Newspaper Archive of
The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
August 25, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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August 25, 1923

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O Reds to Subsidize Foreign ' "ASHINGTON.Recent pro- // testations by the Rus#an ]If V government and its Ameri- can apologists, senatorial otherwlae, that Russia is willing to the spreading of anti-g0rern- in foreign countries contradicted by the commuulsts themives In two statemetj received the United State& according to R. Iff = Whitney, director of the' Washing- tou bureau of the American Defense Ioclet. / "Recent news dispatches have re. Corded the fact that a srnal! army of propagandists, having finished "their course at the propaganda college main- ained by the communist lnternationaie h Jmmla, I$ on Its way to the United 8te&" said Mr. Whitney. "he Third Internationals has Just IPigrtated 500,000 rubles (gold), r the equivalent of $2,500.000, for the of propaganda newspapers de of Russia. Thls Is the official tatQent of Lunacharsky, chairman 9f tile section of bolshevl propaganda tbroe "]So less an authority than 'rehlt- eherln makes this public also in an official communication. This official's figures show that the communist gov- mmumt is maintaining 256 newts. Newspapers eminaflon of propaganda to promete disloyalty in capitalist countries look- Ing to the overthrow of the govern- ments by 'force and violence." ,ur of these newspapers are in the United S(ates. I'hese figures do not Include prl. vately owned papers which supp,rt the communist movenfent and to which the communists are giving their sup- port. A d(ument entitled 'Secret In- structions to Commercial Representa- tives of Russia in Foreign Countries,' a copy of which has recently been ac- quired by American government au- thorities, says: " 'Efforts must be made to buy up the press. Also efforts must be made to win over the newspapers which will place themselves in the service of communism.' "Thin entire document directs com- mercial representatives of Russia all over the world to aid all pacifist move- meat& to spread communism in armies and navies, to Inspire in soldiers and sailors hatred of their officers, to start strikes and aid strikers, to organize 'workers troops' who 'must fight at the bidding of the proletariat,' to supply workers with weapons, to encourage 'the use of terror" and c6ustantly to continue the spreading of rumors of Papers outside of Russia for the dlS-lmpending wars.  Trading in Grain Futures at Chicago URTHER restciction on the trad- 4[ l In grain futures on the Chl- ,Jib cago Board of Trade are recom- mended In a report made puhile bythe federaLtrade commisslom The latest recommendations deal with eulatlo competition and prices. "Ae commlsalon makes the followIng Zeeommendations: That the Chicago Board of Trade required to make public each day total volume of futures operations option of each grain for the pre- day, and also the total volume of open trades In eseh option of each at the close of the day. all brokers, and all commls- s/on men, or offleers or large stock- oration of the board of directors and the president, who may be called upon to decide questions affectIng their re. spectlve interests or those of their cus- tomers. That the Chicago Board of Trade be required to permit the delivery of grain on futures contracts at other important markets than Chicago un- der proper safeguards and equitable terms, whenever necessary In order to prevent a squeeze or corner In the Chicago market. lnally, the commission reiterates s recommendation that the railroads might be encouraged to furnish, or the stat or federal government might as- sume the duty of furnishing adequate storage elevator capacity at conven. holders of companies doing a broker- lent market points, especially at Chi- Ve or commission business in futures cago, free from control or operation for customers, be prohibited from by any grain dealer, broker or com- Iq,ulatlng in grain futures for their mission house. ewn account. [ It is also recommended ch storage . Tltat the car delivery rule and the charges and other conditions that the Stttlement rule for defaulted futures[grain farmer or merchant would be contracts on the CMcago Board of [ able to store grain in competition with Trade should be interpreted and ap-[elevator merchandisers while, by plied by an impartial person or tri-lmeans of negotiable warehouse re- bual,'becanse the rules involve corn-]celpta obtained for such grain, the plex questions of fact, and because farmer would be aided In borrowing the ssent practice involves the dis- money to finance his crop. Growth of facts regarding the growth of local indebtedness in the United States have Just been made public as the result of tax- allen researches by the national indus- trial conference board. board finds that public e.