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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
February 5, 1898     The Woodville Republican
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February 5, 1898

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+7 VOL. LXXII. WOODVILLE, MISS., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1898. NO. 34. III , ,r O000000OOOOOO0800 A SMUGGLER&apos;S LASf T00P, Z Turning Point for a Young itan g on the Border. OOOOOOOO00GOO '1" TYE smoking ca,apartment of a Montreal sleeper bound ior New one n.ight were half a dozen nen pvlitics, the service o the and the possible annexation of As the train ran across the line tJle United States one of the men (>ut of the .window wiVh the in- of a mn sed tag amildar scene. was just light enough for him on g cN tch-mrked farms with their sxone houses, had, /eft. behind and t&at the less pie- farms of title states stre.thed frcrn the ,track. Settding himself in his seat and includingtheother in his andience, he said: '*This country hasn't changed in 25 except for the qntroduction ot' railroad. I was born in hhis neigh- and a/hough it sounds like a admissiz),n,, up t.o the ti,me I was years old I spent mch of ny time smuggling wffisky, brandy aud. al- across i.he line. For vario,us rea- there isn't m,ueh of this sort of done noav. Probably the chief is that it doesn% pay, and then is not Iooked upon as respects. My fathe was engaged in the business before me, and several neihbors, good churchmen, were it p t.o their eyes, and it is not t.hat my conscience dld, not be- ,work on this subject unveil one o'f )ected eitizcns of a near-by town convicted and sent to prison for he go,ernment mad an :ample of him, and although all of acquainta,necs regretted it at the It, has proved 1 goo l;hln.g. i't the customs officers interfere? s.ome f thorn dd eoncientiotsly they got, a chance, and t3ae,re were nty of 4he,m all along this line who made a b,luff o,f interfering that de- no one except the government. knew one officer who was in the bus'i- As a young man I thought smugglin,g, w all right, and it that I was a thief. done any o 4t since. Coming this region has brought back of the old experie,nces. Th.erewere: en and I have ,heard that there are nany sVore.s built along the line. in Camad and in New,Yorkstate. This,made le tn smaN articles, but the same time 1',he cutvas oftlcers to watch these stores cAose,ly or their jobs. worked a better scheme han that. I was 16 years old my father, farm was in the neighborhood, nea fast mare. She was very fast tys, though she wouldn't be ta/kin about now. I built a t,wo-heeled gig for her, and I eery officer the line to me. They all kne that I as but none o them culd get proof. fy mahod was simple. I about dusk in my gig drive leisurely across t;he line to a stone hotel, where I received my The paee was knc-n to be a smugglers, and suspicion was 1 toward any man who uen,ted it. The roprletor was a anadan and as shifty as an On the ground floor f his was a dlng T dining-room ami into f$ a very respectable bar- for Lower Canada. The bar it- o mahgan.y, and back of it an impasinff array of ale kegs. and,' Imagination was as fertile as that illustrious n.amesa, ke. It pleased customs officers, and ;he it in many different ways. Dumas liquors in long, ovalshaped hi cellar. Therevas noreason , he sJaould% have as bi a. stock hand as he chose, and*-henever in- customs officers came over the spying expedbtions Dumas was to take t;hm into his cellar and his st)ck. Not until, five years had lef Vhe emuggling business officers discover that on big in :Durs' cellar was simdly a that concealed the entrance to a that ran to echo barn 30 or 40 feet the house. was t&e keymoee o the smu- seeme. Tirme nnd again I have Dumas' barro(m drinking ale fellows whom I knew to b spot- ;eat to keep tab on me, while Du- has softly rolled my liquor ehrough th ta.nnel aud the barn. My gig was fitted up heavy s,traps, so arranged could be eld, by them close ma, der the set. By slippin.g the clear to one sid,e I oouJd easily te keg if I were closely presse. everything had been arranged would prone the barroom That was mY cue to order hitcthedl up. When hat was would saunter out to the baa'n ig and drt,v out by u back nee staxted I knem" that- no eus- officer , catch me. The cus- that Dumas cellar, andwho  ed me all the lime an8 had nothing taken from the cellar, that I thad been bluffed out. :ain I worked that game ' a 1,0rig dark ride I had