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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
September 8, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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September 8, 1923

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By "Oh, Uncle Jerry," pr,;testcM Mrs. Penfleld. "I gut ev'rythlng plaatt!. We're g,ing to Irene--" t XVl i.---Conti nued. had anything to do Was the first time in ever bought :ny- the glitter, the end- havoc with ler her with a frenzy of cars with wheels hanks that looked blooming peaches on Wall; games, books, twenty-four terra firms for of five cents! How WOUld be! How Thad's bulge t It was more Lettle burst Into carried over a wi:le care! Do you hear? Tears streamed down stamped her foot ann arm with a violence that first grazed several and then led to a space around the expostulated Mrs. "remember where Lettle. "That's I don't care. Some and heaps ons more'n I don't---" was a finality In was also an expres- of her arm. Penfield pushed curious crowd, out of comparative seclusion "I'm "shamed a scene that way. I interrupted the child, But I got so full, laslf I'd bust. I had got so dang'rons In- things !" Her voice suppressed rebeb and Thad would be Livingston' iand was so considered by the family. Mrs. t'enfield had agreed to men, wom- en, children and dogs; but hen it cqme to hens. her enthusiasm waned. Her formal oi)Jectlon was based on Bonnie Geraldine's timid nature and the temperamemal anguish whl('h she might endure if forced to meet society in the mass, hut Lettie proposed to ease the sensibilities of the y,mnt Plymouth Rock by bringing Iier in a box, tethered to remain tterein. The mater was discussed, i)ut left to cir- cu*nstances for final decision. Lorene and Dick Chase lind returned from their honeymoon and had accept- ed their invitation. ""We'll ask her to sing," decided Crink, who had a waD" eye out for the entertainment of the guests whom Lettie was zealously assembling. "Indeed you won't:" exclaimed Mrs. Penfield, looking up in shocked sur- prise from the candy bag she was making out of an old net curtain. "I'd be 'shamed to death tf you asked Lorene. Why, Crink, don't you know she's been in a choir for a year and been paid for It? '?ain't never polite to ask a person to sing free after he'a learned how." "Botheration!" cried Crlnk. "Aln't l that the outer limit? Well say," Pen- !zie, I could Just tell her how grand I think she sings, and mebbe she'd of- fer. Couldn't I?" "It has been done," smiled Mrs. Pen- field. "That's about the only polite way to manage IL" Lettle, down on th'e floor Ith Crtnk and Thad, untangling scraps of colored string that had been collected through many months, looked up in dismay. "Landy gracious, Penzle, have we got to watch ev'rythlng we say to the party ?" "Now you've got it," chuckled Uncle Jerry, the expert corn-popper. "Min- utetyou go in for htgh life, you get into difficulties." He emptied the final dan- Interposed Mrs. Pen- went on slowly, "they mJte happier. Land. never fixed up so un- the folks that have it's the folks that want things. When you'll see that are nnhappy is things; and the reason Is 'cause they folks get thrnuh strings and their things, then the nearer bliss than it IS The Glft Were Drawn Forth. mnile tribution Into the pan of fragrant popped corn and guided the "old eyes were wide with Penzle. you don't a,d Thad wouldn't I don't mean they I mean they'll without 'era if yon War 'era alt up with YOU've twisted In your ain't presents : And there's one thing keep In mind: it's a food to board any girl two other folks living." cleared ; a her face. "I get It's up to me to dar, It's up to you l" cried Lettie In forgetting what ! Gee. I know you, PenyAe ; hon- mt lunch time when the tree, and he before he secure- would support it living room. But no fragrant fir in plate Penfield felt that t assured fact. making picture llhmtrations from e8 on paste- a and cutting them Each puzzle and Inscribed a Custard Cup ten- at the party. evening the prep- a different tun'.. about the table in to make blots. The cut into uniform bottles had been few drops of ink. shaken from whle was then aOOthed fiat. The re- Interestin4i touched up the umpire inter- pictures. Pere- invited to that because o the Idea letters be- of the manila lnclosc these soon discovered of interpreting and whlspered confer- that was not also that Un- more twlnkly Mbm Hapmd's pinker. Hapgood," ahe you having putln bu with her geniality In the right Will. maids" Into a cup. Turning, he looked down on the three solemn youngsters with a twinkle In his merry eyes. "See- Ing as you're going In for parties" there's a few rules you'll have to learn. First one Is: There's two things you ain't never to talk 'boat 'fore ontsid- ,era. One's your soul, and the other's your toothbrush. They're your own private property, and nobody else cares a hang." "Huh !" scoffed Lettle. "If that's all 'there Is to it, I got It learned