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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
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July 14, 1923     The Woodville Republican
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July 14, 1923
 

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&apos; ] i 0IJR AGRICULTURAL PAGE ! _! Road =-  - ....... - - - = " " . Live Stoc Pou , Road Im rovement, Home =- | Its Cost = =- Da/00ng, k, hry T = = cooer, ...... Building, Horticulture, Etc. - "-- a paying invest-  kind of IH1iHUrH1RH|||ll||g1IIU2mlm|n|nMnlnJlmlinw|nnlnnWb 2Ull|ll IIIIIlillllllllHIt|||llllm Avoid Watermelon Flaseed Production FDAII0000I,- Loss in Transit Wilt Show Increase II POINTS without it, ac- roads of fig- f traffic i i LIVE STOCK i An on the Bos- the average Commodities in nine hours Adding one- estimate for Weight to 1.- the Iowa ex- with gasp- the cost of a dirt road mile, assure- such traffic road. The same ton- road would he a day. On year the actual moving this If the paved mile, the av- cent would be from leave a bal- the cost of years. Tankage Very Good for Pigs on Alfalfa Pasture Is a protein sHppltnlent ilevP-<:ir for h(,s which are fatte,ed on alfalfa pasture? I.lght is sited on tiffs que. ti.n hy an experiment cndu(-ted last summer at the Kan::as exl'riment sta- tion. In this te.t two lots of pigs were fattened on alfalfa pasture. One re- ceived corn alone, while the other wa given corn and a quarter of a pound of tankage per head daily. In both cases the grain was h,md-fed twice a day on a concrete feeding floor. Both lots of pigs were fed for 120 days and received the same treatment. The pigs fed corn alone gained but three-quarters of a pound per head daily, while theme which had the tank. age put on gains at the rate of a pound and aquarer per head daily. The pigs which did not have tankage required 445 [unds of corn to make 100 pounds of gain. In contrast, those fed on corn ;tem-End Rot Fungus That Brings About Decay Still Is Important Factor. (Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture.) Watermelon growers shouhl give seri- ous consideration to their responsibili- ties in connection with prevention of losses in transit, advises the United States Department of Agriculture. Examination of carloads at destina- tion has shown that. provided ship- ments are properly loadtl in clean. well-ventilated cars. and delivered within a reasonable length of time, any losses experienced usually result from the shipping of: (1.) Melons affected with bad anthracnose pock marks. (2.) Severely stmscaled or stale fruit. (3). Melons that carry cuts and bruises as a result of careless handling, or i (4). Melons, the stems of which not take into cost of up- or value passenger sections the Is reduce4 travel, but corresponding- no doubt that of the operat- case will of Improve- Is suWcient at alL h Surface material on any farm construct- similar ms- corn- SmOoth eondi- applied be used employees, mcesed 7 or S mater|sis. stone road cleaned of dust ordinary the per  removed and into s about Wide. so that In a broad, is to be pouring can in road be taken to and the "be approxl- to a square applying clesn gravel evenly Imlble, rolled roller. Where clean. as covering in suf- the bltu- lherlng to tlre not be made Stahles or Where mud- hitch- if a is desired, a bOuld be laid. on Road road beneath states roads of the of Agrtcul- equipped Ineludlng tad an auto- de- Data to be tad moisture design of galtude of (lab under as other states will be information strength of and tankage tfgk but 3,'5 pounds of corn and 20 pounds of tankage for 100 pounds of ga!i, tu other w(,r,!. 