taken stuff safely. If the officers mrd a certain roe& I had tip me off, and been forced to drive of my way to ,One night-when two of y horse was was bound to be the ditch, keg, along waitin cae the.wo dfficer r ,home braving heavily; .nov," shouted of We've [pot .yu thl "'What do you nean?' 1 answered. stopping mT horse. '"iho officers drew up alongside, ex amined nay gig and pockets, nnd then the spokesman said: " 'That's all right, You can go.head We were just fooling.' "I told them that they could go ahead and I would follow when I got good and ready. Off the,)" drove swearing a themselves and at me,-and as soon as they were out of hearing 1 drove back. picked up my keg and landed it safely "Thc gvernment knew well enongb that there was smuggling going on up he,e, and they sony along a specie! agent to spy it, ont. lie was a smooth one, and he nearly got me. This fel- low--hi name was direc to Dumas' place and said that he had got into a little trouble in the states. and he wanted Dumas to take care of him until it blew over. That flattered Dumas' pride, and the old mau took him in and made much of him. Dart and Dumas became great, chums. They went duck hunting together, they fished and drank together. As soon as I saw Dar I suspected hlm, and bc wasn't slow in guessing what brought me to see Dumas so regularly. Dart tried to pump me by being haiI fellow and by cu.rsi,ng the customs officers. 1 was only a boy, but I wasn't so easily caught as all that. I defended the cns* toms men and condemned smuggling. Dart just winked his left eye in a knmv- ing sort of way. Fortunately, as il urned out, Dumas didn't, give away his tunnel. He admitted to Dart. that, his place was. a headquarters for smug- glers, but he didn't commit himself any further. "I had made three successful trips w,hile Dart was staying with Dumas. and I guess that my success had made m,e a bit careless. My fourth trip was tlm last smuggling expedition that 1 ever engaged in, an0 it camso ncar be- ing my finish tn all ways that it thoroughly frightened me. It was a cold, nasty nit,hi in. Octo,ber, and I reached Dumas' place about ..eight o'clock. Dartwas stting in the barroom, and I joined him. We drankmore than the usual quantity of ale. and when Mdor came in whist/ing to indi'eate that, my keg was strapped, o.n the gig 1 said: " 'Well Dart, I'm going just as soon as Madore can. hitch up.' " 'I thifik I'll take a lit'tle horseback rifle myself.' he answered, 'and see if-I can't clear my head of this ale.' "This disturbed mc: forI eou/daTt say anything for fear he might get on to the right track and snspect my gig. I have since thought that Dart suspected that I picked up my goods somewhere along the road, and ha expected to detect me iR the act. I hurried out to the barn and drnv out just as Dart came out of the barroom to get his horse saddled. "Three miles dowu the road and just after I had crossed the line I heard a horse galloping behind me. I knew it was Dart, and that he would overhaul me unless I could reach a fork a mile ahead and confsc him as t which road I had taken. I whipped up my mare and we flew. As I looked overher head into the darkness I saw  light that was *evide,ntly a lan,tern just about where the, forks of the road were, Dart had cor- nered me. I knew it. As soon as I saw that lantern I knew that revenue offi- cers were with it. I couldn,'t slip my keg because the straps were'tangled up. In an instant. I had made up my mind what to do. There was  fairly level field ca mY left With no fence ou the road, Without stoppln,g, my mare's speed I turned into it. My gig bumped clean off the ground. It was rough riding, but I realized that, i,t was my only chance, The noise that I made go. ing across that eld warned Dart and the other officero what had happened, and they yelled to me to stop. ] didn't, and thtm followed n dozen or more shots from their revolvers. The balls whistled over my head.