cor Where corn and cob- meal were compared with eorumeal It was found that the cornmeal was slightly In the lead, having a 2 per cent better production in butterfat. Even though the corn Is extra cheap, the cows will give a bette account of themselves to the tester If they are fed corn that has been ground. Regularity of Feeding Is of Much Importance Regularity of feeding Is of greater importance than time of feedIng, in the care of dairy cows. The dairy cow should have regular meal hourL lore roughage will be consumed if it Is.fed two or three times a da Instead on ouc Feeding of Minerals to Cows Is Not Profitable Idlng of mineral mlxtm' tO dairy cowa did not show profit In potmd of milk produced at the Ohio aUo, where it wu carefully tried OuL To supply mlnerul to dairy cows !11 forms that can best be used IS by feed. lag legume roughage, such as edfalflt aY. clover and soy bean hay, rleb In relation of prices of these two grains make it comparatively profitable to feed wheat to stock. Thus. for example, It IS figured that when eoru Is 75 cents a bushel on the farm, 80 cet wheat can be fed profitably to all animals Including poultry; 84 cet wheat to attie and hogs but not for sheep and poultry; while 92 cent wheat IS profitable for beef cattle only. How- ever, It must be kept In mind that the cost of grinding or crushing ha8 not been considered. A table showing the relative prices at which wheat can be used as feed has been prepared cover- lag the entire range of prices at which there grains are likely to sell in the near future. It Is as follows: COl'a prim per bushel (|S pound of Ihel|ed corn) a qulvalent wheat prlee per btthel (SO pound) beld on their relative" trading vLhm or oeyeraJ kladm of farm Kind of Mock: 1Poultr Beef and Shp Hogs Cattle Peentase z tlon of wheat tO corn In feed- s vltm ...... leo le0 105 :- Oealn: Corn Wheltt Wheat Wheat P Imr buh $ .50 $ .54 $ .56 $ .dg .55 .59 All .45 .0 .64 .7 .74 .65 .'/0 .73 .60 .IO .T5 .79 .86 .'15 .80 .St .b2 .80 .$g .110 .99 .85 .hi .96 1.05 .$0 .9$ 1.01 1.It .95 1.02 1.0T 1.17 1.O0 LOT 1.1= 1.Z3 lam on digelble nutrient& wheat and corn are practically equal pound for lmuud, according to officials of the deprtment. But corn and corn prod- ucts alone make a bett feed for cat- tle than wheltt end wheat products alo.e. It l pointed out, too, that It Is not eceasary to grind corn as a hog t'ed, while wheat should be coarse- ly ground or crushed. Whettt. accord- lag to experiments made In Nebraska, ha, proved 5 per cent more efficient than corn for fattening steer when fed with al falfa  hay, a lltUe In'alrie hy, and traw, bran, and linseed meal. Wheat 18 Good Fel. th wheat at lta present price, It Is declared to be a desirable feed for tltry, both as a whole grain In scratch mixtures and In ground form mlxed with mash. Fed alone, however, it does not give the beat result but should be mixed with corn. Wheat may take the place of corn in rations for dairy cows. It IS figured that a bushel of wheat Is t equal In feed- g value to a brothel of spry. so that in eases where the farm value of corn Is only slightly less than that of wheat and where the farmer has surplus wheat but do not have corn It may pay him to feed wheat, Since he will save haulage. Wheat for horses Should be ground or preferably rolled, and must be mixed with .eCher feeds because of Its lcky qualities which are brought about in mastlcatlom and else be- cause. If fd alone. It may cause dlges. tire truble On the practicability of uMng wheat as a hog feed, the department tys Umt 8 per cent leas grain IS required In the case of wheat, but that with corn at 70 etts a bushel and wheat at 79 cents g/ns en be made wlth torn and tankage at 12 to 15 eets lm per hundred pounds than with wheat and tankage. In a general wy, it  held.nat the farmer might to fl wheat or corn as- fedat Methods for Converting Them Into Useful Products. (Prepared by the United States Department of A- ricult ure.) Methods of using oversized sweet potatoes, or "Jumbo" sweet potatoes, which are produced In large number when the growing season has been un- usually good constltute one of the problems wlth which the United States Department of Agriculture Is concerned. The smafl or standard market sizes of sweet ffomtoes, U. S. grade No. 1 and U. S. grade No. 2. find more ready sale because they are suit- able for storing, canning, and shipping to distant market When good growing conditions pre- vail up to harvest time, oftenthnes as much as 40 per cent of the crop Is composed of overgrown potatoes, and the development of profitable methods for converting them into useful prod- ucts Is therefore of great Importance. Sweet potatoes rank second In Impor- tance of all vegetables grown In the United States and are richer In car- bohydrates, epeclally starch, than any other vegetable commonly growm For this reason they are a possible sauree of many products containing or d rived from starch, such as potato flour. dehydrated potatoes, starch, slrup, al- ohol, vinegar, breakfast foods, and various kinds of feeds. All of these products have been prepared but at present no sweet-potato by.products In- dustry on a commercial scale eista In this country. A method for the commercial