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The Woodville Republican
Woodville, Mississippi
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January 1, 1898     The Woodville Republican
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January 1, 1898
 

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0 000ob00ille 00epubli00an. YOE. LXXII, WOODVILLE, MISS., SATURDAY, JANUARY 1, 1898. .=ira=rim .ll ,, .,,, ,.. ,*,.i | i ..l|..|l i NO.00. i . AND LITERARY. i , lonely nlht Is (d YQHI = o n e; .&apos;#F: Year, from the C(__ '" "- Brighten the in- land vales nct een't vith violets all the icy Kales, 2t:l fill the wand e.ring sails. Come with thy golden notes Of mnsie from a million feat'hered throats; Ielash o'er the wind-blown deep; end thy sun-couriers where the ice fields sleep nd bid the toilers reap. Thy steps are on the hills-- 'hy voice is heard in the tumultuous rills That lrap into thelight; l'hy by.w--freed from te thralldom of the night Ia Iurel-wreathcd and bright. Ome in thy kingliest grace, "With lorious gifts undreamed-of for the race : And where lily empires be There wave lhe flags of freedom o'er the free - (aPlands of liberty ! Scatter thy gifts as broad As rolls the worhl beneath the blue of God; Wide swing t'hy door Of plenty, lilt'the wailings of the poor AScend to heaven no more. The olive branch of peace "ave o'er earth's wars and bid thebatt]e o(ase : And where the red swords gleam 'Undarken(d may th*e snowy daisiesdream-- Uns'tained the river's stream! %e li&ht unto the blind: he scattered sheaves el every harvest bind: O'er every wayside clod lfi thou thy see'pter--thy commanding rod, Till alVars rise Lo God. , " Sln,g with thy hills and plains- Thy winds that kiss the roses of fhy rains, "I'hy rivers violet-shored, Thy ancient woodlands of the nymphs ad)red. Thy fields with treasure stored-- Freedom's divinest song,  IWept by the thunders of t'he world along, Until the unbound sea, . BI'll lave no shore where shines not for te free The sun of liberty! Frank L. Stantoa, In Chicago Times- I-I,erald. %: ... . " ,Ct(N-TT WAS the even- ,. --i .5,11i1 ing of the last day ,s" Ill of the ,-ear, and ')k/,ffIIII Mr. *ewbury had (O,Wk-- taken from his .'. ves pocket a. roll of bills,his month's Salary, and laid it on the table. "I think we had better lmy up the rent before any of the other bills." he said. "Gray stopped me on the sree " to-day to speak about it. Says there are three months owing, and he needs the pney l)adh'." ,  "Dear mei that will take neaxlv half of St," said Mrs. Newbnry, with a har- : raed expression, "and I promised I i  Would pay the coal man and the gTo- [ Cery man. They were both here to- [ day, and they need the money, too." l "I wish 3"o couhl pay for makin,g my dress," said Maud Newbury, in an ag- grieved and anxious tone. "I know Mrs Peter n " s eeds the pay, for Nellie l !etrs comes to school in a dress that ' is perfectly dreadful and I feel so mean every time I look at her that I wart to go sojnewhere and hide" Mrs. Newbury's face flushel. "I had forgotten that, bill," she said remorsefully "Mrs. Peters mu cer- tainly be pMd." "I sh'd think the milk bill better be pMd," spoke up Bob New, bury. 'Tm . dead tired of telling Mrs. Dale that % -lother thinks she can pay you some- thing on the bill next week.' She's got so she smiles a queer smile every -time I get off that old gag. Guess sh thinks next week never comes." Mrs. Ncwbury's face flushed more deeply. Y "I owe Not at hrce weeks' wages, ton. and she's getting impatient," she sa.id, "There are two pairs of hose n(l a necktie that I go trusted, for aS the Cornea store." said Mr. Newbury. : , "And I'm behind with the butehex I i: : and there's a little owing the baker," Said Mrs. Newbury. "For hcavens sake, how much do we owe, and whom don't we oweT" ex- claimed Mr. Newbury, wrinkling his rehead in disgust. "I'll get paper and pencil emd rekon it Up," said Mrs. Newbury. After setting down a column of fig- are, she added them, then, with a deep sigh, passed the paper to her hus- badd. ; The am mint was exactly the sam as the. roll of hills on the table. e l "Ih y looked at each other for a full r minute in silence Then :Mrs. New- :" q:l burst forth impetuously: :ilmte this way of living." 'qi do I," said Mr. Newbury, "but what can we do about itT" "I think it's time we did something," said his Wife. "I despise and abomi- nate debt more a.d more every d.y l live. 