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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
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January 15, 1898     The Woodville Republican
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January 15, 1898
 

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OL. LXXII. WOODVILLE, MISS., SATURDAY, JANUARY 15, 1898. NO. 31. BY ISABELLA M. SHAW. appointment do we meet Delight and joy; heed not our expectancy; round some corner in the streets of life on a sudden, clasp us with a smile." other passengers alighting from the train was a tall, dark- gentlcma,n and a short. child, balding fast his free also a mite of a blue parasol. the geneltman&apos;s other hand a. traveling case and an umbrel- The sun 'was 3et high an(l its rays It had been a breathles's day, although the station sat o,n the out- of Woodville, flanked by hay- and facing a meadow, the only toat seemed that of plank and A new sidewalk was bei1glaid, . the station platform was undergo- m.irs; but Baals, lhe village ," loung'ed beneath chestnut tree whose leaves hung a,nd limp on dry twigs. you direct me to the Loeus't If" the tall gentleman asked this can't miss it: it hides in the lo- wood; the 'Ires stands around and scrambling o his feet the led the way lo a low, narrow, veMcle which the child re- ed to enter. conMdera,ble loose in the joints, miss, but "twill carry yu safe 'h. Good land, no! 'tisn't a rumbled over a bridge, turned corner, rounded the village struck into the ]looney road, a hill, halting on its shoulder a svinging white gate through woman had just passed. The was delightfully old-fashioned. 'rus Flint and little daughter ex- words of approval as they wen !he. gravelly path leadin'g to the door. Largeness seemed all about cramped-'up ity folks." tde 'bus driver who had run wilh to the beock door, added, in "Your net must be getting five last week and two to- He was addressing Cathy, the whom Baals was .courting. front rooms off .the upper hall assigned to the d'etor, one of utted over the side veranda and called the balcony chamber. In at ben window the lcust branches and above, allnos't within reach, an oriole's nest. A large waxen sat in a chair and a child's cot one earner. The little girl look about, lay- blue silk parasol on the table removed her hat and pushed daanp, tumbled hair. The wee its ,spotless. draperies drew "See. father, this. board- lady must have known I was If 3our room zs as pretty ine is let. us live here for a long refreshed, retched,, d, i'he doctor and Girlie went be- me the boarders assembling When Mrs. Wimers herself d the doctor started slightly. Girlie noticed the -tremor and .ned. her wee avarln clasp of his .and looked up. A lady, a lady, was locking down. The op of this lady's,comb reach ed her's elbow. :Bending to the said, with a winning smile: we shall become very good we may," replied Girlie, her most captivating" nod and for she was greatly pleased with detail of her surroundings. After there followed an evening full song, and inusie. Gach of the seemed to have forgo.t'ten.how thermometer was rnnmng. I the doefor left the circle hat Mrs. Winters again bent down little daugJhter and kissed her. night!" returned the child "I of the angels all night," r father added': "She is in love couch, yon see." nectay the inmates of the nest lves to wood and stream. few went in the down 'bus to the acre 15 fresh-air children for, 'homesamong villagers awaiting them. Winters also went down and sat }haeto with the doctor's daugh- when the rain pulled up. were handed out, each , tag attached/to his or her left bring me two of them, will Eix--Rooney rod 7" tlools She't lan d' head. but moved toward the newcomers, soon with the oldest and the group. himsel td the road, here the doctor }. his new his doff leapi Itgbefore him 'heeled and trotted back to .elan. "Oh, gnood mornt.ng!" as Girlie to h'is saddle, and pony ; togeiTaer. doctor, I stole your daugho boys are tagged for my cous- a half mile above the atrr pony a good raveler? Those s are rolling up ra.pidly." good; wha2 a bark that is it ?" The sgeaker hi hat and the sorrel Whereat Pi shook him- uiekened his pace. By ten :he 'torm was raging' throalgh Two chxzrc]aes were s'truek tn.tng', also chimneys and win, he square suffered "Bools was up to see generally did but this aed on Ms tale t%e difference in the height of those two--the l'resbyterian spire and the Methodist steeple, held t,wo hearts apart for four good years or more? It was as. tonishing how unbridgeable, by dint of brooding" ever and cherishing, this trilling matter had:become. But. lol the elements had arbitrated. Mr. COok announced his rinalc at the breakfast table: "Thank the gods and graces, c,ds are even at last; faithful Baals an] wamn-hearted