Newspaper Archive of
The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
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March 23, 1973     The Woodville Republican
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March 23, 1973
 

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Friday, March 23, 1973 Pioneer Tools In The Homochitto Valley by Wayne llavard O, ften our 1Jew DILIIIPCFS set-- tling in thi area in the late 1700's found existence dependent upon how well they could adap ,to thei,r new environment. In ,this. respect, wood and its uses cannot .be overemphasized in the ettlement of the Homochitto Valley. Its uses varied as much a its sh,ape and kind, Wood was used for shelter, fire for warmth and cooking, m.aterial for wagons, tools, furniture. household uten:ils, toys, decm'a- tive objects, and various other things. The trees themselves ,provided many ingredients for home-made remedies, and even provided them with the latest weather bulletins. The live,s of these local people would llave been drastically different with- out this versatile resource. Into this area of virgin pine and hard, wood settled a people with two strong hands, a firm constitution, and a great deal of ingenuity. They first had lo fi.nd ways of converting the forests into objects for survival. Sometimes what they accom- plished met only the minimum e,tandmrds of crudeness: on the other hand, the objects in most instances were amazingly f, ash- ioned as well as endless in num- ber. [ Wayne ltavard of Gloster is shown above wth a dis_-lay recently Some of their most important !exhibited at a meeting of the lIolnocbitto Valley Historical Society. possessions when they arrived Tools of this type were usel by Sammy Erskins of LSU in 'the in this area were their tools, construction of the cabin now an exhibit at Rosemont. Both Mr. Many of their tools used for Erskins and Mr. llavard will be at Rosemont to demonstrate and working wood were them,selves discuss with Pilgrimage visitors these early tools and methods made of wood. A mallet for ex- i employed. ample, was made by cutting a axe. a foot adze. a "falling" or mallet. two-foot section of hardwood pole axe, and a chalk box. This limb, trimming two-thirds of it skill was needed o give shape down to a handle, then setting it aside bo cure. A mul.a could and form to floor beams and be made in the same way. i walI logs. Wooden wedge-_', ca lled! Notching and .lointing were "Gluts," were hewn out of eigh-, important skills in fitting the Splitting and riving were m- ertan tasks in making boards for the floor and shingles for the roof. The tools needed were a pole axe a go-devil, large wooden wedges, a maul. a froe. and a mallet. To make shingles teen-inch long four- to six-inehihewn logs together. The tools for the roof and gables the logs sections of hardwood, usually lneeded were a falling axe. a were cut into t'wo-foot sections. oak or hickory. Just as important as the tools themselves was the ability vo use them. In considering how our ancestors built a home in the old-time way there were varied and important skills o know. One of the skills used by these mallet, a chisel, a hand ,saw. a, double-bMde saw. a square, and a rulec. To cut lap joints, mor- tises, and so on, early builders in this area marked off the joint to be cut using a square and ruler. They then made the necessary cut(s) against the grain with a hand saw. and early craftsmen was hewing, going with the gram. split out The tools needed were a broad the remainder with a chisel and nails forged by the local black- I Then the seetions were solit into "bolts" and the "bolts" were rived into one-half-inch thick slices. Drilling holes was a useful skill far a craftsman. In those days nails were difficult to pur- chase and the few to be had were usually hand made square A HEARTY WELC DME TO OU R ' IISITORS from Your Full Time Insurance Agency FOSTER INSI JRANCE AGENCY WELO )ME PILGRIMAGE \\; ISITORS May Your Stay Eter., Be A Happy One A Good Place to Eat While You're Visiting Woodville Is LEWIS DRI' IE IN Just South of Highway 61-24 Intersection I 1 I --UAI., r LJ.-- The Woodville Republican, Woodville, Misslsslppl smith. Our ancestors overcame SKIPPER COMPLETES LAW this problem by using a tool known as an auger or gimlet. ENFORCEMENT COURSE Instead of nailing the frame tog,ther they would drill a hoh,, through the bam and peg it toge[heJr with a locust pg. Thzse peg-.- were not round as many people might think. To prevent pegs from working loose thought the years, they were left in a square, almost octagon shape, so that by driving a square peg into a round hole. they were insured it would not loosen. Finally, boards could be ' ,moothed. or d,ressed, by using a drawing knife and a shaving horse. Th!s process added a touch of refinement to their homes. Today we often see these old t'omes standing deserted throughout the local area. and. although people on occasion re- mark of the vanishing be.uty of these homes, the real tragedy is that they fail to see ,r under- stand the inner 'beauty, the craftsmanship and hard labor The 32rid Basic Law Enforce- l that went into their construe- ment Course has just been com- tton. With modern teehnlgyl !cleWed at the Mississippi Law and Innovations the trend iSiEnforccment Officers Training toward an easier life for t_oday's Academy near J.ackson, accord- wmld. Because of this attitude.!fl:g to the administrator, Thorn- many fine skills of building in the old-time way are all but lost to this generation. Proceedings Of The Centreville Mayor And Board Of Aldermen Be it remembered hat there was begun and held i.n the Council Room in the Town of Centrevllle, Miss:.ssippi, at 7:30 p.m. on Tuesday, March 6. 