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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
March 19, 1898     The Woodville Republican
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March 19, 1898

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LXXII. WOODVILLE, MISS., SATURDAY, MARCH 19, 1898. NO. 40. Bear on a Toboggan. fo By Paul Pastnor .... rl:IEN I was a boy of 16, Fred Irace, Charley /obbins and my- :all chums, and all about the same in a little baek-<,ountry town part of New Hamp- were farmers' boys, and, boys and men of backwoods enjoyed going hunting tonally, when farm work and permitted. Game, both large Snall, was plentiful, and it was inusual thing to film a deer, a bear, wildcat, hung up in front of the store as a proof of the skill or of some local Nhnrod. was considerable rivalry the boys of the village, to see would be tffe first lo wn distinc- killings bear. Only one young succeeded in doing this be- our day, and though he was now and had a family of very small 5his own, the glory of the deed Lclung to him. andhe was even the)) certain measure of honor by feEow-citizens, as "the man who a bear when he was J5." : is hardly necessary lo say that , Charley and I were wild to emu- the deed of Mr. Byron Potter. as was. and so share with him action of having bee:n "the boy hunter of the country." being no longer a boy, his of course, ought o fall upon ho wa. And the glory of ample enongi for three of us when Charley Bobbi#ls came run- "-breathlessly one winter morning, that one of his father's sheep carried off in the night by a and thaKruin's (racks could be seen crossing the pasture in the of the woods, the first thought to ,both of us, after all our exclamations of excite- delight, was to go and tell and get him to join us in an all- hunt for the marauder. Before of us had tasted a bite of break- we hux,ried tG Fred's house, and the glorious news to him. mrtunlty had come "for us to ourselves. We agreed that would have that bear, or perish in )t. as we conld ct our break- we .were off with our shotguns, loaded with buckshot, over our Fred took his toboggan, as "to bring the bear hmne on;" as things turned out it was very that he did. We alo imd Mr. big deerhound Dan. who was llcnt Dan went on ahead through the snow. wasn't long after he struck the trail, back of Charley's honse. the old fellow was baying on with an eagerness that made blood race in our veins. ]e now was over a foot deep, and, t no trouble in following Brnin' pathway through lhe The dragging carcass of the made quite a wide furrow, hed over now and then with the top of "Little Sad- eat the bear. and down into valley beyond. Here. through a ravine, flowed Stony brook, to the hearts of trout-loving boys. the tlme we reached the brook was barking so madly, a qunr- a mile below as. and Mgh up on opposite bank, that we rightly he mus have eitffer brought to bay, or found the animal's down the bed of the fast as we could go we came inures to a place where there been a landslide. The loosened started near ';i:he base of a some 300 feel above the and Mid down into the water. it had turned, for a short dis- into a new channel. At the cliff was a large opening like a cave, In front of projecting shelf, or thresh- rock, stood old Dan, barMng cried Fred. "That's the bear's Gone! Old Dan says there. But it's a hard place to at the rascal, isn't it?" certainly did. seem $o. The bank , and entirely bare of trees. It a glistening sheet, of and we all wondered how the ave climbed up to his den, 'a ,heep in. his mouth. the cave for half more. Old Dan got tired .last, and awhistle from Fred him down to us'. Still the bear see fit tu show himself, and, we were to get a shot none of us felt like climbing lo loll the old fellow out. a brillta idea s.eemed to ond he began a!l of a sud- llke a lamb. Fred was an mimic, and the bleating was true to life, plaintive, and tt indescribable quaver in the ma-a-a that is character- a young, nnmeanrd lamb. In wo minues out came Bruin rock and began to sniff his head from side to in a curious wagglng manner. lid nOt offer to come down the only had rifles instead of exclaimed Charley, "how iddle him! But ever with e guns won't carry that di kill." sniffing the air for a few too- nothing of the tender to find right Bruin returned into the ways of getting said Charley. "We must him down,{o us, or else we At anb" distance "Well I don't propose t.o be the one to climb up and taekIe him on that shelf of rock," said L "Nov I," echoed Fred, "Well, I don't either," Charley, "Therefore, lhe only ihlng