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The Woodville Republican
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July 28, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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July 28, 1923
 

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: lPope Plus XI at consecration of memorial to Pope Pins X in St. Peter's. 2mEastern tourists coasting down Stevens glacier in Rainier National park. 3--Lady Margaret ScotL daughter of the duke of Buocleuch, who may be the bride of the prince of ,NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENTEVENTS Johnson's Election in Minnesota Causes Excitement in Po- litical Circles. ADDS TO LAFOLL00E BLOC Kenyon's Boom for Presidential Nom- ination Launched by Brookhart Governor General Wood's Row With Filipino CabinetFrance May Yield Enough to Pre- serve Entente. BF EDWARD W. PICKARD If - - l AN you explain why the Cap- per.Tincher grain exchange bill and the other legislation put through by he farm bloc have failed to keep the price of wheat from falling below the dollar mark7 If you can, tell the editor, URPASSING .all other domestic news of the week, in interest tf :lot in" importance, was the decisive victory of Magnus Johnson, Farmer- Labor candidate for United States sen- Minnesota, over Governor nominee of the Republicans. Vote for Carley was negligible for :. tnost )f the Democrats, disregarding " 4he advlee of their leaders, cast their 1ballots for Johnson. Minnesota now 1has two Farmer-Lahor senators, both ef whom may be counted on to support lenator LaF011ette, and the Wiscon- sin man's little bloc thus is so strength- ened that it can, In many cases, control the balance of power In the upper house: Johnson, who Is a "self-made t' frankly says that on many la- $ues he. makes up his" mind to accord with that of LaFotlette. He declares. Iowevei, that already he is opposed to the world court, the League of Na- tions and foreign entanglements and la favor of a soldier bonus to be paid far out of excess profits taxes. blican chieftains, from the Pros- |dent down, were rather dismayed by the rult  in Minnesota. r Of  Mr. Harding had nothing to say of it. 4hairman-Adams of the national corn- mitts said: 'In S general way, the result was a protest gainst cdlt8 trarlly affecting the farming interests adverse- 17. Conditions in Minnesota and else- where in agricultural sections of the country are bound to With their improvement in those sections will right Ohnirman Hull of the national committee, interpreted Suit as "the most significant and hu- miliating defeat and repudiation .the Harding administration has suffered since the nation-wide repudiation in fw 'The election was the first reaction o President Harding's transcontl- laenta! political tour with ttsboast of prosperity, its characteristic evasions sad reversals and facing both Ways," he said. ESULTS of Johnson's victory may be more important thap its causes. LaFollette, Senator Brookhart of Iowa d others gloatlngly predicted that it =asans the defeat of Mr. Harding for 0mination next year, and it was Said Some of the party leaders might ,'ew their efforts to lduce hlm to a second term---efforts that after the Bepubllcan 1922. Brook- who had Just returned from Eu- New York a boom nomination of Judge Kenyon, from Iowa, and LaFol- him as a possibility is generally believed the again have his ! to the Republican cannot well be the radicals or the but he may be found tO either wing )f the party. Wales. tial nomination candidate, and his chances are admittedly better than they have been in the past. He is on his way back from a long tour of Eu- rope and a rousing welcome and big banquet have been prepared for him in New York. EVERTING to Senator Brookhart" the Iowan believes he learned a lot while abroad. He says he talked to "the living leaders of the common people in nearly all the countries of Europe," and his conclusion is "that economic co-operation upon the simple principles of the weavers of Rochdale, is the only constructive Idea that has survived the war. It Is the only plan that will end the criminal trusts and combinations in America and give to the producers and consumers the Just rewards of their labors. It will take Immediate action of congress along the line of the Norris hill to enable the farmers to get the cost of production out of their present crop. The Presi- dent should call an extra session Im- mediately. Another of his assertions is that the Russian soviet government is second In stability only to that of the United States, and that Russia will soon be making inroads on the grain markets of America. He Ignores the fact that Russian stability is based wholly on armed force exerted by a small group of men who admit they are leaders o a mhmrlty of the people. RESIDENT HARDING, now on his way south from Alaska after pre- sumably learning what is the matter wlth the