Cafiay can eonseten- lionsly wed." After. this owtbreak he weather re- sumed the even tenor of its, way; charm- in days rolled by, one so much like the other that few called "them s.ingly to aeconnt. Loon.st Nest stood in the midsJt <)f a dreamy old garden and the hum of bee and the drone of insect sounded lv the hour. The doctor's child, when she was not haun'ting the stairway and window ledges of the de- lifftftsome old net. itself, hatrnted this garden. She started out. of nook o't by- path, taking Mrs. Winters often, un- awares, and always with a hook in hand. Mrs. Win'tersl liking In pull beans herself and to "fuss" among her vege- tables, stood one day under an apple tree survey.lug her 'tore, when a some- thing dropped from the gnarled branches above. "Mercy, child, where were you? Why do yoaz always have that book?" "l.t is not that book. it is another. Father and I'thinkschools are disagree- able. so I study by myself. I learn M1 over just what I wish to. and every Fri- day evening" father and I vislt together ad I:t.ell him what I daunt know You see when people have not got much but each other they thtnka good deal of each other. Folks say I have lost my mo'ther, but father said that I am not real well acquainted with anybody but old' nurse, wtm looks Rke your Cathy, and father; we canno.ts'ay here mu.ch 1,anger now; I thought I would tell you. We like corners; you always find somethin,g ntee around a corner; the etty is full of corners, so I ahink we will fro away soon," and blue eyes met blue -es. At that instan the thud of hoofs was heard, and away dvn the drive and out into tire road, ran the child. Mrs. Winters hastened into her kitchen. That evening closed in early full of darlene,s and stcrtn, tIeaven and earth seemed to hake beneath the mighty tread of ts approach. Light- ning cut the Mr, thunder rolled; the creek a quarter mile above the Nest rose defiantly so that fording" wasmade impossible, and the bridge mtghteasily be missed in such a night. Girlie, who had been studyin,g up tJan,nderstorms of late desired her father to neither stand nor to run if ever caught by one, "tall, pointed objects being" rinemarks." Several persons wa'tched from wind'ows the increas,ing glocm and f.ury without when dinner was called but. scarcely were they seated at table whe the waitress atpeared at her mistress' el- bow. T'he-school-'teacher at the pro- fessor's was ery ill; n0 detor to be found'. Would Dr. Flint accompany the mee,nger ? Girlie ut'tered an involuntary "Oh!" Mrs. Winters not award nor even raised her eyes. Cyrus Flint rose and srode from the room. He reappeared be- capped and beeloaked and oIened the outer doer. Baals was there with two h;rses and a lantern, under ja, hose red glower glistened the coats of rider and horse. A fierce gus of win@ met him, but he mad'e his way out. "Father!" the doctor bent froa his saddle; "hoh] this high and st. low," and the lit,tie figure ,s,tood on ts tip- toes and reached up a small sunshade-- that precious blxte silk parasol--saeri- riced ,by a warm li'ttle heart to elec- tric greed, confident that surrotmding hat beloved head it would' be quite ",tall" can,ugh and "pointed" enough to avert attack, "Bess you, sweetheart Twke her iaL" he cried; but Cathy's arms were already about her and she was carried in while her father rode aavay into the wild night. The chime-like sroke of the great eloek re'as telJfing 11 when  violent knock came on the kitchen door and Baals' vole was heard. Cathy set the doer ajar when t.oolspushed it open and entered, followed by neighboring farmhand's bearing a rude lit'.ter upon which was stretchedoa form whose gar- mentG a dil those of the other men, dripped w.atr which trlekled right and leIt, over the polished flor. The eook wrung her hands. "Oh, my! Oh, myl Is he killed or drowhed that you fetch him on a raft, tnd his fatherless babe above stairs. Oh, mI Oh, myl" "Itt.t: Where's the laxly?" But Mrs, Vinter% her ed"es wide and full of a.,larm. Mready stood on a threshold 1-eekmug. "Bring him this way into lhe l,]rooan, and do you, Boo, Is, watch all the ,trains and catch th first doc- tor  eome" Them she and Cathy worlce' over the Injure@ man un,til day- brea, wit'h'whieh came Bools and Dr. IfnR.. LXe n the atterno Dr. Flint wak- ened, conscious and obaervan. An anx- ious face was bending over him, and before ts owner could withdraw the &dtor grasped wo mall hands. ,":Reta! :My IetaI Iseea;llnow. Some- hing" has shadowed me persistently ataee ie night I arrived. For two ytmrs I have dreamed of 3u by night and earehed for yu by day. Reta! y wifel" . Mrs. Winters Fltn sobbed as she hid her face on his amn. "I went direetly to Paris where I canine to m yslf an& solezrmly abjured my" bmse antty. I di& indeed! Uncle Cook returned wtth me in 'the fall and we