'Tis like being in the clutches of one of those horrible marine mon- sters  e re 9 ' ' . r ad about--the octopuS, is it. ou get free of two or three of its tmrrid t.ns or tentacles, and while you - do that the others tighten about you. q.e you get out, of the grasp of these tronger 'on, only to find that the first havo t another'hold, and that three or four t'hat bve be,wavlng about tm the water are beginning o wind around yo." "Just so." amcnted Mr. Newblry. "I don't see wixy we can't be even, jtlst as well as be a month behind all the times  cntintled Mrs. Newhury. "But being a month behind, how are we to get even?" queried Air. Newbury. "We ]night pay everything we owe. and then not buy a thing till your next l.qy day," "Rathei- a heroic measure, wouldn't tha.t be?" said Mr Newbury, doubt- fully. 'Tin really ft>r heroic measures," re- turned Mrs. Newbury, defiantly. "Well I'll a'ree to it. if you wan,t o try that plan. It is wort;h some trouble to gel out of the grip of theoctopus." 0 her," sighed Mrs. Ne,wimry. "She'll ] week's washing was rained on soon e't. a sitnation in Boston. and I don't I hfter being hung out, and later froze know when I shall be Mole to get a,n- solidly to the line But these trials other girt I like so well." "I think she vill come back," said Maud, hopefully. "Anyway, let's not cross nna" bridges till we come to them," said Mr. New- bu,ry. "lt is foolish." she an,veved "anti I won't worry." "I declare!" she said a moment later, after a search in her work basket, "I believe Iarientire]y out of white thread. and I do so want to finish this, shirt to- night. ]lob, dear, won't you jest slip down, to the corner and buy ne a spool ?" "No. mcher, I won't. Dreadfully sor- "Oh!" cried Maud. "Wouhl you really ry, all the same," a,nswered Rob, his do it? I think it wouht be lovely not eyes twinkling to be owing an'ybody " Mrs. Newbm'y looked at, her usually c.bliging s'on in sm,prise; ll'. Newbu%y rai.sed iris eyes from his newspaI)er, and ,Maim fr(wne.d disapprovingly. Then. the rcaso for his relusal fla,shed npon them and l.hcy nil broke into a. laud, h, Mrs. Newbury's smevhat, rueful. "Evidently we didn'l rea]ize what we were e,n4islln, for," sa:id Mr. NewbuTy, "but no,w that we have enlisted, we m,iffht as well take ihin,o,s as, they come itqld 14'e what fua we can, out c them." "Now. in,other, yoql ca.n't sw on an,y- thin u hiie till th,e first of Februarb"," said Maud. "No," returned hermother, pen,sively, "but I have plenty of dark thread. I mi,ht bay the sateeu 9or your waist arid be ma.kin tha,t " The she stopped suddenly, and theTe was another laugh. " 'Twouhl be jolly fun," agreed Bob. with enthusiasm. "Say! let's sign a paper will yo.n, mother?" Mrs. Newbury meditated. "I think," she Raid, after a pause, "thai we could get along for a month We are quite well supplied with ca-cry- thing." Maud had been scril)l)linI on the piece of paper which her moher had used for fiuuring. "tlear ibis," she sMd. "we, the undersigned, solemnly vow nnd declare, that during the time to elapse be- tween this last day of 1)ecember and the last day of January following, we will neither borrow buy, nor run in debt for any thing or things whatsoever that we can by any possibility exist without." "Put a date on it," snggestexl Rob. Maud followed the suggestion, then looked toward her father. The morning was all that a New Year's morning should be, cold, crisp, dill and sunshiny. ]ob had the ex- treme felicity of paying Mrs. Dale all that was due her for milk. telling her a,l the same time that no more would be wanted for a nonth. "Folks going away?" q, ueried Mrs. Dale. "Well, n(>--not exactly," stammered Rob, and then hastily made his escape. Mr. Newbury paid. the rent and the little account at. the corner store; Mrs. Newbury, the butcher, the baker, the coal man and the grocery man, while Maud's heart was rejoiced by paying hlrs. Peters for making her dress. It thus happened for the first time in years that the New)urys were wholly free from debt, and they confessed to each other at night that this condition of affairs had made them feel at least an inch taller in stature, and sensibly increased the capacity of their lungs. Air. Newbury's work was at some dis- tance from his home, and he had been accustomed to take his dinners at an eating house. "I think you