* I don't know how I got to the woods. I found a score o,f old wood roads, and selecting one of them, I walked my horse in and waited. I heard those fellows beating the bush around me for two hours, l had slipped the keg out and concealed it, but I didn't want to be captured, even though they had no evidence agatnst me. The officers gave it up, and I drove home at flaylih t minus the ke. My mare was used up, and a friend of min tipped me off that the game was up. Dart was a special agent, and he was going to dog' me unti he got evi- dence enough to arrest me. I though it all ove-, and I concluded that if l stayed so near the Canadian line th temptation to smuggle a bit wquld t so strong that I should weaken, a: pi'obaMy end by being captured. I h: saved a snug little sum. an4 'ith it went to New York. I have lived th since, and I am heartily ashamed of n_ early smuggkln g. "Drt is connected with the secret service, and a few years ago I me,t him in the Hoffman house in New York. I:hmas' place had been closed, and Dart. after we had a drink together in re. membrazace of Dumas' old ale, said: " 'Were you smuglln or not the nlgit we chased you into the fields?' " 'That question is outlawed,' I an. swered, 'and you didn'tcatch m. Let's talk about something else.' "Coming over this railroad, where l once drove with my smu.ggled goods has brought it all back to me. That': all.'N. YL Sun, An Invaluable Assistant. "I must say," remarked Stayathome "that I cannot understand why ym tookyourwif, wlth you to the Klondik, I should have thought that in a plat, like that a woman would be simpIy i the way." "Not on y.our life!" .said the mine., wl-/ had just returned with '$100,00C "In fac% it..a's tht'offgh "her that I mai my pile in such a short time." + "How SO?" " " "Why, in 'th'is way: Whenever I dis. eorsred a pocket, I'd point it out t Maria, and in Iess five have gram o .Y. TIlE CIVIL-SERVICE LAW. Congress, as a Body, Rather Likes Its Provisions. lUany Speechem Are Made Against It for the Purpose of Plnealing the 0dice-Seekers at IIome. [Special Washington Letter.] There is a great deal of humbug in the proceedings of congress; and the people ought to know it, It often happens that some subject is debated for days and days in the sen- ate and house of representatives, and it all ends in talk, without the enact- ment of a law. There is a reason for this. It is plain to close observers. Tbe statesmen never intended, from the first, that any- thing should happen, except thne-kill- GEN. GROSVENOR (O.). ("We will ask nothing more and will take nothing less than a change in this law.") tng talk. And all the while, tl peo- ple have been reading the newspapers, and wondering how it would end. The people are thus disappointed some- times, because they are misled. You have recentty been reading de- bates about the civil service taw. Some s|atesmen have defended the law against the bitter attacks which have been made upon it. Those men have been sincere. But some of the men who have attacked the law have been Insincere. Vfhilc arguing against the law, they are really hoping that it will not be repealed. Strange as this paradox may ,orn, it ts true. The civil service law ha saved the political scalp of many a congress- man. The representatives must be re- elected every two years, or they drop out of public life. Allot them are am- bitious to continue in the business of m atesmanship. They depend upon po- litical friends who work for them to keep them in popular favor. Those friends naturally want rewards for their political services. The only way to secure rcward is to seek and obtain federal office. For this boon Ihey de- pend up6n their congressmen. If the congressmen cannot help the men who help them they will soon find them- seh, es politically friemlless, and will lose theh' exalted positions. Under existing circwmsiances, the congressmen can say to their friends and backers: "This civil service law is so 'administere that no offices can be obtained, except after examination by the civil service commission. It is a law which never ought to have been enacted. But, t/eing on the statute books, and being enforced, we cannot get around it." That, you see, makes the officgseeker ngry at the law, instead of being angry with the congressmen. All (f their wrath is directed at the civil service law, because that law keeps them out of office. If it were not for the law, they would be howling mad at their con- gressmen. 