to do is to bring him down to us." "1low ean we (,o it?" asked Fredanq I, in a breath. "We!l. boys," replied Charley, "l have a plan. It may be foolish an(] ver b" Iikely won't work; but, certainly it will do no harm t,o lry it. Fred's tobog.gau, here, is a g,ood, wide, stroag one. Now, I propose that ov cf us e'hnb up there wdth it, shove it up, tail- end fore'most, on to the shelf of rock and, leave it there, with the front end hangin G over the snowbank. Then Fred ean bleat agah: and Drin the bear out. If he sould stet on the tobog- gan and go o nosing it, and should gel a. little further forward than the bala.ncing-poitt Whisb, dn't you see. the thin,g would tip up and plunge for- war&, and bring Mr. Bear coasting down that snowbank f,aster than he ever wen before in his life?" "lIurrah!'" mqed Fred sea I. in ehorus. "lt might work of course il might! And if it did, we e'ou!d, shool the old fellow at tihe fool o1' the hill before he got the snow out of his eyes." "But who'll go up with the obog @anT' asked Fred. "1want to save my wind for ble,atin,g." "And 5 want to lave my n e'rve steady enough to aim this big :en-bore gun of father's." said L "Humph! 5'll o up w]lh the tobog- gan'." cried Charley. *'The bear isn't l:kely to come out until Fred bleats. anyway, and then 1'11 be down the hill a,gain. You fellows keep the cog back. and don't make any more noise than you can hell)." Fred and I heaved, a sigh of re!tel a7 Charley look hold of the toboggan rope, and began slowly to "sidle" his wtay up the steep snowbank. It was a l(ng and difficult cl.imh, and our adven- turous companion had to stop and res,t n good many tlme before he came np abreast of the shCf of rock in frent of the cave, It was a critical nd eciting momen,t, as he lifted the tobog,gan and began o slide it gently np on the leOge. Oar SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY, --lt is stated tha,t storm-warning sig- nals are now displayed at 25 light- houses round the coasts f the United Kingdom. --When stoning raisins, cub alittle butte ron the fingers and knife. It will relieve the task of raisin-seeding of its stickiness and discomfcrt. --To remove Mack marks from Bur- mese brass tea trays, cut a lemon in half. and rub the marks briskly with the cut surface for some minutes, after. wards polishing with a dean leather. --The consumption of Spanish wines in Great Britain decreased from 4.045.- 931 gallons in 1895 to 3.712.335 in 1896, whereas the import of -ench, Gee'man and Austrian wines thawed a corre- sponding increase. ---The mv, teri,al mot cammon;y used for the cores of elect,ro-magnets is soft iron, on account of its high permea- bility. But soft Martin steel is often quite as effective, and is more easily obtained. This steel :ulay be used wherever a rapid change of magnetism is not essential. -Jrhe word '"temper.'" as used in steel mawufacture, moans he percentage of carbon which the m etIcontains. For instance, in steel of razor temper is 1/: per cem. carbon, saw-file temper, 1:!: per cent. carbon; tool temper, 1{,. per cent.; chisel temper, one per cent.; die temper, three-quarters per conS. of carbon. -Phe falling of a leaf is bronght about by the formation of a thin layer of vegetable tissue at the point where the leaf-stem joins the branch of the tree. After the leaf ceases to make starch and sugar fr the tree this tissue begins to grow, and actually cuts the leaf. It is therefore not a mere break- ing away on account of the wind bend- ing the dried stems, bu.t an au,tomtic severing of the member no longer use- ful. The falling of ripe fruit is de- pendent upon the same process. A CLOSE CALL, NID and hek -Between the Miners nlld tile Mountain Lion. A number of sportsmen were recently talking over the good times they had BAGPIPES AND BURR. A Plpe.-'l Heroint llotnts Windbags Slid Brogue. Fifteen months and more ago there was recounted in thene columns the genesis and growth of a threatened bagpipe boone. For a time the craze fl:Jurished and promised to do much; then it languished, and the yonng la- (lies and gentlemen who had bought such beautiful sets of bagpipes forsook their hobby aud disposed of their instru- n)ents at a loss, or laid them in the gar- ret along with the old gpinnet and the once-fashionable banjo. Bul now. presto! Somethiaghashap- pened. It ires happened a long way off --out in India, in fact-but it has given such a fillip to the popularity of the bagpipes that at this moment of writ- ng their fame is greater--infinitely greater--than at any time sl,uee the "bonny skirl o' 'The Cock o' the North' swept proudly o'er the bloody plain of Waterloo." Who cares whether the story of the Tallant piper at. the recent charge of Dargai is rue? Who dares to say it is net? Are there not at 500 music halls iv London and the provinces twice 500 pipers nightly enacting the scene as it was deerlbed by Reuter's coresponde,nt PUNGENT PARAGRAPHS. Slander.