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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
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August 11, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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August 11, 1923
 

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States Jose Scale  Dt become so de- | the last few year0 Umlts of the Central Western the d estruc- ladustry. Res ILrdng be e0ntrolied or the United be- a certes of ' ea'olling the pe4L more or less methods on is responai- In the spread of b seals began to in- weather dlmcult and ¢oase. done aa nee- y during the Uqd Ume-s-  with ix3e re. need foe re- results of Work recommends- by the department the and Do Delmrt- the math- to be effectiveº ed In the e=- results were o13- or Thorough Imaulslon containing thOuld clean up bad Although the dormant season, to make two ap- spreYS of O tl emul* checking of thls insecticide is season, pre- to make the e Cool part of the and especially to result from Its use temperatures. the oll-emul- their application of the experb stations and terri- preIlmijlaz7 re- Cause Failures Will be lnter- albltcatlon issued by experiment the causes of the Raspber- particularly in has frequent- Setbacks. The have not been nZttll recently, when disease spa- to the problem. the iron- of three diseases over into new plant- of diseased plant- are known leaf curl, and 'of the diseased even the roots and greatly reduce of the frail the only satlsfae- control all three plant selected Steps are being inspection of during the u effort to secure of disease-free plantings. Fruit Testing Inc.. Geneva. Offer an inspec- to issue as to the quality by their inspec- Purchaser will relatively free dlsease l Leaf hoppers a destructive nearly every state be materially with 40 in the pro- Combined with be applied The same or four weeks the rose species is sel- Justi a spa- serious stock by ex- from the ter- consequence the undersized thereby trees. The on the lower White or yellow d Bug bugs Imd nicotine sul- spray Is entomologists in the it should spray worm the Pe{ala • the place of In the soil the clean fertilizer ap- D E  a  n. - " -= " -= i . ,_ OUR AGRICULTURAL I-'AtJE --= :.. " - ..... _--= i __=-  _== Particularly Interesting to FTereb/ Told in Picture and Story i  - _= .. : ........... _ . - = = DabTing, Live Stock Pou200, Road Improvement, Home i Building, Horticulture, Etc. | | """1"'""""''"""'" Different Terms Live Stock Credited ,aJ Used by Farmers for County Success , - -,IP00LINULI S Dairy Cow. Hog, and Hen • • • Win gn r'lace in taeorgaa. DLscussmg Subject of Feed Place Roosts Low When Poultry Breeders Are Interested in Highways A farmer who lived six miles from town, over a mud road. was asked why he didn't keep more chickens, when the to.n in question offered a good market for eggs. He replied that he lived too far out, and had no automo- bile. "Six miles isn't much more than s half-hour's ride wlth your team," the inquirer said. • 'Half an hour in summer, and three hours in winter." replied the farmer. It may not seem as If the good road movement affects the poultry business. but it has a big influence on the num- ber of chickens kepL The poultry breeder who supplies eggs in quantity for private trade must make prompt deliveries. It a hotel orders a case of eggs at certain intervals, that case of eggs must get there or the farmer loses the trade• The criticism that farmers can't be depended on and the packing houses can. has been one that can't be refuted for farmers as a class. There are exceptions, but the farmers themselves admit that there are times when they are at the mercy of the roads. Winter eggs might be had. but why try for them in large numbers when there Is a chance that they could not get them to town if they were lald? There is the question of cold in win- ter. Chilled eggs are unfit for hatch- Lug; the farmer who has to sell eggs for hatching only during the season when he is not "three hours on the road." would find his trade limited. Aside from the cold, there is also for hatching eggs the question of Jolting the germ to an extent that weakens if not kilts It. When the farmer lived upon the products of his own farm, the roads did not seriously affect him. Today they do. Poultry breeders are among our most up-to-date business men. Of course they are interested