7 Now, snppose the law should be re- pealed. Look at the predicament in which the congressmen would be placed. It is officially reported that dur- ing the past year there were 50,000 ap- plications for federal appointment made through the civil service commission, and that many people were examined. Ot course, but few were finally ap- pointed. But, suIposing that the civil service law should be repealed, it is safe to as- sume that there would be ten times as Pennsylvania, was also prominent as a defender of the law and the manner of itsadmialstration. It is a singular fact that Gen. Grosvenor has long been re- garded as one of the most stanch po- litical friends of President McKinley, and yet he denounces the law which the president is trying so hard to enfurce. A shrewd politician suggests to the writer that "may be McKinley is apt so much in favor of the extreme enforce- ment of the law as he is supposed tohe. It seems to me that he is acting on the principle euuneiated by Gem Grant, that 'the way to secure the repeal of a bad law is to give it extreme and rigid enforcement.' It is not altogether un- likely thai McKinley extended the elvll service classification to make the ex- treme administration of the civil serv- ice law obnoxious. Therefore, it is not surprising that Gen. Grosvenor should be doing his part tn congress to make the law unpopular." That is supposition; but to one ex- perienced in the ways of politicians it does not seem to be an improbable view of the act, ualities of the situation. Gen. Grosvenor is one of the best men in con- gress, and President McKinley is one of the purest men ever known in public life. Both of these are politicians, and yet both of them come fully up "o the measure of true statesmanship. There is nothing partisan in the true adminis- tration of the civil service law. People everywhere, however, are divided hi their wows concerning the manner and method of its proper enforcement. The debate of this question incites the thought heretofore expressed in this column of correspondence; that is, are not the offices made too tempting by the large salaries attached to them? There is a reason for everything in this world, and there must be some reason for this terrific clamor for the spoils of office. But it is perfectly natural, after all. If John Doe gets a nomination to con- gress, and his success is largely due to the political mauagement of Riehar,! Roe, it is only natural that Richard Roe should expect some sort of reward. Wheu John Doe comes to congress he gets a salary of $5,000 per annum, and that looks pretty big at home. Never- theless, the cost of living in Washing ton. according to the style expected of congressnen, is very great, and th congressman cannot afford to pay money to Richard Roe for having stood by him in the past, and for standing by him ia the fut.ure. But Richard Ro Wants his reward, and he applies for of- flee. Of course the congressman ought to do something for him. if he can. That sums up the original cause of office-seeking, but it does not suggest the cure. The plain people ofourcoun- try will in their own way and in their own time settle this question once for all and take it out of the realm of dis- cusMon. The fate of this ranch-discussed law may be settled in the debating societies of the country. Let the young men take it up, discuss it, argue it nnd reach con- clusions concerning it. There is no more fr'Rful theme to-day before the people. It will be found that the young aen in all of our cities and villages have views: and when they make a study ot H. V. JOHNSON (IND.). ("Mr. Speaker, I cannot keep my seat."} the subject, ascertain all of the facts, take particular interest in the theme and reach conclusions, they will be about right. Then, whenpoliticalcam- paigns are fought, they will instruct many people apply for office, when their representatives what to do, and it they would not be obliged to pass ex. will be done. Many a public question nmination. Consequently, the con- has thus been settled in the debating gressmen would have half million of societies long before the statesmen were officeseekers on their backs, clamoring able to reach conclusions thereon. They for office and demanding office or usually obey popular opinion as soon as trouble, it crystallizes so that they cannot rots- Under such circumstances can you take it. Imagine that the congressmen really It has been the care of the narrator want the law repealed? Not a bit of it. of this story to refrain from expres- On the contrary, the civil service law is sions of opinion. This is merely a har- e safeguard for them. It protects them ration of facts as they appear to one against the political henchmen and of- who is closely observing public mea and rice-seekers. But, Inasmuch aa the public affairs. The reader will not statesmen have talked and writtea to reach the conclusion that all men in their backers all manner of things congress are insincere, or that a majori. agaiost the law, they must make pro- fy of them sre not in earnest in thei tense of sincerity by delivering speeches congressionalutterances. Nevertheless, against