have been hea'e ever sl.nee. I, wait- tug and watching for my husband, Sos I kew he would alsoreturn #caner or lu'ter to find me. Oh, Cyrus, it, was my pNde, not my hear, t, w'hich went astray --ay false pri4e, but I renouneed it lon,g ago!" "so rund this cetrner in their streets o! life 'lhe.v, on a sudden, clasped them wttlt H()h[E LIFE LN HAWAII. Advantages for Education Avail- able in the Islands. Farm Crops That Can He Grown Prof- ItablY-Description of the Real- ly lleuutlful Rural Seller. [Special Sau 10raneisco hetor.] ,lneh as has been written concerning IIawaiian scenery, it is a subject about which literature can never be exhaust- ed. People of all nations and all eli- mates are still continuous in their praise of the tropical verdure and eenery that ean be foundin the midst o the Pacific ocean. There has been resident in the island for some time a Scotchman--Mr. Charles II. Ewart, of Daibeattie, Scotland--whose soul was moved by the beautiful vision which he describes in the following poetic language: "Wearein an amphitheater 3f mountains rising to an altitude of 3,0(0 and 4,000 feel, with a glowing raihmnt of leaf and blossom from base to summit, save in spols, where the red earth peeps through the radiant eur- taiu, as a foil to the flames of iridescent greens, and the fire of the blossoms that have enfolded lhc hills in their shining embrace, ltere and there a pinnacle, where no plant has found grace to grow, stands out a purple sil- houette against the soft blue of a topaz- tinted sky. Caves and fissures are cleft in the steeps of these mounlain walls. and torn from the nearly perpendicular cliffs which surround it, alone and upart, stands a pillar of stone 20 yards wide at the base, nearly 1,000 feet high, and pointing 'Godward through the blue,' like the spire of some mighty cathedral. This monolith, carved and fashioned by some bygone convulsion of nature when the hills 'glared at heaven through folds of fiery hair,' is swathed in a glorious garment of green Fifty-six per cent. of all the children attending school at that time were of native ltawaiian descent, and 25 per cent. were Portuguese. The remain- ing 19 per cent. represent a large num- ber of nationalities. The h'tlglish language is pac/ically the only language as a means of com- munication or instruction in the Ita- waiian schools. And here lies thedif- iicnlty of the wo'k. Just imagine the teachers of California trying to teaeh the children of that state through lhe Arabic language. Yet English is prob- ably as difficult for the children of llawaii as Arabic for those ol Cali- fornia, llistory, literature, natural science and even arithmetic must be taught under great difficulties. Fdu- eative instruction under these condi- tions is a well-nigh unsolved problem. But conditions are rapidly changing. The English language is coining into nse as a lneaBs of communicatioa amoag the graduates of the common schools, many of whom have no other language in common. Tiusit is creep- ing into the homes of the people evep.. When the children learn even crude English from their mothers, the teach- er's tasks will be much simplified. For many years there have bees schools in Ilonolulu and Ililo especial- ly adapted to the needs of the childrea of English-sleaking pa.rents. Lately similar schools have been opened in a number of other localities, and still others will be opeaed shortly. These are not essentially different from schools of similar grade in America. A regular publie high school is in progress of organization in Honolulu, the greater number of the departments being already in working order. The endowed institution known as Oahu college has long offered full prepara- tion for any college in America, and many of its graduates have entered loading American colleges on advancea standing. But the English-speaking ehihtren do not enjoy a monopoly of the privil- and gold, chequered with the rose and the azure of the bells of the convolvoli, that dangle from the cordon of vines that engird it." The valley in the early morning may be clear of mists, and a soft mountain breeze murmuring above the foliage, but at times it is filled with the noise- less ebbing and/lowing of white vapor borne in from the sea, and out of this sMmmering sea of mist the towers aad minarets of the mountains arise clothed with mosses and ferns, and draped witb garlands of eddying vines, that cover the faces of the cliffs, and droop over the edges of giddy precipices in "'cat- aracts of bloom," till they are swal- lowed up in the "white mists that choke the vale, and blot the sides of the bewildered hills." Although sugar cane is indigenous in Itawaii, little attempt was made to- ward its cultivation until 1835, when a plantation was started at Kauai. and several sugar mills were built. These