--"'What is the greatest e:.rioMty in the worM? .... .k woman who hasn't any."--Chicago Record. --"i was in an elevator once that fell 15 stories to the basement." "l)earme; how did it feel? .... I was never so taken down in ms life.'--Truth. --C'arrai)an--"Th' forn)aa down at lh' new place phere Oi'm wurrkin' is party kind. lie towld me tekmech'iee av any tools t"wuPrk wid an' Oi tuk n)e pick."--J udge. --q'he Mierobe War.--"We are going to give up having Johnny get an edu- cation." "For what reason? .... Well-- we can't get him sterilized every morn- ing in t)me to go to school." t'uck. --Lit,lle Presbyterinn. aged three, on hi return from the Episeopal ehureh where he had been for thc first time "Mamma. the minister came ont with a night-dress on. nnd all the ladies were so 'shamed, "they put heir heads right down."--Truth. '- " N ' h ---ll.eady to egoliate.--.he--* A , count, you don't know how n)y love for you distresses my parents. 1 heard my faher say tiffs morning that he would give $50,0C0 if I could never see you again." The ('unt"Ees .roar fazaire --to the intense enthusiasm of the au- it: hees ogees now, you sink?"---Chi- dlenees and of allEnglishmen we beg eago News. pardon--(Ireat Britons and Irishmen .--"Yon know," said the Chineseem- throughout the civilized ,world ? When shall the glory of the bagpipes die? Nearly every side stre4t not only in the great metropolis, but in Liv- erpool, Glasgow, Manchester and Bir- mi,ngham has its piper at some hour ot the day. They have come to Carmelite street early in the evtning to fret the .ouls of the long-dead friars and to set heating the pulses of the scribes---Cale- d(;nian and otherwise--whose ears are flogged by the raucous wail. 5ndeed. n)any of the most trenchantcolnmnsof the Daily Mail have been conceived and writ to the tune of"Amnie Laurie" or the "Girl I Left Behind Me." Our sporting editor has fom)d in 'Scots Who ]lae" a most fecund inspiration; and our leading article was yesterday eom- pc, sed to the air of "'When aamie Gangs Awa." ]ht it takes two pipers to do the pvror. "pgssesslon is nil:e points of'the la? .... Yes." replied the European diplomat, "lint I must remind you tha,t there are seve,ral hundred points in the game we are playing. Nine point represent a mere bagatelle in the sec re."- -Washington Star. A lady who saw lhat her servant girl seemed to take a certain interest in the objects of act in her parlor, said to her: "Which cne of those figures do you like best. Mary? .... Tl-is one. mum." said Mary, lminting to the arm- less Venus of Milo. "And why doyou like the Venus bet?" "Sure. it's the airiest to doost, mum," answered the giri.--tlarlem Life. NEW GOLD FIELDS IN CANADA. Itieh Region About to lie 0peed In tile Far Northvet. Lying between the Yukon basin and hearts l)et r fast. and we wore full of had duck shooting last fall, when the silent admiration of our chum's bray- conversation turned on hunting big cry. game }n the west. Some thrilling ad- The fe*atM, as accomplihed,, however. without interruption on J2ruin's part, gad Charley came plun,ging down to ns again, with a look of pa.rd,anable tri- umph on his flashed face. "Now. Fred. you bleat!" he said. a,s he reached the foot cf lhe incline, and turned o venture was rehited by overs" one in the group but an elderly than, and he in turn was asked for a story. "I don't suppose." began the silent man. "that any of you young fellows ever ran across a mountain lion, as they are becoming rather scarce now in th thing properly. One of them marches t i) and d,own playin G the instr,nmemt ior is it a machine?), while another ac- companies hint, handling a sheathed svord. The bearing of both perform- ers is proud and martial and Scotch. Avybody could tell they were Scotch even a Saxon infant in arms. Oncold gont:eman in l?insbury circus was so pleased by the aspect of one of these look up at the cave. "My! it was tickIish! But the toboggan sets just mght for the old feI:ow |o step on it and g,et a ride doesn't it?" We heartily agreed that it ditk "Ihe forward prt cd the tob(ggan overhun,g the helf nearly thre.e feet. an it was s,a delicately baMneed tha.t the slight- est weight beyond its center o.fgravity wou!d sead it shooting down the