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The Woodville Republican
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July 14, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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July 14, 1923
 

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! - • ...... , • &gt; Pu00.yh ma 1--First photograph of peasant revolt in Runaania, showing former Premier Micilalache on his ar- Tlval In Bucharest. 2--Canadian Pacific liner Empress of Canada, which establlsbed a new speed record from Yokohama to Victoria, B. C., of 8 clays, 10 hours and 53 minutes. 3--Violet McDougal of Sapulpa, named poet laureate of Oklahoma by Governor Walton. NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENTEVENTS Krupp's Makes an Agreement With French; Passive Resist- ance Breaking Down. CONDEMNS SABOTAGE America Demands Share of Money Seized in Turkey--President Hard- ing Sails for Alaska--AI Smith's Candidacy for Presidential Nomina- tion Announced. By EDWARD W. PICKARD RESIDENT HARDING, diS- cussing the restricting of immigration, says: "1 prefer waiting jobs to idle men, and I choose quality rather than quan- tity in future immilration." Does not this meet with your approval? Or does it? ONE case. and that an important one. "passive resistance" in the lluhr has broken dowlx at last. The owners and workmen of the great ]rupp works have slgned an agree* ment with the French, whereby the 2hen continue work "under French bay- mets." At present it applies only to ° he plant at Altenessen whlch the Frenct have receutly occupied and where they toot: possesshm nf 70,t)0 tons of high-grade metallurgical coat ate the quota due from the Krupp works on the reparations afcount. Only the communists refused to sign ghe agreement, whl(h their organ de-  laounces as "'a severe and perhaps de- / islve blow against passive resistance." Under the arrangement the French agree td keep the troops as Incon- spicuous as possible, to rearrange the barbed wire defenses, to remove coal over a specified route and to hear com. 131aints against the troops from the worker council. Herr van Bulow. acting head of the Krupp works, signed the pact for the owners. It Is dsserted other prominent Ger- Imah industrial magnates have opened negotiations wlth the French railway officials for the shipment of£beir prod- nets by the lines the French are oper- tin g. This agreement, taken with the re- ported prospect of a Franco-German accord over reparations, somewhat minimizes the importance of the threatened break between Great Brit- ain and France. Lord Curzon. hagtng  France a specific state- meat of their denmnds on Germany, recdlved only a verbal reply from Ari- I)asador de St. Aulaire, which bn some pbtnts was not sufficiently definite to mitt the British. The same fault was found with a statement made by. Baron Moncheur, the Belgian ambassador, mho nmde it clear that Belgium still backed up France on the principal is y sues of the controversy. There was to 'urther c(mversation among the in London. and meanwhile it was given out that If he British should decide on an lnde* German policy It must be an- Premier Bald- Wtn insists upon this. Pope Plus, finding that his letter to Gasparri was arousing in- resentment in France, regained by sending a measure to nuncio In Munlcl protesting the acts of sabotage in the the guise of passive re- and urging the German gay- such "criminal r- reaffirmed his desire for ettlement of the reparations insisted that Gexmany poible effort to fulfill her This smoothed down fur and stirred Berlin tO rreply  a sort. Chan- measures would be of violence tn the and the govern- ment y, that it had always disapproved acts of violence which endanger the effec- tiveness of the passive resistance, and. in order to comply with tixe wishes of the holy father, it was denouncing saboteurs as traitors to the cause. It declined, however, to comply with the demand of the I,abor party and ran- sider- the saboteurs as phdn criminals. O TItE astonishment of the allied diplomats in Lausanne---and I will surprise most Americans Minis- ter Joseph C. Grew demanded for the United States a share of the 5,t0,0P0 Turkish gohl pounds which were de- posited in C()nstantinople by Grnmny and were seized by the allies immedi- 'ltely after the signing of the Murdos armistice in 1918. The money was long ago split up among the allies anti the Balkan nations that had helped them, mid ,Mr. Grew's deinand was the lirst intimation they had that America considered it had any claim on a share. The Turks are becoming increasingly indignant over