-rpendl- are not related to the amount taxation, because public san spend far more than their ' tcome by relying on the medium of pebilc credit. Thus future generations weighed down by debts, the of which are being used for strvctton of Improvements that rent generation is enjoying and any of which will outlive their use- iness within the present generation. To cite  few instanees,the /ndebt- tae of stJte al Ial governments tat of Arizona has increased In 1912-1913 to ap- $43,000,000 in 1921 and in California. the bonded in- Local Indebtedness the entire indebtedness of county gov- ernments has increased rex $12,000,- 000 to $11.9,000,000. The bonded lndebtednes-t of state and local subdivisions In t'? state of Idaho has grown from &0.(D0 to $55,000,000; that of county, Itle, and towns In North Carolina fYom $23,- 000,000 to $125,000,000; In Oh13 the debts of ltal subdivisions have .grown from $50,C),000 In 1912-1913 to $679,. 000,000 in 1921-1922. In the calendar year 1922, bonds soI by ates and munlclpalit:es In the United States aggregated $1,102.. 000,000 compared wlth $1,n0,050,00C In 1921, $ff)3,000,000 in 192(, to $692,. 000,000 in 319. In the fispl year 1912-19 the total gross bon(.d indebtedness . state and local governments awJ%'Ited to $350,0,0. Since that y-':tl o date Work's Changes in Reclamation Service - , .................. r .......... Secretary of the Interior Work has taken hold of the United States Rec- lamation service In earnest. As a re- sult of his activities Director A. Pc Davis resigned and D. W. Davis, for- mer governor of Idaho (portrait here. with), was put in charge of the service. Secretary Work explained that his reasons for accepting the "resignation ' af A. P. Davis, former director of the reclamation service were to effect a reorganization of that service In a way that would eliminate the need for "two engineers  and replace one of them with a man who could "help the era on the reclamation lands." *'1 have Mr. Davis' resignation, ' Dr. Work said. "We dont need two ngineers In charge of the reclams- /Ton service. In the future the rvlce head will be known as the chief of the bureau of reclamation, and will be qualified first to aid the farmer& rather than supervise engineering there have been added ab,".ft ;,@),. debtedness of the state, has in,.reesed 000.000 of hmg term secw"t and h, om $10,090,000 to $T6,000,000, and $3,960.000,000 of short term "."tles. f m=- .... --:----- :---- -- , , _ ,j ' Prehistoric Pottery From New M00sico Eberle Now Ranking Officer of Navy I(;UR**8 of man and anlmals velopment of a distinctive po:r/,. The a.o the geometric designs prehistoric Indian pottery the Mimhres Valley, New are tmexcelled in any pottery lyrehisrlc North America, ac- J. Walter Fewkes. chief American EthIology, a publication on this iued by the Smtthsonlan he naturallstic figures I this pamphlet Include gambllvff, and in wrlous other occvpatlons; kinds o animals, reptile fishes, Insects and composite aalmais. geometr designs show many I ant' striking combinations reeemgular and zig-zag cle- at tlm,s forming most lntri- patterns. . Fewkes has studied the MImbres at Intervals since 1914 through vlsit to the reglon and of collections there bl vartons persons who his disposal. The Mira- an tde locality for the de- site where the Mlmbres c'ul:r oft K. inated is a plateau shut off ffm other drainage areas on both the o-s% and the west by htgl ranges a;..'t 9man. talus. This lateau extends a-" r.w3 the border Into .Mexico, so that .'r, rsily the Mlmbres pottery differs *- lttle from that of thepneblo ar. The various collections include fio wls, effigy vases, Jars. ladies ant t':pers of all kinds. The predominant design on ,. ;f pot- tery is that showing food ,lolal& such as deer, antelope, turkey, tab. hits. and the like, from wLt Dr. Fewkes concludes that anmt4 .ood lrmed a considerable part of t% diet of the ancient Mlmbreuos sltkgh there is evidence, that they were ..lso agriculturists and fishermen, ?