2q pounds of tankage saved ll0 ,,,:mdl$ of corn. When tl:e trl;!l was lU;l,le o*r,'l Was worth about $1 per hundred pounds and tankage about $4. The saving affected by the tankage, on the basis of these prices, was 23 cents on each 100 pounds of pork. Since corn is now higher in price and tankage about the ame as xhen this experiment was made. the saving due to the tankage would be somewhat greater at the prex- eat time, It was noted by those who conducted the trial that the pigs which had noth- ing but corn on the alfalfa pasture up- rooted the alfalfa to a eonslderahle ex- tent. This was not true in the lot which had tankage. This damage to the pasture necessitated considerable expense in reseeding. The Kansas test indicates that the feeding of a small amount of tanltage to pigs fattened on s legume pasture. tmch as alfalfa or clover. Is well worth while. It Is also advisable from the standpoint of protecting the pasture. Good Fattening Ration for Market ockerels Dry mash is as Important in the laying hen's diet In summer as in winter. Many persona feel that the hens will pick their rations, hut this often causes a serious dropping off In production. To get the highest production, a dry mash 0fig-El to be in the feeders at all times. A mash composed of 200 )ounds of gronnd oats, I() pounds of bran. 100 pounds of ground orn and 75 pounds of tankage makes an excellent m]mmer feed for laying hens. By using this ground mash the hen does not have to use her energy as much in digesting and can keep up her lay- have not been reclipped and treated for prevention of stem-end rot. Rot Coming Under Control. ']'lie lem-.nd rot fungq:s, which not only causes stem-end rot. hut atso brings about deoay following bruises anti cuts in the rind, has been a source of heavy loss in the past, and is still a factor of great Importance. In 1919 I campaign of education concerning methods of control for this disease was initiated In the Southeastern states, the United States Department of Agriculture and the state extension services co-operating. As a result of the interest taken in this work by farmers, distributors, and railroads, stem-end rot is-coming under control. This conclusion is borne out by rec- ords from the food prods-to inspec- tion service, which indicate that in Georgia shipments losses from stem- ed rot have been eat from 14.4 per cent In 1920 to 8.3 per cent in 1921, and 6.2 per cent in 1922; and ! Flor- Ida shipments from 16.6 per cent in 1920 to 10.1 per cent In 1921 and 5.3 per cent in 1922. Timely 8uggetions. In ord{r that stem-end rot and losses in transit due to other causes may be reduced, farmers should make every effort to carry out the following sug- gestions at harvtst sea(ran : Cl.) If possible avoid working 'hlle the vines are wet. (2.) Never permit labor to handle rotten melons in the field and then work with fruit for shllmaenL (3.) Never permit clipper to handle or to touch knife to rotten melons in the field. (4.) Never permit clipper to eat into melons while pushing knife through the stem. i (5.) Never permit clipper to stand melons on end to mark them in the ! field. i (6.) Insist on careful handling by lng. i Also, hens that are deprived of a the tote boys and wagon men. (7.) Pad wagons thoroughly in or- good ration during the summer often :der to avoid nail or splinter punctures, go into a slack period preparatory to i eats, and brulse. an early molt and do not lay. Expert- i (8.) Load on the day melons are ments have shown that molting hens clipped, in clean, dry car, the walls of are low produoers and often good hens which have been papered. Use dry are discarded when they would he all straw for bedding. If possihle, pad right if properly fed.  ends of car, although not In such a Hens that are slow producers when way as to obstruct ventilators. These properly fed can soon be culled out,should be fastened open. properiy.--J. L. Gordon, Iowa State i (9.) Handle carefully when un- college, loading melons from wagons and packing. Do not allow labor to stand Cattle and Sheep Often or sit on melons. (10.) Reject melons that do not Contract Shipping Fever! Ca(fie and sheep, while passing through the large stockyards, often contract a disease known as hemor- rhagic septicemia or shtpplng fever. The losses occur most commonly In the fall as cold weather advances and heaviest losses usually occur among stocker and feeding cattle,-although milking cows and sheep [hay be af- fected. The disease is a poisoning of the blood and often runs a short ,ourse and quickly proves fatal. The losses from this disease are very heavy and the United States buread of anlmal industry is (rying to prevent it from spreading. A bulletin has been published which tells how to treat this disease and may be ob- tained free of charge by" writing the United States Department of Agricul- ture, Washington, D. C. LIVE STOCK NOTES A small fat sheep brings a better pflce than a large poor sheep. A scrub bull lgn't worthless. He g n make a fair grade of bologna. 