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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
September 1, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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September 1, 1923

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, : WD&apos;e, MI88188IPPI @ of Coolidge Administration" )7 < :',i /, Some of'the eastern newspapei-s are speaking of Frank W. Stearns as the "Colonel House of the Coolidge administration." It is certain that the realthy Boston merchant is a warm admirer of the President. And here's the story of the beginning of their ac- quaintance: At a gathering of Am- herst college men, Judge Henry F. Field contended that his fellow alumni ought to show more college spirit and hang together better. "- "Here's 'Cat' Coolidge, a mighty bright, clever fellow, who ought to have every one of us rooting for him," said Field. "He used to be in sly ffice in Northampton, and I know he's got the right stuff in him. He's a can- didate for president of the Massa- chusetts senate. I'll bet half you fel- lows don't even know 'CaP Coolidge is an Amherst man." Stearns, an Amherst '78 man, frankly admitted he didn't know "Cal" and asked ques=tons about him. A few days later he went to North- ampte and looked up Coolidge. Earns and Gives $5,000,00{} 00E00[FW OF Dr. Russell H. Conweli re- was swarded the $10,000 pro- Edward H. Bok to be given to that citizen who has most outstanding service to city of Philadelphia. Thirty-six an institution of learning ]mox a as Temple university was by him, having a register of and resources of fifty- cash. The other day thousands of graduates of the upl- gathet-ed in Philadelphia to the corner stone af new $1,000,000 building. Dr. Con- :y years connected with the as president, was the chief fig. Temple nniversity IS a poor man's the university of the worker. Conwell is a native of Massa- a graduate of Yale. Dur- the Civil war he rose to the rank After the war he praC- and later founded a news- ' in Minnesota. He entered the ministry in 1. .,.,-r : 1--4)klatmma National Guard troops on duty In Tulsa to stop flogging. 2Dedlcatlon of Sohiiers' Monument in Agawam park, Southampton, Long Island. 3--4)ne of the big beacon lights Installed to guide the day-and-night pilots of the new coast-to-coast air mall service, CURRENT EVENTS Chancellor Stresemann of Ger- many Suddenly Assumes Dio. tatoriai Powers. WILL FORCE RICH TO PAY - "'1" a in Lexington, Mass., he went to Grace Baptist chnrch of Philadelphia Uo Into which his country has de- Conwell is eighty years o age. All tle world knovs lilnl gzerated and with the everlasting pe- as a lec [Itlcal squabbles of the factions In the It is estimated that he has earned more than $5,.000,000 on the plat. aH of which has gone either into Temple university or to the edvcatlon relchstag, has taken matters into his Of poor young men. own hands and determined to carry out his measures without consulting the reichstag and without regard to whom tI.W" they hit. He says he believes he can ' __ , Not War" UnsoumJ 00ancial and econom,o order within four weeks, and that If he fails there Is no hope for Germany and all At the Institute of Polities a: Is lost. Wllllamstown, Mass., the other da. From a quiet and conservative man Rear Admiral William L. Rodgers Herr Stresemann has become suddenly predent of the general-board of the a leader much like Mussolini, of swift herewith) was one el the Pakera at the open conference  and determined action and ready to on "How the World Is Managed-- go to any length. Layln4g hls plans his cabinet, he received its Diplomacy, International Law, Force." promise of unqualified support, and Admiral Rodgers' subject was the the leaders of the parties In the reichs- "Role of Force." He attacked the tag also agreed to permit him to carry "Law, not war" slogan as unsound. He said, among other things: out his measures without interference. "It Is unsound, for war Itself f Thereupon he announced that, first, he - must haw about $100,000.000 of the an integral part of law. War is the huge sums which the industrial mag- agency whereby law Is made to pr hates have accumulated and hidden In vail when it Is disputed by evil doers, foreign banks. This he expected as a be they individuals or nations. "The appeal to law and to leagues "voluntary contril)utlon," but said If of nations as the agencies of law can necessary he would confiscate between a fourth and a third of ".ll foreign hope to be successful In securing peace only when a desire for hat- moneys held by them. Everyone was to be required to state under oath his mony on the whole outweights the holdings of foreign currency and those causes for opposition. In the present who falsified the returns would be se- stage of world development, the pub verely punished. He i-s prepared to opInion of the world as d whole has not abandoneci nati@nalism. Interna. follow this order with another confls- tI0nalism Is sot yet acceptable. The world must he governed under conditions eating one-fourth to one-third of all asthey exist, namely, by nati,ns with divergent