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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
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August 11, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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August 11, 1923
 

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i-U. S. S. Milwaukee plmtograph(! daring test in which she attained a speed of more than 36 knots, a record. 2MaJ. Gen. W. M. Wright, former commander of the Tlird division, arriving at Chateau Thierry of monument to the division. 3---Giant pier of concrete for new bridge over the Hudson near AI- ba. -.. NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS P&apos;esident Harding's Sudden De- mise Shocks the Nation and the World. / MR. COOLIDGE TAKES OATH New Chief Executive Requests Cabinet to Continue in Office--Underwood Now an Avowed Candidate--- England Delays Break With France Over Ruhr. By EDWARD W. PICJ<ARD RESIDENT HARDING s dead, and all the nation Is in uournlng. ln- deed all the world mourns with us, for all:the world recognized the truly great qualities of tile man and held him in the hi.heat,, esteem. Death came at 7:30 o'clock Thurs- day evening in the Palace hotel, San . Francisco, with a suddenness that was stunning. The President's physicians had been announcing to the country Chat he wa well on the road to recov- ery, though they admitted the process af convalescence would be slow ; nearly an the members of his party were scattered` only Mrs, Harding, who sel- dom llad left his side, and two nurses being in the sick room. The devoted -wife had been reading aloud. One of fle narses remarked, "Doesn't he look fine?" As they turned to look at him again a shudder went through his frame and in a few moments, without having spoken a word, he passed away. Death was due to a stroke of cerebral apoplexy. Ten minutes before midnight Calvin blidge was notified of the death of Mr. Harding and of his own elevation from the office of vice president to that of president. He was visiting at the home of his father In Plymouth, Vt., where he was born on July 4, 1872. The oath of office was administered to him at 2:47 Frida morning by his father, who is a notary pub4Ac, and he hastened to Washington. Edward P. Clarke, his secretary, was in the na- tlovl capital and he it was who sent tla news to Mr. Coolidge. The only members of the cabinet in Washington at the time were Secretary of State Hughes and Postmaster General New. Secretaries Mellon of the treasury and Davis of labor are+in Europe and oth- ers of the cabinet were in the Far Weal All the members  of the cabl- Set, following established procedure,, offered their resignations to the new President. He "asked them all to re- tain office. President Coolidge's first statement was. "teports have reached me, which 7! fear are correct` that President Hard- Ins is gone. The :world has lost a great and good rrln. I mourn his loss. He was my chief and my friend. It will be my purpose to carry out the policies which he has begun for the the American people and their responsibilities whet- : ever they mat arise. *'For this purpose, I shall seek the ion of all those who have ssociated with the President his term of office. Those who their efforts to assist him in office, that they me. have faith that God will direct body was placed L train Friday evening to Washington by , Ogden, Cheyenne. Ores- No stops were made necessary for train. On bord was md sailors from each arm stood at attention car was lighted at night, and all the long way across the continent people gathend to see  traicar- ried tle com- posed during also NADA BUILDING OWN tndutry In the Dorntni0 s I lug---Production Practically Since the Year 1917. tomoilles man- in Canada numbered 10,-" according to a report corn- Dominion bureau of sis- of 53 General Pershing, Attorney General Daugherty and Mr. and Mrs. E. F. Iemsberg and family. Mrs. Remsburg being Mr. Harding's sister. Mrs. Harding hravely withstood the terrible shock of her husl)and's death. Throughout his illness she had been the most optimistic meml/er of the group that surrounded him. A mem- ber of the party said: "Mrs. tIardlng, who from the begin- ning of tim President's illness had ex- pressed complete confidence in his re- covery, dhl not break down. On the other hand, she cntinued, as from the beginning, the  bravest member of the group. When it was realized that the President had actually passed away, slte tutored to those in the room. whose concern fred turned to her. and said: 'I ant not going to break down.' " Dr. George T. Harding, the eighty- year-old father of the dead President. was notified at his home in Marion, Ohio. and while he did not 5i'eak down, he was, of course, terribly shocked. To friends who gathered about him he kept repeating: "Boys, this is terrible. Warren has gone. Warren had the interest of the coun- lry at heart. There never has been a President since Abraham Lincoln that had the interest of the country at tteart like Warren." RESIDENT COOLIDGE is the first chief executive whieli the New Eng- land states have given the nation in seventy years, the last one from that section being Franklin Pierce of New Hampshire. who took office in 153. Mr. Coolidge, a lawyer by profession. after holding many municipal and state offices in Massaetmsetts" became / governor of the state in 1919 and dur- Ing his first term sprang into natlonal prominence because of the manner in which he handled the police strike