[ de. signs were painted on the insi6e mr. face of clny bowls, the co}ors of which are white, red. brown or black. The majority of the bowls pP'Im, ed in the pamphlet were mortuary t'Owls; that Is, they were buried wits the dead under floors of the hoe. works on the project& D. W. Davis, former governor of Idaho, Is such a man and I have appointed him as the bureau chief, have abolished the office of di- rector and placed P. E Weymouth, former assistant chief of the service, in tt poslt}on of chief engineer of the bureau." Explaining the need for the reorganization, Dr. Work asserted that the government had expended in the 26 reclamation lroJects of the country $135,- 000,000; had received only $15,000,000 from the farmers in turn and there was 3.000,000 now due the government, which the farmers could not pay. - , , , ,,,,,, ,,, _ ... Senator Hiram Johnson and His Smile Oan yon guess why Senator Hiram Johnson wears the smlle---a sort of tt-and-canary affair? Well, your guess is as good as anyone's, for the California statesman Isn't telling. Any- way, it's the smile he wore when he arrived In New York on the Leviathan from his European tour of inspection. A crowd of his admirers met him--- also many newspaper men. *'Yes, I will not be interviewed on domestic politics till I have had a chance to catch up," he said. In a public address he denounced the plan~for America's entry Into the world court and intimated that he would tour the country against it. Sev- eral among the guests at the dinner shouted at one time or another, "Hiram in 1924." But there was no formal or ofllcial launching of a presidential boom. Perhaps Senator ffohnson was smil- ing with satisfaction with the Levi- athan. Anyway,- he gazed back at the monster and then said: "One cannot leave a ship like that without some emotion." ...... iLL -- HHil " " I ...... - II " - II'I He Is Rear Admiral W. A-, Moffett Now In many thousands of homes in the United States the career of Capt. William  Moftett 1 watched with Interest. ThIs nav[I olBeer gained eat- traordinary popularity and reputation when he commanded the Great Lakes training station during the World war. From the Great Lakes he was as- signed to active duty as commander of the battleship Mississippi, then he fastest and most powerful fighting ship afloat. In announcing hIs ap- pointment to sea duty, Secretary Dan- ! leia said: "No one in the war has accom- plished a bigger or better task than Captain Moffett at the Great Lakes station" He has done a wonderful work." Captain Moffett was next made chief of the navy's bm-eau of aero- nautics, d Now he has been promoted to the grade of rear admiral. Four other captains have been raised with him : Rear Admiral W. D. MacDougail In charge of the naval observatory at Washington; Rear Admiral L. A. Bostwlek, chief of staff of the commander of the fleet ; Rear Admiral J. L Latimer, Judge advocate general of the navy, and Rear Admiral F. H. Sehofleid, member of the general board. Admiral E. W. Eberle has suc- ceeded Admiral Robert E. Coont as chief of operations, the ranking officer of the navy. He relinquished at San Diego command of the United States battle fleet to his successor, Admiral S. S. Robison. Generally looked upon through- out the service as one of the ablest of the officers of high rank, his selec- tion by Secretary Denby was a fore. gone conclusive for months before the final announcement was made. Dur- hag his long service he has had prob- ably as comprehensive a career as any officer of the navy, combining service with the officer personnel at Annapolis. contact with the enlisted personnel at various shore establish- ments and years of service afloat. In 1914 and 1915 he served as commandant of the Washington navy yard and for four years, from 1916 to 1919, was superintendent of the Naval academy. For his able management of the academy during *,.e strenu war days he was awarded a Distinguished Service Medal IIIII 1 ....... I II } l .ii i [ JL. i Morgan Finds Camera Men Exasperating J. P. Morgan ""eame mighty  : losing his temper the other day when he sailed for Europe. Moving picture and newspaper photographers and ship news reporters for a few minutes blocked his passage up the gangplank of the White Star