economic development of that territory, has had put up to him serious trouble in another of our possessions. For months the native leaders in the Philippines have been in conflict with Governor General Wood and the row has culminated in the resignation of the cabinet, tte council of state, Man- uel Quezon, president of the senate, and Speaker Roxas of the house of representatives. The crisis was brought on by General Wood's reinstatement of a secret service man who had been discharged, but tllls was merely an in- cident. The officials, la tendering their resignations, said to the governor gen- eral : "We have observed for some time that it is your policy and desire as governor general to 'intervene and control, even to the smallest details, our government, both insular and local, in utter disregard of the au- thority" and responsibility of the de- partment heads and ether officials con- cerned." J General Wood, accepting the resig- nations promptly, said: "In my opinion your action is wholly uncalled for.. I beg to state most definitely and emphatically that each and every declaration made in your statement which charges neg- lect of the prerogatives and rights of secretaries or disregard for the law is without the slightest faeL "YOUr plans _have been deliberately made and your action ts in the nature o a challenge and threat which I can- not lgraore," REAT BRITAIN'S draft of the re- pty to the German reparations note has beemaubmltted to the allies and the United States, but its terms have not, at this writin been given to the public. They were kept secret to give the various governments time for their co.nsideratlo Marquis Cur- zon nau a nard Job in frandng the re- ply, and it is not at all Qkely that it will be acceptable to the others Just as it stands, but there Is an Increasing belief that France Will make conces- sions that will result in final accord In the note as sent to Berlin and thus avert a rupture of the entente. This despite the defiant speech made by Premier Poincare at Senlis at exercises la memory of those killed during the German occupation after the lranco- Prussian war. In effect he warned England that he preferred abrogation of the entente to further sacrifice of France's claims. However, Poincare and Baldwin may find common ground if the British tell the Germans that passive resistance in the Ruhr must cease, and in Germany it Is said now that such an adatonitlon from London is all that Is necessary to put an end to that resistance. Italy already, according to London correspohdents, has agreed with Great Britain on a plan for calling an international conference in Rome to discuss reparations and Germany's LOOK FOR IMPORTANT FIND members Of a government scientific --,------ part, which Is investlgat|ng and sur- 8tentiSts Confld{mt tnlatlem of veyiag the islands ahoard the U. S. S. Great Interest Will Follow inve Tanager.. tlgations in the Pacific. For centuries these spots have abel- - the secret of once powerful co/- Honolulu.Traces o$ a - have flourished prior .. known civilization th atmay have  Polynesian mlgratibn the Pacific settlement of the ,d on he llttlO according to A. L. C. the president of the territorial h west of the "condition, and It is rumored that th{ United States has consented to par. tlcipate in the capacity of a friendl adviser. Public opinion in Belgium I turning to support of the British vle in the controversy, and in two of th{ most influential newspapers is put lished this paragraph "Any policy inspired systematicall) from Qual d'Orsay would be in the year 1923 as much an aberration o our part as during the French revolu. tlon. for we cannot forget that Eng land is the only power whose inter. eats oblige her to consider the nect slty for our freedom and Indepen- dence." SMET PASHA was authorized hy the Angora government to sign th peace treaty formulated at Lausanne md the act of signing was set for Jul. 24. The treaty represents a triumph for Turkey and for the United Stat --the latter because on the demand ot Minister Grew validation of prewm concessions is omitted and the open door lOfiCy prevails. The Turks gain practically everything for which the contended, and even their concessions were modified so that the treaty would not be rejected at Angora. lno instance, they objected to a provision that each allied nation should keep two warships in the Dardanelles until the final ratification of the treaty, so the pact as finally drawn says each allied nation shall keep one warship there "at the invitation of the Turkish government." The Turkish delegates and Mr. Grew were hurriedly complet- ing the separate peace treaty with the United" States so* it could he signed Immediately after that with the ab lies. In both cases Various questions are left for diplomatic settlement. R the first time during the pro- eeedings of the mixed claims com- mission, a demand has been made that the German government