interests which refuse to b recnfiled. Armaments are therefore necessary to all, or one armed nation wil private property In Germany. Accord- Ing to President Ebert, these decrees Xle the of.hers. Armed nations are less likely to be subject to oppression and will scarcely affect the work [ng and |nJustlge taan others. ' middle classes, as the utter collapse of wMwmmmm'mnm mmeramm*ummmmt u*m Polncme's Skillful Reply to Britain Shows France to Be Unyielding--- Amoritan Government PrepaPee to ope With Threatoned An- thracite Miners' Strike. By EDWARD W. PICKARD G ]RMANrY is virtually In the hands of a dictator at lasL Chancellor Stremann, disgusted with the eondi- and the other powers interested in mid- week and was found, as predicted, to be a restatement of the unyielding at- titude of France. Its politeness is in marked contrast to the Curzon note, and Its firmness is no whit less. With extraordinary skill and adroitness, every point made by Curzon ls met and refuted, and the French position is set forth more explicitly than ever before. As well summarized by a Paris correspondent, the note declares that .France desires to  continue ne- gotiations with .the allies, refuses to substitute any other body for the rep- arations comnisslon, insists that Ger- many must continue payments in kind during the cash moratorium necessary for the rehabilitation of her finances, refuses to treat with Germany until passive resistance In the Ruhr has ceased, refuses to evacuate the Ruhr except in proportion to reparations payments rcelved, is willing to accept as a minlnmm 26,000,000.000 gold marks ($6,188,000,000), plus sufficient C bonds to pay France's debts to Great Britain and the United States, recognizes these debts, but refuses to pay them until she has been reim- bursed by Germany for the war devas- tations, proposes that Germany shall pay in the briefest possible time 31,- 000,000,000 gold marks ($7,418,000,- 000), corresponding to the actual French and Belgian damages, and wants the rest of the German debt and the whole question of war debts POstponed for consideration after this first payment has been effecte@ The occupation of the Ruhr was made obligatory, in Premier Poincare's opinion, by what he calls the deliber- ate debasement of Germany's finances with the avowed lntenUon of evapl payment of relmrations ; but he again denies any Intention of annexing the Ruhr. The premier replied pointedly to Curzon's intimation-that Great Brit- ain may soon be obliged to ask France to pay her war debt. He says : "France has never repudiated her debts and never will, but she Is con- vlnced that no British government will ever apply to an ally the pressure that the London cabinet does not find it possible to apply today to the former enemies of France," No BritIsh official comment on Poin- care's reply has been made yet, but the London press fails to find much encouragement in It. Prime Minis- ter Baldwln and his cabinet will not meet for several days, and in any case precipitate action by the gov- ernment is not to be expected. The Paris press, almost unanlmousiy sup- * Would Bury "W. G." on Old AHING'IN.There will i proval of this un4oubtedly be a perma- nent memorial to Warren G. Harding. That seems to be assured, though so far the gen- erai Idea has got no farther than sug- gestions of various kinds. One inter- esting Suggestion has been the subject of much discussion in Marhm, O., the dead president's home town It is this: Adjoining the Marion cemetery, in the receiving vault of which tempo- tartly rests the late president's body, is an ancient Indian burial ground, the last resting place of their chiefs. lhis burial mound Is famous In North Central Ohio, both for its historic in- terest and for Its beauty. The site is a commanding one and is partly wooded. This tract Is owned by E. B. Dur- free, one of Marion's rich men. He has owned It for years and has stead- fastly refused to part with any portion , of it. Edward K. Uhler, another of the little city's wealthy citizens, Is the originator of a plan to set aside two co-operation on old-time friends and dead president, to ways "W. G." Within stone's lng vault is the A massive marker at grave bears these PHOEBE E. Wife of " Whlte House, and the decision was acres of the mound to be consecrated ! )lace of Mrs. reached to establish at once a co-opera- as a Harding burial and memorial I EL Kllng (1 tire federal and state organization for plot. Thei-e is said to be extensive ap- t Louisa M. Bouton speedy and systematic distribution of Beside her rests dent's sister, Mary born three years died In 1913. Her sudden. She was blind asylum at vision was defective, totally good, and she garded as a teacher. lot contains no other elm tree---ne of the specimens in these WithIn view is a tious shaft which of $25,000,000, it f a reasonable length the present small that aviation sufficient to the air so far as the country is concerned- The increase sought perative on account situation, which is Owing to rapid in service and the of crashes, the program must go on For four years the been using for the equipment, new confined largely to