a'ready." "`Tain't all there is to It. Lettle." ,laughed Mrs. Penfleld. "If It's rules you want, I'll give you one thst'll be simple to remember, and It'll cover the whole ground, too. If you want folks to have a good time in your house, all you got to do is to forget yourself and feel friendly. If you'll keep those two things working In your heart, you won't go far wrong In any entertain- hag." "Car'line," commented Jerry Win- ston, with mock reproof, "you can sure be depended on for taking the short cuts." wl shouldn't gender," she returned. good-naturedly. "I like the easy way canoe it's so much easier. Besides, I never heard that you got any more blackberries 'cause you was scratched with nettles while you picked "era. Seems like a lot of folk measure re- milts by the pain they suffered bring. inlg 'era about. Lettle, you'd better tram your candy  on a plate, .and we'll rigger how much to allow to a bag. I'm going to season the popcorn while It's hot." He picked up hl hat. "I'll be hack In a little while. I got a notion I can "Yml wtit till I get back 'fl,re you plan," interrupted Uncle J,rry, a;d be went rmt s,, quick!y that Mrs. Pe:x- field's expostulations felt on the empty air. ttepeted countings failed to shlko the cmcluston that Plain Mixed had yielded only forty-eight candies. Three were apportioned to each thLv net hag of papcorn since only tle younger guests were to reoelve this particular treat. ! Early In the afternoon Mrs. Sanders rang the bell at Number 47 and brought three parcels tied ith red l ribbons. "They're for the children," aim smiled. "Oh, my dear," said Mrs. Penfield, overwhelmed. "Why, It wasn't right for you to bother 'bouts" "Dm't say that," Interrupted Mrs. ;Sanders. "It's I)een tbe best thing for me that ever happened. Mind how I hain't called you over for one of those --those attacks lately? Well, when I've felt one coming on, I've gotle to work on these things--hard." She points,1 to the gifts. 'I'hey've been what's saved me--but I thought met)- be the children could u.e em. That's what started me making 'era, but I got mare good out of 'era than anybody else will." I "You're a dear friend," acknowledged i Mrs. Penfleld warmly. "I hope you-- i you'll have a brighter New Year." ! "I'm planuing to do dlff'runt ; that's one thing sure. I'll tell you about it pretty soon." i As Mrs. I'enfield went back into the house, Lettle came dancing in from a trip to the yard to feed popcorn to Ben. nie Geraldine. "Oh, Penzie," she cried, "what do! you s'pose I done? You couldn't guess, ever. I wished Mr. Wopple a Merry Christmas. Wasn't that a queer thing7 But I was feeling so happy that I for- got all 'bout how mean he is--and ev'rything. And minute I said It, he was real decent." Mrs. Penfield laughed. "I guess " ; P EH ,STOR - EARTH-HE ' PO00TER.ITY- fHOTOG/bqWJ fY" CO'A?7"EJY Of O/C W.g././P/f /. vfOvE/-/,4D o By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN LLINOIS has at last bought the Cahokla Mounds--at any rate the , last state legislature passed a bill appropriating $50,000 for their purchase and Governor Small signed it. So these Ira- ? portant relics of a prehistoric people will be preserved to terity as a state park. These Cahokla Mounds add the attraction of mystery to a think he was decent all the time region rich in histories& assocta- if you was decent yourself all the may finns of national importance. Monks Mound it through," she commented mildly. I the largest structure of ItS kind In the world. The "What? Ain't I--" i Mississippi valley Is dotted with the earth strut- "Why, of course you're not. That's tures of prehistoric peoples and these Cahokla what's the matter. What do you Mounds are presumably the most Important of s'pose Mr. Wopple thinks of a little them all from an archeological viewpoint. When girl that has to beat a temper gong re they built? "Who built them? What became and storms around and says sharp of the builders? things?" t 'these same questions were asked of the IllinoL "What does he think of me?" Lettle t Indians when the first white men set eyes on the repeated slowly. "Why, I never thought Cahokla Mounds 2",)0 years ago. The answer was of that. My landy Goshen! I'm gonta the same then as now"Nobody knows." study It out after Christmas and see These first white men were Joliet and Mar- what there Is In It." quette---French explorer and Jesuit priestwho "It'll be a good scheme," agreed Mrs. l catne down the Mississippi in 1673 from Canada Penfiehl briskly. "And now see here, by tahoe. In 1675 the famous Jesuit founded a children, I'm going to let yoU oven mission among the Indians at Kaskaskta. LaSaile these here presents right now, if you !began. his operations In the Mississippi Valley In want to. 'cause there may be some-i1679 by building Fort Crone on the Illinois river ! thing lu 'era that you'll want tonight."  