produce its official records showing the activities of Its spies in the United States during the war. An elevator of the Kentucky Elevator company was burned In Feb- ruary, 1917, and the company claims $1,000,000 damages. It is contended that the destrnction of this and other elevators' was a part of the plot of German agents to buy up all the grain, or, failing in that, to destroy the available wheat supply in America. The demand for the spy records is lustified by an article In the treaty of Versailles. REMIER MUSSOLIN has clinched hls complete control of the gov- ernment of Italy by persuading the parliament to paso his new electoral law which permits the redistricting and gerrymandering of election dis- tricts. The liberals opposed the measure but Mussolini told the parlia- ment he would get rid of it altogether unless it obeyed him. He is admitted- ly doing great things for the restora- tion of his country, but his dictatorial methods are looked at askance by mpny Italians. OVERNOR PR of Ver- mont has called a special elec- tion on November 6 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William P. Dillingham, for twenty-three years a United States senator. The primary will be held on October 9. OR ten years the government has been trying to break up the Inter- national Hat'ester company, apparent- ly xdth only partial success. Now At- torney General Daugherty has asked the federal district court in St. Paul for a decree dissolving the company into at least threb separate and inde- pendent corporations, asserting that it is still a Combination in restraint of trade and commerce In harvesting ma- chinery and "still is monopolizing and attempting to monopolize said trad and commerae in violation of the 8herman anti-trust law and contrary to the several opinions, orders, and de- crees of this court." The three separate companies pro- posed would incllde two implement companies of sub'antially equal size, one of which would feature the McCor- mick harvester machines wMle the other would handle the Deering "ins. The thlrd company would take over the steel and coal subsidiaries of the Harvester company. The two Imple- ment companies, while larger than any other company in the industry, would be able to compete with each ether, anti other companies cOuld compete on terms of equality with them. to obliterate the traces o the temples houses and the agricultural systems of long ago, and it is expected that the discoveries of the scientists may aid appreciably in the final solution of i the problem of the origin and migra. tlons of.the Polynesian race. Bowls wrot)ght from solid stone, a headless Idol and a stme adz were among the many specimens that the party brought back from tim islands. These specimens, together with all UX By ELMO SCOTT WATSON HE Sioux have taken to the war- path again ! Half a century ago that would have meant a strange restless- ness among their young men in spring, an Impatient waiting un- til the prairie grass was green enough to fill out the lean sides of their war ponles and then the throbbing of war drums to send them forth against the white man. But thls year it's different. The Sioux will fight the white man fn the United States Court of Claims, and le- gal documents and the oratory of lawyers instead of war club and lance will be his weapons. For the great Dakota nation has filed suit against the United States for a total of nearly $220,000,000 which the Indians say is due them for lands seized by the government. Added to this amount is enough interest to bring the total ui to nearly three quarters of a bUL%n of dollars, making it one of the largest sulfa ever filed in any court in this country. The biggest Item in the bill which the Sioux are trying to collect from Uncle Sam is for $156,000,. 000 in payment for the Black Hills of South Dakota which they say were talen from them by force of arms and In violation of all ,sacred treaty obliga- tions. So they are going to make one last fight for their beloved'"Pah-sap-pah" (Black Hills), for which such tribal heroes as Red Cloud and Crazy Horse, Gall and Spotted Tall once fought so vall- antly and so unavailingly. Back of this legal actlon Is a story through the fabric of which runs a shining thread of gold. To pick up that thread you must go back to Fort Laramie, the old Fort Laramie of the American Fur company, the Laramie of Jim Bridger and Kit Carson and the other old-time long-haired moun- tain men. Past this famous post ran the Oregon trail and over it in 1849 were hurrying thousands of men with their faces set toward the West, to- ward the gold fields of California. The reckless slaughter of game by the Argonauts incited to fury the Ogalala and Brule Sioux. When the Indian depredations became unbearable, a grand council of all the tribes in that region oux, Cheyenne. Arapahos, Crow, Gros Ventre, Mandan md Arlkarawas called at Laramie by the government. There in 