the law. This pleases the office, it is true that on this subject, and on seekers at home, and it does no harm in many other subjects, speeches are made, Washington atty. No matter whether as Congressman Sunset Cox once said, the administration of that law is a suc- "for home consumption." eessornot, it enables statesmen to make By that he meant that many speeches trong excuses for not getting their are made here, not for the purpose of friends into office. Who would sup- affecting legislation, but for the pur- pose for a moment that the congress- pose of having the people at home read men really want to repeal a law which the speechs and consider what great Is useful to them, and lhe existence of men they have sent to the national capi. which keeps many of them in office, tel to represent them. With this under- )'ear after year. for many years? standing, the people who read congres- Of course there are statesmen and sional debates will give them such politicians in both houses of congress, weigbt as they deserve. with a preponderance of politicians SMITH D, FRY. over the statesmen. Some of the hen- Strnnge. orable gentlemen who have been talk- Bloombumperouwouldn'tcallhe ing against 1he eivLl service law are Eglish a deal.|ap.g'uge, would you honest in what they say. It would be Spatts--Of cbfe'nt. ' = unfair for any" correspondeat to eriti- Tbat is st-rgeJ' cise them individ'ually and say ho is "What is strange about il?" sincere and who is nsincere. That "Beeaus English is murdered more would be a.'violation of that highest of than any other tongue."N. Y.Jo-arnaL all laws: '?Judge not, that ye be not u0ged." Sunieient Reason. During the recent discussions Gem Bobby--If God sends babies round Grosveor. of Ohio, was the most re- why didn't mamma pick out a prettier denunciator law one ? was the f( of the FASHION'S FANCIF Yew Notes oa the Correct Thing I l.adiem' Go,tunics. The plaited round waist and the full llussian blouse waist contest for favor with the numberless chic little coat basques, very short, very smart and ery louch trimmed. Sometimes we see the basque l)ortion cut in one with the wttst, and sometimes added on. ]n other Instances the coat or basque ef- fect is confined to the basque only,'while the front is slightly pointed or quite ound. The back is in one seam/ass piece, and is arranged in endless ways below the belt line. Short jacket fronts made by leading French coatmakers open on full vests of any soft material that gathers, plaits, tucks or can be ar- ranged in effcelive surplice folds in- side square or tiny rounded jackets of some heavy textile. Evening toilets show stylish loops and ends of ribbon on the shoulders the loops atone or mingled with airy frills of plaited silk muslin. The half- low bodice shows the still popular Wat- teau bow of medium-wide ribbou placed between the shoulders at the backs, the ends failing low on the dress sktrt. Of ribbons alone are made very charming girdles, bretelles, vests, gimps, surplice waist front, jacket fronts, panel pieces, flchns, puffs for Mashed sleeves, blouses, collars, cuffs and little mouchoir ntuffs or chatelaine. Many of the demitrained dress skirts are cut with nine gores; and at the back some are box-plaited and others fan- plaited. Ituguenot caps are added to the tops of many of the short, full, puffed slecves of evening bodices. Peplums. which are added to Russian blouses, jacket bodices, surplice waists and similar garments, are shaped in va- rious ways. Some are crenelated, orb- ors cut in oval tabs or sharp vandykes, and also in circular form, with or with- out plaits at the back. Little bolero, zouave or other small jacket pieces are added to the fronts of high or low-necked corsages cut a l Russe and made of airy textiles draped loosely over fitted silk underwaists. These little side pieces are made wt- riously of lace, velvet, jeweled passe- menterie, satin, brocade or watered silk. and the sleeve puffs and collar-- if collar there be--ntatch these pieces in color and fabric. German broadcloth in dark Russian red, or the favorite blue shade of the winter, is noted among elegant models in red[ngotes and other enveloping gar- ments of the season. Some of the very expensive wraps are lined throughout with [ur, notably a very beautiful blue garment made in tIuguenot fashion, with odd, stylish sleeves, a passemen- terie girdle and lined with chinchilla. Another handsome model is a cape of blue German broadcloth, lined with mink fur and trimmed with dark- brown silk cord ornaments. There ts also an intmense revers collar of mlnk around the neck. A third wrap, wlth Russian blouse features, is made of red and black fancy cloth, line(with 'ed satin and trimmed w, ith bands of black fox fur. with a very high Klondike col- lar and a capecollar of the fur cover- tng the shoulders.