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July 21, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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July 21, 1923
 

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( lSecond public session of the ' ekl, foreign minister of Poland, who caud of France paying homage to the REVIEW OF ] TEVENTSr itain 0flora to Draft an Allied : Reply to Germany, and May Act Alone. iS RUHR OCCUPATION ,tPolnre Still Insists on Complete Sub. mlulon and Payment by Berlin-- Disturbed by Slump In Wheat Price---France Ratifies Washington Treaties. 1By EDWARD W. PICKARD THOMAS R. MARSHALL, for. I[ met vice president, has writ- ten to Edward W. Bok, donor of a $t00,000 prize for the best plan for avoiding wars, suggesting )eople who do the fight- ing and pay the bills be permit- tJd to decide whether or not a war shall be waged. Of course this is an old Idea, but is not the for such a referendum Worth considering? I F FRANCE and Italy are willing, _ Great Britain will assume the cesponslbllity of preparing a reply for the allies to the latest German rep'a- ratloi ioT& i oe'/i'et aims alety at the pacifcatlon of Europe and the recovery of the exhausted We, like our allies, are deter- mined that Germany shall pay all she can; but we feel that to seek to force pay in excess of her capacity is We said the French occupa- on of the Ruhr would not be a flnan- tdal success, and it isn't. Europe is tlarmed by the threatened total col- ;lapse of Germany. The recovery of the wdrid Is in danger. Peace is at stake." .:hat, briefly summarized, is the teent made to the house of com- mons by Premier Baldwin and to the hose of lords by Marquis Curzon last hursday afternoon. It was made clear that cJreat Britain, while earnestly de- siring unified, action by the allies, tvould act alone if that extreme course were necessary. What the British pro- Qosats tn the contemplated note will be is not stated, Mr. Baldwin, while admitting that le German proposal set forth in the scent note e= un;tisfactory and In- ufftclent, decla ed ey should not be Ignored, but should be examined and explored, He was especially out. spoken concerning the Ruhr situation, asserting that indefinite occupation by oie country of the territory of another time of peve was a rare and regret- ble phenomenon, an honorable end for which should be found as speedily as possible. - Debate on the statement in the house commons, it ms decided by the arllamemtary leaders, should be post- poned wntil July 16 in order that the attRude of other countries toward the $)ronouncement might be learned. Dur- ing the discussion, it is expected, the pia of :an international commission of xerts to determine Germany's flnan- fll resources, as suggested by Secre- Hghes, will be brought from business and labor forced the Baldwin cabinet take the course announced. It has t'ne warm support of the Labor party and of most of the in- France will do in this crisis problematical at this writing. senate Thursday Premier Poln- "I am confident; I am not land breaks away from be back at our side. walt in vain for a single on our part. what she has begun ; the collapse of We cannot accept aly mediation between France and Germany." italy, it Is be!lev, will give Its ap- proval to the British plan. and It maw be that the little etente and Poland wlll back it up, though France has been trying earnestly to hold them to their wILL SEEK SMfl-L ASTEROID =tlifornla Scientists Engaged in Oom putation of Interest to Those Astronomically Inclined. lClerkeley, Cal.l)r. A. O. L,uschner, a] here, It. ,met of permanent world court, with first German Judge at tile left. 2--Count Szep- fought a blo0dless duel with former Preshlent PllsudskL 3--General Gou- colors of the U. S. Marine corps st Quantlco. adherence to her policies. One corre- spondent says Poland and Runmnia have borrowed all they : can from France and are now eager to get from under her control. Belgium is not in a position to break away from France, whatever may be her desires. ERMANY naturally sees in the British statement a way out of some of her troubles, but as yet those troubles are merely growing greater. Last week the entire nation was aroused by the boosting of the price of coal to about $5 a ton, the highest in Germany's history. The radicals yelled that Stinnes and Thyssen, the great coal barons, were again deriving huge profits from Germany's mlsery, ani] ttm industrialists said that dou- bling the coal price meant doubling the prices of all manufactured products and closing the works when the peo- ple were unable to buy. Doctor Stresemann, hitherto the closest friend