in- eline. Fred began to Meat mot persuasive- ly. TMs time. however. ,ruin ddd not respond immediately, and we began to fear he was too wise to be fooled a see- cad time. Al las. however, he can:e waddling out. Thetobo[zan attracted his atdention at once. and he proceeded :o investigate t. lie smeled, lightly a.d suspiciously along its edge nntil be could go no further. Then he deUber- west. But early inthe50's, whenifirst bagpipe eouples a day or two since that went to Coloralo to hunt for gold, these he gave them caeh sixpence, saying: animals were quite numous. I recall  "Eh. mon, do ye prefer playing the on one occasion having a little advcn- i music o' the bonny hame land in musty ture with a lion that alnost scared me Lunnon streets to marehin Gacrossthe out of my wits. With aartnerIwas, heather wi' the wind in your teeth?" working a claim ilt the anolntains near ] The first Scotchman looked at him in Ouray, and one day before t,e very eohl Burprise. The second was takon sud- weather of the winter tel in we both denly with engrossing pains in thepit went to town to get sonde supplies, leav- ing our little cabin o the mountain side alone. 'qt came on to snow  hnrd soon after we arrived in Ourgy that we did not get a chance o return to our claim for three days. On oar return journey we noticed as we were climbing the hills the tracks of a lnountam lion leading of his stomach. "Whatcher talkin' abart, gov'nor? Ie an' my mite buyed this 'ere arm or- gin an' this 'ere rig one down th' Ditch when the bagpipe boom come in. lt's a lot better'nshoviu'abloomin'barrer tryin' to sell oranges ,whe,n the people l, as got too many of 'era at home al- ready. Oh. the business ain't sO bad. toward our cabin. Presently, however. 'eept for the ehilblames you gets on as we got nearer and neaxer tu um" little your knees, and when the kids don't Cariboo is a vast untrodden region which offers tempting reward for thor- ough exploration. The territory is a coutinuation of that great gold-bearing belt of which Califonnia, CoIorado, Ne. vada. Kootenay, Cariboo and the Yukon are sections; but the wild mnuntain fastnesses of this unexplored territory have so far resis,ted the white nmn'sen- trance, and the great area stretching )etween latitudes 54 degrees and 58 de- grees and extending from the l/oeky mountahns on the east to 128 degrees west longitude, remains a terra ineog- nita. Timt streams tributary to the YukomPeau river and the Liard. known to be. rieh in placer gold, and rivers flowing through Cariboo and Cassiar. noted for their gold beds many years ago. all take their rise on the outskirt., of this vast territory, would indicate the presence of mineral wealth i,n the unknown field. Two men who had been xshidg gold alon streams of this outlying district brm/ffht out $48.000 worth of the yellow dust: During the sumnier one pros- peetor found a nugget worth $70. and in Oetober a large nug'get worth $300 was sent from the southern part of the te?ritory. Withi,n the past low weeks atety s,tepped upou it. intending to cress to the other side, and continue his inves,tl,gations there. ]3ut the momen,t the bea sepI)pd m: the focward part of the toboggan, dmn went th,a,t end and np came 1he other end, anc before Bruin could take a realizing s.ese of what had happened, he was lyin G upon his side on that ]o,ng woo6en thing, and whizzin,g down the bank like av arrow from a bow! home. we lost the traek of the animal, stiek pins in the b'iler o' the engin'. Me and the sight of an open wkndow, wlaie.h an' my mite, wedowish, thouGh, when lhediseovery of extcnMve bodies of fine had been earefully closed on our de- people give ns coin, they wouldn't go milling g):d quartz was reported t.o the parture for town, caused us Io forget all about the lion ond its presence. "Well, I had reached the window and was just about to put my head into the apartment when ther came a terrible growl and the next instant  great yl- low body sprang through the opening right on my back, its clavs eatchir my buckskin coat and ripping it open to jawin' of us in a bloomin' furrin lan- Rritish Cohmfl)ia minister of mines by gwidge." "But, good heavens, how did you l:arn? How did you manage to play?" " 'Ow? Easy enough. Nobody ain't complained yet, Yer just queezesthe old balloon an' lets "or squeal herse!f sick. An'. Lot' blessyou, the stoker she squeals herself the more people seems .o like it. BIimey, there ain't no ae- rospectors who left last snmmer to explore the southern outskirts. Winter had prevented more thnrough explora- ticm, but the veins were said to be ot extraordinary