in the good roads movement. Western Engineers on Economical Highways How to make the road home shorter by making it better was discussed by engineers from Kansas and adjoin- ing states in the second annual road school held at the Kansas State AgTl- cultural college recently. The work being done In Iow to termIfie-"Tuel consumption on roads of different kinds anti different grades, showing how much saving in the cost of gasoline can be eff:-ted by a change from a steep to a level grade, was ex- plained. Approximately one-ball the gasoline is used In the resistance with- in the car and one-half in tractive ef- fort. On one road In Iowa the cost 6f a change from earth to a hard surface will be paid in eight years, with the saving of gasoline alone. On a certain other road. the speaker explained, the x4vlng would not cover the cost within any reasonable length of time. Slxty-thre types of road In Illinois was the subject of a discussion by an engineer from that state. Tests re- suited in a new design of Illinois pave- meal The cost of the experiments amounted to $189,000. The saving in construction of the new over the old design for the year 1922 was $1,000.000. Engineers are advocating no particu- lar type of road except as local condi- tions and prospective traffic warranL diseussiotm in the school brought out. Enginee are trying, not to make all roads the best roads possible, but to make them the most economical roads" all things considered, it was decided. Work Resumed on Many Forest Road Projects Should Be Understood. Every farmer should know the mealdng of certain terms commomy treed in discussing the subject of feed- . This is essential for the proper understanding of the literature relat- ing to the subJec and for the latel- light application of its recommenda- tion to feeding practice_ In discussing the chemical compo- sition ol feeds the terms protein, car- bohydrate& fat, nitrogen-tree extract, crude tiber and ash are used. These terms are explained briefly by W. D. Salmon, assistant animal husbandman of the Clemson college. Protein---This is a complex nitro- g,m-cvntaining compound. Roughly the amount of mtogen in a teed multiplied by 6.25 giv the amount of crude protein Protein is essen- tial for the production of lean meat. milk, the white of egg, connectlve tissue, skin. hair, horn  hoof. Reproduction and growth of the ani- mal body are impossible without pro- tale. Hence larger amounts of this nutrient are required for young growing animals than for mature ani. reals, although the Latter must have some protein In the feed to maintain the normal body funcflc43a. The chief source of thla compound for live stock feeding are cottonseed meal, linseed oil meal. soy beans, or soy bean meat, peanut meal, velvet bean& tankage, fish meal. blood meal skim milk. and alfalfa or clover hay. The green for- age crops and grasses while young and tender are also important sources. Carbohyd ratea.--- hese are com- pounds of carbon, hydrogen and oxy- gen, They furnish heat to keep tl body warm and energy for doing work. /kay surplus is converted into animal fat. The carbohydrates are the most important nutrients for fattening ani- mals. The chief sourca are starches and sugars In the gralns and the tnmde fiber of the roughage Some feeds high in carbohydrates are corn. rice meal, wheat, barley, oats, potatoe sorghum and tmothy hay. Fats.The composition of fats re- sembles that of the carbohydrates and they are used for the same purpose by the animal. They furnish 2.25 times as much energy per unities the carbo- hydrates. The chief sources are the grains, and leguminous seeds--y beans, peanuts and velvet beans. Some of the by-products lll tankage, ooco- nut meal, peanut cake, sunflower med cake, and oil meal are rather high In fat. Nitrogen-Free Extractm.--This em- braces everything in the carbohy- drates except fiber. The term has at times led to confusion by people think- ing it meant nitrogen-carrying com- pounds, whereas It meant compounds carrylng no nitr6gen. Crude Flber.