liner Homeric. and mch was his exasperation that he re. fused either to pose for the camera men or to be interviewed. The bank- er slammed the door of his stateroom. in the face of reporters who pursued him despite his evident rage. How* ever, he emerged later in a more at. fable mood, but persevered in his de. eislon not to speak on matters of finance. He did say, however, that his trip was not an official one. but merely his annual vacation. He plans to go first to London, then to Scot- land for grouse shooting, then to Lon- don antl Paris to visit relative& I Asked .whether he expected to dl- i cuss reparations with Continental or Britlsh banker& he aR[! /mtu' or I maF not. I I do, I'm act going to t of Greely Arctic Sabine, niles x#ithin 7S degree will nmrk the scene Expedition States with other nations. ISSI-lS-S4." The spot chosen for Its erectl Is 300 miles south of the most northrly point reached by the expedition. nd the nearest to civilization to wch Greely was able to lead his men aider two relief expeditions had failed to ,tp- pear in two successive years. Of twenty-three men who tried t rvlve the wint6r and spring of lJk - .1884, with provisions sucievt fr o'ly few weeks, one after another dd until but seven were left. when m,c- cor arrived In June. The survivors were hardly able to move, but the rescuers found their scientific observa- tions had been made up to within forty hours of the time of rescue. was born in 1844 in won his spurs in the and In 1868 was appointed to Commander W. S. third and success- From 1887 to" the cargo of the in which Dr. recently left ou Into northera tablet whle/t the memory o the most th world. Cape tlmn llll be in honor of men of the United of the Greely who gave their lives of science. tablet was presented by the society. On it ii "To the memory of the ander Lieut. A. W. Gree- lives io ensure the of the first of the Unltedj in 16. New York Re00rnent" Reviewed bv General The 1,2t ottteere and meu of l.he one l-lundre(t Knd Slxt, mnttry, wartuue successor to the ty-thtrd New York, encamped at PeekskL, N. Y., being inspected and reviewed by General Oen. Charles W. Berry, new commander of the Twenty-seventh dlvlslon. The lmmrt shows gratulating General Berry on the appearance of the regiment. 3dd CommuniST Bars Out Women Athos Peninsula in Greece Has 0.e of the Strangest Govern- ments in the World. Wnshington.--rhe Atho penin- sula In Greece, to which the patriarch of Constantinople, head of the Greek church, has retired because of pressure from the Turkish gov- ernment. Is one of the queerest communities and has one of the strang- est governments in the world," says a bulletin from the Washington head- quarters of the National Geographie society. On the 200 odd square muss of this rough peninsula which, lacks little of being an island. It has been unlawful since the Fear 1045 for a woman to t foot. Moreover, domestic animals am barred 1 Even the egs and milk that the good monks of Athos eat and drink must come from farms safely across the border of the strange monasU.c republic. Treau,es of Byzantium. "he entire peninsula IS given up to FRANK LOWDEN IN OILS monasteries of which there are 20, mostly on the slopes or cii of Mount Atho& the 6,350-foot promontory that raises near Um outer end of the head- land. "There are one or more mon_.aztertes for each of the countries, or In some cases the eommunlUes that accept the Oresk rite---Greece, Russia, Serbia. Bulgaria, Anatolia, C43nntinople and many others. "The monasterl are today one of the richest repositories of the illumi- nated manuscripts, statuoa, paintings, mosaics and other works of art pro. dced in the heyday of that gilded eastern Rome. "The monks of Mout Athes haw traditions of the beginnings of their emabllshmenta as early a the days of Constantine the Great. about 800 A. IX But hlot tells of the foundatlo of the earliest of the present monas- teries, that of Lavre. In 968. The latest was established in 154. a sen- tury after the fall of Byzantium. "be monasteries are in every cou- salvable situation; some on gentle slopes near the sea. some on lofty crags overhanging the beating curt, and others inland on shoulders of the Thla o|l portrait of Frank O. Low* len, former governor of Illinol& has painted by Ralhh Clarksen, well- ?,sown Chicago artiL for the state f Illinois and will bmg in the execu- ive office at Springfield