width, and wore exposed for miles aerossthe country. Samples of quartz, rich in gold, accompanied the report ; but so wild. remote and inaeces- sible is the re,ion these deposits can- :ttow funny he looked, spnawled cul my waist, turning'me completely over :t'ere, with hi two hind leg &ragging and into the snow. My partner ook in the snow, "and hi .to.nished black the dangerous situation in at a glanee face just peeringover theur!ed da.her! and whipped out his gun. Then the |h- I have laahed mnya timeat theree- fernal llon turned on him, making a olleetion of ihat picture; but none of fearfnl leap in his direction. Before he us langhed jusl then. It was too sort- eould fire the infuriated beast was upon ousa matter hen a big, angry be:u him, and, seizing him by the slack of was soiling down upon us, and we hnd his coat, shook him as tlhough he were onlytwoehargosapieeein.ourold-fash- butarat. I was on my feet by this fime, frequently bring home eompany to din- ioned muzzle-loadlng guns,, and. drawing my revolver, ] sneaked np her without preliminary warning often The tob.oggan Mewed, shot past us and put a bullet right through his head. worry in their ceret hearts for fear within a few feet whizzed across lbe The animal groaned and fell back dead there may not he food enough tosupply ' the unexpected guests. A matron liv- bed of the brook and, dashed into the and my partner drew his breath freely opposite baak with a thud. Bruin onee more. It was a close call, but ing in one of the prettiest suburban residences in West Philadelphia, whose keeled off, head over heels, and landed neither of us was hurt, but the lion's all in a heap in the powdery snov. As skin in another week was serving as a he lay there for a moment, sprawling rug at the foot of my bunk."--Washing- and snorting, Charley cried in a elear, ton Star. firm voice: "Fire!" Three tremend,ous report rang out on tVlld Blll'l Markmnnhil. the winter air; for each of the old muz- "The last time I .aw Wild Bill," said z:le-lcaders had a "four-finger charge" the ex-Kansas man, "was in Topeka in in it. A pexfeet ha,ilstorm of buck- rite fall of '74. He was wearing his old count in' for tastes, but me an' my mite makes a quid a dye, nn' that's all we knows !"--London Mail HOSTESSES' SECRET SIGNAL. q'lD to the lVamlly If There Is Not Enough to Go Around. .Nervous housewives whose husband husband perists in bringing home guests at the most inopportune times has hit upon a happy expedient to meet possible emergencies. In passing any dishes at the table of which there may be a limited supply the hostess makes a point to mention the enigmatical letters "F. H. B." in shot at short range tore its way to the blue army overcoat, and at the hips such a manner as not to attract the exposed vitals of the floundering bear. were two big bumdes where Iris six- attenHon of the guests aruund the and, without ever regaining its feet, th shooters hung. I-re was walking down board. Immediately the members of bewildered and, moNally wounded, ores. Kansas avenue when I noticed him. the family are aware of the eircum- tuve turned convulsively upon its side lIis brown mare :Nell was tied to a stances and discreetly partake very and wa dead. hitching post in front of a store. IIe lightly, if at all, of the viands in qnes- Then what shoutsofmingIed triu,mph uhtied her. mnunted and rode d,own the tion. The secret of the three letters and, laughter arose from the sucec.sful street as hard as she eould go. As he was solved by a quick-witted guest a hunters! We keeled over in the snow. rode h swung half round in the ssddle, few days ago, and the hostess after- pulled out one of his guns, and beg'an ward laughingly confessed her little and ldeked our heeL above our heads; s&ootiffg at the sign, 'groceries,' above scheme. "F. ]5. B." in this instance we pounded each mher on the baek; - we jumped into the air, waving our the door of a little one-story wooden stands for "family hold back." arms like mad:men. We laughed and shop. hen he was past and the row shouted, until the tears ran down cur was all over some fellows who investl- Lnnd In London. faces, and our sides and, lungs ached so gvted found that all six bullets had It has been stated that ever piece of that articulate utteranoebeeame a lor- strtmk inside the letter O in the sgn, land between King William statac and true. Then we at down. panting,on It was just a little exhibition of how Trinity square, London, E. C., cost 1,000 hc eould shoot on the run for the amuse- guineasabard. This would mean about not be worked until the Tislin