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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
July 31, 2014     The Woodville Republican
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July 31, 2014

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Page 12 | The Woodville Republican, Thursday, July 31, 2014 " Att?Ct Hummingbirds With Native Plants by cry Jones owe s and eat small in- Often times, many of wildflower.org/explore. NaturalResourceEnterprises sects and spiders. These these native plants are php. MSUExtensionServiee insects and spiders sup- already on your land or Many companies sell ply young hummingbirds around your yard and can hummingbird feeders. If Small in size but large and nesting females with be encouraged by less fre- you want to supplement in visual appeal, hum- much-needed protein dur- quent mowing and mow- your native hummingbird Charlene Habig and stops at wineries and Carolyn Curry recently other points of interest returned from a ten-day throughout the pictur- trip to Italy. The Roux esque Tuscany region of Wine Tour included northern Italy. Beginning Monday, Au- gust 4, the WCCA office hours will be from 8 a.m. until 3:30 p.m., Monday through Fri- day. Please call 601-888-4313 to schedule an appointment. There is only one week of summer holidays remaining before the 2014-2015 school year ll begin with the first day of classes scheduled for Friday, August 8, from 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. Don't forget about sum- mer reading! Students will be evaluated on the books when school begins. Please if you have not tak- en care of it, summer tuition for June and July is due now. The following are impor- tant dates to remember: July 31, 7 p.m., softball game, WCCA vs. Central Private, home. August 1, 5:30 p.m., soi- ball game, WCCA vs. Central Private, away. August 2, 8:30 a.m., fall sports pictures including JV and high school football team, JV and high school cheerleaders and softball team. August 4, 5 & 6, from 5:30 p.m. to 7:30 p.m., Cheer Leader Camp, 3 years through 6th grade, WCCA gym. August 6 & 7, from 8:30 a.m. to 11 a.m., Pep Squad Camp, 4th, 5th and 6th grade girls, WCCA gym. August 7, 1 p.m. to 3 p.m., seniors pick up schedules. August 7, 4:00 p.m., soft- ball game, WCCA vs. Tallu- lah, home. August 7, 6 p.m., 7th-llth grade orientation. August 8, 8 a.m.-3 p.m., First Day of School and ori- entation for K-6th grade. August 25, 6 p.m., senior orientation and financial aid meeting. September 15, 7 p.m., Pa- trons' Meeting. Don't Let Ticks Spoil A Good Time TICK BITES CAN BE DANGEROUS -- American dog ticks, such as this adult female shown next to a penny, are one of 19 species of the disease- carrying parasites found in Mississippi. -- Photo courtesy of Marina Denny by Marina D'Abreau Denny Research Associate HI Mississippi State University Mississippi summers evoke thoughts of family vacations, rainy days and outdoor explorations. But with the heat and humid- ity come tiny critters that, if not discovered quickly, can ruin a fun day. Nineteen species of ticks exist in Mississippi, but only a few are known to bite humans. In Mississippi, the lone star tick or deer tick -- is the most common tick species. The adult stage is frequently found on white- tailed deer. It is present in all 82 counties and is most active in late summer and early fall. Deer ticks that feed on white-footed mice infected with Lyme dis- ease ingest the bacterium and may pass it to hu- mans. Two other common tick species are the American dog tick and the brown dog tick. While their preferred host might be Fluffy the poodle, they won't pass up a chance to latch onto Fluffy's human companion. Both tick spe- cies are primary vectors of Rocky Mountain spot- ted fever. To decrease the chance of tick bites, wear light-col- ored clothing. This makes it easier to spot ticks. Wear long-sleeved shirts and closed-toed shoes, and tuck pant legs into socks. If you're not opposed to applying insect repellent, spray your clothes but not your skin with a re- pellent that contains per- methrin. Apply repellents containing DEET to skin, but wash them off as soon as you return indoors. Ticks that are not al- ready attached to an ani- mal host will hang out on the tips of grasses and low shrubs looking to hitch a free ride and an easy meal. Check your body for ticks as soon as you re- turn indoors. The longer a tick feeds, the greater the chance of disease trans- mission. So what do you do if you find one of these eight- legged