of Stinnes, denounced the efforts of a few industrial magnates to get hold of all the country's resources and indus- tries and to profiteer while Germany went down to ruin. "We are dancing on a vohmno and we stand on the threshold of a new revolution if we do not settle the differences between the workingmen and Industrialists now," said Herr Stresemann. The Berlin government announced that the prices of bread would be quadrupled because of the further de- cline of the mark, whereupon a great throng of unemployed, mainly metal workers, marched to the open market in Potsdam and demanded that the dealers sell at cost. This being 1-e- fused, the mob wrecked the market. One grocer raised the American flag and declared his shop was American territory because he was selling canned goods from Chicago. T AST Wednesday, for the first tme since the beginning of t:h.e WOrld [ f war in 1914. 3uI " wlht sold on the Chicago hoard of trade for less than a dollar a bushel and, coincldentally, the Minneapolis millers reduced the price of flour to $6 a barrel, the lowest since 1915. According to the Chicago I brokers, the price depression, which has been steadily progressive of late, is due primarily to overproduction everywhere and to a general readjust- meat of grain values toward prewar t conditions. In addition, recent fears of heavy damage to wheat In the Northwest from black rust have been dissipated,- with corresponding effect on prices. Another cause for the slump given by the brokers is lack of speculation In the market, due ?o the Capper-Tlncher act, which requires a report of holdings to the government. Gilbert Dusler, market statistician for the American farm bureau, de- clared that If September and Decem- ber wheats go as low as 95 cents a bushel it will mean a loss of $80,00o,- 030 to {he American farmer. UR English cousins were consider- ably excited over the arrival at Southampton of the Leviathan on her first trip across since being rebuilt. They refuse to admit, in the face of facts, that she Is the queen of all liners, and they wereespecially sore because a good many members of her crew were believed to be deserters from British ships. he police searched the Leviathan for these culprits, but found ew. It Is probably true, how- ever, that more of them were among the vessel's sailors and "stewards, for they are paid 75 per cent higher wages than on English ships and say they receive much better treatment. Among the Levlathan's passengers was Albert D. Lasker, former chair- man of the shipping board, and in Lon- don he was one of the guests at a din- nor given by the Pilgrims. He ex- plained on that occasion that American ships do not serve liquor because President Harding thought It would be inconsistent for Aerica to be dry on land and wet at sea. He said no greater hurt could happen to the American merchant marine than to seek to force foreigners to be dry. ,'Somehow," he added, "foreign vessels will, and, as I believe, should learn to serve liquor outside the three-mile limit. What we wish td do with our ships is our busluess ; what you wish to do wit" your ships is your business, obody else's. We would be tbe gain- ors all around If the coming congress would find a means to expedite legis- lation to clear up the present muddle." Mr. Lasker's successor as head of the shipping board. Mr. Farley, has announced formally that all board yes- sels will continue to be dry, as no devi- ation from that policy Is contemplated ; but Informally It was gh'en out that passengers could carry their own U- quor aboard, for the board wlll not un- dertake to exercise police powers. LMOST Sthout opposition, the Washington naval limitation treaty and the four-l)wer Pacific treaty were ratified by the French sen- ate, after having been approved by the chamber of deputies. Senator Renald, in the debate, said the naval treaty would not be burdensome to France be- cause she was unable to afford more capital ships than the agreement al- lowed and the other classes of war craft were not affected. He said that at Washington proper account of France's geographical situation was not taken, but that "the commission on foreign affairs accepts the tonnage at- tributed to us because France wishes to devote her greatest efforts to the construction, not of an offensive high seas fleet, but of light units and sub- marines." France also proposes to have as great an alr-fighting force as any other nation, believing her greatest danger In.the future, from Germany, for instance, will tie in aerial attack. Great Britain, too, is planntngto build up an air force equal to any other, aml the government Informed the commons