the proposition that Constantimple shall not be evacuated by the allies untll every question at operattve and orderly marketing, and i wheat from 75 or 80 cents, the 0resent price, to $1,40 or $1.50." OVERNOR AL SMITH of New York Ires shied his bat into the Denaocratic ring, annotlnoing through National Committeeman Mack that he will seek tlw nomination for the presi- dency. M.r. Mack said further that he believed the Den)cratic platform WOllld contain a plank favoring modi- /ication or liberalizing of the Volstead act. which, be thought, all the power- fill Eastern seaboard states desire. He added that the reat indusirial states are coming around to the idea that the nation,ll prohibition law is to() severe, and that the Western states that up- hoht it are normally Republican. Senator Underwood of Alabama. Just back from a tour of Europe, decllntl to say whether or not he would seek his party's nomination until he had consnlted with his friends at home. Late In the month he will address a special session of the Alahama legis- lature anti probably will tben declare himself. It is said that radical Demo- issue, even outside the treaty, has been . -. ..  orat in the South are getting ready to settled. Israel Pasha has lnstrtlftt°IX t, I)it Ford against UVnder x'ood m" the'pri to Insist m hnmediate evacuation of  " " . .  rearms. the city, autl the cabinet at Angora m 1 again seriously talking of resumption ]  . of warfare Ismet has formally de-" "-AMM .......... ' '" " " ., -i" - . ax I-It,L eemnrated Inde- mended that tl, e conference speedily l-end(nee (ta* in a " b " p • , y p rt y uenounc- remove the remaining obstacles to 1 peace. THE council of the League of Na- I £ tiGris. n session again in Geneva, I bas begun an investigation of the J French administration of the Saar, de- manded by the British. M. Hanotaux protested in vain. Because it automatically includes Russia, a proposal to extend the Wash- ington naval treaties to nathms not represented in the Washington confer- ence was postponed to the next nleet- ing of the council. England is not yet ready for fe, rmal dealings with the soviet govermnent. The. naval treaty was taid before th French chamber Wednesday, with recommendation for its ratification with reservations. RESIDENT .HARDING sailed for Alaska from Tacoma after a rest ln the Yellowstone National park, par- ticipation in the Oregon trail celebra- tion at Meacham, Ore.. and an Inde* pendents day address at Portland de- voted to the immigration question. He defended the restriction placed lay con- gress on the admission of aliens, and said: "I would like to acelahn the day when there Is no room in America anywhere for those who defy the law and when those who seek our hospi- tality for the purpose of destroying our Instltuttons should be deported or held securely behind prison walls." RAY SILVER, Washington repre- sentative of the American Farm ,Bureatt federation, has a scheme to double the price of wheat, aml has put It up to Psldent Harding and Secre* ary of Agriculture Wallace. Thls de- slrable--for the farmerthlng can be accomplished, he says, if, with the aid of.the new warehousing and interme- diate credits aet, the farmers are au- thorized to store  on their farms a minimum of 200,000,000 bushels of wheat as a means Of avoiding putting Oil the market an excessive surplus. In his telegram to Secretary Wallace, Mr. silver said : "As we have in pres- ent crop and carry over, approximate- ly 1,000,000.000 bashets of wheat, with a home consumption of five bushels per capita or 550,000.000 bushels, and seed need of 50,000,000 bushels more, and a possible export outlook of only ]50,000,000 to 200,000,000 bushels, can you not get the President to advise the farmers to avail themselve at this tim_e of the new warehousing and ln- lermediate credtt acts and withdraw from the visible supply for this year a minimum of 200.000,000 bushels of wheat by warehousing, under your su- pervlslon, that quantity on the farm. financed through the intermediate credits banks and not to be distributed during this cousumptlve year but to be carrled forward to augment next year's crop at harvest thne, "In this way it will give the farm- ers an opportunity to adjust their acreage In the fall and spring seed- hms so tlat no unduly large surplus need exist at that time. Such a I jmove would, in my opinion, allow co- lag the Volstead law and the manner of its enf6r<'ement, the Anti-Saloon league mid the Ku Klux Klan and praising Governor Smith as the man who had showed the way out of the proatbitlon muddle. At another cele- bration, that of the