mills were worked by the aid of mules and oxen, and the q0rocess was slow and laborious, What a contrast to the mills of the present day, where the cane is taken and made into crystals of sugar. There is no royal road to wealth in 1]awaii and anyone who anticipates such a condition had better stay away. No man can go blindfolded and pick up dollars in the streets, but no coun- try offers a better opportunity and final reward for honest, earnest and constant labor. Especially is this true in the coffee industry. The pretty homes and coffee areas of Olaa are an evidence :f this. Butter is selling |n Hilo at one dollar a roll. It is quoted in Sau Francisco at 16 cents to 24 cents a pound. There every field is as dry as a bone. In Ha- waii every field is perpetually green. The dairy business offers a much bet- ter opening than any line of merchan- dising. And as a by-product to the dairy, hogs will pay magnificently. Pork is retailing at 25 cents a pound. The advertising columns of the local papers tell'a curious story of the strangely backward condition of some of the smaller industries. Ex-Australia: Peaches, plums, crannies, apples, grapes, nectarines, lemons, celery, catfliflow- ors, potatoes, cheese, r011 butter, crab  apples, quinces, onions." These are. imported from a country over 2,Q60 miles distant, The Hawaiian inspector general of schools, Mr. Henry Schiller Townsend, speaking of the educational syslem of the islands, says that the population of the Hawaiian islhnd is small and the school system ts bcssarily small. '/'be total population exceeds 100.000 Iightly, of  attend- lug school at eges of education beyond the common school course. The Kamehameha schools, with their magnificent equip- ment and no less magnificent endow- ment, are open to those of native Ha- waiian blood, and to no others. Manual training and industrial education are leading features of these schools, and few similar schools in Amerieaare so well eqoipped for work on these lines. The natives are very fond of music. The guitar, on account of the softness of its tone, is their fa'orit e instrument. The royal Itawaiian band. which a few years ago made a. tour through the United States, was composed of native ltawaiians, all of hom were aecmn- plished musicians RED F'ANTON. PYGMIES IN AFI::HCA. They Are IPound in the ?tl'terious Iteo t'ionm of ihe UDDer Nlle. It is no longer possible to class as myths the pygmies of whom the poe of the Iliad speaks in hisstories of their wars with the storks, They are found in tae mysterious regionsof the Upper Nile, The autique literature of Greece hasaehieved a brilliautriumph, ltaa- ley revealed the existence of the lit- tle creatures. At tirst they attracted the attention amy of a small nnmoer of anthropologists, who began invesu- gations concerning the dwarfs. Now they have become interesting to all. It is believed that the Wambouttis o the dark continent are brothers of tle Aceas of the llatouas, who live in tho shadows of the Mountains at the Mona, and of the basimen of, Cape Colony. By mingling with other tribes, the lat- ter have atded to their stature. Cousins have been discovered in other portions of the earth. Dr. Ernst tlaeckel, pro- fessor of the University of Jean, writ- ing of the primitive i-nhabitaats of Cey- lon, shows points of affinity between the last survivors of the Weddas in tha forests of the "Island of Paradise" and the dwarfs recently discovered in Afri. oa. Invesligations undertaken ia th neighborhood of Schaffhouse, 500 yearn ago, have led to the discovery of skele- tons of fire fossil pygmies. Prof. Beeea.- nor says itis impossible to deny that a race of dwarfs existed in Europe dur- :.it,the second half of the stone age, t%thic period. The African pyg- lutes are superior to the Weddasiu ia- telligenee, but inferior in virtues. A Gooltland at the Game. Bystander-I suppose we cannot con- ceive how cold it is up in the Klondike gold fields, l d6a'l suppose you dill much in the winter exeeptplay poker. Returned Miner--Play poker! Mia- tex, the frost would break the jaeko FARM AND GARDEN. TRACTIVE FORCE TESTS, iesitanee of Road Surfaeez Meant., ured by the Tl.aetoruDh. Traction may be defined as the re- sistance which & stationary body of.. fers to motion, or the force required to move a given weight on a given surface. It is found that the resistance offered by different surfaces varies eonsider- a.bly, and consequently the force re quired to impa,r motion to bodies on them varies likewise. Experiments to determine the force of traction on dif- ferent surfaces have been made from time to time. (luring the last 60 years, the latest being those conducted b S the road inquiry office of the depart.meat of agriculture. In order to secure a continuous rec.. ord as well as a measnre of the tractive force, an