manu- facture of sweet-potato sirup, based on laboratory and plant experimental work, has been developed by the bu- reau of chemistry of the United States Department of Agriculture. While this work ha shown that the use of this slrup Is limited by Its cost rff manufacture as compared with that of other commonly used atreps. In any emergency, when the price of mgar and slrup IS greatly Increased. It might be polble to manufacture this slrup profitably and to the benefit of Amer- ican agriculture. If a method for manufacturing It more cheaply could be devised the strup from sweet pota- toes has distinct commercial possibil- Ities. Wisconsin Herd of Cows Make Profit for Owner A return of $2.41 for each dollar's worth of feed consumed Is what a WL consln herd of 11 grade and pure bred Holstein cows made for Its owner. William EL Jaehnlg of F'redonla, as- cordIng to A. J. Cramer of the Wigeon- sin College of Agriculture. In one year this herd produced an average of 14.248 lmnds of milk, containing 504I pounds of butterfat, equlvent to 630.4 pounds of butter. Thipro- ductl'n netted a profit of $;i71.23 9vet oost of feed, or an average of $153..3 for each cow In the herd. The average production of this herd was the highest of the 4,090 herds made up of over 69.000 cows In WIs- consin'8 151 cow-testIng associatlon. Mr. Jaehnig attributes his success to the experiences he has gained in cow- testln assocLstion work and to the Influence of good pure bred Holstein bulls. The herd was milked three times a *day for four winter months and twice daily during the rest of the year. Very little grain was fed during the sum- mer as most of the cows freshened In the fall and early winter and were not. therefore, producing heavily dur- lag the mrnmer months. The grain ration used throughout the barn-feed. lag sason ten,dated of the following mLxtnre: 300 pounds of corn and cob meal, 200 pounds of ground oats. 200' pounds of wheat bran. 100 pounds of gluten feed and 100 pounds of oll meal ( Silage Is Ideal Ration for Cows During Winter While it Is not practical to send the cows smith for the winter, a very close substitute for such a trip is found In e,,rn silage- Evei farmer knows that green grass Is the Ideal ration. Sll:tg closely resemble gras In that It Is succulent or Juicy and runs high - food nutrients, espectall. carbohydrates. Cows getting good silage are better off. In fact. than theme on poor grat Their coats are glossy and their gen eral appearance Is that of cows or luxuriant era es. An additional advantage In feedln silage has been found. Milk from s lags-fed cows Is richer In vlmlne C than from cows on dry fe/rd. 811c fllllJag time Is oon here. The man who will have a bard of cows to feed next winter cannot afford to have s silo tand mpty. Minerals Necessary for Milk Found in Legume: 'lat clover, alfalfa, and soy bean hays are probahly the bet source of the minerals necessary for milk pro- ductlon was proven by recent tests at the Ohio station. These legume hays contain more of the essential minerals than other feeds and the  In the exlrtment med to be able to assimilate t hee qL[00q3 Poor Tree at Low Cost Is Not Good Investment A well planted tree Ires an advan- tage. and good nursery stock should always be obtained if posslble, for a poor tree. even at a low cost, is not s good lnvestmenL said J. H. Gourley, horticulturist of the Ohio agricultural expeHme;)t station, in a recent dla- cusslnn of the sul)Ject. "Broken apd mangled roots should be removed before planting and the longer ones may be shortened. The tree roots should be kept moist nnti] plantlng. If they have dried out some- what It would be well to soak them up or dip In a container of thin mud before planting. Thls Is known by orchardists as puddlIng the root "Holes should be dug of sufficient iae to amply hold the tree roots, but :care should be taken not to plant the trees too deep. Doubtless this Is a cause for many trees doing poorqy, paxticularly the peach. The best rule Is to plant slightly deeper than the trees stood In the nursery. "After the trees are placed In the tholes some of the surface soil IS thrown In and the tree is moved up and down to allow the soil to settle Sbout the roots and leave no ulr space When the roots are covered the planter should tramp the soil well mad fill up to the surface of the ground, tramp again and throw a lit- tle loose soil on top as a mulch. "It Is best to use no manure about the roots of the tree. but spread It on the surface after the tree is plant- ed. A small amount of well rotted manure may be used in filling In the holes if the soil is ery poor. After the trees are planted they may be pruned to balance up the loss of the root system." Northern Red Spy Apple. Is Attracting Attentmn A typical Northern Spy apple with a solid, bright red color without stripes or splashes grown on the grounds of the New York a,ricuttural experiment station at Geneva. Is at- tracting much attention among fruit growers and Is declared by all thoee who have seen it to be the handsom- eat Spy ever seem Cions of the Red Spy were received by the statlo hot. tlculturist In 1910 Tram C, E. Green of Victor N. Y. but the trees did not fruit until 1920. The color of the fruit is the