--N. Y. Post. FOR THE HOUSEWIFE. A Few Hints %Vhieh May Prove el Value. While maple sugar is new. it. will be found t!hut, grated, tt serves as a most delicious hard sauce for hot puddings. It is so soft and moist'0hat he grating process does not ganulate it, as hap- pen later, and a cake of t'he solid sttgar is quickly converted into a smooth, cam- pact sauce. A cookingsclmol recipe is one for an attractive dish of apples. Four large, tart apples shnuld be cored and quar- tered, and steamed in a saneepan, with nt more than t,wo tablespoonfuls of ater. Soak t,wa tablespoonfu, ls of granulated gelatine in half a teacupful of water. When the apples are cooked soft, take frown.the fire, add the gelatine, half a cupful of sugar, and a little green coloring o make it about the ealorof an ordinary gree apple. When this puree is thus sHrred toget'her it should measure  pint and a half. Otherwise a little -ater my be added to secure this quantity. Flavor with Pae grated rind of half a lemon anal a littteof the iuice, turn into a mold and set on he ice. It should be served very cold, turned out on a glass platter, with whipped cream put around the form, and a few chopped pischlo nuts strewn over..he tp. If the flavorof the pistachio nats is not liked, chopped bhnehed ahnondts may be substituted. The wide use of ammonia to assist in all household cleaning demands that the maids of the h)use;hold should be in. structed in the necessity of removing its traces from many surfaces upon "hieh it has been employed. Notlfing ]s more injurious to patn and varnish tihan nonla, and if it is used to re- move s<ne especially stubbborn spot, the surface should be quickly wiped ove.r with a clean cloth wet in. clear water. For linoleum ammonia ts equal- ly bad unless it is quickly rinsed. It is this little kn,wled of ,her eleanin.g dugs which makes them' so'dangerous Jn the hands of tthe average housemaid. One ho has used a cloth depped in cruse il to wipe over 'te surface of a stained floor, saw no reason why the same c'ould not be applied to the hlghly olished surface of an old mahogany lable. "Phe result, aaturaIly, was dis- asrous t:a its finish, and recourse to the services ofa cahinet maker was nec- essary.--N. Y. Po.v' " ponje Gingerbread. MeIt "a piece 0: butter the size of a hdns egg; mix with a pint of molasses a tablespoonful of ginger and a quart of flour. Dissolve a heaping table- spoonful of saleratus in half a pint f milk; strain and mix it with the rest of th ingredients. Add sufcientflour to make it roll out easily, roll half an inch thick and bake' on flat tins in a qutek oven. If good Orleans molasses is p0ngy.--Good q_ukeepin@, CORSICAN WAY. Ho the Countrymen Settle Thelr Family Fends. An enemy in Corsica has a thousand xngenious lttle ways by which he can ut a spoke in a neighbor's wheel. Why, a mere "accident" in felling a tree may close the road in fron't of your wagon for hours and make all yonr early veg- etables late for the bi-weekly market- boat; or a mysterious hole in your new fence may let a whole flock of sheep into your young clover; or the well may be "bewitched," with sickly con- sequences to man and beast, A resolute new proprietor might declare he would "stand no nonsense; such 'accidents' shou/d nqt occur twice to him," and so forth. But surely prevention is a thou- sand times better than cure in matters less serious than feuds between country neighbors ! Seventeen years ago a foreign pro0ri- etor took up some of the Campo-di-loro the best land near Ajaccio. tie en- gaged a Swiss farmer to come with herds and a staff and supply him with milk and butter. Cows' milk is still rare in the island. In those clays you might milk straight into the ]aetome- tar, but that instrument, would not even register zero, though new milk in the Swiss Alps would ntark 28. Thus it wi/1 be seen how desirablewould have been a dairying revohrtion in Ajaccio. But. when everything w-as in train for the arrival of the Swiss farmer, his fam- ily, laborers and cattle, certain Carat- can well-wishers of the foreign reform- er came to him nd said: "Put, it to yourself; would you feel happy if the man's hay barns were burned, if