apparatus called a tracto- graph, arranged to make a graphic record, was attached to a loaded wagon which was driven over different surfaces and gradients. These tests gave the followirg results: The force of traction is not constant. but varies with the eharaeter of the road at any given instant, being most uniform on the smoothe.st surfaces, and constantly increasing the varia- tions as the roughness of the road in- creases until tt becomes merely a quick succession of violent pulls. A eam is thus subjected to a continuous jerking motion, which greatly in- creases the fatigue caused by the sim- ple pull necessary to move a load. On asphalt the variation of traction is very small; on smooth macadam it is some- what more, and on an ordinary dirt road it is seven or eight times as great as on macadam. If the dirt road be actually bad the result is practteally a series of heavy blows transmitted to the team through the collar, and these blows are estimated to be doubly as fatiguing as a steady pull, even ar the maximum traction of the road. On a smooth road the traction itself is less. and is comparatively constant, so that the pounding effect on the team dis- appoars, thus enabling t:hem to use their whole strength in hauling much heavier loads wtth les power. The effect of the variation of trac- tion, due to irregularity of road surface is analogous to the effect of vibration on a bicycle rider. Every wheelman knows how vibration increases as roads beet*me rough; but, owing to pneumat- ic tires, the eomparason is no entirely fair. Ride a pneumatic-tired wheel over a piece of poor macadam; then ride one with cushion tires and fiaally one wit,h solid tires, and the enormous increase in vibration and greater diffi- culty of propulsion will illustrate the changes in traetive force on teams go- ing from good to poor roads. During the tests small mules eas- ily drew over 6,000 pounds np a ten per cent. grade of smooth macadam, but were unable to pull the same load down a six per cent. grade of sand, though the ind,- cator showed that nearly double power was applied, and three-quarters of the load was re, moved before it could be started. A loaded wagon, with two- inch tires, drawn over a dirt road cut it into deep ruts, while the same load with four-inch tires only smoothed the surface, and it was found that the traction on the road where the narrow tires had been used was duble w.hat it was on the s,eetion where the wide tire were nsed. The tractive force for different, road surfaces, expressed in terms of the number of pound reqnired to moveone ton. as found in these tests, is as fol- lows: Tractive Force, rbs. On poor asphalt ............................. 2( On good macadam ............................ On poor Mock pavement ...................... 4 On best gravel ................................ 51 On cobblestone ................................ 54 On best clay ..................................... 9 On loose sand ...................................  HOW ARE YOUR ROADS? Ask This Question Before Seftllni in a New LocalltT. In considering the features of any lo. cation, whether for permanem; resi- dence, temporary sojuurn or summer outing, there are many questions that are always asked, and on the replies to them depend the decision. It is in order to answer these inquiries in ad. x ance that prospectuses are issued, at. tractions advertised and summer-re. sort hand-books are distributed. "What are your schools, churches and glares? Is.society agreeable? Ars surroundiugs elevated ? Itave you sew- ors, gas. water and electric cars?"--are some of the questions asked before you can determine on a place of residence. "Is the bathing good ? l:Iave yml fishing and boating', pleasant, walks, shaded lawns and conveniences for out-of-door T games? s the table good? and like inquiries are made before sel.eeting a spo for snmnler reereation. To these must now be added another, which is often placed first in the list of Interrogatories, no matter whether the time is to be extended or very tran- sient. How are your roads? It is not simply and alone that good roads are wanted for wheeling--though that is au important part of it--but the progress.