may put me up a lunch to-day," he Observed to Mrs. Newhury, "Will you sign it.?" she asked. Airs. Ne.wbu,ry wen4 to rest early tba "Oh. yes; I'll sign it.," he a.uswered, eendng', and t.he others soon followed cheerfully; then he wrote his name her6xample. with a flourish and hande the pa.per to lrs. Newbury. She hesitated. "Let us sign it, Maud, while, mother is making up her mind." said Rob, and he and his sister affixed their names. Then, .slowly and delfberate]y, Mrs. Newbury wro4e her n,ame below tJe ot hers. "IIurrah l" eaelalm,ed Rcb, cxultantly, snatching the paper and waving it above his head. "1 haven't got to go after the milk for a whle month!" "Oh, dear!" cried Mrs. Newbury, "I turgot about milk Ilow ca.r :e live without that?" "Use wa,ter, of course," said Rob. "There's ,pl*enly of it.--and 'tls paid for." Mr. Newbury laughed. "We can d'o without milk that little time, easily enough," said Maud. "Well." said Mrs. Newbury, resigned- ly, "if the re'st of you can ffev along, I can," "What will you do abo]t N+orah? '' asked Mr. Nevbury. "Oh--Nora,h !" gasped Mrs. NewbuTy. "I can't turn her off. Noralh never en- tered my head wlen I signed t.a fool- ish paper." 'tWouldn't it be better to come home. to dinner?" began Mrs. Newbury, then broke off suddenly to exclaim in still greater distress: "And you had to ,walk--both ways!" "i did," said Mr. Newbury, while Maud looked concerned, and Rob gave vent to a low wkistle. "Well, I l-hink that is a ease of neces- sity. It, is too hard for you. You must "I'm not complaining. 'In fact, I rather ,lik it. Six miles a day is nothing to kill a man." "I'm nov so certain of it," said Mrs. Newbury, doubtingly. "Well, I am," lughed he. "All I'm fvaid of is that it will give me such an ppetitc that the cupboard will go bare before the month is out." The first week passed quite comfort- ably. With the housework to do Mrs. Newbury did not miss the sewing she couldn't do; the table was well set, in pite of the absence of meat and milk; Mr. Newbury thrived on his fresh air exercise, while Maud and /lob did the ame on their exercise indoors. The second week was likewise fairly comfortable. To be sure, Maud allowed the nose of the coffee pot to melt off. and the coffee had to be made in a tin pail, but this itself didn't mueh matter. as the coffee itself gave out a few days afterward. It was this week also, that Rob's rubber boots sprang" a leak, and he had to fall back on a pair of Maud's overshoes. Then some one asked Maud to give ten cents toward a certain ehar- itable object, and thought very meanly of her for reustng. As a climax the IkU'D IA)OKD TOWARD HER F:ATHEIL "Perhaps she would take a vacation," while they were at breakfast the second proposed Maud. morniag. "I will call aer i and pay hr," said "Why, JohnI" cried his wife, in dis- Mr Newbury, '%nd se what she says. may, "you did,n% go without ycrar din- But what would you do if she sh.ould er yesterdab?" go?" he asked, looking toward his wife "lt strikes me I did," he returned. with sudde second thought. "It wo:'t grimly. pa for you t overwork." 'Tll work every reinsure before and after school," said Maud, quickly. "I'll bring in a.ll the wood nd Goal and kirdling, and take cre o my own room," vlunteered Rob. "If you both hebp me ha4f as much a.s you ay you .will, I shall get along be,a- tifully," said their mother. "I cn pu ou% the washing, ands--" "Oh, can you put out the washing?" laugtred Rob, derlsively. "Guess you disremember that doeumen you just put your name to, another." "Sure enough," retu,rn,ed hi mother, a little erestfallert. "So I did." "We'll wash Saeurda,yg, and I'll do all the sernbblng," said Maud. 'Tll ven- ttre it won't be any harder work th'an riding a bicycle." 