that, while it would be glad to partici- pate in a conference looking to limita- tion in that direction, there was no rospect of any such conference while the affairs of Europe remain so unset- tled. OVERNMENT supervision of the anthracite industry to a degree that will insure corporate "and individ- ual responsibility to the public is rec- ommended Ln a report of the federal coal commission. Government owner- ship of the mines is opposed, but the principle is enunciated that coal is as much  pu)ic nessSy as gas, street railway serwice or anytifing else that Ires been brought under public regafla- tlon. Complete Iubllclty as to mining costs, profits, salaries, wages and cor- porate relations is called for. The commission further recommends that, in the event of a suspension of mining operations, the President shall be authorized to take over the produc- tion of the mines and distribution of coal and to determine price, wages and compensation to land and mine own- ers. This aroused the Ire of Samuel Gom- pers, who often can see only one slde of such questions. He said: "The com- mission, by its recommendation, would invoke the penalty of compulsory la- bor Upon the miners. But for the monopolistic owners of the coal mines, the commission would provide a slap on the wrista severe dose of pub- licity. That would be only the ghost, the merest shadow, of a penalty." "Any attempt.to outlaw the right to stop work as a means of improving the condition of the working people of the United States is doomed to fail. Such attempts have failed In the past and will be equally unsuccessful in the fu- ture. Labor will never give up the right to strike as a last resort in the fight against wrong and oppression." At the request of the coal commie. sion, the interstate commerce commis. slon has ordered an investigation of the reasonableness of anthracite freight rates. RESIDENT HARDING, after a pleasant voyage up the coast, visit. ed Juneau and Skagwy and, passing through Icy strait and Cross sound, proceeded to Seward. Their itinerary then tok them to Fairbanks, terminus of the Alaska railroad, and it was the intention to go from thence to Chltlna, on the Copper River and Northwestern railroad overland. TLANTA last week swarmed with z . Elks who weYe attending the an nual grand lodge convention and re. union. James G. McFarland of South Dakota was elected grand exalted ruler and then some eight thousand Elks paraded the streets with many floats and bands. HAT American dyes are now made in quantity and quality to supply all the country's demands is the grati- fying statement made by the federal tariff commission. In this respect, the report says, the United States is now Independent of the rest of the world. Our domestic dyes are as good as those of Germany before the war and the price is being reduced steadily. lost to tim scientific world for twelve years, An effort is being made by the University o California to solve the moths of Aurora. The little body, one ot the several hundred minor planets which revolve about the sun between Mars and Jupi- ter, has given.astronomers much trou. sines its a quarter-cen- tury ago. a considerable amount ef lyears. The problem, local astronomers of con.lderable difficult l state, IS one "  " y t because of the nearneSs of the aster- l old to Jupiter and Saturn, two mighty bodles which are conliuually pulling Aurora out of the path laid down for it by the sun. It is to the calculations of the effect of these disturbers that the work is now being dlrected by Professor Leuschner. and months of mathematical work will be required be- fore the problem of Aurora's motion is eatab- Actual Photographs" of the Eruption of Mt. Etna Photographs of the eruption of ML Etna are Just arriving in America. Above Is a view of the rivers of molt- en lava, and, at the right, inhabitants of the village of Cerro,. which was buried a few hours later, fleeing from the flood of death, taking with them the tiles from their cottages. Canadian Shrine Draws Throngs for Cures Situated on the northern slope n Mount ltoyal, at Montreal, "Canada, is St. Joseph's oratory which is second nly In fame to St..ne de Beaupre and with a fast increasing total of miraculous cures is rapldty becoming famous throughout the American continent. As many as forty thousand people have attended open-air services there this summer, and pilgrims are coming from all over the United States and Canada. Present From French Lutherans t UNVEIL RODNEYSTATUE In appreciation of the service the National Lutheran Council of Amemca has rendered in the after-war period of reconstruction iv France, the Evangel- [cal Lutheran Church of France has presented to the council an original can- vas by J. Eade Reid. "Christ on the Judean Hills at Dawn.