- iveness of any section is so readily shown by the way it maintains its high- ways that people hesitate to go to any place in which the roads are neglect- ed. The effect of better highways in bringing summer tourists is beginning to receive attention tn the northern New England states and other parts of the country, and as soon as the nerve to the pocket Is touched rapid advances may be looked for. In the meantime, an inquiringregarding any place, let the first question be: How are your roads?L. A. W. Bulletin and Good oads. Do not be frightened if your eowa are large eaters, for it isa p'etty sure indi- cation that hey have something o value to ouin reurn. All that on ind.uce STEAM IN THP DAIRY. e llest ]|Pt|lod of Applyllz{ Hett to Sterilize Utensils, The best method of applying heat to serilize dairy utensils is by means of steam. When conducted slowly into large ovens or sterilizing rooms it fil'.s all requirements of a bottle and glass- ware sterilizer and if some caution is observed to cool slowly very little breakage need be expected Tin and woodenware amy bc treated in a sim- ilar way, but the quicker method is to place the can or vessel over a jet of steam and allow it to get the full bene- fit of its force forashort time. Avery ?onvenient way to arrange his steam jet is shown in Fig. 1. which represents a steam jet introdoeed into the center of the draintng board of the wash sink. The draining board should have a mod- erate slant toward the sink to carry off STEAMING TABLN AND SINK. the condensed steam. This arrange- men is very good for light work in small quantity. A large number of eight-quart cans may be more rapidly treated by having a long sink with narrow draining board the whole length of the back side provided with a r<w of steam jets the pipes of whieh cx- tend upward a foot or so above the board in order that the cans may be placed above them and sterilized with- out danger of falling over while others are being washed. If large 40-quart cans are to be handled I prefer a small table as repre- sented iu Fig. 2. It hould be about2 V STEAbIING TABLE FOR LARGE CANS. fet square, and a foot to 18 inches In height. The top should be galvanize,i iron. Have the outside the highest and let it slope toward the eenter, where the d.rip is located. This had better be conneeted with the sewer, or at leas pass through the floor if you are so un- fortunate as to have a board floor in your wash room. Near the center is the .steam jet and the valve for operating it should be located at a height in th supply pipe to suit the operator. Thi, sterilizing table is very convenient for steaming out not only 40-quar: cans, but also large separator bowls and even small churns and workers; in fact, anything movable in or about th ereamery.--Orangc J udd Farncr. STABLING DAIRY STOCK, & Practice Vhieh Has Paid Welt Vherever Tried. There has been some controversy whether it was profitable to put stock in barns during the feeding season. Many of our largest cattle feeders feed in open lots, but some of them feed in bank barns, which in most cases is even worse than feeding in the open, I know of one breeder particularly who built a cellar barn at a cost of about $1.200, and it proved very unsatistactory. Dur- ing a rainy season the water-would run continually into the barn and the result was that the cattle would stand ahnost knee deep in mnd and water during the feeding" season. We believe it is a good plan to stable stock just as soon as cold weather comes on and feed well; tape. cially is this so wiVh dairy stock. If the cows are cared for properly they will milk well right nlong through the cold winter months, but if they are fed scantily and are poorly housed the:)' will not pay for even bhe food that is given them. The stable should be kept lean and well bedded. I tie up my c-s in flood strong stalls and furnish thean with good food in box and manger, and keep them in these stalls until morning. This is the best way that I have ever found for having plump cows a.ml good milkers rtght straight along durlnff the year.Prai. rie I'armer. ApDle Trees by Roadsides. The owner of land throuh whie,h a highway runs is also the owner of the land, and is entitled to make any us of it that wi,ll not, interfere with the right of the public to trace1 on it. It is not generally praetlcable for farmers to crop land beside the roadbed, though sometimes a patch of earn or potatoes beside a road not, much used will give paying crops. Perhaps the best use such laud can be put to is to plant it with apple trees or other fruit trees, protecting the young trees while small from attacks of wandering stock. Iso- lated trees ptauted where they have plenty of room to spread and plenty of unllffht, often yield more fruit [ THE OCEAN AND THE WEATHER, Influence of the Former on tat Lat- ter an Important Topio. Not the least remarlra'ble and im- portalxt of the researches that are now being conducted by seientific men the .i.. orld over are those of Prof. Otto Pet- tersson, in assoeiatlon with the labors of Swedish, Norwegian, German, Dano ish and British ocea,nographers, on the relation existing between the surface ;, teanperature of the sea and atmospheric disturhanees. This is shown to be most intimate, as even a comparatively insig- nificant chaage f temperature in the surface waters, whether in the UlVard or in the downward scale, affeets the overlying air colu runs in