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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
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August 4, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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August 4, 1923
 

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1-1tIxtoried airphme operated by footpower, built and sflccessfully tried at Dayton. O. 2.---Bluejackets firing the tina/salu(e Over lh gr:ve of Rear Admlrat C. D. Sigsl)ee at Arlinghm nationaI cemetery. 3---Danish expedifon under Olufsen which is exploring the Sahara desert, reaching an oasis in TuaL NEWS REVIEWOF CURRENTEVENTS France and Belgium Are Getting Together on the Reply to Great Britain. ENGLISH ARE LOSING PATIENCE Main Features of Treaty of Peace 'With Turkey Signed at Lausanne-- Banker Roberts and Senator John- son Say Keep Out of Euro- pean Tangle. By EDWARD W. PICKARD ENERAL PATRICK, chief t U of the army service, is go- ing to ask congress next fall to t appropriate $25,000,000 for the service for the year 1924. The experts estimate this is the min- i imum figure if the present force' I is to be kept from retrograding, and say $15,000,000 of it is I ncessary for new .equipment. Will you advise your c0ngrsss- man to vote for this appropria- t tion, or do you think the pros- porte of world peace make it 6(][TAIT Just a little longer, and the German government will (apitulate" is the appeal of France to the allies. But the British are about out of patience witi the delay of the Quai d'Orsay in deciding whether to accept their draft of the reply to Ber- lin. It was stated in Paris Lhat the French and Belgian governments had reached an agreement on all essential points, but the foreign office made a guarded officiat statement that sepa- rate negethttlons would be conducted by France and Belgimn with Great Britain. The Delgian reply already ha. t.en prepared. It holds, with France, that there shall be no evacua- tion of the Ruhr until passive resist- ance ends and reparations payments ae made. but on some points it de- viates fl'om the Poincare policy. In England the belief prevails that the French seek to postpone the an- swer nntU parliament rises on AuguSt 2 for its autumn holiday so that in- conclusive conversatlqns with the British government may be continued without demands by parliament for quick action. At the close of the week It was said there might be an ex- plosion of anger over this in the house , of commons within a few days, and that the government would not try to prevent sucl| an outburst. This Is what a Belgian authority ays of the situation : "The tendency f Brnssets'ts to consider the British ote as a basis for discusion. We believe Lord Curzon and Mr. Baldwin are willing to yield on certain points ou which M. Polncare Is adamant and to compromise on the two view- points. An investigation of Germany's capacity to pay may be glossed over by permitting the reparations commis- sion to call in various experts, lnclud-  lag American and maybe Dutchmen nd Swiss, to study the problem, the flnding being merely submitted to tbe reparations commission for final action." M. Poincare told his cabinet the situation inthe Ruhr was improving on Minister of blie uer re confirm this. hundred trah are operat- daily in the'Ruhe--300 passenger freight," said M. Letrocquer. ls increasing s0that It will to increase the trains to A month ago 21,000 Get- used French tral2m, while now Essen, Bochum, and the biggest pattmizers )roving the weaken- lug O rules in the Far and for the time being, Turkey signed July 4. this World TRAGEDY FILLED VOYAGE English Skipper,Arrving at MiUi sippi Port, Tells of Exctti I.  oidents on Way. Miss.__Vhen Captain Eth. COrnwall, England, skll)per from New Castle fport, witi| nitrate a story of his 1 !war peace pacs. Though the old re- t gime in Turkey was beaten in tim war. the Turks now in control have obtained virtually a victor's peace be- , cause they defeated the Greeks, They recover eastern Thrace and retain I ('tnstantinople, and IIe capitulations by which foreigners In Turkey were i prote'ted clone with. The fire away gran nath,nal assemhly at Angora is recognized by Europe. But the treaty is not entirely one-sided, Turkey surrenders to the British an oil man- date In Mesopotamia, to the French a tobacco mandate In Syria. to the Italians the island of Kastelortzo. and to tte world at large the freedom of the straits. The boundaries between Turkey and the kingdmn of Iraq, the payment of pre-war concessions and other lm0ortant questions have been left for settlement through diplomatic negotlatlong. One provision of the treaw aheady has aroused denunciation by many, including Marquis Curzon. This is for the forcible exchange of the Christian pe.ples in Anatolia for the Moslem population of Europ--a compulsory migration by which hundreds of thou- sands of people will have to leave their ancestral homes. Lord Curzon called this "a thoroughly bad anti rich)us solution for waaieh the ,world' will have to pay the penalty for one hundred years to come": and one of the British delegates said it was "the mosr