--his Is the woody por- tion of a feedstuff. It is a carbohy- drate, but it is less digestible and has a lower nutritive value than the other constituents of feeds. Certain forms of fiber are almost entirely Indlgestlble and are used only as fillers In feed The roughages are all high In fiber. Ash or Mineral Matter,--Ash is used in building bone and in many of the ltfe processes. The minerals most likely to be deficient in the rations of farm animals are calcium {lime), phosphorus and common sail The le- gume hays--clover, alfalfa, soy bean, and cowpea--are rich In calcium. Wheat bran is high in phosphorus. Tankage, fish meal, and skim milk con- tats both calcium and phosphorl In considerahle quantities- Increased Yield Due to Use of Acid Phosphate According to C. J. Williams. director of the Ohio experiment Station. the (lepmred by the United Staten Department } addition of 320 pounds of acid phoa- of Artculture. ) With the opening of the forest road I phate plus eight tons of barnyard ms- construe{Ion season now at hand, the nure brought about a yield of 10.61 bureau of pubUc roads of the United ! bushels more corn. 5.2 bushels more States Deparfment of Agriculture re-! wheal 920 pounds more clover. 53,5 pounds more stayer, and 614 pounds ports that there""are 80 projects to- i more straw in three years than did the relying 717 miles of road upon which work Is being resumed and a number of new projects for which contracts have been recently let. The projects upon which work is being resumed are distributed as fol- lows: Bte. Projects. Mllea Allku ........... . ....... 8 24.00 Idaho .............. • ..... 17 110.00 Montana ................. s 70.0s Washlnlrtoa .............. $ $4.00 Orelron .................. 2 148.00 California ................ 4 40.00 Colorado ................. 7 103.00 outh Dkota .... • ........ $ 13.00 Wyoming ................ 3 t*,00 Arkanm ................ 1 10.O0 New IKamphi re .......... 1 0.0 Virginia .................. I T•OO Utah ..................... 5 |0.00 A.risot .................. 1 44.0a New Mexico ................ l $.0e Total .................. 89 71T.O0 One hundred sad tmventy-flve proJ- ttL involving 1.487 miles of forest rod. have alresd b completed. manure without tile acid phosphate. Valuing the corn at 50 cents a buaheL" wheat at $1. clover at $10. stove" at $4, and straw at 1;4 per ton. the increased yield de to' the 320 pounds of acid phosphate, had a value of $17.50. This is an increase of $109 per ton for the acid phosphate used. showing a big profit from the use of this constituent. It isn't necessary to get so large an I lncrea in yields as this test showed to make the mlpplementing of barn- ya/-d manure with aeld phoaphate profitable and the chances are that results would not always be so profit- able, but even with half thb increase la rLmwn  balancing the manure acld-phophat would be qtcRe worth whlle. Sweet Potato Diseases Often Decrease Yield 'rhere are two common  In this state wMch freqent/y decrvaze the yteld of sweet potatoes."  D. Big Argument in Favor c. aeorg, horacultmt with th ex. of Grave! for Highway tension ,oa of ,he Okoma . and EL coliese, '*They are black rot One of the great arguments In favor and stem rot or sometlmea tailed wilt of gravel'for road ia that It is poible or yellows. to drain and grade and surface a road "The plants ected by yellows or with it with little or no interruption wilt turn yellow, These plants should of traffic..The going may not always be dug out and burned. In order to be flrat-clam but It is a lot better than avoid diseased seed for next year. the olong and often almost Impouible you should make vine cuttings and dtours necey, with concrete con. set them In new grouad I which two a road Is seed for next |Prepared by the United States Department Of Agriculture.) The dairy cow, the hog, and the hen have won for themselves a high place In the regard of Turner county, Get., farmers. This co,.mty grew but one crop-otton--un tii about two years ago. Finding the boll eevil and general economic conditions made this crop a con:mued financial loss, u "per- manent prosperity" program, substi- tuting dairy cattle, hogs. and poultry, with pasture and feed crops for their maintenance, was adopted and ap- proved methods of management Intro- duced by the county agricultural agett Within two years, a profitable dairy, poultry, and meat lndtmtry has been developed. The total amount realized by Turn. er county farmers in 1922. through the sale of their .diversified farming prod- uct& reached $1,000.