'TI1 turn he wringer Grad han out the clothe, if tha'll be aniy accommo- dation." said Rab, magamn,imtrsly. "0 course it wi'l be a he] p," cried Maud, warmly, "and you,'re an anal to O,ffer," So Norah was cMled, and greatly t,o her satisfaction,, was paid in. full. Then the vacation plan wa broached. "Sure, th.i,, n' I'd be glad to go,,, exclaimed Norah, her eyes sparkling. " 'TIS a long time l've been wanin <) visit me sister iu Boston, but fearel you'd turn.me off if I minioned it, aad I dldn't wan to l'ose m place. An,' I can go to-morrw, did you say?" "Yes, you can go t-morrowif you will be sure t comeback at theend o the moDJth." Noah proteed by al the sainthat she would returr at the appointed time. and theaten.ed awe T t0ake prep- aratlon for her jouey. Y "I'm afratd it is the last e shall see were of comparatively little moment, and for the most part were easily en- dured. The third week began well. Th hens, of which Mr. Newbury ket)t 20, responded nobly to the mild weather, and their e(s were a welcome addi. ties to a vegetahle diet. But on Wednesday their feed gave out, ana they mus be SUl)plied from the house. Other things gave out; apples, rolled oats. and, worst of all, sugar. Monday, Mrs. Newbury had an- nounced that lhc kerosene barrel was empty, and after this tie family made a lmint of burning but one lamp at a time. and of going to bed early. Thursday it was decided that stlil further ee'onomy of kerosene wc,uld be necess'try. So Mrs. NewburyandMaud prepared supper while it was day, and then sat in the dark till Mr. Newbury came. The lampwasthenlit.supperwas hastily eaten, and while M[,lld washed and wiped ttm dishes her mother made everything ready for gettiag breakfast quickly, for Mr. Ncwbury had to sar aA'ay before the sun arose When Maud had finished the dishes, the light vas extinguished, and till bed time the family sat arouud lhc sitting- room fire. which shone throug'h the mira in the stove door and made 1he reran quite pleasant, though of course reading, wriiimx or sewing were en- tirely out of the question. But lhey could talk and Maud could play on the piano for the others to sing, and all d.e- clared kerosene was a.n article one could exist very comfortably without, while to grope onCs way tohed in tle dark was excellent exercise for onc'z perceptive faculties. "Well," said Mr. Newtmry, at, the be. ginmng of :the fourth week, "shall we back out?" "No don?t!" eried Bob. "It's going t be more fun thiz week than all the resl put toether I" 'I don' think it would be right to," said Maud "We promised." "It's the hardest on you." said Mrs Newbtry, looking at her husband. "with yonr long walk and cold dinners." "You needn't back ou on my ac- count," said Mr. Newbury "Fin doin nicely, thank you!" "I don't waut you to on my a<,ount,' said Mrs. Newbury. "Then we'H grit our tee.t a.nt] kee it, up to the bitter end," laughed Mr l'ewbu ry. This last week opened with a tre. m,endous sn,w's.t orm, follow,ed b3 zero weather, and Mr. Ne,vbur found his three-mile walk no pleasur excursion. The house supplies began to run low. What Indian meal, macaroni, split peas, rke and otatoes there were had to be given to the hens. But there v:as no animal food, and the lack of His, to- gether with the cold, had the effeetof reduciug the number of egg, s  two or three a day. And the butter gave out an6 the shortening. In fact. there was mrd. ly nything left of a mbsta,ntkl n,a. ture excepting flour and canned fmtit, ,Saturday was rainy, and the soap bx was em3ty, so the washing had lo ,be done with a small re.]nant of washing powder and dNed in the attic. Sunday was rainy also. dud seemed interm:inable, bu the family spirits were Fod, for nowthe end was in sight. The last day of the last week in Jan- nary eaute, and Mr. Ne,'bury returned home at nigh:t o a frugal supper aml th'ree smiling and triumphant individ. U31,S. "Well, we've done dt," he exc]aime gleefully, opening" his poekeCoook am dl]sp]ayinig a roll of bills. "Here's whole mont,h's salary, and we don't owe a cent of it." "It is worth all it has cost," said Mrs. Newbury, in a xone of conviction, "though the past week has been simply dreadful, and [ hope and pray I ma never have to live another like it." "It was like a siege," said Maud, "and I'm proud to think we held.out." " 'Twas a jolly lark," said Rb, with a chuckle, "but all the same I'm rather glad it's over, and that we're going to have something" to eat. :I'm a trlfle tired of butterlss biscuit, milkless e'oeoa and sugarless sauce." "And I suspicion that mother is tired of a Norah-less kitchen," laughed Maud. .