1851 the tribes signed a treaty guaranteeing undisturbed passage for emigrant trains. The lands guaranteed to the Sioux included the Black Hills. But as the tide of emigration flowed on and con- tinued to frighten away the buffalo, the Brule Sioux renewed their attacks on' wagon trains, Then Gem William S. Harney appeared on the scene with 100 soldiers. At the Battle of Ash Hollow, Net)., he won a victory which many con- sider little more than a massacre of Indians who were trpped and would have surrendered If given the chance. But he did hls work so thoroughly that the Sioux" we willing to sign a treaty at Fort Pierre in March, 1866, in which they again promised to allow the guld-seekers to travel in peace. The Sioux were then left in undlm'bed posses- sion of the HI'lls for nearly a decade. In the mean- time Spotted Tail and his Brnles had reneed their depredations along the Oregon trail and they nearly put both the Overland Stage line and the Pacific telegraph out .of commission. The govern- ment was too busy with the Civil war to repeat Harney'a measures, however, and "Old Spot" was prett much boss of the whole trans-Mlssenri country. 'e---., :L".'  1 the thread of gold hPP again. This time the bold was in Montana and Idaho and the rush of miners there led to a demand for a better route to the new diggings. AccOrdingly congress authorized the construction of a road from Fort Laramie on the Orego rrell to Bazemav. Mont.. to run dlagonay aoag lba ceuntry west of the Black Hills and skirt the Big Horn mountains in Montana and (yoming. Incidentally, It ran through the heart of the Ogalala SIOL buffalo range. Red Cloud, a young Ogalaia chief who had sen to the position of the greatest leader of the Sioux, actively resisted this violation of tha treaty of 1851. The $overnment sent out a commission to treat for a right-of-way. At first, neither Red Cloud nor Spotted "Tail would treat, but In Jnne, 18. they were persuaded to come Into Fort La- ramie for a council. In the midst of the council Gal. H. B.-Carrtngton. with a force of 700 soldiers, arrived at Laramie under orders to huild forts along the new road. Red Cloud hotly denounced the white men for "trying to steal the road before the Indians had a cbance to say yes or no." "Are we to give up the sacred grave of our ancestors to be plowed ap for corn?" he demanded of his tribesmen. "Da- kotas, I am for war!" So he ithdrew from the cOnncil. Spotted Tail, however, was won over and signed the treaty alloxlng the road to be built. YVVV No sooner had Fort Phil Kearney, Fort C. F. Smith and Fort Reap been built than Red Cloud laid siege to them. In December he cut off and killed 91 soldiers and officers in what Is popularly known as the *'Fetternan massacre" and for the next year he waged his war so successfully that the government was forced to sue for peace. The peace commission arrived at Fort Laramie catty in 1868, hut Red Cloud sent word that he would have nothing to do with them until the forts were abandoned and the soldiers were withdrawn from the country. It was not until November 6. after the last soldier had marched away, that he aP- peared at Fort Laramie to sign. He had won every point for which he had been fighting. It was a square backdown for the government and a com- plete victory for the Ogalaia leader. This treaty, besides prov!ding for a permanent peace between the Sioux afl the United States, gave to the Indians all of the present state of South Dakota, west of the Missouri river, including the Black Hills, for their "absolute and undis- turbed use and occupation." It also expressly agreed that into the country north of the Platte river nnd east of the Big" Horn mountains no white man should enter without permission of the Sioux. In 1871, surveyors for the Northern Pacific rail- road began laying a route along the south bank of the Yellowstone river. Th Sioux declared this- was a violation of the treaty of 1868. The govern- ment ignored the protest and forts were built along the line of the railroad. Heretofore there had been two outstanding fig- urea in the drama of the Sioux fight for their landRed Cloud of the Ogalalas and Spotted Tail of the Brnles. Now enters a third, Sitting Bull, chief and medicine man of the Uncpapas, whose territory was now being profaned by the "iron horse of the white man." The Brules and the Ogalalas were indignant, but would not Join ia a general war. So the work proceeded. Once more the golden thread appeared. In 1874, Gen. Phil Sheridan, commander of the department ,of the Missouri, decided that effective control of the Sioux along the Northern Pacific depended upon establishment of a mUltary post in the Black Hills. So he sent Gem G. A. Custer to make a reconnalsance of the region. The Indians declared this a violation of the treaty of the most flagrant sort. Custer finished hls scout and made a glow- bg report on the region. To cap it all, he added