his house was pulled down about his ears, if he lost his life?" And the well-wish- ers were able to convince the foreigner that there was real danger of such nets of violence. IIe eountermanded all his arrangements, and in course of time was thankful to get pretty good milk from the farm of a local magnate whose property is now fairly w'ell managed. Gentleman's Magazine. PROLIFIO LIFE OF ALASKA. Plenty of Wild Animals in the Arctic neservntion. Nowhere on my travels so far have I seen so much warm-blooded rejoicing life as in, this grand APctic reservation by so many regarded as desolate. ,Not only are there whales in abundance along the shores, and innumerable seals, walruses and white bears, but great herds of fat re, deer on the tundras, and wild sheep, foxes, hares, Iemmings, whistling marmots, and birds. Perhaps more birds are born here than in any other region of equal extent on the continent. Not only do strong-winged hawks, eagies and wa- ter-fowl, to whom the length of the continent is only a plemsant excursion, come up here every summer in great numbers, but. also many short-winged warblers, thrushes and finches, to rear their young in safety, reenforce, the plant bloom with their plumage and sweeter the wilderne with s6ng, ,fly- ing all the way, some of them, from Florida, Mexico and Central America. IR thus going so far north they are only going home, for they wtwe bor here, andonlygoson,th to spend the win- tar morths as New Englanders go to Florida. Sweet-voiced troubadours, they sing in orange groves and vine-clad magnolia woods in winter, in thickets of dwarf birch and alder ia summer, aud sing and chatter more or loess all the way back and forth, keeping the whole country glad. Oftentimes tn New- England just as the last snow patches are melting, and the sap in the maples begins to flow, the blessed wanderers may be heard bout or- chards and the edges of fields where they have stopped to glean a scanty meal, not tarrying long, knowing they hav far to go. Tracing the footsteps of spring, they arrive in ttteir tundra homes iu June or July, and set out on their return journeys in September, or as soon as their families are able to fly well.--John Muir. in Atlantic. A Mexleun's Cnrlous Idea of Business. "While traveling iu Mex/co a few years ago I had a funny experience with a Mexican vender which goes to show what little bustness ability he lower classes have," said E. F. Gulgnon, of St. Louis. "I was en route to +look at some mines away up in the mountains. At the station where we left the train to take the stage I saw an old woman selling some honey. She did not have more than ten pounds of it altogether, and as it looked so good, I wanted to buy it all to take along with us. I asked our interpreter to buy it. Much to my surpise the old woma would scll him bu't two boxes, claiming that if she sold it all to him she would hae noth- ing to sell to other peopte neither would she have anything else to do dur- tag the remainder of the de3 Republican. Haw Alaska Indians Tx, aek Ilenrs, William ]L Otis, who has beer al over the world as one of the ickthyolo- gists in the employ of the government, has juat returned from his second visit from studying the fish in Alaskan waters, life says: "Strips of whale bone are folded into the shape of the letter 'N; enveloped in ha,ks of fat., and frozen that way. The fat thus pro+ pared is left in promising spots for great white bears to devour. Along comes one of the monsters, gulps a lump down whole, the gastric juices melt the fat and eat away the strings of tendon with which the whalebone is bound; the whalebone springs ort straight across the animal's stomach, and presently it dies. Next day Mr. Es- kimo colnes el,'-" and gathers in a bearskin worth several quarts M whis- ky.'--Portland Oregonian. A SEA MYSTERY. ] %Ve I)o Not Know the Value of OIIIP Great Warships. The most rearkable experiment In, recent years is the building of navie at eormous expezase, when thereaas bee #1o apportunty of teaing te value of the new maehdnery in actual warfare. During the last quarter of a century :thcre 'has been a naval battle worthy of being men,toned in the same breat vith Trafalgar or fine Nile, or dth Rod- ney's great victory in the West Inde Lissa in Eae Adri at the opening of SS. A few ironclads avs ben, 4n atlo m the west coast of Smt America, atoll s British fleet shelled the ill-arad fort pf Alexandria, "13here was a be'tile be,, " tween fleets on the Yalu aut long' ago; i but t&e mental