in Boston. Regardless of political con- sequences and with (,aim nerve, he ut- terly squelched the movement. "What he did in that grave crisis to stay the forces of disaster, to up- hpld American institutions and vindi- cate the principles of Iaw won him commendation from governors, United States senators, members 0f the house and from a host of men prominent in and out of public life, Woodrow Wilson, then president of tile United States, although of the op- posite political faith, took occasion to send a message to Governor Coolidge in which he "lavished praise upon him for the courageous stand he had taken in that emergency. Nominated Yet a second term as gov- ernor, he was opposed by Richard E. Long, who "pledged himself to rein- state the striking policemen if he were elected. Thls became the main Issue and Mr. Coolidge was triumphantly re- elected. In the Republican national convention of 192)0 he was the choice of the Massaehtmetts delegation lot the presidential nomination and re- mained in the running until the tenth and final ballot had been taken. He was nominated for vice president on the first ballot, the vote being made unanimous" l)ui-ing ne csmpalgn Mr. Coolidge, in the course of a number 9f sleeches, vindlcated his reputation for inde- pendence, although In the. main he "aent along" withthe policies pro- claimed by Mr. Harding and embodied in the party platform. On wh$[t was one of the leading Issues Qf the cam. palgn--the League of Nations issue-- Coolidge was not as orthodox as some of the Republican leaders might have desired. The death of Mr, Harding throws the Republican party into a remark- able state of "chaos. for It had been- generally assumed that his renomina- tion in next year's convention was a certainty. Although the party leaders quite properly refrained from dis- cussing polities, the possibilities were necessarily in every mind. ENATOR UNDERWOOD, before the Alabama legislature, defnitely flung his hat into the ring, saying that "to have my state for the second tlme sug- gest ny name as the presidential can- didate of my party would be the crowning honor of them all. one that r would greatly cherish and am de- lighted to receive." He then outlLi.ed his position on varlousAeading tsmzes. Replying to those who have branded him as a wet, be recounted hls reasons for his votes In congress'in opposition to the eighteenth amendment and the 056,429. Capital invested in the in- dustry amounted to $13231,04. Ma- terials utilized in construction had a of $54)08,719, Wages amounted sum, and 7,334 pers(ms were in fhe industry during the Industry tins expert- In Volstead law, and asserted that, do spite these w)tvs and since the eight- eenth amendment and the Volstead act have become the law of the court. try, he stood for rigid enforcemenL Of American participation in Euro penn qffairs lie said: "I hope thal when the next national convention ot the Democratic party assembles, it will have the courage and the wisdom and the patriotism to face this que lion boldly and say to the American people : " 'We have not forgotten what out dead soldiers sacrificed their lives on the battleiiehls of France to" attain  ,Ve have not forgotten the great in. terests of the producing masses of the American people, and that so far as we are concerned as a party, we will stand trne to our principles, and II victorious we will take our place In international affairs as becomes the grea American nation.'" He gave his views on taxation, and the tariff, asserting that Europe fur- nished the only market for America's surplus agricultural products, that since the war the only means with which Europe could pay for American products was In trade, but that the Republican party had erected a tariff barrier to Eurnpean goods which will create a depression in this country as well as the rest of the world. In Topeka a crowd of Democrats started a boom for Gov. J. M. Davis of Kansas as a presidenti nomine O1 the present there will be no L' Joint allied reply to the German note on reparations. France and Bel- gium sent to London their replies to the British note, and Premier Baldwin and Lord Ourzon Informed parliament that these, replies held out no liros- pect for a settlement of the Ruhr situation in the near future nor for the opening of a discussion of repara- tions. Curzon said his govermnent was inviting the other governments to agree to publication of the notes ex- changed on the situation, hoping that publicity might aid in determining the problem and might convince the world of the Imperative necessity of prompt and 'united action. It is said that Premier Poinca's reply to Great Brltain was in effect a rejection of every British proposal and that some of them Were treated in a spirit of satirical contempt. Prime Minister Baldwin seemingly is exceedingly loth to bring on an open breach with France, and there Is a considerable body of opinion, both in the government and out of it, that is against such a breach. HORTAGE eloped, strikes, the eeri- e tinued decline of the mark and other conditions point to the impend- lgcollapse of Germany." Fritz Thys- sen. one of the industrial magnates of the Ruhr, discussed with Ambassador Houghton the hunger situation In that area, and the German papers are ask. ing wh the United States cannot send its grain surplus ever there. In the cities of Germany the food short. age ls very serious, for the farmers refuse to bring in their products. Po- litically, it seems likely that the fall of the Cuno ministry