1973. a regular meeting of the Mayor l as B. 8helton. Twenty-five police officers from all parts of te state com- I pleted the course. The curricu- lum included such subjects as Police Cou:rte?y, Criminal Law, Criminal InvesUgations, Defen- sive Tactics. Motor Vehicle Laws. Explosive Devices. Accident In- vest, igati:n Rules of Evidence, Enforcement Techniques, Crim- inal Procedure. Traffic Enforce- ment. Firearms. Fingerprints, First Aid. Interrogation, Riot Cont,rol, Road Blocks. Search and Board of Aldermen of the and Seizure, How to Handle the Mentally Ill, n:t Scientific Aids. Town of Centreville. .. Robert Lee Skipper of W;3od- Present and presiding way, or ville is a graduate of the 32rid Fred L. Hetzle,r: C. C. Germany, class. He is a member of the Z. E. {Bob) Bell. Iverson McKey, Woodville Police Department. John Rolli.ns. Aldermen; M. E Erstling, Clerk: James E. WiN & Maintenance Fund for opera- kerson, Jr., Attorney. Also pres- tion of the system was unani- ent, represen'tattves of the Con- treville Jaycees. Absent: A. K. Va, n Cleave. Alderman. The meeting was called to or- der and there came on to be heard and considered the fol- lowing matters of business: In- - previous meeting A. Approval of ,minutes: Financial report A. Ap- proval of claims docket: Resolu- tions, Petitions and Memorials: Dept[rtmental Reports; Other Business; Adjournment. The minutes of the last reg- ular meeting were read. Alder- man Germany moved, Alderman Rollins seconded that the min- utes be approved as read. Mo- 'lion carried unanimously. Balances in Town Funds. Feb- ruary 28, 1973: General Fund, mausly apFroved by the Boa, rd. of Aldermen, Then came on to ba heard a petition presented by Mrs. Martha E. Howhrd. The ptition concerned the condition of the Streets in the Town 3f Cent.e - voeat',sn: Reading of minutes of ville. The Petitioner was advised tl:at funds aro being expended to improve :ame. Then came on to be heard a presentation by Mr. Jim Ran& representative of Odom Tank Company Inc.. concerning a Re- paid and Maintenance Contract for Town of Centrevllle Water Tanks. Action was postponed pending fur.thor i,nformatlon. The City Attorney repor.ted that the South Centreville Water Association was not incorpo- rated, therefore, no action was $12.158.23; Fire Prevention, $1,- taken to confirm a c,ontract be- 562.21; Street Improvement. tween raid Association and the $29,292.37; Water-Sewer Opr. & I Town of Centreville for the sale Maint., $2,043.65: Water-Sewer i of water. Revenue, $8,892.56; Light Fund. Alde,=man McKey moved, A1- 8.702.98: Gas Revenue, $10,870. derman Bell seconded that a 59: Total. $73.522.59. Revenue donation of $320 be given to the Sharing, $27,293.00. Kevin Poole Van Cleave Mmo- Fines collected in February, rim Library. Motion carried $15 20. unanimously. The Collector of Utilities paid Alderman Rollins moved that Collections in February as fol-la garbage removal charge of lows: Water- Sewer Revenue'S2.00 per month per ,house and Fund: Water, $2.167.20; 10%, $4..0.0 per month per business be $43.08; Sewer. $9,07.28. Water- added to the Utility charge. Sewe,r Operation and Mainte- Motion died fcr lack of a sec- nance Fund: Tax, $145.90. Go,: ond. System Fund: Gas, $10,319.37; I There followed a discussion of 10%. $89.92; Tax. $449.46. election procedures. Three elec- I am charging the Collector t!cn commissioners are to be of Utilities with February Utility appointed by the city governing bills: Water, $2,248.45; Sewer, board. They (commissioners) $948.26; Gas, $12.233.59; Tax. are charged with holding the $684.24: Total, $16,096.54. i general election. . Alderman Rollins moved. AI-' There being no further busi- derman Bell seconded that!ncss t,o come before this meet- Claims 1196 - 1220 be approved ing, upon motion duly made and for payment. Motion carried seconded, the meeting recessed. unanimously. Fred L. Hetzler A transfer of $2,0{)0.00 from' I Mayor the Water-Sewer Revenue Fund M.E. Erstling to the Water-Sewer Operation Town Clerk Enjoy Your Stay In Woodville and while here SHOP TWL STORE and Save "Where Prices Are Born Not Raised." I I I Page 1 ! Yesteryear Still Lives in Woodviie WITHERS AND WITHERS Florists Welcomes you to WOODVLLE PLGRIMAGE 1973 Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Adams Phone 888-3311 A Hearty Welcome is exlended you, Pilgrimage Guests. We Invite You To Stay With Us During Your Visit To Wooclvi[le GLENBURNi MOTEL Charles Inman and Cage Chisholm Highway 61 Bypass-- Fhone 888-2222 COLONIAL CHEVROLET CO. and The People of Woodville say "Welcome, Pilgrimage Visitors" We Invite You To Come By And See Us While You're In Town. In addition to a complete Line of Chevrolet Cars and Trucks, we feature Mercury and Johnson Motors Duracraft Fishing Boats Ranger Bass Boats Magic Tilt Trailers COLONIAL CHEVROLET CO. Highway 61 "Nawth" Woodville, Miss.