only difference to be noted he- tween this new sort and Its parent. "Whoever grows Northern Spy, either for profit or pleasure, should try Red Spy," says the station horti- culturist. "It Is true that the new variety has the vious fault of the parent, that of coming In bearing lat, but there are many good characters to offset this fault. Thus, there are delectable quality and great beauty In the fruit& and in the tree hardlnem healthfulness, productiveness and re- liability in bearing to commend these two varieties. Nor should it be for- gotten that the trees are long-lived, nearly perfect orchard plants, and that they bloom very late thereby often escaping late rprlng frosts which ruin the crops of other vart- erie& Northern Spy LS still one of the best apples for New York, and Red Spy with Its beautiful frulta, will give new Ufe to this old sort." Spray Operator Enabled to See What He Is Doing when sprayIng with lime-ulphur, the operator cannot always tell Just how thoroughly the surface Is being sprayed, because of the difficulty of eeing 8 thin film of the whitish real- due left when the water evaporates. But this may be overcome through the use of a simple and Inexpensive indi- cator that can be added to the lime- sulphur spray. This indicator Is Just common copperas (iron sulphate). As- cording to the Oregon experiment sta- tion it should be ued as follows: "Take half a many pounds of lro m31phste (copperas) as you use gal- lon of concentrated lime-sulphur solu- tion in the spray tank. Dloive the crystal8 in water and add this spin- ion to the tank of dilute rpray. As a result the tank full of spray will turn black in color, due to the formation of black Iron sulphide, which some days after appllcatiOD turns into led iron rust. rhe pray lo practically no of Its fungicidal effect as s result, r nor Is there any undesirable effect, but the pray operator can now tell Instantly hew well he Is covering the tree, be- cause of the black color of the materb "el. The tope of the trees or , pro- Jesting branch enrapt now Le mled without detttan and the retmlt Is an apprecla;dy larger percentage of Per- feet fruit Iv the harve at gn limit- nlflcant cost and lltUe trouble" Work Out Strawberry Patcl at End of Season At the close t the otrawime . minerals better than thoe fed as sm. w,rk out Tour strawberry patch mpplement in the form of bone meal, thoroughly, Tb may be done accord- etc. lag to elth, vg the renewing meth- These experiment also Indtcate Ods: By t, ar.ng Off U3e rows to one that the way in wMch hay Is enre,l side, plowln oat all the old plant nag. an Influence on the availability of and thus leavndt new, plants in new the minerals wbleh ft contain&" d ground& Which ltturally wot0d be lit r cured withmtt heavy d or ne Idde of tim ratu or to tee teO Ce,u  front U. S. C Suave. More for .Your-Money Swapping things--as when our grandmothers traded eggs /or calico at the cross-roads store --gives a better understanding of values* By measuring one thing against another we too can olten judge values more dearly. Coal and wages make up more than  the manacmring cost oi cement. The chart above shows price fluctuations for pordand cement, coal and wages during the past ten year In each case 100 is used to represent 1913 figures, by the Government departments which compiled these statistics, Translated into "eggs and calico" language, this chart shows that a ton o! coal would buy nearly twice as much cement in 1922 as in 1913. Atday's wages also would buy more cement in 1922 than in 1913. This means that even though coal and wages make up more than halt its menu- tacturing cost, cement is now relatively owe/in price than eider coal or wages. So, considerin$ these increased eos it is plain that in ! uying cement you get more for your money than belore. PORTLAND CEMENT ASSOCIATION 111 West Washington Street CHICAGO I Ntlanal Oaniati to Inree and Etel de Uses of Adsm  lmm Cy  , York Sm Fado F Lou  V Mm, I5.C. anadian OIty Lead, in Telephones. The city of (3signory, Alberta, wtth about 65,000 lnhabikants,im] Is said to have more telephones In proportion to population than any other com- munity on the American continent. BABIES CRY FOR "CASTORiA" Prepared Espeoially for Infants and Children of All Ages Mother! Fletcher*s Casterla has been In use for over 30 :years as a pleasant, harmless substitute for Cas- tor Oil, Paregoric, Teething Drops and Soothing Syrups. Contains no narcot- Ics. Proven directions are on each package. Physicians recommend It. The genuine bear signature of Preved His Ri0ht. The beautiful girl turned upon lle father almost savagely. "By what right," she hissed, "do you demand It share of my alimony?" "You got the dispotloa you wer divorced for from mew exelaimet the old maR, with feeling, "Everybod say so."Pearaon's Weekly. Su re Rel ief FOR INDIGESTION ! ULL-AN 2.54 AND 75 PAC EV Nowhere In the books on Jurispru |  t.. -1, ' deuce Is there anything about blOOd-  1 F-./ For true blue, use Re Cro Ball Blue. Snowy.white elothe will be amre to result. Try It and you will el- ways use it. All good 8rocers have it. Advertlsement. Breeding maggots for fishing bait ts On important Industry in the west of England. Ladies Keep Your Fresh and BOYS