*' The photograph shows M. Charles Barrel, consul general for France, making the presentation of the painting to Dr. J. A. Morehead. executive director of the National Luther- an council, and Dr. F. H. Knubel, president of the United Lutheran Church in _merica. Locomotive Fights Forest Fires Above is shown a fire-fighting locomotive, one of several on the Southern Pacific lines. These engines are t'luipped comple*.ely with forest fire fighting apparatus, shooting powerful streams of water as shown in the photograph. More than half the counties ,,t Okla- bOlUS have one el more woman oOicers. M,'omen are said to be more adept In learning foreigu languages than are men. Constantinople has only tllree fae. tortes that employ more than 103 work- men each. Great Britain has completed 431 new cemeteries and l working on twice as mor THE By C ( 192, by McClure OSE MARY con tentedly house table. always a nightmare her when she did not rowton for the had gone excepting at the other end of the She was nibbling drinking her turn to her small alternative, cllurCL always went to churCt A deep voice silence. It was the voice of the young people are not going to he Inquired. "I cannot make plied the startled "Doctor Fletcher night--I am was standlrg now, found that he waS "IIe would: be very mustache was s I ffnhaklng. "PerhaI you politely. l "()h, thank yOU, Rose Mary as she "] will be ready in As Rose in her pretty dark soft brown feather brim of her little mlng a little tune. She knew that old was slttlng within her watching whoever She had met Miss she knew that both watch her going fro taters. She found Julian he front dor, dressed and very He gmlled as he land Rose Mary nice looking in mustache, and when Mdewalk, she , most entertaining. "Let us walk post office so that uggested Rose mailed, they shop windows. "Isn't that Mary as they I ] displaying a uving furnished. "Solid comfovtY "See that stuffed ter% night, a book "I couldn't Rose .Mary, "but work table: see and the lRtle place, that Is mY "Yon may have fire. and I will lamp and smoke grouch amiablY- for a fleeting 1 blushed beautifullY- "I must go breathlessly. Ithtful. but I :,:',;.':"  nnd go to work in "You are an too." remarked along. "Oh. are you in lag, too?" "Fourth shaft from your "Why, I have Mr. Fenn might he had often head bent not want to This statu of Caesar l{odney wa bl-own bird. He unveiled in Rodney square, Wilming. some time before ton, Del.. on Independence day to corn- it was only her memorate the break-neck ride of 80 ing house that miles nmde by him from Dover to bachelor suite* Ptliladelphia to affix his name to the Declaration of Independence and at the same time save the vote of Dela- ware. The statue is the work of the well-known sculptor, James Edward Kelly, and it was unveiled by six-year- old Eliza Rodney, a lineal descendanL LEADS PHONE STRIKERS Miss Jniia O'Connor, president of the Boston telephone operators' or- ganization whicl voted to strike. Mem- bers walked out of the various ex- changes while strikebreakers have been pressed into service by the com- pany. Fire Loss Visualized. MUCH IN LITTLE It has been graphically calculated that tile timber destroyed annualiy in [ the United States by preventable fires A, Frost is the name of a theatrical, is the equivalent of enough lumber to producer in London. I buihl five-room bungalows 50 feet Wearing of n green badge in France apart on both sides of a street reach- signifies a desire on the part of the Iing from New York to Uhioago. wearer for matrinlony. ] Tile first records of young Scotch- [ Dip Keye *n Oil. men being engaged by the lludson's i Dipping keys in oil occasmally will ]keep locks in order. :&ll hinges must l be touched with an oiled feather ow and then to save the annoyance o creakln doors. Bay Fur company are dated 1707. The first book entered for copyright under the laws of the United States was "The Phtladelnhia Selling Book." A few daY s met him in the building where "I am going to "May I take you Rose Mary the other alighting they Miss Pussy bought the car young lady" eel The other Julian an old minds and But for all Just as well have st the shining The grouch save Roe MarY- And Rose betrayed the noon they he took her in her home. "Mother, tearfully, "a marry me--we ing-room "Yes." said when did you dears?" 'The first vd "But," said mother's arm, were doing it'" Kee AlgyI saY lug me your present ? Mr. Budd made me prom Lizard A curiosity frillenl lizard, as all otheX about On standing than a -An' st!re, she watched bat of boarding th' to