types. Commercial country, largely and navy aviation, materially. It Is mated that within two be less than 300 planes In the army only about 450 for combat use, with gtble number One was lald before Presidenl: Coo- lidge by Waiter F. Brown. close friend f the late execute, and framer of the departmental reorganization plan lald before congress. He proposed the creation of assiant to the President to relieve him of grinding details. Senator Edge (Rap., N. J.), suggest- ed that more work be put upon the vice president. He would vest him with authority to administer the budget, which was recently added" to the president's duties. Bepresentative Mlchenez (Rap., Mich.), a member of the house Ju- diciary committee that would have to pass on this matter, declared the presidency should he limited to one term so there will be no need for so much time being devoted to political NE of the subjects receiving| matters such as go serious attention of members I ta seek re-election of congress who returned for As Mr. Brown sees the Harding funeral--approx- Nnately 40 senators and 110 repre- sentatives--was the urgency of legis- lative action to lighten the burdens of the presidency that contributed to his of the president sre political and Under the Brown said, the two hours to of beIng the election to this signing a man's proposed assistant by the president in all matters Under the plan vances a simple written to existing budget admtnistrstio president. "With all due of the office of continued, "it has tlonal responsibilitY high office of the member of congress- latlon the vice the financial to him the budget meat heads and would come to affairs of the Cummins to Preside Over U. S. Senate Albert B. Cummins of herewlti0 will presum- over the senate In the congrass, taking the place President Coolidge, who, as vice the presiding officer In congress. The Re- cans, In that event, will lose a case of a tie. Senator Is a veteran, having  been senate since 1906, when he was to. fill the unexpired term o$ Allison. He was born in Car- Pa., Feb. 15, 1850. Educated Waynesburg college and at Cornll engineering, he became as- engineer of the Cincin- & Fort Wayne rail- he studied law In Chicago admitted to the Illinois bar , practicing law In Chicago un- He married Miss Ida L. Gal. Rapids. Mich., in 1874. : moved to Iowa and almost became a factor in state politics there. committee from I89 to 1900. He was a member of th Treasures for British Museur0000 Before lon" the weather In Egyp' will be getting cool enough for worl to be resumed on the tomb of Tut Ankh-Amen, which last spring engaged the attention of the civilized world In the meantime announcement l made by the Dowager Lady Carnarvor ,that the late earl' private collectlo of Egyptian antiquities will be pr sented by her to the British museum The gift will also Include whateve part of the treasure found in Tut- Ankh-Amen's tomb Is allotted to Lord Carnarvon's estate by the Egyptian au- thorities. Inasmuch as the Egyptian govern meat and the French are both castln8 upon the tomb, the valm the Carnarvon equity In Its t reas- of conjecture. the Carnarvon cob onto the British museum Lady Curnarvorj sacrifices the prospect of reatly thv if be dectCed to se|i porting Poincare's position, apparently the nmrk has practically wiped out believes the entente has come to an private ownership-by them. The uP-lend" but does not seem utterly cast per classes, including the Industrial down by that. " magnates, will have to do the paying, It Is believed that Mr. Baldwin an and It Is presumed the latter, at least, M. Poincare will soon meet for a per- will not dare to resist. For the present Stresenmnn's chief concern is the Internal welfare of Ger- many, and the first money he obtains will be used for the purchase and im- portatlou of fats and other foodstuffs that the country lacks. Afterward he hopes to collect funds for reparations payments and for restoring financial and economic stability. The present situation Is highly pleasing to the Com- nmnlsts, who are I()king for a real revolution next October or November. when they will proclaim a Red regime. Tbelr hopes are bolstered by the tre- mendous increase in prices and the shortage of food, the lack of coal for the winter*and the great increase In unemployment. German coal is selling for $5 a ton, though English coal can be had for $12. The monarchists also, especiall those of Bavaria, are getting read to try to set up a military dictatorship. Herr Stresemann went to Bavaria at the end of the week to study the sltu- atlon there, though he was warned that his life would be'in danger on the trip. Indeed, one need not be surprised to read any day that the chancellor has been assassins led. It is said an attempt to kill him in his Berlin real- deuce was frustrated a few days ago and that the assasslns were members of the same monarchistlc organization that killed Erzberger and Rathenau. IAS LUMINOUS as the skies of Frnnce and as hard as Lor- raine steel" IS the way the Paris Matin characterizes the reply of Premier Poincare to Lord Curzon's recent noe. The answer was handed to the British