%he had hard:ly poken when there was the sound of the outside door be. ing opened and Norab's voicewas heard directing soute one about her trunk. Mrs. Newbury 0rely a loog brea,th. "lt neede'l ,but this to make my 'happi- ness complete," she murmured. "Now," she said. wheu Norah had ben greeted and htd gone upstairs, "now why not extend o4r New Year's resolution or one. clause of it, rather?" "For how long?" "Oh--forever. Let us make ,it a rule of our Iives never to get in debt(but to pay cash for every single thing we ,,buy at the time we buy it." "Yes," said Maud. "now we're safely out of the clutches of th octopus, do, for pity's sake, let us keep out." "I really thiak that is the honest way," said Mr. Newbury "If we can't pay for a thing, what right havewe to buy it? None at all." So the Newburys turned over a new leaf and paid as they went. and after only a brief trial of tMs plan they liked it so well that nothing'save dire neces- sity wou!d have induced them o go back to the old, slipshod way. True, timy sometimes miscalculated and fell short, and had to practice self-denial for longer or s,horter periods, but the discipline was useful and led to abetter calculation and a wiser economy.-- Elizabeth Robbins, in Ladies' World. A Probability. Lrs. Commute--Sarah, what d) you suppose causes that disagreeable odor near the meat safe? Sara:h--I don't know. mum, except perhaps some of the sausages we ha ls week felt down .v got hurted,- N, Y. Journal AKP LOCKS HIS DOORS. Burglars and Thieves Disres tho Barrow Philosopher. lIl lie*he I llurglnrlted--Delare.q the %Vhole Set of Trnmps e Adepts In the Art of Stealing. "IIark, bark, the dogs do bark; The burglars have come to town." For 15 years ths has been an order- ly, peaceable and honest town. Ever since the saloons wre abolished there has been no disturbance of the public tranquillity. During all that time our d:oors have not been locked at night, nor has our chickea rost been robbed by the fowl inxader. The prescrme of our faithful dog may have been our i)rotecfion, for there hve been some few chickens stolen in those parts. Our neighbor, Charley I'atterson, suffered some in that way until he bought the old gallou on which a man was hung a few years ago, and built a chicken house of the timber. Since then hecan ha,xtly get a darky to put chickens tn it by day, much less to take them out by Mgt,t. But our negroes in and arotmd Cartersville arc a clever, and industrious people, and as honest ns nmnkind are generally, l)omestic -r- v:mts will lake some liberties with lit- tle Ihings lhat they think we won't miss. lint they have many good traits that arc a set-off, and no we compro- mise on general princlples. But now the burglars have come to town am(1 alarmed the whole eommu- ndty. I believe they come'from np north where every bad thing comes ftom, even to bad weather. The oher day  tramp came to oar hou.e nd asked for something to eat. tie was fairly go<M looking" and well dressed. My wife got him a lunch and asked him where his home was, and where he was going, lie smiled and said he had no home. nnd was raised in an orphan asylum up north, and was going to Atlanta in search of work. "]Tow do you travel," said she, "if you have no money?" "Well I ride on the freights nntil they put me off," he said, "and then I wait for another one and ride some more. I am just taking a little trip now to see the country." There were two of these fellows in town and they took the rounds asking for something to eat and always gee it. My opinion is that they are profes- sional thieves, and their purpose in call- ing at so many houses is to prospect the premises. The night after they were at our house burglars entered four houses and stole money. They took $90 from under a sleeping man's pil- low and smaller sums from the pockets of other men. A few nights after they entered three houses and took  fine old watch from under a banker's pil- low and the next night a watch and some money at another place. They take no clothing or anything to eat They are white folks, I tell you, and are experts in their business. Well, of course, the whole com- munity is aroused, and especially the women. My wife is not a timid woman. She is more afrMd of snakes thn of men, but she, too, got alarmed and made me ge the hammer and the screwdriver and some bolts and nails a.nd fix up every door and window. She held the lamp and watched me all ronnd from room to room, and I mashed a great, blood blister on my linger nd it hurts yet. When all was d(me to her satisfaction, and we got redy to retire, she suddenly told me n, ot t lock the back hall door, for Uncle Sam had to come in there in the morning to make a fire. Considerate womn! She knew that I didn't like to g,e out of a warm bed to unlock the door. ]eclton she thinks the bur- glars wouldn't be  