creatures dining on you or a loved one? You may have been taught to coat the tick with clear nail polish or petroleum jelly or burn it off with a hot match, but these methods are not ef- fective. They may even make the problem worse. For example, touching a feeding tick with a hot match may cause it to burst or even regurgitate infected fluids into the wound, increasing the risk of exposure to a disease pathogen. The recommended re- moval method is to use blunt tweezers to grab the tick as close to the skin as possible and slowly pull up with steady, even pressure. Once the tick is removed, immediately disinfect the bite site and wash your hands with soap and water. The in- fectious agents carried by ticks can enter the skin through mucous mem- branes or tiny cuts. If a tick bites you, pay close attention in the fol- lowing days for any physi- cal symptoms that may indicate disease transmis- sion. Rocky Mountain spotted fever symptoms may occur within 2 to 9 days after an infected tick bites a hu- man. Symptoms include sudden fever, severe head- ache, muscle pain and a rash on the palms or soles of feet. Some symptoms are more common than others, and some, such as the rash, may not appear at all. Lyme disease symptoms are a bit trickier to spot. The most common indica- tor is flu-like symptoms -- headaches, swollen lymph nodes, stiff joints and muscles, fatigue and low-grade fever some- times accompanied by a bull's-eye-shaped rash around the site of the bite. If detected early, antibiot- ics can cure Lyme disease. If left undiagnosed or un- treated, late stage Lyme disease can become quite painful and debilitating. For more information, download Mississippi State University Exten- sion Service bulletin 1150, "A Guide to Ticks of Mis- sissippi," at http://msu- cares.corn/pubs/bulletins/ bll50.pdf. mingbirds are one of the most popular birds around for watching and feeding. Hummingbirds get their name because of the humming sound created by their wings, which beat at high frequencies audi- ble to humans. They hover in mid-air with rapid wing beats, typically around 50 times per second. Their wing beats can be as high as 200 times per second, allowing them to fly at speeds exceeding 30 mph, even backwards or upside down. This means that hum- mingbirds need a lot of food. A hummingbird can weigh less than a penny, but it has one of the high- est metabolisms in the animal kingdom and must feed often to sustain its high energy. In nature, humming- birds depend upon many native plants for food. They drink the nectar of ing these critical life stag- ing fields and pastures af- es. ter late fall. You can also There are a number of cultivate these plants in native vines, shrubs and herbaceous " plants that produce flowers favored by feeding hummingbirds. It is easy to promote these plants in your yards, gar- dens and landscapes. Native wildflowers that attract these birds include wild iris, salvia, wild mints and plants from the sunflower family. Vines that attract humming- birds are crossvine, coral honeysuckle and trum- pet creeper. Herbaceous plants often visited by these birds include buck- eye, wild azalea and wild blueberries. The flowers of all of these plants tend to be tu- bular or trumpet-shaped, and hummingbirds access the nectar hidden deep inside with their excep- tionally long, specialized tongues. gardens. There are numerous sources of native plants for home landscapes. Con- tact your local nurseries to see what they offer. For a list of flowering plants -- both native and non- native -- that attract hum- mingbirds, visit http://ti- nyurl.com/msuhumming- bird. An excellent source of photographs of native plants and information about their propagation can be found at the Uni- versity of Texas Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Cen- ter website: http://www. plants with commercial feeders, choose those with a bright red color at or near the "nectar" source. Hummingbirds are drawn to red. The hummingbird you are most likely to see in Mississippi is the ruby- throated hummingbird. Other hummingbird spe- cies that have been ob- served here include the white-eared hummingbird, buff-bellied hummingbird, black-chinned humming- bird, Anna's hummingbird, calliope hummingbird, broad-tailed humming: bird, rufous hummingbird, and Allen's hummingbird. Some are more common than others. , i i i [ IrlIH i " = IIIIrIL Eu cause Expert cancer care is now available closer to your home and family. 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