Lake- Telegraph Creek railway or the Cavsiar Cev.tral has been built. The-nnopened territory is variously designated l):,' the ,names of its different sections, as the Omineea. the Pease river, the Liard country. Roaghly speaking, it is bounded on the east by the Rocky mountains, on ihe west by the Yukon and the Pacific slope, and on the scrotA by the Cariboo. The nearest point on t.hc Canadian Pacific railroad is almost 600 miles from its southenn limits, 'but the Omineea cau be reached by way of the coast, going up Skrena river and following a fairly clear trail for 150 miles.Chieagu Inter Ocean. AN OLD CROW'S TREASURE. When Dlaeovered lie Removed the ,V hole Collection. One (lay, while watching, I saw a crow crossing the Don valley with some- thing white in his beak. lie flew to the mouth of the Rosedale brook, then took a short flight to the Beaver Elm. There he dropped the white object, and, look- ing about, gave me a chance to reeog- nize my old friend Silverspo*. After a nfinute he picked np the white thing--a shelland walked over past the spring, and here. among the docks and the skunk cabbages, he nnearthed a pile of sheLs and other white, shiny things. He spread them out iu the sun. turr.ed them over. lifted them one by one i)t his beak, dropped them. nestled on them as though they wore eggs, toyed with them and gloated over them like a miser. This was his bobby, his weak- the dead bear. an&keptilenee until we got our wind again, meat of whoever happmaed to be in . Two hours later, when we marehe sight."N. Y. Sum up to te village s,tore, dragzing our Use Vashlugton' Mlrror. bear on the toboggan, the whole village A family at Warrendon, Va., ee them- lnrned out to give us an. ovation. Ant] selves dily in a large mirror before when we told how Bruin had come which Goorge Washington uged to reg- coasting down the hill. and ended up ularly make his toilet, They have had with pitching head, over her,is into ILe it some 35 years, having acqnired it at #: 117 per q uare foot or over 5,000,000 ness. tTe eould not have explained why per acre. The ground in the vicinity of he enjoyed them. any more than a boy the Bank of England is estimated to be can. explain why he collects postage worth not less titan 2,000,000 per acre. stamps or a girl why she prefers pearls Land in Pall Mall ha* changed hands at to rubies; but. his pleasure in them was 500,000 per acre.t. Lonis Ilepublic. very real, and after half an hour he eovered them all. including the new ouc. Cluh o1[ Colored Britluherso with earth and leaves, and itew off. 1 Colored Britons have formed a club went at once to the spot and examined snow, the hugh that arose was heard a sale of the persona] effects of Lau- in London. They come from Demer- the hoard; there was about a htful in at the B.race farm, two mile away, It zence Washington, a great nephew of rata, Triuidad. the Gold Coast and all, chiefly white pebbles, clam shells was  glorious triumph for "the the great Washington..--N.Y. Times: Sierra Leone, and most of them are and some bits of tin, but there was also chums;" and as each of us went his edical or law students, the handle of a china cup, which must separate way home, that night, the Billy Blink (boxing istruetor) ..... ,,  t MAnors In the British Navy. have been the gem of the collection. very tree.'tossed by the wind. sector& Great Scott. Thatwas an'cutler'you More than hMf the infantry recruits Thatwashe last time Isawthem. Sil- tobebowingthelrhtmd,andshoutln,: me. But what's that in your :See. the conquering hero comcM - Ama,teur (Just learn- hawf thebeenBritiShunderarmY18 yearsfr theold.,:Chicag Opat year FARMER AND PLANTER. COTTON LEAF RUSTS, TI/e Orlgln and Cure of Detrnetive DlS- etses of the Cotton lltnt. The two most common, well-known and dest;ructive diseases of the cotton plant are the so-called "red rust" and "black rust." A third disease, also very common, but less noticed, is somo- times called "'yellow rust." Both red and yellow rusts appear early in the season, often before tim plants m'e half grown, but black rust rarely appears until after the plants have flowered. A long study of the,e diseases as they appear in centr'al North Carolina has shown the writer that both red and yellow rusts are due to unfavorable conditions of the soil and the weather never to parasitic fungi.