't'gtable ar- , * to re- Many lambs can be saved by giving after a the flock extra care and attention at lambing ilme. mUch more * . . and hard. Proper feeding Just before and Im- Pelled when mediately.after the sow farrows and a lot of the close attention to all details at this most of time, are Important factors in de- It does termining the percentage of pigs raised to get i .4rom the tal number farrowed. The disposition of the sow, her feed and care while pregnant and even before breeding all have much to do thu Public ro:t ds, btlt with the number of pigs she will raise. Breeds of S:in: ;arrears' bulletin 1263, may be had by writing the United States Department of Agriculture" Washington, D. C. Care must alway b taken that the have a firm. green stem, or that show mnseald or bad anthracuose marking. (11.) Apply stem treatment as described in Farmers' Bulletin 1277, reclipping stems to firm green surface before applying the disinfectant paste. Clear Moss From Fruit Trees by Proper pray Moss can be quite readily cleared from the trees. The solution of strong bordeaux is one of the best sprays. The old formula of lime. sulphur and alt, where the same weight of salt Is used in the spray as of lime and sul- phur, namely 15 pounds to 50 gallons of the concentrated spray, is also very efficient in removing moss. But a sub- stance which is very good to use is common lye. The lye can be used straight by dissolving in plain water. or it can be used In the lime sulphur spray. The rate to rise :s about one Found can of lye for every six or seven gallons of splay. It cleans off the moss quite readily, seems to soften the bark and gives it a dean, bright aP- pearance, Birds Are Not Numerous Because of Insect Pests The chief reason birds are not more !numerous and that insect pests conse- quently increase so rapidly is that suit- able-places are not provided far nest- ing with protection from vermin. Cleaning out fence rows and corners beautifies the premises hut ruins the i blrds' homes. Building houses blrd I and putting them on poles will help to replace the natural homes. But better than this is to leave some small thtck- ets at different spots over the farm. Improper" Feeding Cause of Droopiness in Chicks Droopy, dull chicks, with long wings and short haoles are the result of feed- lng too soon, overfeeding and allowing feed on the floor or ground to become pregnant ewes are not chased by dogs IpO4led, overheting" chilling, damp or Jammed through narrow gates or floors, aml from the effects of lice and doo, as any rough treatment wlll i  If flel are droopy, correct Prices Fluctuate to Disad- vantage of the Growers. (Prepared by in* United Satee Deprtment ot Ag :calture.) There is an lllC|'tit-,lDg spread De" tween the l*rouucuun ul tlaxseed In the United States and tile dcluand for: home ct}tisnnqJtiola, according tu tile United tates Department of Agricul- ture. ntti IL ires coutitry produced, on a II art:rage, nlore ilion it cou.,6utned . and therefore wa abi,to export a surplu in nearly every year. lgin- ning with l)'J, however, our produc- tion began to decline, while our re- qUlldlnents began to increase with population. .Net ilnpors consequently have increased. The reduction tn con- sumption in 1917 and 1918 was due to war restrictions, and that in 1920 and 1921 to has|hess depression. It Is fairly certain that the ||gates for 19"2'2, when available, will show an increase in colZsmnption. As the United States changed in po- sition from an exporter to an importer of fl'txseed, the farm price of flax in- creased materially.