cannot be de- ferred much longer. Stresemanff may be the next chancellor, with a govern- meat based on a coalition of Socialists. Dmocrats, Catholics and Industrial- Ists. The threat of a Bolshevist revo- lution, so often put forward by many to bluff the allies into gentle trea_ent, was much lessened by the the Red Sundax. plans on July, 29. The wl4ely advertised demonstration for a Rhineland repub, lie also was a fizzle, ,,.. "NTO ONE has yet evised a way to put the price Of wheat up again where the farmers "think It should be, but statisticians are now demonstrat- ing that, in the Mlddle West at least, what the -agricuiturist Is losing in wheat this year he Is mdre than mak- Ing up by good prices for corn, cattle, poultry, alfalfa and other products. Senator Breokhart has been making a tot of fussabout the sad lot of the farmer, but E. T. Meredith, former secretary of agriculture, says the Iowan is misrepresenting the facts, and lie produces figures to show that the grain farmer will receive $500,000,- 000 more for his crop In 1923, than he did In 1922, despite the slump in the price of wheat. from $54,466,273 to &ql,056,429. Most of the automobiles manufac- tured iu Camada are sold in the Do- minion, although a prosperous export trade is being built up with South America. the United Kingdom, Aus- tralia. SOuth Africa. Mexico, Norvcay, Sweden and the Netherlands. Canada, like the United States, has a large percentage of automobiles on farms. In.many districts in the pral- has Q 4 By ROBERT H. MOULTON HAT man may owe his existence today to the one lone mammal that can fly, the bat, sounds rather far-feched` Yet, according, to scientists, this is quite possible, because it must be remembered that the bat probably evolved prior to all other mammals, and it was his province to reduce In the air the dominant, swarming insect tribes which in those early mes easily owned the earth after, nine million years of continuous breeding on a vast scale. His associate in the good work of lnsect'destTUC - lion, evolving not long after him-was the ant- eater. The function of the latter was to clear the ground of a class of insects as deadly as those which had wings. First birds were not insect eaters. They were carnivora, and probably fed on the fat, insect-eating bats, preventing them, in turn. from becoming too dominant. Thus all nature checks growth of too dominant animals and plants, and makes for an average of species. Nor will man permit any particular race or nation of men to become too dominant. Hence there have been wars between men, somewhere on earth, if not over most of it, ever since primitive man was evolved. The bats have strange habits of living. Thou- sands of them mass together in caves and attics, or fill up a hollow tree to its capacity. It is doubtful if bats could perform their hole province In nature,that of #ast insect extermination, ff their life were not conducted in a manner pro- ducflve of immense progeny. Gray divided the bats into two classes, those which from the beginning have lived upon In. sects and those which descended from them, the fruit-eaters. Of the latter, the largest species extant Is the so-called "flying fox" of Malay, which has a spread of wings of five feet or more. Of the former class, or rather out of it, is the South American vampire bat, which lives only on blood, and which, when confronted with a choice as between a mule and the mn on its back, lights on the mule mad sucks its blookl until dispossessed. In Africa, where there are large herds of game, there hre no vampire bats. In the neotropleal re- glen, where there, are numbers of fruits, there are no fruit-eating bats. The fruit- eaters command attention by their great flights, continuing for weeks across the African country. It is within their powers of flight to tavel across the country between fire-degrees north and five degrees south of the Equator. Since travelers note the ,occurrence of several species throughout this range, migration is the only pos- sible solution, otherwise they woulff starve to death If they remained In one region continuously. The digestion of fruit lmts is so rapid that they must travel far and often to keep stpplied with fol. . ............. , ....... .re species only Of bats are known to be tmmon all over North America, the sllve laired, the hoardy, and the red bat. Each species t migratory, and they are [easily able to cro ban-*'e's, eal o 1:he plain fact that they have often done so. It Is not generally realized that bats possess powers of flight superior to those of "many birds. This may be inferred from the fact that a red bat has been known to catch files in the air, while burdened with young that to- ther weighed more than she did. Most Call- foruia bats catch and devour their prey On the wing. biting off and rejecting the hard parts of the insects. Bats are as valuable to humans as Insectivorous birds. They are especially important In keeping in check m)cturnal insects, particularly disease carriers. r. A. C. Campbell .of San Antonio, exas, found that 90 per cent of the food of bats in that vicinity consisted of malarial carrier mos- quitoes. He advocated erecting roosts in all Parts of the country where mosquitoes are pestiferous. San Antonio responded by erecting a roost and protecting bats by law. .Now that" the San Antonio municipal bat-roost has proved its success, it is Dr. Campbell's idea to have this natural hyglenle n/easure adopted by governments, municipalities or corporations con- trolling large bodies