|Black rust is always due to a fun- gus closely related to that which pro- duces "early blight" or "brown ring spot" on leaves of Irish potato and tomato plants, Diseases duc to soil or weather are called physiological diseases. For these the fungicidal sprays, found so aseut in orchard or garden, are of no value, Although black rust is a fun- gous disease, the use of spray against it is not recommended. The fungus never attacks healthy leaves, but only those which have been injured by some other agent. On the cotton plant black rust ahvays follows yellow or red rust on the same leaves. and completes the destruction which the others began. So, if we can pre- vent red and yellow rnst, there will be no damage from black rust. Red and yellow rusts are caused primarily by a lack of plant food and of moisture in the soil They are most common and destructive upon old, worn and dry soils which are lacking in vegetable matter. Such soils are al- ways deficient in nitrogen and potash. The diseases may aLo occur on better soils during very dry and hot seasons and when the soil has been improperly prepared or the cultivation is wrong. Red and yellow rusts are nothing more or less than the premature ripen- ing of the leaves. When either mois- ture or inorganic food is wanting, the leaves dry up, their green coloring mat- ter, chlorophyl, changes by oxidation into red or yellow coloring mat* ter. consisting of carotin and xanthophyl respectively. These latter coloring matters, unlike chlorophyl, have no power to break up the carbon- ic acid of the air or to elaborate the crude sap sent into the leaf from the root. The leaf itself ceases to be nourished or to nourish the plant. have the domeaticated duck rised ta supply the deficiency. There is no reason on earth why geat " flocks of Pekin ducks should not b reared in and about the waterway hat have been deserted by the wild ducks. In such localities they could be raised almost without cost to their owners, and be a souree of much poflt and pleasure as well. Ducks, we should bear in mind, yield a commercial article that our dry land fowl do not. Their feath,.rs shouldbe taken into account and gathered aa reg- ulacly and carefully as the farmer galA; :i- ers hi.corn. Raised on the waterwaya their feathers would be of prime quail. ty mad rank high in the market. Young ducks raised a suggested would be as choice as the mildest of wild ducks an'I " possess a wild game flavor that the hand-fed duck does not posses Raising ducks, however, need not be confined to those who have ample wa- ter facilities on their premises, for it has been demonstrated that PekiB ducks can be Crown to an eatable ste with no other source of water tha tab or a small rtificially censtru lake or pool for them to swim and bathe in0ceasionally. It has also been ..... demonstrated that they grow fainter and are heavier at maturity when raised a- ter the latter manner, providel they are fed properly and regularly. But,in order to have the eggs hateh good it is necessary to give the laying duck pretty good-sized range to forage over, .o and a pond or strdam to swim in if pos. sible, admitting, however, that the ar- tificial pool has been found a good sub- stitute for the natural water course. In the south, where the winters are  short and mild and the xmterways free of ice and open nearly all the year, the . people who have such natural water courses are the people who can, if they will, prodaee and maintain the large number of dueka at the least expense. Texas Farm and Ranch. Those farmers who range are determination to hide their nests. Every bOW and then, among the brush. or some hidden nook. they will find eggs of all ages, and in all conditiorm, What can- be done to prevent hens from thus hiding their nests? We admit we do not know. We always aim to haw clean and attctive houses, and neat made of soft hay, but hens have a range they product somewhere else. Iteemato natural with thm It teaches an inportant lesson. It shows ns that when we yard our hens we will find it to work to advantage to have the nests placed in the house The leaf withers and the plant starves remains dwarfish and feeble, setting noneor few bolls, This is where the damage comes in. The remedy for these two diseases is partly but not wholly within the control of the eot- ton planter. It may be summarized as follows: 1. Deep breaking and shallow after- c:nltivation of the soil, to enable it to absorb and retain moisture. 2. Liberal fertilization, especially in the matter of nitrogen and potash. 3. The restoration of vegetable mat- ter-humus-to worn soils by plowing in green crops or carting on stable manure. 4. A more judicious and moderate use of phosphati' fertilizer. The rower of acid phosphate to hasten the maturity of the crop is well known to all cotton growers. But early crops and small yield are an invariable sequence in cotton as well as vegetable crops. 