at Peoria. Tlen the French settled all along the - There ensued a small whirlwind in the kitchen. Amidst a great rustling of paper and many shrieks of Joyous surprise, the gifts were drawn fmh : a brown serge dress for Lettie. a gray sweater for Crink, a little suit for Thad. Mrs. Penfield's regret was that the donor could not have stayed to know the ecstasy" which her thought- fulnes. had brought to three children, Inexperienced In the ways of gifts. Excitement rose again to a danger- ously high point hen Uncle Jerry re- turned with two wild dncks and a bag of rice. "Would there be a Chrlstma dinner the next day in the Penfield household? Would there? Everything was ready for the party, and the financial score ran like this: Carfare for tr ............. 't | yards Unsel ................. 10 eentJ eandle and holdel ....... 10 cenUi Candy .......................... 1O eenUI Popcorn ........................ 10 eent Tablet paper .................. 10 cent Manila envelope ............ 10 cent Spool of thread ............. $ cents Stick of candy ................. 1 cent Total ....................... 86 eent east side of the MlsslsslId from Cahokta to Fort Ch:trtres. Until he English wrested Canada from France in 17(;5 all this rel,,n was French. The French staid on. with the British as overlords. Then came tim Itevolution "rod George Rogers . Clark's splendid military coul% with results that ' made the American march across the confluent in- : avitable--of which more later. First, as to the Cahokia Mounds: The Illustra- tions herewith are by courtesy of Prof. Warren I K. Moorehead and are from an article by Robert EL Moulton in America Today, Chicago, with the title, "Movement Is Launched to Preserve l'rehl torlc Moonds In Illinois." This article contains the following : "There is in Illinois a group of relics that stand to the prehistoric Indian culture of the United States as the pyramids do to that of Egypt-the Cahokla Mounds, near East St. Louis, Including the Monks Mound, the largest known man of earth ever built up by the labor of human hands. "Notwithstanding the fact that the Egyptian pyramids &re masses of stone and that they stand in a region without value, they have been partially demolIshed. Complete destruction would before now have been their fate, In all probability, had , the Egyptian pyramids been great earthworks and the surrounding land needed for Industrial deVOid It was a wonderful evening. The!opmenL A warning was sounded by Prnfeor three young Penfleids went through It ! Warren K. Moorehead, the well.known archeolo- as in a happy dream. They could no gist, and largely through his efforts a movement more believe In its reality than the has been started to have the state of Illinois put- caged bird can believe in sudden free- I chase the entire Cahokia Mound region for perk dom. Here was not mlrely a good time, but the climax of bits& the es- sence of things long hoped for. The air ws full of the pungency of fir! boughs. And there was the tree Itself In a corner of the living-room, ita! branche hung with tinsel. Lettle'sl three yards of this ethereal trimming I had been separated lute cunning lengths and disposed with an appear- ance of abundance. And candles ! They could not be denied. Six of them t There were four strings of pop- coru in a graduated terrace; walnut shells, decorated with whatever paint had offered ; eggshells also, with bright pictures affixed I And what matter if the contents of these latter had gone to the nourishment of other tenants In The Custard Cup? The decorative pos- sibilities had l,en aaved for the Pen- field tree. And then the presents!  every child: a pictorial eggshell, a picture puzzle, a net bag of popcorn and oan- dy; for every adult, an appropriate blot and verse, and a picture puzzle ! (TO BE CONTINUED.) BAVERY WAS THE FIRST QUALITY -- 8hohone Indians Had Little Us for Other Virtues in ths Braves of the Tribe. AS war was their chief oceupatiou, bravery was the first virtue among the Shoshone Indlan of the American Northwest. None could aope to be distinsaflshed wlthemt having given proof of IL nor could there be any prerment or Influence among the na- tion without some warlike achieve- merit. The important events which gave reputation to a warrior, and en- titled him to a new name were: Kill- ing a white (or grizzly) bear, stealing Individually the horses of the enemy, leading a party who happened to be aueceasfui either in plundering horses or destroying the enemy, and lastly, .aiping an enemy warrior. These aet emed of nearly the iat. that of adveraay was of no importance un- less the scalp wa brought from the field of [rattle., Were a warrior to slay any number of his enemies in action, and oth wre to obtain the scalps or first touch the dead, they would have all the honor& ainea they had borne off the trphy. ca.o the c u The eminent lawyer came back from court in something of a huff There was observed to stand for a long tima opposite this portrait; aml then he turned with a strange look In his eye to a friend beside him, and whhqered ! in awe and terror that the eomplexioa "in the portrait was that of a eaneer. due