retrograde international act in two hundred yeqr." The Turks de- manded this ex#hange as a part of their policy of rooting out Christian- Ity from Turkey. They will not per- mtt the return to Anatolia of several hundred thousands of Armenians, and Indeed the Armenians receive no con- slderation whatever in the treaty. What was once the vast Ottoman em- pire is now a comparatively small state, but it Is wholly Independent and presumably self-sufficient. Ismer Pasha has d.ne a great piece of work for his country. T THIS writing Minister Grew and Israel are still trymg to fix up the Turkish-American treaty. Two important points are yet unsettlel. The first Is the American denmnd that Turkey shall guarantee in the treaty to make private settlement with all American citizens and American in- teresLu for damages suffered in Tur- key during the war, or else to submit the cases to arbitration. The second ls the 'American demand that Amer- Ican charitable and educational organ- lzati)ns shall have the right to im- port supplies free of duty. The Turks also wish that all Turkish babies born in America shall remain Turkish rill- zens, which Is not In accord with American law. Two prominent American citizens a, returned/from Europe last week convinced that the United States was fortunate no to be entangled in Euro- pean affairs any more directly than it i and believing that it should remain out Qf the tangle. The first of them to arrive was George M. Roberts, emi- nent Chicago banker. He said: "There is no use in our sitting up nights try- ing to figure out a solution to their problems when theyhaven't any to suggest themselves. Everywher in France and England I put the direct question to men prominent in their national life, 'What do YOU want us to do? How can we best help you?' Each one had to confess that he did not know. "With theSnatlons of Europe war- ring and bitter against each other, there is nothing the United States can do and any hope of stable trade is dim. We are a thousand times better off out of thls tangle and I am of the opinion that we will remain out of it. Of course, we could keep on letting Europe have money but bankers ex- lCt a fair return for their Invest. ments and there is no fldr return In sight under present condltlons." Then came Senator Hiram Johnson of California, who, of course, needed no convincing as to American partici- pation in Europe's affairs. He was given a big banquet in New York and there delivered himself of opinions that were merely.rengthened by his trip abroad. He denounced the pro- posal for American membership in the world court, and declared Amerl's gold and tuna power and not her wls- dmn were wanted by European na- tions In the settlement of European affairs. He said nobody in Europe cares a rap for the international court, and that it is an utterly futile aency for peace. Senator Oscar Underwood. an avowed cafidldate for the Democratic nomination for president, on the other hau(1 asserts that the msistance of America is badly needed in Europe to straighten out affairs. And he be- lieves this is necessary, too, for our o3a salvatbm; for, he says, If Amero it'an huslness ]s to survive It is abso- lutely impertlve that on" products have a I,]uropean market, and a Euro- pean markN cannot exist until stabil- Ized governments have been estab- lished. The fatlure of the wheat mar- ket causes Mr. Underwood especlal concel*n. HE German mark descended into the class of the practically worth- less Russian paper ruble on Wednes- (lay. It opened in Berlin at 450,000 to the dollar, and on following days con- tinued its downward course. There was a virtual panic in all Gemnan cities. Meanwhile the g,,vermnent money presses are turning out paper marks at the rate of more than 2,000,tD0,000,- 0) a day. RESIDENT HAItDING, on his way back from Alaska, hmded at Vah. couver, B. C., Thursday, thereby estab- lishing a precedent. He is the first American president to set foot o Canadian soil Officials of the Detain. ion, the province and the city and a great throng of private citizens wel. come'd Mr. Harding and his party, and he delivered an address and attended receptions and a formal dinner. The exercises were participated in by the company of marines and the U, S. navy band from the transport Hen- derson. TTORNEY GENERAL DAUGIL ERTY went to the coast to mee1 President Harding and also to conduct in person the government's case against building material dealers and trade associations of San Francisco charged with conspiracy to boycott union labor. The government charges the material dealers have at(erupted to crush the building trades unions by refusing to flrnlsh supplies to con- tractors employing organized 'orkers. "The right of the worker to organize into trades unions for lawful purposes is as fundamental In America as the right to vote--and as well supported in law." Mr. Daugherty said. "Any attempt to Infringe that right is Il- legal." F THE shipping board cannot sell the vesselc of the Emergency Fleet corporation, It will continue to oper- ate them, This was made known when the board rejected the proposal of the American Steamship Owners' association