American society In London, Solicitor General 3ames Beck said some sharp things about British resentment because of liquor shipments on vessels in New York har- bor. "Restrictions on liquor under seal aboard foreign liners would not have been imposed," said Mr. Beck. "if the hospitality of American harbors had not been imposed on by deliberate and consistent violation of the laws of the United States. I speak, not as one who Is an enthusiastic advocate of the pro- .hibltlon order, but the fact remains that when the law of the United States ls violated It becomes an issue for the majesty of the law. "The great experiment we are mak- Ing is not being frustrated by the law- lessness of nur people, but by the de* liberate breaking down of our laws by others and we are compelled to say that we cannot longer endure open violation of these laws. I don't think that we are impolite or rude without provocation." REQUENTLY heard statements to the effect that business in general In the United States ls not good and that a decline is setting in are not norne out by reports from Washing- ton on the transportation of freight. Here are some of the facts and fig- ures : Far the third consecutive week and the fourth time this year, loadingof revenue freight exceeded the million mark for the week which ended on June 23, the total for the week being 1,002.740 cars. Freight loading so far this year has been the heaviest in his- tory. The total for the week of finns 23 was an increase of 136.419 cars over the corresponding week last year, and mr Increa.e of 227.298 cars'.over tne corresponding week in 1921. It also ex- ceeded by a wide margin the corre- sponding x;eeks In J918, 1919 and 1920. Loading of merchandise and miscel- laneous freight amounted to 581,244 cars. While this was a decrease (u 4,113 cars under the preceding week, It was an Increase of 16.085 cars over the corresponding ,week iia 192'2, and an increase of 112.449 cars over the cor- responding week in 1921. Loading of grain and grain products totaled ,T.958 cars. This was an In. crease of 55 cars over the week before, but a decrease of 4,172 cars under the same week last year, and a decrease of 5,141 cars under the same week in 1921. Live-stock loading totaled L29.251 cars, a gain of 790 ears over tbe pre- vious week. While this was a decrea of 662 cars under the corresponding week last year, it was an Increase of t.31,q cars over the corresponding week two years ago. -NEED FOR MINDS Persons of High.$t Be Requisitioned for Is Plea Made by ,'gan Francisco.Edncatl°n is as d l. tinct a business as banging or ran- and equally needs a trained In charge, Prof. Fred C. of Washlngton National Edu- on. out that mad- ern school boards have control of a public business which Invohes from on,-fourth to one-half of all public ex- penditures and which dictates the daily activities" of over twelaty million per- SOILS. Thomas R. Cole, superintendent of schools of Seattle, declared one of the adwmees In public the last decade ; by the elementary advised hy Mrs. Susan N. Dorsey, Los Angeles superintendent of schools. "Thereis no more senseless e.xtrava. gance," she said. "than great masse of costly school masonry dead. inert useless, night after lngbt, while the) might he throbbing with ltfe and light The drawlug power of the motion pie. lure should be frankly acrnowledge¢ and community leaders should set themselves to turn the movie habit Into edueaUoaal account throt, gh aa commut Work and Wallace, Personal Friend00, LTkely b 00,oper0000 By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN (?LA.MATION of arid lands by the federal govermnent Is now twenty years old. The approval by President Roosevelt of the reclanmtion act June 17, 1902, nmrked an expansion of the homestead policy of the nation and its adaptation to new conditions. Much has been written in praise arl in blaine of what has been done. The present year Is the first of what ap- pears to be greater activities and changed methods. In this reclamation of arid land, say the experts, considerably more than $100,000,000 have been expended. A very considerable sm has been repaid. The works erected are many of hem of monumental charac- terF In the main the settlers under these projects have been prosl)erous and successful, but a series of lm prices and high freight rates have created a condition under whlcl many of the settlers find It temporarily impossible to meet their payments. With a view of remedying this condition an act ex- tending the time of certain payments under care- fully guarded conditions was enacted. It Is real- ized by all that