a most. marked ma'nner--to the extent, indeed, of pro- dueing cyclonic movements, From a larg, e number of observations made iu partieular cases, and frmu the still more importa, n long-period averages at data obtained at Danish, Norwegian and British eoast stations, it is estaho lished ahnost conclusively that where warm oceanic water has from any cause been brought into the Nortl sea or he Baltic in specially large quantities In auttmn, the weather of the following winter has been marked by an unusuaI- ]y large number of cyclones and aecom- := panying mild weather. I, on the contrary, there is a sur- plusage of cold, fresh water brottgh! down by the streams of the lake nnd distributed over the sea surface, then a ha,rd, cold winter characteristic of anti- cyclonic conditions follows, with a dis. place meat westward of the true cyclon- ic movement. The warm winter of 1894 was preceded and accompanied by the presence of vast quantities of warm oceanic water in the North sea; durin the iutensely cold winter of the follow- ing year (1895), on the other hand ...... . the southern part of the North sea wan entirety filled with fresh, cold w'aters, chiefly derived from the land. The importanee of these observa. ttons cannot be overstated, and while mneh yet remains to be acomplished before extensive practical use ean be uade of them, or perha.t)s even a hypothesis established or proved, there is reason to believe, with Mrs. Diekson, who ha reviewed the evidence, tha t. before long a limited number of obser rations, judiciously selected as to tim a:nd place, wfll euable us to forecas! with confidence, not the weather for a day r a few days, but the general char- acter of a season, ,whether the winter ia to be mild or severe, and possibly also whether the summer is o be wet or warm. Arrangezlrents are now beinR " completed for malting a most extended series of observations in different parts of the North Atlanttc during 1898. At evidence of the interest that is being ta,kcn in these researches, and of he importance that is attached to them, it might be stated that in a period of ten months of the years 1895-95 upward of 1,600 samples of surface water, mos of the product being brought toffethez ,' gratnit,ously by captains and other of-  ..... `ricers of vessels Interested in the work had been t,rnsmitted to Prof. Petters- son for examination and analysis. The sclence of oceanography seems likely to enter, upon a new field of usefulness, and it is vvih good reason that scientist are ludly advocating" in its behalf the study of the entire oceanic surface, but especially that part of it which in its varying conditions is as yet least known to us, and which lies in the arctic nd atarctic tracts.'Washing'ton tar. DANCING AS AN EXEHOISF, Healthful Out of Doors l]ut Practiced Atitl Unhealthful flarroundings. In ancient times dancing was one ol the most beneficial of exercises, as the people danced out of doors, butin these days it is usually conducted in ill, :i ventilated room, loaded with excess of carbonic acid ga and hot with the re]use prodtrc of coal g{ts. Like many other ancient customs, hich civilization has changed to suit modern times and manners, daneing is so changed that it seems imposr, ihle "" to associate under the name name the ,method and object of dancing among the ancients with the modern stage dancer, or with the typical "amaatl and early" danc of the overcrowded draw. ins room. In argulng that danctng is a healttt- fnl exercise and that they follow tt for thin reason, few think of the dan, gers they incur in staying for hours tn heated apartments, breathing an nn- w.hnlesome atmosphere. Society, how. ever, demands it, and it. is for this rea- son, probably, tther than for the ex- ercise, that it must, be nndertaken. The effects of ordinary dancing would - : be, no doubt, beneficial were it not fo unhealthy surroundings. The amount of exercise obtained, by  long waltz might do many a perton a. great service, for it is claimed t.lmt it relieves the dy- peptic sufferer, it aist the action pro the liver and causes ihe blood to cirou. /ate more freely through the vessels-- Important functiom conducive in every way to good heslth. Dancing has traveled a great dis, tahoe from the time tt was performed to he clash of cymbals and the loud clang of trumpets, in honor f ome heathen god, king or conqueror, to the modern private party, undertaken with worry and bother to the host. and guests; yet notwithstanding all thee changes, it ia agree4 that dmacing in moderation has a flood influence, t! conducted according to th la.w of hygiene as regards the place, the t.im and th amoun,--PMladelphia llt. Old. enator Billyuns-,-Good murng, You seem to be all puffed p oer tome- Sltmtown Sztorter. You know the ed me.a4 hi for the Wrd, to, Star. the