of land in malarial regions, and are financially able to erect enough of the roosts to protect their tenants. The reason is obvious. It is the masses, the poorer classes, the wage earners who are the ones to be benefited, a it Is they who are principally the carriers ot tle diseases. They know nothing about the dangers of these insects, or the use of screens. The Bureau of Entomology at WashIngton has conservatively estimated the tribute this nation pays to malaria at $100.000,000 yearly. ThIs prop. oaltlon Ls in a class all by itself, ICase of the economic feature, which Is Inseparable from the hygteuic. The bat catches and eats the most ma- levolent of insects, the malaria mosquito, and then as If to punish it for Its malignity, Converts the Insoluble parts of Its little body into the highest of all ferttllzer guano. It has been demonstrated that a single bat wilt consume 260 "mosquitoes every night, and the weht of one bat's droppings in a single day amounts to 2 3-5 grains. The bat roost at San Antonio will house 250,000 of these creatures, and in the vicinity of San Antonio they are active about nine months in the year. When it is con. sidered that guano ls worth about $50 a ton. the commercial value of the amount which may be collected from one of these roosts In a single year is easily estimated. A peculiarity of bat behavior which has baffled the scientists of some generations past has been the abiLity of the creature to avoid objects It cannot see How, for example, can abaL flying at top speed in a room, know that the ts a ne silk thread ahead of him and turn In t/me {o av'oid it? Experiments conducted recently by Professor Hamilton Hart.ridge of Cambridge, Eng. land. have thrown considerable light upon this The bat. according to Professor Hartridge, emits tiny waves too high to be audible to human ears. These sound waves send back an echo from eli solid objects nearby. The bat's wings are a mass of nerves. Parts of Its face. Including the ears, nose, and chin, are covered with fine, serial. tire hairs, making It the most sensitive thIng In animated nature. Professor Hartridge discovered , that the short wave length sounds given forth by the flying bats while near the audible limit of man are really above the limit of most people. The bats, while abnormally sensitive to Such sounds, have little or no capacity to hear louder sounds. Experimenthave shown that bats were not disturbed when persons spoke loudly to them, but they were greatly disturbed when paper was torn. The tearing of paper caused the bats to slacken their speed and flutter. Bats move their wings very rapidly. ey make SHOULD00HAVE TUND A BUYER Hem Csrtalnly Had I Rsmarkab und. stout, safe, sinewT, serviceable, Quallti Aording to Mat Supple, swl L mart` sightly, sprightly, of the Art of Alliteration. spirited, sturdy, mreooted, sleek, smooth, sorrel steed, of superior sym- metry, with mnall star land snip, ' square-sided, slender.houldered, sharp- sighted, and steps stateIy; flree from strain, sprain, spavle, mms, sinu see, mama, c yatj. ngle spunt. qutnt, seur  aeale  mare, eoree,  eflll N ffust a century ago there was offered for eale a horo to which all in history or legend must yield the palm. Its name. according to the advertisemt, was Spanker, and it was to be old or set p for rle at SLID. It was de. acrihed as  sWong, munch, strode, about ten or twelve strokes In a duces an extremely high note' surrounding objects, becomes character and size, and is reflections are received by of the sixth sense." The eyes bats are dim and and pend entirely upon the and.wings in finding their Hartridge blindfolded a number in a room which was crossed and partitioned from another taining holes Just large Sy through. The flying wire and flew through the Ifi many cases, the organ sixth sense is spread over s face. In the vampire bat the of the nose ; It stands up In the "shield," but in most catch insects on the wing, /eaves, not unlike the it pursues, standing up It should be noted that sixth sense are very small, their wings very rapidly, with slowly moving wing on fruit never have the have large eyes. An Kalong, a bat with a body long and a wing spread of does not inhabit caves, bUt the thick foliage or trees. Following the sinking of as the result of striking an age, Sir Hiram Maxim, taking his cue from the posed an apparatus for vibrations and record the them ithey struck against iceberg, for example. It infinitesimal amount of bat should be increased to horsepower--that is, ener at least 300,000 These vibrations, he great energy, would not but would travel at they could be received apparatus at that" d istce' to t'avel at leaSt five lles ship a reflected echo berg that would be Such an echo, properly would, he declared, not shape with a fair degree tion and distance with More recently, cognizance-of the sixth experimenting along tle to,devising Instruments airmen sounds as theY thus safeguard them -w-.--..- bling, scampering, straddling, siouch-lstupid. He lg, or skue-stunted gait, or symptoms I stalks, starts, of sicknesa of any sort." | enuffieS, The description continues: "He is I snorts, spat1 neither stiff-mouthed, sinew-ehrunk. ] sUlmblea  spur-galled, star-footed.-saddle-backed. ] ewitchtall shell-toothed. llm-butted. short-wind- subaist ed, sag-eared, aurbatted, or shoulde spoonort, , shorten, and Is aom m tbe .wteh sword-point, spine, and with has neither mmggle-teeth, sod or subeutsneou sores, or hoof Nor Is he sour, .sur, atubbora e mm_._en, ew, 8mUsh, aaat