(KI0, an average of about $600 per farm. In addition. they have ellJoyed a comfortable Liv- ing produced on their oa farm& their sou is Increasing in fertility, and their Lye-stock holdings are growing. The creamery which opened in Oc- tober, 1921, with I00 patron now has over 800. Checks for cream have more than doubled in amount in the last seven months. There are now 40 pure. bred bulls in the county. Co-opera. tire shipment of bogs from the county will reach .probably 15 care per month this year. More than 45,000 pure-bred e.hicks have been hatched In the county since November. 19'22. This striking succ in a county havlg Do marked physical or eco- nomic advantages to start with hm been accomplished, according to re- port to the United States Depart- meat of Agriculture, through the com- plete co-operation of practically every farmer and business man In the coun- ty with the agricmltural extension workers in carryin8 out the program, Keep Farm Water Free From All Contamination The first essential of a supply oi drinking water Is that it be free from contamination and disease• Hence. if there is any doubt It should be an. alyzed. To keep the water pure the source of contamination should be removed and the well. spring, or whatever the source should be made as near prool as possible against the entrance of anytldng that would contaminate the water. In case of a bored or dug well there should be several feet of puddled clay packed around the walls eight to'twelve feet deep. This Insures that any surface wager entering must be filtered through at least ten feet of soil. The well platform should ex. tend ten or twelve inches above the level of the ground and should be made water tight, concrete preferred. If concrete cannot be had, use tongue and grooved planks. Be sure that the ground slopes gradually away from the well so that no puddles of water can stand. I have seen wells that were open and/puddles of wate next to the well where ducks and pig, wallow. This is a source of danger and should be corrected before it Is too late. Out- houses and especially those with ex. cavated pits and tess pools should never be placed near the well or spring. In fact. neither of these should be used. Either a sanitary toilet or a septic tank should be used instead. It is only a matter bf a little money and the use of some spare time to have the farm home sanitary and have a good, pure supply of water for drinking purposes-By W. [L Mc- Pheeters, EXtension Farm Engineer, Oklahoma A. and M. college. Spray Used to Control Many Foliage Diseases SprayLug can be used for the con- trol of many foliage and frnlt diseases of garden and truck crops, if the crop Is grown on a large |male, large rac- ties or power sprayers should be used, but small hand sprayers are suitable for gardens. The most satisfactory spray material for most diseases that can be controlled in this way Is bor- deaux mixture. The strength of the solution wLl4 vary with the plants to be treated. It 18 sometimes desirable to spray the seedlings In the beds- Tomato seedlings c-an be sprayed with a weak solution (about 2-8-50) of bordeaux mixture. The addition st 8 poundJ of resin fish oil soap to each 50 gallons Of the mixture is advan. tageou& h tronger solution can be ued on seedlings gro@u in the ope than on those grown uder glau. 8pray nil=tares should be applied with a sulllclently high power te pro- duce a very fine mist. The under as well as the upper surface of the fol lage should be covered If polble. Paris green or arsenate of lead for killing, insects can be added to the bordeaux mixture without InJurl either material Hot Water Essential to Sterilize Milk Vessels *aldLng hot water Is Just am In sterlltglng dally utemfll Ill mammer as in winter. 8tertllzing the vemls in mummer is even more Impor. tan{ than in winter because during bot weather the temperature Is more fa- vorable to the multlplltmtion and d- Velopmellt of bacterJa. Sterillglng the mlik vemmle will have much to do with bacterial Above Dropping Boards When roosts are not placed above dropping boards they should be made low. Even when there ts a dropping platform under the recasts, there are s number of gorl reasons for keeping the whole arrangement as low as pos- sible. The heavier fowls cannot fly, and even those of the lighter breeds in- Jure the bottoms of their feet in Jump- ing from high perches. The larger hens allOW their dislike of the high perch when getting o In the metaling, If at no other time. It is not unusual for a heavy fowl to spend several minutes In making trp her mind to take the Jump, mak- ing several false attempts