sonal discussion of the whole repara. tlons problem. ECRETARY OF THE TREASURY MELLON, who returned from his extended trip in Europe, is rather, opti- mistic concerning the situation there and believes the reparations and other serious problems will be satisfactorily solved. He found both England and Prance fairly prosperous, and do not think Germany will stage a revolution or become communiIc, because the Germans are a people of great organiz- ing and constructive force. While ad- mittlng the occupation of the Ruhr has not accomplished the results sought, Mr. Mellon does not seem to blame the French for their course. ' VER here in the United States the x. nmtter of chief concern Just now Is the prospective strike of the anthra- cite miners on September 1. The par- ley between their leaders and the rep- resentatives of the operators at Arian- tic lty collapsed last week and It seems that dilly some, as yet undeter- mined, steps by the government can keep the mines running. When the conference broke up, Chairman Ham- mond of the coal commission conferred vfith President Colldge and then. with the other members of the commission, beran preparation of that body's re- port fixing the responsibility for the threatened strike and making recom- mehdations as to the course of action to be taken by the government. Presi- dent Coolidge next summoned F. It, Wadlelgh, federal flzel distributor, and Acting Chairnmn Altchison of the In- terstate commerce commission, to the t)METHING like a million dollars' - damage was done In the Arkansas valley In Colorado by the breaking of the AplshaPa river dam Wednesday after a cloudburst. A great wall of water swept down the valley, carry- Ing houses, live stock and other prop- erty wlth It. Railroad and autonm- Lille traffic was demoralized. Before the telephone wires went down the inhabitants had been warned. BLIND USE NOSE TO SEE Man Deprived of Eyesight Declsres Each Street and House Has Its Particular Odor. A blind man cat] "see with his nose." So, at least, writes a blind nian who has made a study of his own faculties and those of his companions in dark- Tit-Bit& sharp, and we utilize It instinctively [parts of the sanze street ; nay, each for our purposes, for which the nor- [ house has Its characteristic smelt, and real man naturally use= his eyes. The the blind man knows in a street smell, In particular, helps us in ere- through which lie often comes where sting a sense of locality, and ant.bias he Is. For the recognition of human us, In a region in which we are at hein thesense of smell Is likewise home, to find the way as easily and invaluable. Besides the special smells surely as if we could see the worhl of cigars or perfumes there are around us with our eyes. It is rela- ninny delicate scents by which he can lively easy for the nose, as there g- recognize meq. Every material of not two streets that hare file same clothing has a definite odor. and with j odnr. s little experien the blind man can '"Not onty has each street "ts par- 'see wlth his hyde' whether one wer I America MERICAN "ingenuity, Initia- tive. and capacity ior explor- ing uncharted dmalns with supreine confidence has placed this country far beyond all others in another scientific field--- radio. There are now 566 broadcasting stations in the United State, in addi- tk)n to seven in the outlying posses- siena. This is ninny thnes more than lu all the rest of tl,e world together. For instance. England has six: France. five: Germany, one; Belgium, ole; Czecho-Slovakla, one; China, one, lth a few others scattered In other countries. Canada. with 30 broad- casting stations and several amateur broadcasters, far surpasses the mother cwantry. Her progress In this line, however, is probably due to the in- fluence of this country, particularly from the many stations along the bor- der. "The reason we've, got ahead so fast In this country. Is because we're willing to exlWriment, and to try things out, and then correct our mls- Leads World in takes afterward," radio Inspector of Commerce. said: "We went right improved our mistakes. VChen we was confuslmz on broadcasting on lengths, we got regulations that "'An Englishman here not long ago method of handling tion told me lie was all wrong. terence. We have casting stationS. "They have slg. perfect their ahead. We went proved our system the best ways to were after." One hindrance foreign rigid laws for radio broadcasting monopoly, Capitol Guides Declared a HE tearful protest of a Kan- sas school girl who lacked the 25 clots a United States capitol guide demanded as fee for pointing out some of the inter- esting features of the capitol, prob- ably will hasten legislation to end a guide system which, in the opinion of Sergeant-at-Arm Joseph D. Rodgers pf the house of representatives, and other Washington officlal, has de- rek)pad Into a nulmmce. The present capitol guide system dates back more thnn 40 years. There are thirteen of these guides, one of them acting as a sort of manager. The other twelve conduct visitors through th capitol for a standard fee of 25 cams each. In the beginning the gnide operated In two