with the per. ttlts of twenty-five other governors )f Illlno/s. Mr. Lowden was the twe. y-flrst Individual and the tenth Re- ?ubllcan elected governor of Illinois md was the state's fotrth War gow wnor," serving from lfflY to 1924. spaces in which ate, dwelling home o1' abodes, llbrari the establLmentll viduaUstte regUmt East hem Mount Athos inclosnr are "Whe government has been republleS than 8O0 before the Norm  land. Each seatattve who is situated village of capital There the a dweiling owned comtutlng a se "/q twenty the most blemmd sacred mount, a ,table than that body be dated from the elective of Mount AthOs is chosen by the groups of four. tires each keel 1 tar of the great and the fifth, the handle which prolrly together." Earring A New a pair of earrings in her family for Indlanapolls UNITED STATES MAKING IRON AS AN Bureau of Mines Is Attening to Solve Some Problems. Washington.--Tim United IStat government Is now making Iron, but only as an erperiment and not for the commercial field. Its blast urimco Is located at Minneapoll and is operat@d as a laboratory by the bureau of mines In co-opereUon with the Uni- versity of Minnesota. After four of expertmentatlen to develop It, the furnace  produced venfl tons of gray iron and splegelelmm. Thls type of experiment Is declared unique in the field of Industrial r saarci as blget fmmaees are n6t In- cluded umdly in laboratory equlp- meat. But with the dtion showing every phase of the operation of iron-making under complete tech- nical control it is believed the inve tigators at the Minneapolis station are in a position to undertake the study of various probleua, the tolutlon of which should be value to blast The furnace was slagging type gas rmched a steady chemically. Iron dition of a flux and Its dmeent in lowed by means at various tatiomt of  charge more or@ Wall stone, and other" take. The pu Is son of the gas pinmm of the of ore also r of the ore at e to be greater wl as Indicated by One of the most that will be pertmental furnace Lug a means of the lowograde or northern Minnesota- CENSUS HGURES SHOW INCRE00E00 . IN DIVORCES, Ratio C0n0ared With Marrlag n .etlcut,M New ersey and .Delaware. ,,- Pr r__ , ...... arrlag In these states In 1922 up u rr uellt in IX Iearg. numbered 80,888, as compared with .  - 92.531 In 1916, and divorces YI com- washmgon. sharp inm-ee In pared with 5,798..There was a de- the last six years in the ratio of di. crease of 11,848 mart/ages In the vorces to marriages is disclosed in preliminary reporm for 1922. an- nouaced by the centare bureau. Com- putatlon is made for half a dozen martheastern states, the first for which figures have been completed in a na- tion-wide survey. The 19"22 ratio was almost half again as large as It was in 191, th bavin8 been almost 9.3 divoes to each 100 marriages In 1922, compared with almost 6.8 In 191, Analysis of the statistics for the six states shows the number of marriage to 1922 were one-elglth lass than In 1916. while the number~of fivorces was almost one.third more The state covered in the relmrt were New Hamp- lre, Vermo, Massachusetts. Cow- states, or about 12 per tent, while divorces inereased L720 In numbs, or almost 80 per cet. There was an in in the num- ber of marriages In only one of the six statew--New Hampshire. There was a dacrease In the number of divorces In Vermont, but the ratio of divorces to the number of marriages showed an Increase In that stats as it did in the other five states In which dlvorce In. e,asad In number. 8ale of Blood Aids tude, Phlladelphia.Several tndentl In the Unlverty of Pennsylvania sum- mer school are paying part of their expense by giving blood for tran fusion, the nnlversit4 hltal repot'ilk l; Child ; but Few Child States are alarming rats Statistlc boys and 1200 15 years old , average life is only a few often a few to Professor Des Moines, Is, Two Girls London.  yet which ht exclusive to men t into its MIss Dorothy Davis, nre the first fled actuarie BrRlsh Truth Is Fatal Railway Wreck Camed by Seepage From I Beepage ttTm a 'alnaae esnat ar 8aJt Lake Clty, Utah, caused the tracl of tim it waY, ditehtng the Crack  &ugelsa fiver, killing th end inJm'inlmm more, Bullet Kills Mira, WoumtJ' Am, om,,  'wounded '*artier -lrem  McDonald In|rl;ied Portmmmth, O.--A siot fired fl'om;the arm and killed Charles Johlo [ caped .t #stol in tim as of Robert gmr ltm, M and  r mez-