gne word---gold 1 When the word went out, "(]old "in the Black Hills i" there was a stampede. Sheridan tried In vain to stem th(- tide of gold-seekers. His soldiers captured the miner escorted them out of the Hills and destroyed their outfits. But no display of military force could keep a gold-mad people from this promised land. In 1875 Prof. Walter P. 3enney, a geologist, under military escort (another violation of the trptv: the SioxL declared), ex- plcrl t-_he Black Hills  cobb'borated Custer. There was nothing to do but try to huy the BlCk Hills from the Sioux. _., -h_e government sent a eommlssio to treat wth the. Y  le the Indians were convinced that "P'-ap-pah'" represented a vast storehouse of wealth for which the white man would be wlll- Lg to pay almost any price. But they were divid- ed in opinion as to what policy to pursue. One faction was willing to sign an absolute relinquish- ment, hut another would not part with their loved HIlls for anyprice- The valuation set upon the region by the Sioux raned from $40.000.000 to $70.000.000. Believing that there was no chance of obtaining a rellnaish- meat of the teflon, the commissioners sought the consent of the Indians to allow mining to be car- rted on under a lease system. They offered an an- nual rental of $400,000 for the fight to mine and cultivate the soil. or. as an alternative, a sum of $6,000.000 for the outright purchase of the Hills, The councils, held at Red Cloud's agency on the White river, were marked by scenes of disorder and bloodshed was prevented only by the firm stand of Young Man Afraid of His Hore, hereditary chief of the Ogalalas. All efforts to effect a com- promise proved fruitless and the council ended in no bargain at alL The Sioux were desperate. The horde of miners was still pouring into the Hills. One camp alone, Custer City, had a population of 11,000. The Indians aloe noted that the military had slackened its effc.rts to bar the stampeders. In the winter of 1875-76 many of the Sioux, in- BELONGED TO AN ANCIENT RACE @ Rkulis and Knife Handle Found In races sc far known. Another discov- Egypt Believed to Shed 'lew ery was that of an ivory knife handle, Light on History. which he regarded as the most im- portant slngie historical relic that has Three human skulls, ,ne of normal ever been found.. On the upper part ize and two very small, recently of the handle wer depicted two lines ound in Egypt are older than any- of men fighting. Some of them lind thing that has yet been found in that long hair, while others had close- country, says Prof. W, F. Petrie. cropped heads. Below were rows of TheSe skulls belonged, he says, to an shiPS, some being foreign, which in- people went to eluding the Uncpalms under *' and the Ogalalas under in the Powder fiver country. their rights, under the siGner of Indinn affairs main ear the agencies word that unless they had 1, 1876, they would be dlers would be sent to not return, for they had so the Department of the to the War department. The result Is history, Sioux war of 1876-91'. by General Custer on?the Little Big Horn and the hosts of Gall and Crazy Crook and Terry and MlleS, result for the Sioux. At Spotted Tall. who had of the White Man." held the quiet. Red Cloud and his by General Mackenzie war trail, disarmed, Leillance throughout tlze the war Crazy Horse, feated by Miles, had rendered. Sitting BuLl into Canada. Then another commlssiO with the sioux. The men had prepared in certain reservations in where they were to they were able to support was no mention of giving Hills or the buffalo Yellowstone rivers. Goue were all the dreams lng a vast sum of money storehouse of gold. There paid for mining rights quishment of the Hills. armed, there was nothing the treaty offered them. in the .sar gold lipPe to  Inl .an will the me of the Dakota ,'Pah-satJ-pah" WaS lost tO And that ts wh] da. Te stor ot the Shows that the Sioux exorbitant, for many times been taken out, not to wealtb which modern they are asking for acre fc- the gold-bearing fr the forest lands. FACTS ABOUT Indian summer is a te acteristic autumn season .Frenchman, Crevecoeur, lesser Robert DeC. Crevecoeur called It "Indian Summer" is a writers thought the cause of the transitory season to disposition. From a dian summer is Just a a- sluggish meet=meat low barometer tlon for a time of low pressure in the sothwest winds and water and fought on the water. On type of ms/! the other side of the kife handle which was shown the figure of a ma htqd- lands ing two lions. The man was wearing' a long teat, indicating that he came that the from a cold climate, and the appear- lgypt once of the lions also showed that have tome they c'm,: from a colder country than they were Egypt. There |cng had been eel- lions. deuce, says Profeor Ptrle, that the dynastic people who founded Egypt came from somewhere in M e.pota- mia. On the knife handle there was shown a well-known Me-potamian