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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
April 23, 2015     The Woodville Republican
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April 23, 2015

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Page 4 \\; The Woodville Republican, Thursda,April 23, 2015 April Showers Bring Fungus? Submitted by Ann tL Davis, MSU Extension Service Wilkinson County , Extension Coordinator/Agent\\;. Crape Myrtle Bark Scale Found In Mississippi Submitted by Ann H. Davis, MSU Extension Service Wilkinson County According to MSU Exten- sion Entomology Specialist Dr. Blake Layton, crape myr- tle bark scale (CMBS) is now present in Mississippi. Dr. Gary Bachman, Horticulture Specialist in the Southeast Region, recently discovered a well-established infesta- tion in Ocean Springs. This non-native scale is a serious threat to southern crape myr- tles -- it threatens to turn what has historically been a beautifffl, low-maintenance landscape tree into an un- sightly, high maintenance landscape tree! Crape myrtle bark scale first appeared in Texas in 2004 and has since moved in- to several southern states in- cluding Mississippi. The scale is easy to spot and identify -- heavy accumulations of black sooty mold on the trunk; patches of white felt-like ma- terial on the twigs and tnmk, especially around cracks and crevices in bark and pruning scars; adult female scales are covered with a sot'c, off-white felt-like material and are about 1/10 inch long;, and us- ing a toothpick, or small twig, break the felt-like covering and the insects will bleed red or pink (you may actually see pinkish eggs or crawlers underneath). Crape myrtles that have or had heavy in- festations of aphids will also have heavy accumulations of sooty mold on trunks, but will not have the other symptoms. Crape myrtle is the only known host of this insect. Based on information from similar plant growth zones in China and observations reported from other infested states, it appears that CMBS will complete two to four generations per year in the Southeast: Eggs and mature females are the most com- mon stage for overwintering, but overwintering can occur in all life stages. This insect does not spread by flying, as only male CMBS have wings. Long range dispersal occurs through human transport of infested plants. Short range dispersal can potentially oc- cur by wind or as a result of crawlers being transported by birds or flying insects. Crape myrtle bark scale is going to be a difficult pest to control. Initially, homeown- ers and landscape managers will likely want to be very aggressive in trying te control isolated infestations, with the goal of eliminating the infes- tation before it can spread to other crape myrtles. When possible, destroying infested plants may be the best re- sponse. This is most practical for small, recently-installed plants. CMBS is so new that con- trol programs are still be- ing developed, but aggres- sive control involves using a combination of the following treatment methods. 1) Use a soft bristle brush, water and a bit of dish washing liquid to scrub heavy accumulations of scale and sooty mold from trunks of heavily infested trees. Although CMBS also occurs higher in the tree on twigs and limbs that can't practically be washed, this trunk washing will improve appearance of the tree and make it easier to monitor the long-term effectiveness of the treatment program. 2) Treat infested trees with a soil-applied systemic insecticide containing imida- cloprid (examples are Merit, and Bayer Tree and Shrub Insect Control) or dinotefu- ran (Safari and Greenlight Tree and Shrub Insect Con- trol). This treatment should be applied in late spring before trees begin to bloom. Be sure to observe pollinater protection precautions speci- fied on the label. Soil-applied systemics are the most ef- fective and easiest to apply treatments available for CMBS, but these treatments my only be applied one time or season and are not likely o give 100% control when used alone. Be sure to retreat with a soil-applied systemic the following year, even if there are no signs of contin- ued infestation. 3) Apply foliar sprays of acephate (e.i. Orthene Turf Tree and Ornamental 97 Spray and Bonide Systemic Insect Control) to control crawlers and newly settled nymphs. Although acephate sprays will also eliminate beneficial insects, they are usefifl for supplementing con- trol provided by soil applied systemics, especially when applied as a series of repeat- ed sprays at 14 day intervals. The label for Orthene TTO also allows application as a "paint on slurry" to a band of bark around the lower por- tion of the trunks. Acephate is systemic and can be ab- sorbed through the bark and trans-located to the upper portions of the tree. This may be a useful method for treat- ing trees where foliar sprays are not appropriate due to drift. Be sure to observe polli- nator protection precautions when using acephate and do not treat when plants are blooming. 