subject. To everybody but the surgeo the portrait was almpiy that of a woman the richeet bloom of youth, wealth. beaut. But the mzrgeoa was . she died about six mmt later purposes. A bill having In view the preservation of these mounds failed of passage in the Illinois legislature in 1913. It appears, however, that it was not so much the cost of the land that deterred the state legislature from acting favorably in the matter, as the question raised by some as to whether the mounds were built by man or were a natural formation, notwithstanding that there has never been any doubt in the minds of arehe- olagists as to their artificial construction. To set at rest all doubts in the matter, Profe sor Moorehead. with the co-operation of the Uni- versity of Illinois, Phillips Academy of Andovev, Mass., and a number of Individuals, began a eries of explorations of several of the mounds during the fall of 1921 and continued them the following ring with the most gratifying results. Pottery fragments In great abundance, large quantities of flint chllm, .animal bones, and many complete human burials unearthed at considerable depths In several of the mounds, prove conclusively that they are the work of human hands. It IS the belief of Professor Moorehasd that the largest of the group, Monks Mound, so-called because of the p/'enee .there of the Trappists during a short peHed be- tween 1808 and 1813, was a very long time In the building end that It probably was bgun as a re- pository for the dead. That is, certain burials were made and other small mounds added a buri- als took place. Finally the structure became so large that the natives made it Into a pyramid, added the upper terraces and used the top as a place of residence. "While pcaetically all of the Cahokis group of mounds, 72 In number, remain, their external con- tour has altered since the pioneers In Cahokia ar- cheology gave us clear word pictures of conditions as they existed several generations ago. In all written accounts of the mounds most' attention seems to have been concentrated on the largest tumnltm known as Monks Mound. In fact, nearly all the descriptions center In this runklng strue- tare. The highest paint of this mound as It ex- Ists today Is 102 feet, Its longest axis Is 1,080 feel and it covers slightly more than 16 acres. The great pyramid of Cheops In Egypt is 746 feet square, and the temple of the Aztecs In Mexico, feet square. In volume, therefore, this Ca- hokla pyramid is the great,st structure of its kind found anywhere in the world. 'rhere is so much about the huge Cahok!a Mound that is stmllar to the works of the Aztecs that It undoubtedly was from that part of the world that these people came, bringing their religion, their priesthood, their corn, their mode of life, and their middle order of primitive civilization. It is gen- erally accepted, however, that the mound builders of Illinois did not observe the barbarous human sacrifices of the Aztecs. "Eminent archeologists estimate that the settle- ment of the Cahokla mound builders numbered 150,000 at the height of its prosperity. "They probably fished and hunted to some ex- tent, but they likely depended for their subsist- enee upon their labor In the field, and their ataple was unquetiotbiy corn." Now for the historical aociatlons of national Importance. Kakaskin w.s the firet permanent European settlement in the Upper Mlssisslppi Val- ley, zs well as the first capital of the "Illinois Ter- ritory." Fort Chartres, named for the son of the regent of France, was built in 1720 by the French with the idea of #ring protection to the operations of the Company of the West--John Law's famous Mississlppi Bubble"--organized in 1717, The fort was abandoned in 1772, the British garrison going to Kaskaskla. It has now been in part restored by the state and Its powder magazine, the oldest building in Illinois, will be used as'a historical museum. When in 1763 the Jesuits were mlp- pressed in France and thelr property confiscated to the crown, the decree was enforced by th8 French commander against the Tesuita In Kaskas- kia. The priests were expelled and their proper- ty, including 200 acres of cultivated land, many cattle and a brewery, was sold. Thl was JUst before the British oeenpation. During the Revolution "Hair-Buyer" Hamilton, the British oommander of the region, with head- quarters at Detroit, Incessantly hurried the Ameri- can settlements In Kentucky by Indian raids. George Rogers Clark, a heaven-born military genius raised up by Providence for the occasion, conceived the plan of winning peace, for Kentucky by carrying the war to Hamilton at Detroit. He began operations by capturing Kaskakia, taking It by mrpt*ise, wtthoUt bloodshed. The French of the Illinois territory called the AJtnericans "Long.Knives" and beIleved them to be bloodthirsty and cruel They had no love for their British overlords, but feared the Americans exceadingly. When Clark captured Kaskaskia without bloodshed, treated the Inhabitants with