for operation of the gov- ernment fleet. "The plan submitted proposes," Chairnmn Farley sall, "In effect, that the United States shipping board de- liver to the steamship operating com- panies the needed vessels to maintain service on the present eabIlshed routes for the absolute control of the operating company without boarff su- pervision; that the United States shipping board pay the expenses of the operator and all losses; all prof- Its to be set aside in a special fun for the use of the steamship opera.or to buy more shlp" (Yrtt houses of ".he Philippines legislature adopted a resolution addressed to President Harding ask. lag the lmnedlate recall of Governor- General Wood. Soon afterward Man- uel Quezon, who resigned as president of the senate, ga've out a statement that the revolt of the native govern- ment officials was not intended as a personal reflection on General Wood. He said that Mr. Harding should. If poslble, appoint a Flllpino governor* general. It Is taken for ranted in Washington that Wood will have the full support of the President in the controversy. OST of southern California was visited by a series of earthquake shocks early in the week, but little damage was done except in the city of San Bermrdlno. There was no loss of life. island of New Caledonia and was heav- ing heavily ln the mountainous zeas kicked up by a black sou'wester which ad been bIowing for three days when triplets were born to his wife, who had accompanied him on the trip. The captain's efforts to signal other ships t for_ raedlcal aid were unavailing, he '=eay 1 come to te Veel two the arrival of the babies and Mrs Ethelbe. despite the unusual condt, tlons attending her lllness, is no strong, witt three healthy and happ babies beside her. The mother l spending a few days In port repl-en. lsldng the wardrobe of the young Eth- elberts, which had only been prepared for one heir. The only other child of the couple was born at sea. has accompanied bet voyages, wMeh I WONDERFUL ANIMAL PICTURES . II ii London is quite exe|ted over a wonderu] col- s i lection of photographs of Africun animals made by Maj. A. Radcliffe Dugmore, the famous artist- I naturalist photographer o[ big game in its nativs I wilds. He has ent;rely abandoned the rifle. In I hls latest trip to the "Dark Continent" he took l many a "snap shot," but always with the camera. I This sort of work sometimes requires eve more [ nerve than standing up.to the huge ereatur with a gun, since many o[ t]e photographs were 'taben et short range, l : Photograph No. 1 shows a herd of wild zebras s  i which has gone to the dry bed of a river to dig for 8 I water. : No. 2 pictures a *'family heap" o hippopotami : I ----a mo=t unusual photograph, as they are getting : i scarce and shy. I No. 3 shows a group of Coke's harbmto at i e water-hole. No. 4 is a fla=hllght picture o a big East Af. rican llon. He is only 36 feet from the camera. No. 5 shows a huge lion standing beside a dead zebra. It's flashlight photograph and the llon is I -8 iesq than 40 eet from te camera. I No. 6 is a remarkah|e picture of part of a herd : : of giraffe,. " : Arthur Radcliffe Dugmore, F. R. G. S., F. R. P. I I : S., was born in Wales in 1870 end marrle in 1901 -8 an American wife, Hendettta Louise Watldn= of : I New Jersey. He is a college man and studied = . i paintlng in Napl and Rome. In 1'889 be came to America and studied ornltbolog, y and natural bs- i tory. In lS98 he tooh up photography at a metb- 0d of iIlustatlng the wild lie o birds and ani- reals. Since then he has traveled and lectured 0 and exhibited pretty much all over the world. In the World war he was captured and released, : wounded and promoted. He has many works to : his credit, beginning with 1900, aud hls photo- ! graphs ere familiar to all nature lovers. His : : home is  Surrey, England. t London is so pleased with these and other aai- : -8 told piotures that Polytechnic hall in Reent street : has been establiihed as w permanent theiter for : the presentation of films dealing with natural his- : : tory, travel, native customs and science. . -8 SUMMONS THAT Small Boy Responded Quickly to Dad- dfs Brief but In Some Manner Imperative Call. As a loving mother bends fondly over ter newborn ehlld and lves him the aame  he Is to hear through life, she most generally makes a silent but strong resolve alway to call him by his tall name. No matter, then, If In rear= BROUGHT REPLY lagging. He doesn't wlsh to hear.[ Ta The time when all boys of ten should New be in bed had come and gone, yet what he Shrimp or Fuzz or Cocky, he remains James Paul had fulled to appear. His whe David William o John Benjamin to mother appeared on her porch, a tattooer  one fond hear at least. "ffam Pau-u-I," she called. No reply, fact that Such is tke ease with Sames Pal "3ames Pan-u-l," came her voice again, their nava of this city. reports the India=spoil= and again withOUt any results. Then News. Ma'y times a day one hn a there was a silence. Suddenly the FirSt sweet fe-'mlne voice lllZg, =3imm ulet of the street was broIn by a The Pau-u-L James Pau--I !" al tf Jm tdmrp, mueullne 'Jim l" flora James Paul Is inclined to hear