* In 1907, when a surplus of over 4,0X),000 bushels wa exported, the farm price of fiaxseed on December 1 averaged  cents a bushel. In 1908, when production and consumption were practically equal, the farm price of flaxseed was $1.18 a bushel. In 1909, when 4,957,000 bushels were imported, the farm price rose to $1.53 a bushel. In man}" localities a comparatively small volume of flaxseed Is marketed; dad because the price fluctuates wide- ly, flaxseed usually is bought on a wide margin, and the grower often does not receive the full value of his crop. .This condition could be Im- proved if several growers of fiaxseed In such localities would combine their deliveries and thus market a carload or more at one time. Farm Implements Should Be Placed Under Cover The average farmer does not get ful! value out of the most of the farm Im- plements that he buys for at least two reasons. One ream Is that he has n- place to h,use them. hence they weather--that is, they get wet anti rust or decay. Having implements lay out In the weather a season is worse on them than one season's use. In too many cases the writer has seen farm implements such as plows, cultivators, binders, and many other implements setting in the field here last used. and many times, the shovels of cultivators are even left in the ground. Before using these implements the next season the shovels of cultivators and the various bright parts of the Implements have to be scoured with sand rock before using. This not only takes off a layer of metal but requires a great deal of time. If one will Just think a moment he will know that the work of scouring the implements and getting them ready for use is much more work than tO have cleaned and greased these bright metal parts*with axle grease and painted tle wood and other metal parts when through using the Implements. By doing this the air and water is kept from the metal and wood, hence, the implements will fare well even if left out In" the weather. By W. H. Me.heaters. Extension Farm Engineer, Oklahoma A. and M. College. Pea Aphis Will Attac] Three Important Crops The, pea aphis is seriously Infesting the entire cannery pea section In Stan- Islaua county, Cal., and a lighter in- festation extend over the Santa Clara valley, according to reports received by the United States Department of Agricultare. This ln:t is also doing considerable damage to alfalfa In the vicinity of Topeka. Karts. The Kan- sas infestation is over a region where the growing of garden peas is rather extensive. The association of alfalfa and peas is suggested .as being favor- able for the multiplication of this in- seat. Infer(aliens by this pea aphis were so seriou on spinach In the Santa Clara valley, Cal., that seven ean- mrles ceased canning this vegetable this spring. The damage was not so much the infestation of the aphis the IFesence of such enormous num- ber's of the syrphtd larvae which prey upon them from the spinach In the washing process. Soy Bean Hay Good for Dairy Cows and Sheep ffoy beans answer the hay questhm very well, particularly for dairy cows and sheep. Yields of soy bean hay are generally from one to one-and-a half tons of hay per acre. but the bay Is of excellent quality and stands weathering better than most hays. The time to cut iS when the leaves be- gin to turn yellow. The best hay va- rieties include the Peking, Wilson and Manchu, although the Manchu will pro- dace nearly as much hay. Fattening Steem Show Ffxed Desire for Salt Animals fed large quantities of rich nutritious food. such as fattening steers receive, show a strong desire for salt. and this craving should bf reasonably satisfied. The foru lr which salt is supplied to steers is merely a matter of convenience. It is probably best to keep salt before tl cattle at all time,, though some ecu exeegent results when they give xe l odly oaee or t Wke ell Requirements Outlined for Good Dairy Ration The requirements of a go.d dairy ratitm are: 1. It must be bal'tnced. 2. It sh.uhi he palatable. 