kindness and announced that there @ould be no interference with their church and religion the simple villagers were overjoyed and enthusiasti- cally took the oath of allegiance to the United States. They raised a company of mlliti and accompanied Major Bowman to Cahokia. where there was another bloodless victory. Then they volunteered to take Vincennes the same way which they did. So Clark got possession 0 every British post in the Illinois country without a bat- tle and without the loss of a life. Later that 1{all as everyone knows, Hamilton led an expedition from Detroit and recaptured Vince'nnes, only to lose It to Clark the next spring and be taken to Virginia as a prisoner. Clark's sudden appearance and rapid capture of these western posts of the British astonished be* yond measure the Indians and their chiefs for f0 miles round about flecked to see the "mighty war- riot of the Long-Knives." By concerted aetiOl they could wipe out his scanty force in a twl kling. Clark met them In council at Cahokla with stern and lofty dignity. He showed no fear. He gave no indication of desire for friendship, He laid before them a war-belt and a peace-belt I*nd told them to take their choice. In short, this young leader of baekwots militia bluffed the great erewd of restless, bloo(lthirsty, pro-Brltlsh savages to & standstill. One chief after anolher arose and mado submissive speeches. Clark refused to smoke the ' peace-pipe with any till he had heard from all d the treaties were concluded. These proc-edil ' lasted five weeks and tielr influence extencted to all the tribes around the Grenf Lakes. Clark hb no further trouble with the Illinois Indians. Virginia, which then el,aimed all this region, im- mediately clinched Clark s victory by creating th "County of Illinois." Col. John Todd, as "(tiaty Lieutenant," took possession, set uP a ceplta[ at Kaskaskia In May of 1779 and established a com- plete civil government, it Caboki  also figures large in 'an ambitious plan by te British cabinet in 1780 to pture New O leans, the Spanish posts west of the Mtsglmflppl and the Illinois Country. War had been de May 8, 1779, between Spain and Oreat BrlUd May 26, 1780, a raid was made on St. Louts, the 8panlsh headquarters, by a force of 140 Engil and Canadian traders and 1#00 Indians" fitted o by Llsutenant Colonel Sinclair of Mlchillma (Mackinac) and led by a Sioux chief named Wlt basha. A portion of the party creased the and raided Oahokla. Slnclalr's offletal report "At Pencour (St. Louis) 68 were killed, blacks and white people taken prisoners; 48 were brought in. The rebels lost an officer three men at Cahokia, and five prianer" Suddenly, without pressing the aasault, tlie tire party decamped aud scattered. They had discovered that Clark had returned in haste Kentucky and was at hand, prepared to aid tl Spanish. The ver name of Clark was a tet to the Indians. A high wind prevented slgr from bein heard: otherwise Clark would have heft a hand in the hostilities. This attack was part of a general plan q ' by Lord George Germain for the complete e e e t* .' quest of the West. Features of this plan were bring down a force of Northwestern Indians on Louis; to send an expedition fromDetroit tO vade Kentucky and keep fleet and army uP Campbell to untte with the nbrthern The plan was a good one. It failed In eause Governor Galvez of New Orleans licked the British and captured their  the lower Mississippi and at Moh;l( cola. It also failed because ross of the northern expedition to naught the expedition from Detroit to under Captain Byrd. If this British plan of conquest had cessful the country of the Mississippi would part of the Province of Quebec. Clark's brilliant exploits In 17"/8 fore have a place of iml tory that cannot the new nation of the negotiations successful the J J @ SEES NEW WAR MAC SOON "and crew, who must learn water like a surfaeo and fight in three different through the air, -- e ,, (land, a or air) are all necessities foglorns,. Craft "That Fly Like Hawks, 8wire laboratories and In secluded work- of the future." He states that Great equipment of the LIk Duoks and Waddle Like shops, Bays thl, authority, who de- Britain Is b a giant airplane tle sea. Armored Tanlm Predltted. sirea that his name for the present wbleh eleaveathe mrface ef the water will eat -- remain undiscdosed, there has begun, prior to taking wing and develops In the next war there will be with government fnds, the strangest 3,000 horsepower, ad l also con- The that fly like hawks, swim like dus, and welrdest battle of wits that has structlng the largest flying boa: In waddle Hke armored tanks and lIve ever b embarked upon. world. . Itke aetls In approved Jules Verne "Taitkstlmt swim, great metal mm "qhe hull of this newiflylllg men a British military ster," says the BrlUsh arm4,. a ewhen resting on k - restuntil New Orleans was an open Thta desire of the frontier brought Louista Purchase of 1803. And with neat theirs from the Atlantic to march to the Pacific became a