4) Apply foliar sprays of insect growth regulators containing pyriproxyfen (Distance) or buprofezin (Ta- lus) when crawlers are ac- K & L Contractors, Inc. Call ROBBY HARTNESS 225-405-6950 or email We specialize in all oil fleld work, dirt work, land c learin road constructlon, fence rows andpond or lake construction insurance Problems? that can help. Call to get mississippi 1-877-314-3843 The abundance of April showers that we have been experiencing is playing havoc with many area home lawns, especially those with St. Au- gustinegrass. Grey leaf spot, dollar spot, brown patch, slime molds, and fairy rings are a few of the more common fun- gus diseases that we are see- ing at this time. Gray leaf spot, one of the diseases we are currently get- ting questions about at the Ex- tension Office, usually attacks St. Augustinegrass, but it can also attack centipede. It. is a summer disease caused by a fungus and is common in long periods of hot, humid weath- er. Newly sprigged or rapidly growing grass is more sus- ceptible than well-established grass. Too much nitrogen fer- tilizer can make the disease more severe. The disease causes ir- regular gray, dirty-yellow, or ash-colored spots with brown, purple, or water-soaked bor- ders on leaf blades. Spots may be covered with gray mold in warm, humid weather. Le- sions may occur on stems, spikes, and leaves. A yellow halo or general chlorosis may occur around some spots. The disease is usually noticed first in shaded damp areas. In heavy areas, the grass may have a burned appearance. Fungus spores are spread by the wind, rain, irrigation wa- ter, and animals. Grey leaf spot will gener- ally disappear on its own, but control is recommended for se- vere infestation. Avoid exces- sive nitrogen (water-soluble) fertilization in summer, water your grass during the day so foliage will not stay wet over- night, and mow your lawn at the recommended height. For the best control on St. Au- gustinegrass, apply a turf fun- gicide containing the active in- grtient thiophanate-methyl (i.e. Fertilome Halt Systemic Rose, Flower, Lawn Fungi- cide; Green Light Systemic Fungicide; Green Light Fung- Away ii Systemic Lawn Fun- gicide; Southern Ag Thiomyl Turf and Ornamenal Systemic Fungicide) atr the rain has ceased, and do not mow for at least 12 hours. :Centipede grass is not on thiophanate- methyl labels. The most com- mon commercial trade names are 3336 and Cavalier. Always remember to road and follow label directions and recom- mendations. For more information on lawn care, please contact the WiUdnson County Extension Office at 601-888-3211 and request Mississippi State Uni- versity Extension Service Pub- lication 1322 Establish and Manage Your Home Lawn. The publication can also be found on the MSU Extension website at www.msucares. com. tive. Although not yet fully tested against CMBS, these growth regulators are effec- tive against crawlers of many other scale species and are less disruptive of biological control than acephate. Note that each of these products is limited to only two ap- plications per year, but it is permissible to use two appli- cations of Distance and two applications of Talus. 5) Spray infested trees with horticultural oil after leaf drop in the fall and again in the spring before bud break, being sure to observe label directions. Although dormant oil sprays have not been fully tested against CMBS, they should help con- trol the more exposed stages, such as crawlers and young nymphs. To assure complete con- trol, infested trees should be carefully monitored and treated for at least two sea- sons following initial treat- ment. Crape myrtles that appear to be un-infested, but are located within 30 feet or so of infested trees, should be treated as if they are infested. Consider treating all crape myrtles in a landscape where a CMBS has been found with a preventive treatment of one of the soil-applied systemic insecticides. CMBS has not been found in Wilkinson County but careful monitoring in needed. The MSU Extension Service is requesting your help in looking for this pest. Please let us know if you find this insect, take a few pictures, collect a sample of the adult scale, preserve in alcohol, and bring the sample to the Wilkinson County Extension Office at 982 Second South Street in WoodxSlle. Or con- tact our office and we will come to your property to identify the problem. FINALLY GETS HIS GOBBLER m The past couple of turkey hunting seasons, including the current Spring 2015 sea- son, have not been very productive for local hunter Zachary Whetstone of Woodville. This all changed on Sat- urday morning, April 18, when Whet- stone, center above, bagged this gob- bler with a 9.5 inch beard and .75 inch spurs. Pictured at left is Whetstone's cousin, Hayden Whetstone, and hunt- ing buddy, Jonathan Newman. The hunter's uncle and lifelong hunting instructor, Randy Whetstone, said he was glad that his nephew, who he calls 'the Lone Coyote," finally got a turkey. One of his friends commented, "From the very wet condition of the bird