the time has now arrived whe there should be a general study of conditions on the reclamation projects and a readJtestment of payments In the light of present conditions In a manner to enable the industrious and well-mean- ing settler to meet hls obligations at all times and to place these enterprises on a basis of permanent prosperity. According to the e.xperts we have long needed a federal law providing for the organization of Irriga- tion districts on projects under the national recla. matin law. In order to make It possible for the federal authorities to deal with the settlers and water users collectively instead of individually. This Is now made possible by the act of May 15, 1922. This act also provides for the conditions un- der which farm loans can be made on lands on reclamation projects, thus meeting a long-felt want on the part of settlers on such projects. Dr. Hubert Work Is now secretary of the interior. He Is a Colorado man and has had personal exIri- ence with irrigation. In a recent address delivered by SecPetary Work at the Agricultural department motion-picture show, he set forth the need of co- and the Interior. In one place le said this : operation between the Department of Agriculture "The Interior department-and the Department of Agriculture are dnits of a great government, not miniature governments in themselves, and therefore both departments are obligated to con- tribute through nutual co-operation to the success- ful administratibn of the government as a whole. The lost motion and time expenditure incident to duplication or overlapping does not make for In- tensive organization, the lack of which is a weak- ness of the government service. One department should not be dependent on another for an inciden- tal servic because not prepared to do it alone. That servtce should be the responslbllity of the department best equlpped to.render it." In an- other place he sald this: "Farmers must compete In the markets precisely as other industries do, and the question of trans- l)rtatlon Is a fundamental factor In the market- ing of farm products. These are questions the two departments must study together, for they have to do with the food supply not of this year and our own people alone but for many years In the future and for other nations as well, There is no longer any frontier In the United States. We re all one people, having a common interest and obligation to the government, and I shall ask the secretary of agrlcultttre to lend the good of- flce of his most scientltic, practical, and effective department to appraise soil fertility and markets In advance of our reclamation commitments and to aid our settlers in profitable farming." He concluded thus : "I have not had opportunity to consult with the secretary of agriculture on these lines I have been dlscusslng lth you. I am new to my department while ho has been tn the far West for several M2-n/z2V 2 weeks, where, inclde.tally, he has missions to per- form for my deparrmen% but we are long-time personal friend§ ; I kow [he trend of his mind and feel assured that we will not be far apart in our com¢luslons bearing o,a the important services our respective home-mak:ng deDartments should ren- der to the governmer, t." This will be good news for many who wauld benefit by co-operatlrm. :ince these two depart- ln(qtr; h2.ve been for a long time at feud over several questions--sulfa, far example, as the pro- posed transfer of the control of the national for- ests to the Interior de)artment ; the efforts of the Agricultural departmelt to get control of the na- tional parks, and the proposed turning over of Alaska to the Interio department's adroinistra- tlon. At afiy rate, SecretalT Work has begun his ac- tivities by appointing.Miles Cannon, former cam- missioner of agriculture of Idaho, to the position of field reclamation commissioner, headquarters to be estabhshed later L, one of the reclamation states. In his letter to Director A. P. Davis of the reclamation service and ti managers of the sev- eral reclamation projects Dr. Work says in part: "Mr. Cannon is the direct representative of the secretary of the Interior in a work which I have undertaken for the improvement of government reclamation projects along business and agricul- tural lines. His work it, not to conflict wlt]a or duplicate the engineering work now being carried on by existing reclamation forces, nor with the work of other bureaus or departments, but is to be, so far as same touches your ork or that of others, in cOOperation in producing beneficial re- sults. "Briefly, It Is the purpose to eO-ordlate