independent groups, one sta- tioned In the west and the other In the east wing o the capitol Tle .cramble for patrons led .o so much nfusion that the guides were consol- idated Into a slide orsnLation, dl- vldlng pm rata the dafs reeelpt If a visltoe floes to th White House. the State, War bureau of Institution. or ment buildings, a guide, but not a operates in the Will be Just as guide who Is eminent and the government. "No matter look at it," guide business, the capitol of wrong. The people and the twelve men to for the ute tramp be defended. would be rid 24 hours. As I am going appropriat Io;S to the proper will gnides paid t smmso structed, was given its first test at t Wilbur Wright field, Dayton, 0., and, It surpassed even the fondeat hopes oi Its designer, an Englishman, unde whose direction it was built for the United States army. This plebe, whic is propelled by six Liberty motors, has a wing spread of 120 feet and weighs 40,000 POunds. Its fuel tank hve a capacity of 2,120 gallons. II carries seven machine guns and bombs totaling 12.000 pounds in weight. On of its most valuable features is its slo i speed on takeoffs and landings. 1 Earlier in the week the air serlc carried out a serles of maneuvers un- der simulated war conditions in which an armada of sixteen great Marti bombers flew from Langley fleld Hampton.-Vs., to Bangor, Me., 800 miles, in eight and a half actual fly. ing hours, going through numerous of. fenslve maneuvers en route and final- ly "saving" the Maine city from a supposed naval attack. At MitcheJ field, Long Island, the bombers were Joined by seven De Haviland qt put suit planes. PAIN is having a very disagreeabl( war with rebellious Moroccans in the Ceuta district. Old General Wey. ler, the "Butcher" of Cuban days, was called on to command the Spanish forces, but declined because the )v. eminent would not give him dlctatorl. al power. Probably the government could soon put down the rebellion were It not afraid the necessary expense would cause a Popular uprising. OBEST fires have lald waste a large area in the I)eautlful French Riv- Iera familiar to tourists, and ninny fine villas have been destroyed. About 75,- (X)0 acres of forest land were destroyed, and eight persons perished._ a'LOGGING parties," which became " so popular In Oklahoma that the governor put Tnlsa under martial rule. have spread to three other southern states. Texas, Georgia and Fhwida. and under orders of the governors investi- gations are going on with promise of drastic action. Wednesday evening the Barlin  death. Three concrete plans were sug- bomber, the largest airplane ever con- gested. Plan to Lighten the STIMATES approved by Gen- eral Partick for submission to congress this fall call for an appropriation of ,000,00q for the army air service next year. Based on a report made by the war plans section after weeks of investiga- tion, this appropriation Is the mimi- mum figure if the air force is to be maintained efficiently on its present "small and Inadequate status," air officials say. Furthermore, the report shows that an equal amount must be provided the following year if the present force Is to be kept from retrograding. Of the ammmt sought for the next fiscal year $15,000,000 will be spent for new equip- ment and the remainder for general operating expenses. If this amount, practically double the funds available this year, Is made available, congress will be told, It will be posstble to brinq the present force up to a high standard of efficiency and will pave the way for the eventual building up of an adequate peace time , force_ Similar annual appropriations bituminous coal, coke and other sub- stitutes to the anthracite consuming states. Governors of all the eastern and New England states were asked to send representatives to a conference with the Interstate commission in New York August 28 to consider distribu- tion plans. Mr. Vadleigh believes the consumer can and should be educated In the use of fuels other than anthra- cite. With plenty of bituminous coal coke and oil, the problem is mainly one of distribution. President Lewis of the United Mine Workers says the union will "adminis- I ter to the operators the trouncing of their careers." Chairman S. D. War- riner of the operators' policy commit- tee says the operators are standing pat on their offer to submit every dis- uted issue to arbitration. The gasoline price war In the Middle YVest is still going on and has spread even to Seattle. Incidentally, It has served to cause politicians to consider Governor McMasters of South Dakota, who started it, as a possibility for the Republican vice presidential nomina, tion next year. AST week ws an eventful one for American aviation. First and meal important was the successful test of the air mall's .contemplated coast-to- coast servfee. This trial lasted say. eral days and involved day and night flying, the pilots being guided at night by big beacon lights. It Is Intended that the service between New York and San Franceco shah require not more than thirty hours, and the test show that this will be entirely po sible. Army Air Service to Ask for