to Jump be- fore finally doing doing so. Large male birds also often suffer internal injuries in this way. This shows that the fowl regards it as a serious mat- ter. The number of heavy fowls that get their feet bruised In this way is large and It often leads to "bumble fOoL" 2ahere really Is not a single good point to recommend the high roosL When dropping boards are used they should be as low .as pmmible to permit of easy cleansing. In some cases they can well lflope down almost to the floor on one aide, In which cae It is possible to have the roosts low and handy for both fowls and caretaker. One good authority says: "Dropping boards should be made of matched lumber, and should be 20 Inches wide for one roost, and three feet for two roosts, the first being placed eight to ten inches from the wall." This L so that vermin cannot leave the roost and spread all ove the house. Increasing Demand for Fowls of Heavy Breeds There is a shortage of good poultry throughout the country, and this Is es- pecially so in heavy breeds, far which an increasing demand has been no- tlced. The g,d old Plymouth Rock still keeps on in popular favor, P,.hode I Island Reds cozying fast, due to a wondorful specialty club, and backed by a lot of good breeders. White Wy- andottes are coming fast, the leading breeders being unabIe to fill orders, and the Buff C'plngtons also coming steady, with the prospects of gaining unusual strength next winter in the East. The ever-popular, so-called egg machine, the White Leghorn, still holds it own, epeclally in the tones where a prtn'fum Is pald for a hite- shelled egg. One breed that will coma stronger la the Ancona. Its field, so far, has been in the West and on the oaazt, but lea merits are becoming known In the East mad South, and it will soon take a strong hold. Laying a white-shelled egg of good stze. hardy as the White Leghorn, ad sized, a good grower, it should take Its place among the leaders of egg' producers In this zone. Farmers Lose Big Money From Poor Egg Methods Bad eggs are not the result of acci- dent; they are examples of neglect, slovenly managemenL and shiftless- nasa- It is Yust as easy to produce and market good-qrtlity eggs as It is to offend consumers with, stale, fer- tile eggs. tParmers lose approximate- ly $50,00,0) a year from bad meth- ods of producing and handling eggs. one-thLrd of this loss Is preventable, because It la due to partial hatching of fertile egg which have "been al- lowed to become warm enough to be- "gin to Incubate. The rooster mak the egg fertile while the ferttlised egg produces the blood  which Is the partial de- v'elopment of th@ chlck. The rooster d not lwcreaae egg production ; he merely fertlll=es the germ of the egg, and hence he should be alltrwed tO run with the flock only during the hatch- Lug seam. After the hatching season is-over the male birds should be con- fined, ktlled, or sold. Poultry Notes The wlae poultrymm knOWS that the early bird catche the best profits. • • • 'e greatest enemy of dlsease is cles-ullness and freedom from ad dampnemh • • The Antenna are good layers and are classed along with the Leghorn In egg product{on. • •  a. unflowera make good dhade and the s41s wlI! be mighty valuable ill tl a, atumn for the molting hems • • No one grain atone will keep the turkeys In good condltto unles they have the run of the bern and can pick up other food therein. s • • A well-developed, vigorous, young tom usually proves a good breeder, but femal le "than a  old should neer be bred front. • • • Enough eggs are wasted throul cerele handllrig every year to 1.ke fifty men millionaires. Iq'h, clean. well-packed els brlag d profits. • • Feeds for newly,ha{abed geese and 4utks should contain a lrge per cent start. No feed be first lmtchin. MADE WAY THROUGH WINDOW 11 Ex-bocretary Redfleld Recalls Happen.  