inferiority of the Chi- nese to the Japanese rendered it impa sible for experts to judge what eir dps ould have done if lmy had been. vroperly manned and well handle& Meanwhile, the art of has been revolutionized, time nntion (has been expending" mense sums upon ba.ttla shps and aher Rg+htin, vessels ,'ith,ut knowln ,heter armor will adequately protect them or whether oredo boats doaxot bold te proudest fleets at the!ry. qwo years ago t;here was a onderful naval ray.tony at Kiel when the Battlo canl was opened, and hia year thea' has ]3een another off Portsmont at qfich the most powerful English reef exer assembled ha. any waters has'bee, seen on holidey parade. These fleet were immense cmnbinatioms of'macMae shops, engine ouses and gun factories. What their value ma. be in a sea battle is one of fine mysterie of te sea, T.he best experts frankly say thad they do not know w'hether ahese com- plex ira b(>xes filled with steam an ee-ric macthinery will remain afloat under heavy fire from shore or torpedo attack. hey readily admi tha.t aavfea will be transformed as soon athere$ a great engagement between moder fleets. In Nelson's tizne there wasan unwMt- ten la,w ffhat hot shot were mo to be used i battle, on account of the risk involved in setting" fire to inflarmnable oode shi ps. There was t lmn a naval instinct against rescherous methods of flgth,ting. This has passed away. Every navy ow 'hM all ffae modern sourees for setting on fire or siking by secret enemy's ship. In naval revievs the battle ships are floating batterles ifieh seem to defy assaul't; but torpedb boats have never" been nsed against them. With a single sting ,f te little steel wasp the great leviatha,n with its heavy armor and long-re-age gun may go dcvn with a quick plunge, If hexpetsonly knew what wa therc,'d, 'effecti'e value of the torpedo in naa, al warfare, they could tell with a fair degree of confidence vha,t the fleets of the future would be llke. "lhy do not know, and the build[ng of tae fleets goes on in, a fogofuneer- tainty. "I conmaad one of these ships," said an old seadg at Kiel, "but let me tell you frankly, I woul m04.1ike  to go into baett,te mith ;her. We hall know more after the next naval war ,than we do now."--Youth's Com.palion. THE WORLD AS IT IS AND WA Evolution of Animul mad Vegtabio FormI, The earth,hich we find to-day brlht with varied hues, vocal with innumer- able sounds, rich in fruits and fragra with odors, lay for an almost incaleu lable period of time destitute, or all but deatitute, of color, soundless save for the noise of wave and tempest, and with no promise as yet of the rich profusion of vegetable and animal forms that now diversify is surface and fill it with the thrill and manifold activities of life. We often speak of man as "the heir of all the ages," but not often, probably, . do we pause to realize the signtflcane of the word. We talk of evolution, but seldom make any due effort to grasp the plenitude and grandeur of th thought. These senses of which have the isle, and each of which bring tt different world witbln ourken, whenc'e are the),? It seems so natural to see; it sees so+natural to hear, to toteh, to smell, to taste, that we forget through what slow processes, by Wlmt an incalculable number of slight acee}e- rations and delicate modifications iheae wonderful channels of knowledge and sentton'have been made for u We go back through the ages, and we com to a sightless, voiceless world. period probably as long as of geological time the on}) life were protozoa. Sight was de- veloped among the wonderful ea- of the silurian there were no organs first, stridulation of an insect's was heard (if it was heard), vanish age, the birth epoet vetebrates, fishes; but longages had pass before th first bee hummed ( flower or the wings in the sunehine.-App!etoR's Pop, tlar Science Monthly. [nch only to the general pnblid. but o nato uralists, in London by of giraffe which was presented to Queen Victoria by aland. The nimal sailed September 1, Herr wild atmals, party the giraffe most, care waa beast could not of the sea, ]81pld Growth of Stockholm. in London so nearly In 1663 SIockholm, Sweden, was con- tion that it, lived oat3 sldered a large city. It had then be- er reaching lt qaxters in, tween 40,000 and 50,000 inhabitants. A pavk.--Youth's Companion. hundred years later the number Was 73,000 and as late as 1840 itwas only 84,- Not a Game 000. In 1894 it had risen to 260,000-- Kitty--Of remarkable illustration of the extraor- hairless