3. It must be laxative. 4. It siJould he sufficiently bulky. 5. It shoubl contain a variety of feeds. 6. It must be adapted for milk productl,m 7. It slmuld be of lowest p-ssible cost. In order to fe,.d cows eoonomiea]ly It Is essential that the roughage be pr.duced on the farm. Home grown feeds cost tss than If pure|rased. Many faruls can also i)roduce some grain feeds. A good cow will require the follow- ing feed for a year: Roughage--4 tons stlage, 1 tons legume hay--alfalfa, cowpeas or pea- nut; 1 ton sudan sorghum or kafir, fed green when pastures are dry or an extra ton of siltage provided for the dry season; 1 acre wheat, oats or rye, for winter pasture. Grain Ratbm--7tX) pounds corn, kafir or barley chop; 400 pounds cottonseed meal or peanut meal; 200 pounds wheat bran. (Some ground oats can be substituted if desired, or the amount of bran increased, depend- ing upon the roughage a'allable.) Heavy milk producers may eed some grain even when on a good grass pasture. A Jersey cow giving the following amounts of milk p day can profitably be fed rain as .,dl- cated: 20 pounds nZl'k, 3 pounds grain; 30 pounds milk., 5 pounds grain ; 40 pounds milk, 8 pounds grain. Holstein cows: 25 ptnds mlilL 3 pounds grain; 35 pour'tls milk, 5/ pounds grain; 45 poCnds milk, 9 pounds grain. A balanced ration f dairy cows may be calculated by consulting a table o! digestible nutents ually found in books on feedfng and con- sidertng the feeds avaPtble and oh. talnable. Here are a few help In making a dairy ration, suggested Oy profealme Bast: 1. After balancing O grain ntlx- tare for the nverage co  the herd, mix enough eor a week's supply. 2. IIave at least tv,.o ".axative feeds in the ratim, (alfalfa ]'.ay and bran are laxative feeds). 3. One-third of the gr,-In by wght Khould he of bulky character. 4. Add one pound of salt to each 100 pounds of grain. 5. Adjust the amounf of gcaln for each cow to the amount r- milk. 6. Silage may be fed ft the rat of 2 to 3 & pounds per  pounds Uve weight of cow. 'L Feed one poand good "lry roughage for 100 pounds live weig%t of cow. A. C. Beer, Professor of tTatrylng" Ok- lahoma A. and M. C)llegf.. Cheese Lags in Bigger Use of Dairy Products (Prepared by the United Stat Departn.nt of Agriculture.: While the eonsumptic' of dairy products in te United tates is In- creasing, there is still roCn for dal" interests to exlmml thro?4h creating nn increase In the con-'-umvtlon of cbeese, says the United S,tes Depart- ment of Agriculture. A;though the American people arexrge eatern of butter compared with European peo- ples. they consume relatively m-nell amounts of cheese. The consumption of cheese is approximately 3.8 pounds per person, while In some European countries the consumption Is four or five times this amount. Cheese of the American Cheddar type Is chiefly man- ufaetured In this country, but there ts a demand for cheese of foreign vao tie(lea, especially hy persons who have come from foreign emmtries. Before the war more than 60.000.000 pounds of cheese, or approximately one-fifth am much as was produced of all vari- eties In this country, was Imported aI1nuaily. ]kacreaslng the consumfitlon of cheese offers large opportunities far the development of the dairy industry. If the people of this cmmtry would consume as much cheese per capita as the Dane. the Englishman. the Hol- ' lander, the German, or the Frenchman, or half as much aa the Swiss, It would create a market for 9.000,000,- 000 ponnds of milk more than is re- 0aired at the present time. DAIRY NOTES $1ndness is an Importer( factor in profitable dalrTlng. Stirring milk and cream aids in re- ducing garlic and onion flavor. Cottonseed meal Is not considered a good feed for young calves. 4; $ 4; 1 Wld onions, garlic and ragweeds are not eaten by cows when there is pleat of other feed. a a 4; Too much working Is a common fault In farm-mae butter, This gives the butter a sticky and aalvY body and a dull, greasy appearance. a a 4; A rich cream Is the best cream. It will nat sour ,s quickly a a thin cream. You will not have to handle such a large volume of material a * a A cow pays well f,r good care. She does hr best when needs for plenty ff wal*:r, air md feed are met, md her bodLy eomforf is cousldered. m PE-RU-NA  u,. =..o,,,, ,,-. ,_ _ Inm.I k ]IIltm00thlgh00. I I For oh, oo] es.t, V,?  