5. Old worn soils must have their humus restored by plowing in green crops or by putting on stab2e manure. The best form of concentrated nitro- genous fertilizer for cotton is cotton seed meal. The best form of potash fertilizer is kainit, The best form of phesphate is acid phosphate. The following formula, orginally sug- gested by the director Of the North Carolina experiment station, has been widely used throughout thecotton belt; an4 on the average upland soil hasin thousands of cases given admirable re- in a somewhat dark cornerthe boxes covered over. ]n nine eases out of tern we have found that hens will resort to such a best before they will tention to one that is open so hen can be seen. There is also an vantage in a dark nest in egg eating. Let the hen be under impression that she is hiding hersell and she wiU be more apt to lay ia the same plaee.--Exehange, A Woma A woman living porting herself comfortably on the pro, coeds of a farm on which she raisesboth ing but mint. All the principal hoteia and restaurants in New Orleans pur- chase their mint from her, and she makes enough dring the summer months, when juleps and other cooling drinks containing mint are in demand, to enable her to live comfortahty through the winter. HERE AND THERE, ": It is estimated that North Carotim mills are consuming annually 50,006 more bales of cotton than are produced in the state. The frmer who means at his command to the heaviest crop, ginof profit, is succeed. Give the in winter. It will be better for do light work than remain ness is good for nothing sibly, poor land. Make it a. point to sults: old bones that you see lying a Cotton seed meal .......... 300 to b, lr aore Acid phosphate ........... 09  500 lbs. Per acre the spring and bury them Katnit ..................... 400 to 5110 lbs./mr acre grape vines, then watch for results. NoT:--Soils rich in vegetable matter, A liberal app!ieatlon of )r which have had a crop of clover or will destroy the larvae of the wldte peas turned under, will require less worms found in the soil. Limewater cotton-seed meal. Soila very poor in vegetable matter should never receive more than 400 pounds per am'e of acid phosphate. In no case should less than 400 pounds of kainit be given (800 pounds is not too much), if a maximum crop is desired. For a clover or pea crop use same formula, without cotton-seed meal. These crops do not need nltroge For a grain crop give 500 pounds cotton-seed meal, 400 pounds acid phosphate and 500 to 1,000 pounds katn[t.--41erald Mc- Carthy, Botanist N. C. Experiment Sta- gion. RAISING__DUCKS. qhu Soath is eeallaa-l A4apted to tho In. dutry0 If there is any place on earth where ducks should thrive and be profitable it is in the south. There is not a state sot%h of the Ohio river that is not fur- nished by nature witha plentitude of water. Thexe are great rivers, small rivers, creeks and other small atreams, world without end; also still waters, neh as lakes, bayou, small ponds, etc. In iact, there is water surface enough to float millios of the web-footed, feathered race, without befouling the waters. Iu ye olden time it was considered great sport to hunt wild daeks in the water eom'ses, and it is yet in some ssetions, There's lelfoot lake in the west end of Temessee, and other smal- ler lakes and bayous in southwestern Kentucky, and also many ia southern lllnois, southeastern Missouri and east- crn Arkansas, where there is will also be found al eeltent remedy against the red o1" angle worm in yo flower pot --In regard to location suited to any r or successfully is profitable keeping of bes, at least in limited way if not in larg apiaries. --A good way to pactiee tion is to grow something your bars do not grow; give careful lion to quality and quantity, and ther will be bat little trouble about a mar, ket and you will not be crowded to th wall by competition, --A field of ore, hard grass makes a espedally good feed for sheep, It needs close pasturingto keep i t from sending up it se.d stems, and this is ju white the sheep will give. If the stems are kept down the pasture improves far sveral years. The best way to break hens of egg- eating is to break their necks, and re- stock with birds that have not acquire4 tae habit. wls that are expert ia . egg-eating first atta'k the she!l, with their bill. If it is a thin shell a fw strokes will break it, and the rest iS am easy job. There is ere that mostof the taken oat of the grain which the animal fleient to twic feed. --Nut rees, roots, and it tap