vari- ous agricultural activities, aid the farmers In rais- Ing better and more diversified crops, in applying modern methods In handling, marketing, and real- Izing upon crops produced, to effect economies wherever possible, and to In every way improve not only the condition of the water users on the projects but the administration of the projects by this department." Incidentally, Commissioner Cannon, Director Davis and Special Assistant Secretary D. W. Davis are at this writing making a visit of lnspe tion to the principal reclamation projects. There are 30 reclamation projects in various states. The total Investment of the United States is approximately $172,000.000, the reim- bursements and credits alxproximately $46,000,000. Tim net Investment Is therefore about $125.000,000. Senator Ashurst of Arizona, in a recent senate debate, gave these general figures: "Since federal lrrlgatlon began. 3,000.000 acres of theretofore practically worthless desert land have been made productive by government Irrigation. The-value of the crops produced thereon now ammmts to $90.000,000 annually. The increase in value of the Irrlgated acreage amounts to $600,- 000,()0. and since the government began the de* livery of irrigation water the crops produced on the reclaimed lands today aggregate $400,006,000 in value. Nor does this sum of $400,000,000 In- clude the value or expansion of produetlon of live stock or stock products; In other4w0rc[s, tlve fig- ures ($40(},000,000) as to the aggregate crop value are llmited to vegetable, fruit, and grain values at the farm, for wklch government reclamatlon furnlshes the sole supply of water. All the moneys disbursed by the government to the various Irrl- gallon projects will ultlmately be repaid. "At the outset let it be remembered that the full importance of natlonal irrigation cannot be measm'ed In dollars,  it has an intanglble value not to be estimated In tonnage tables nor trana- portatioa rates. In In the arid land of the atillzing undcveL)ped poriunities for i:s lyurposes of the ilolnes. intl this Viewed from this lamatlon ha amply vacates hoped. "Since 1902 the atructed the Irrigation water to 2.000.000 storage reservoirs of the lag a supplemental millhm additional acres grand total of 3.000,000 lands are now torlly housed approxlmw On the llies in independent cities, towns ad vIllage-.at projects has been lncrea-- of families." In the Reclm.mtion lowlng figures zone-California, which of conditions among Values Value of farm lands p project at close of Valse of live stock ........ Value of farm eq Aemd o. OOO** Tol 3 ............ Farms ................. "'" Public utilitles ........... Value l,f CrOPl Alfalfa hay .............. " Alfalfa seed ............. Cotton ............... Cotton seed .............. Miscellaneous .......... """ Value of crops produ( Sh ipment of Hay ................ Cotton ........ Cotto seed..ot Maam'e .................. Cattle ............. ..... Alfalfa seed ........ Honey ...... • ....... . o. o. MiscellaneOus ....... Total amount Wholseaale Dry goods, clothing, ,, Lumber ............... Automohlles, truckS, ete- 00roc00ries i:i:i:i"i: ..... Hardware flour, bags ete- Coal, feed, Farm implements - • ; """ Machinery and suPP lies Electl4cal supplies Jewelry and m Drugs and sundries .... "" Clgare, et6 .......... Furnl*ure ............ Other merchandise ....... . Ttal ...... "''"" over many falls, two of them 80 frog NENORY OF CUFF DWELLERS' HOME bigh. --  "On a Ilttle fiat" bordering this Bandelier National Monument Estab- Ancient Cliff Dwellers," states: stream, where fields were available Iihed to Preserve Relics of This "West of the RI0 Grande at Buck- close by, some prehistoric nian eatub- Long-Vanished Race, man, N. kI., but 1,000 feet above it, "Hshed his communal house, his dwell- lies the PaJarito plateau, a rolling lags in the cliffs, and his kivas---the The Bandelier National monument, yellow-pine country cut by deep can- village of TyuonyL Others of his located within the Santa Fe National yons that lead dwn to the river. One people lived in villages on the PaJa- forest, was established in 1916 to pre* of these canyo]s contalns a pretty rite plateau in nearby canyons where serve the , relics of the vanished race little :aountain stream, the Rite de natural defenses made &belt habits- of cliff dwellers who once inhabited Frt#oles. Between picturesque tlons more secure. Long ao these this region. A forest survlce booklet, attd can,xm walls" this stream people disappeared, but the rulL of which is entitled "In the Land the Into ek have remained." FeW It lifts. and them