I sulfa of g.rip mad Spanish Flu, stom- ach and bJwel disorders sl all other Ca- tarrhal , PE,RU-NA is recommended, by a halt entury of uefulne TULJgr OR jQtm BOLD VR'RrHIg The Tactful Wife. "You do need a new hat awfully bad- ly, dear. and while you're getting it, perhaps I'd better have one, too."-- [AYadon 0pinion. 00odd See Big C/rage m From the First "I could see a big change for the better In baby right from the first when I began giving him Tee(bins; he grew quieter, his stomach pains left off and now he Is as fat and healthy a child as you please," writes Mrs. Maude Neighbors, 1638 W. 4th t., Texarkana. Texas. When baby is restless and fretful from teething or a disordered tom- ach nothing will bring such quick re- lief as Teethlna. It contains nothing that can harm the most delicate child, but soothes and allays distress inci- dent to teething and coUckT condi- tions. Teethlna Is sold by leading drug #sts or send 30c to the Moffett Lab. oratories, Columbus, Go., and receive a full size package and a free copy af Moffett's Illustrated Baby Book. (Advertisement.) The young man who files high doesn't stop to worry where he Is go- Ing to light DON'T INFLAMED LIDI  . J J Ga Mlss l'rlm--"Now, chihlren ; how much Is a meter?" Mrs. [tardup's IA tie Boy--"A quarter each time." There is nothing more satlsactoiT after a day of hard work than a full of snowy-white clothes. For uch results use Red Cross Ball Blue.--A vertisemenL Deer Become a Nuisarme. Deer are doing much damage New Zealand: t2mre are estimated to be 300,000. all of which came from 111 mported between 1861 and Cutlcura Comforts Babfa 8kin When red, rough and itching, by baths of Outieura Soap and touches o Cuticura Ointment. Also make 9JNll now and then of that exquisitely ed dusting powder, Cuticura Icum one of the indispensable Cutieura Toilet Trio.--Advertlsement. When Money Talks. If you are angry "count ten befot you speak ; if your wife is angry, out ten and let that speak for yo.-- Boston Transcript. i I Tlae Quality Car Not alone for every-day utility does Chevrolet t the SUPERIOR 5oPass. f. o. . '8(0013 Mich. world's lowest-priced quality car. It also meets the requtre. meats of particular people foe those tmlal and sport occaalotm when artistic proportion, high. grade coach work, and hand. ome  are iv harmon with the time and place. "l _ You can be proud of your Char. rolet, combining, as it does, a : : high degree of engineering effi- ciency with modern quality -: features that appeal to the e,rienced and the discrlmo 112. Call at our showrooms and dis- cover the astonishin values made possible by the exception- al volum of Chevrolet sale Prk f, o, b, Flint, MtrhQlan SUPERIOR RKIIt .... 1515 SUPERIOR Touring .... $21 SUPERIOR UtlUty Coulp . . SUPERIOR ltett . . . 855. SUPERIOR 8eden 11 SUPgRIOR Commmlal"  425 See Chevrolet First / CHEVROLET MOTOR CO. io General 4oto atio Detrok, %fichigan I I I Blueberries an Inch Thick. Injury Makei Hair Grow. A blueberry an Inch In diameter Is William Hall. of Lewiston, Pa., who not a dream, but a possibility. At ,he Is over eighty years old, has been bald Untted States Department of Agrteul- for many years. A short time "ago ture testing plantation at Whlteabog, both his legs were fractured In an auto 'our miles east front Brown Mills, N. l accldent. While he was recovering L, about 25.000 hlueberry hybrids from his injuries he grew a ful! ave now been frutted. -Many of them. Lof hair.--New York World. . ccordlng to the Scientific American, 1 -- nave produced berries three-fourths of I Mr. Probe. " tn inch in diameter, several foUr-fifths "Blank Is a man who has dug deep )f an Inch and one of them thts year Into ]lfe," ached almost seven-eighths of nn inch. I "Ah ! He was a surgeon. --,Tud$, on Nutritious and Delicious