it is more likely that the gobbler died from drowning rather than being shot." -- Submitted Photo THE FAR CORNER .... Ft. Adams & Lake Mary ! by Rhonda Quirk MOVING GARBAGE CAN -- This is how some county garbage customers move a garbage can from Ft. Adams Back Street to where it can be picked up by the county's garbage collec- tion service. This particular street in the community of Ft. Adams is no longer passable due to a lack of maintenance, so Waste Pro garbage trucks can't drive down the street to pick up customers' garbage. This is a unique way to move a garbage can as Bubba Wilson is shown driving a four wheeler while Rhonda Quirk sits on the back pulling the can on wheels. m Photo Submitted The recent but temporary fall of the Mississippi River and daily thunderstorms have made daily trips across Lake Mary impossible. The river gets to what I call the "crazy" stage. You can't get a boat up Percy Creek because the water is too shallow. It is not wise to try and drive past the bad holes on Lake Mary Road to reach deeper waters. Some folks have driv- en through, but I wouldn't recommend it. Some folks don't under- stand that because we live off Jackson Point Road doesn't mean we can put a beat in the backwaters on Highway 24 and scoot on home. The Mis- sissippi River doesn't always cover the entire area, and you will find yourself dragging the boat across boggy marshes. It is also at this "crazy" stage when the '%ull" gnats begin to hatch out and every- body around starts smelling like vanilla and Skin So Sell to ward them off. The daily thunderstorms are also a major deterrent. I have seen Lake Mary be as smooth as glass and with one crack of thunder turn into a turbulent mass of white cap- ping waves. I know from per- sonal experience not to take a chance and try to ride out or out run the storm. I have experienced her fury, and she can be as nasty as she is beautififl. Recently my good friend, Mr. Steve Cockerham, ran across a 1988 copy of Missis- sippi Outdoors that featured an article written by Karen Hobgood from Tylertown. Even though it was written 27 years ago, I couldn't wait to read it. After reading it, I was overjoyed because she had a precious memory of Lake Mary, and she felt it was worth sharing with ev- eryone. She mentioned the fact that in 1988 boat rentals were available here on the lake. It made me think about how many businesses Lake Mary and Fort Adams have lost over the years. I hope progress isn't too far away, and Lake Mary will receive the respect and attention that she deserves. First and foremost is the road situation, and in my opinion the second issue should be the public landing. ffthe white perch start biting after the high water, it will be hard to put in and take out so many boats from one boat ramp. Parking  also be a problem. Lake Mary has generously provided many tax dollars for our county, yet she has been neglected and overlooked for far too long. It is time to give a little some- thing back! The Far Comer is a very different place. High water creates a number of problems for us. Your life gets turned up side down for a while. You have to move everything to high ground or tie it up so it won't float off. Some of us sive. However, there is an up side to being displaced for a while. Our roads have been in such pitiful shape that we don't get to visit with our neighbors as often as we would like. However, the high water forces us to higher ground and socializing with friends becomes easier. Mr. Henry and Mrs: Jean Jenkins always move to Lake Mary Cottages, and many camp owners frequently stay there too. I guess you could say we form a "high water social club." Something is always cooking on the grill, and folks just wander on over for a good time: After all, family and friends are what life is all about, and we sure are glad to see Mr. Kirk Smith has made a fifll recovery from an epi- sede caused from an elevated blood sugar level. In spite of all the rain and high water, life is still good in encounter added financial The Far Comer. So come on burdens because living in two out and enjoy life on the high places at once can get expen- ground! We are investigating claims on behalf of any mother .who was prescribed the anti-nausea medication ZOFRAN (Ondansetron)  her pregnancy and delivered o child with birth defects. If your child experienced any issues, call us for a confidential and free consultation. The Low Offices of Bobby Moak, P.C. I =800= 595 =6244 bobbymook'02o".ne' The Mississippi Supreme Court advises that a decision on legal services is important and should no/be based solely on advertisements. Free background information available upon request. Listing of these previously mentioned areas of practice does not indicate any certification of expertise therein. For information on this office you may con- tact the Mississippi Bar at 601-948-4471. Big Reach! Small Price! Run this size ad in over 100 newspapers statewide ,= for less than $11 per paper. Call your local newspaper or MS Press Services at 601-981-3060.