al  Ing Which Prominent Personages Might Desl2Lto Forget:' Fresh Frui Plentiful l SO far a. his heavy cares permitted, Ute the rt CtTO-Prot for President Wilson showed keen interest Inakg jam and jelly with B¢'ie,, In the progress and deveh)pment of Cherries, Peaches and other fruits in department worn of every kind. umsom You will fmd theyareebat During the war an Inventor pro- jams andjdlk, you ever tasvd. duced an all-metal alrplnne of wtqlch he expected great things. It was sent OmToi*oldbygrocetevetywhm to the bureau of st;mdards for ex- or$¢ntpmtpaidfor35centa. amlnatlon. The President was asked tO see it, and gladly c,msent,*d, but the I a,m0000's BOtU only time available was on a Sa/tday. Aecompnnied by Mrs. Wilson. we 2POUNDSOFFRVrr went out to the bureau of standards, wtth • only to find that the m,todlan had 3POUND8 OF A Ins misunderstood tds orders an,] we ,,'ere  J IIrU.P"PI OF locked out. A hast)' search found an a sutitclent entrance tel- the Presldent and his wife. Wrapped tth t t boeth I have always enjoyed the recollec- k s rip book/¢ which tdh the stow. lion of the Presldont of the United States and the first lady of the land climbing in through a half-opened win- dew rather than fail to carry out the purpose of their vislt.--Wlillam C. Redfleld, In the Outlook. Children's handkerchiefs often look hopeless when they come to the laun- dry. Wash with good soap, rinse in water blued with Red Cross Ball Blue. --Advertisement. Fight Engine Resistance. P.ullders of the 'bat-wing" airplane deslffned the craft to overcome the re- sistance of struts, wires and fuselage that in the usual type of machine con- sume ahnost three-quarters of the en- gine power, says the Washington Star. The improved design is a great double- chamberexl aerofotl that terminates at right and left In the conventional aile- rons and that tapers tn the rear to a tail that has the umlal elevator and rudder. The aerofoll measures 100 feet from tip to tip and swells In the front to a thickness of seven feet. In that bulge Is a cabin 30 feet long, eight feet wide and six feet in height. This plane Is an Internally trussed canti- lever structure covered with wood veneer so tough that the wing surfaces can be walked upon. 8have With Cutloura 8oap And double your razor efficiency aa well as promote skin purity, skln com- fort and skin health. No mug, no slimy soap, no germs, no waste, no irrb ration even when shaved twice daily. One neap for all uses---shaving, bath- ing and shampoolng.Advertlsement. A Summer Idyl. The sea and the sand of a summer resort, and a man and a maid and a No reaSOn now her tongue to tell That .ad old tory"It did not ilP" l-kr i.m's now l,dt--i%, too She us CaTO-- should rou! v.r years it hasbee moon. 8oft and sweet nothings--- the houhold love's favorite sport--as nightly they gemaedy or aU lt and they spoon. O O , A whisper, a promise, and summer ls o'er, and they part In a hysteric It is a Reliable, despalrbut nelther returns In the following June. for fear that the other eneral |nvig- is there.--B,,ston Transcript. orating Td. Chills Fever Dengtm C,iLOREN0000 FBECKLES "00FOR j "CASTORIA . Thle preparation for the tretelt flckle le usUally o meeemful in renovlsaff frecklee and stylus n clear, b.uttfill Espeolally Prepared for Infants and Children of All Ages Mother ! Fletcher's Castorla has been in use for over 80 yeara to relfeve babies and chlldrtm of Constipation. Flatuleney, Wind Colle and Diarrhea : allaying Feverishness arising there- from, and. by regulating the Stomach and Bowels, aids the assimilation of Food; giving natural sleep without opiates. The genuine bears signature Much Obliged Spit (contemplating loan)How are ou fixed for money? Span--Oh. I have enogh for to- aight. Thanks Just the same.Wll. tams Purple Cow. Su re Relief FOR INDIGESTION Sure Relief I00ELL-ANS 5¢AND 75¢ PACKAGES EVERYWHER[ r plexion that It le mold under Smrmat  • refund the money if It tall Don't hide your freekle tmder It 411 Set an ounce of Othlne and remove IVeD the first few aPplltloM shoul • wonderful lmprovmenL tme O t] lighter frtSleo vu.ltln sntlsmlF. Be 0mr* to tr the drtgttt for tlS double-atrelth Othlne: It le this {bet I ld on the moneY-bak Stm.rtktee. HAY FEVER Sttffrsr from tlx dltruaius mpl secm quick relief by elmM GRllLI M( OUNTAI¢ ASTHMA COM.  POUND. Used for 5 yt. and rellt of long exIriene@ In treat.{eat of thro&t &al luas dea I Dr. $. EL OuLldL FRI 'rRIAL BOI and 'l'rtlse sent uglt quest• $5e &ud $1,eO at rq, glwtat & H. GUILD 00, RupmRT, VBIBdKONT. lt.ent St'lib AUTOS to" ell Portabls eltr t glt plant for farm, home, store, school theaters, etc. Weighs 100 Pounds ¢omplsts, Magneto-equipped. 600-00 watt capacity. , S6tling pries $17 without batteries. Ouarsa. teed by $2,000,000 concern. Have takenaa fo' additional et&te Th is opportunity for right mun..Homellte IMvton. lttareol  O, the., nol lZRnt Bldg.. N Orhtn I. JL W. N. U., MEMPHIS, NO. 32.-1921. Great Food ..m on "t