impolite as to come In at the back door. But they wbn't get any wa,tch from under my pillow, for I haven't got any. Forty yeaa-s ao they got mine just that way in old Dr. Thompson's hoel in At- lanta, and I have never carried one since. They got my pocketbook, too, and a little mo.ney and some valua- ble papers. They were from up north and were very clever men, considering, for-in about a week they sent me all my papers back through t,he mail and i the letter was postmarked Philadelphlm They will give a man back everything they can't use. lill Fort told me that they were a kindhearted set of thieves and he had known them to lean over and kiss a sleeping man after i.oy had robbed him. No, it is white folks who are stealing these valuable things. Negroes haven't got above chickens and turkeys yet. I heard the other day an old darky who prayed every night during Christ- raas for the Lord to send a turkey to him, but. the turkey didn't, come. and so he changed his prayer and asked the Lord to send him to a turkey an4 his prayer was answered that very night. A negro don't hanker after gold watches. ]tc wants something to eat. But, now I want to know what is all this racket about that they call co- education. I thought it was jtst an- other fad and would soon pass away, but it seem to get bigger and bigger the more they talk about it.. One would think that there were no female cogeges in the land and that the boys were getting all the education, when the trnth is there are more educational facilities for rls in this state than for boys. I don't know what it all means. Do the girls want to mix with the boys as8 improve them and be inspired by them? Then why should no the boys claim a similar privilege and go to the femaIe colleges and to the girls' indus- trial school at Milledgeville? If we are going to bunch, let us bunch the whole concern and include the agricultural attachments and let the girls do some plowing if they want to. But I reckon is just the new woman who is con- tending for the abstract right to go to the university. Of course they won't go, .for their father won't let them aa long as the female colleges ar open at Macon and Athens and La- Orange and Deatur and Romae and 6thei- place, There is plenty of edu- cation tel- them there without the co-. The best mothers. I know, never got higher than a high school, and the best, coeducation is for the girls to get married young and go to raising chil- dren and chickens. If they do that diligently they Will learn enough in a lifetime and be as happy as their col- lege-bred daughters. !'re never been entirely satisfied that such abstruse sciences as chemistry, astronomy, trig- onometry, fluxions, ealculas, Greek, rhetoric and logic were of any use to the average boy, ranch less to the girls. I went to college and my wife didn't, and I have to take a back seat now sometimes. I married her when she was only 16, but if she had spent four years in college she would have been so smart she wouldn't have had me. and I reckon I wouldn't have had her, for no prudent young man will marry a girl who is smarter than he isit ts dangerous. Pick out your girl and take her young and eoeducate her yourself.--Bill Arp, in Atlanta Consti- :.ution. COSTLY CHANGES, Enormon l,ose Caused in iCeeplng Arntie UD to Dae. I,n no private business, and ia no other branch of the government setw- ice are sach en(>rmons Iosss possible, a in the army ax]d navy When a new gun or a new system of fortification is devised the old is aban- doned forever, and te vMue which t represe.ntcd is a total loss. The British navy, not. long ago, de- elated obsolete a certain type of tor- pcdo. In do:ing so it discarded torpe- does which had cost it about 150,000 or $750&00. The costliest change which the gov- ernment of the United States ever made was when it discarded the muzzle-load- ing rifle for the breech-loader, and the smooth-bore cannon for the rifled gun at the cud of the civil war. The heavy ordnance discarded at that time repre- sented an invcstmen.t of many millions --it wotfld be difficult to say just. how mech. The discarded muskets were about a rn.illi0n and a half in nnm'ber, and their cost had been from $12 to$18. At an average of $15 they were worth, originally, $22,500,000. Of this sum bout one-third or one- quarter was recovered by the sale of the guns to other na:ticm in time of war, so the actual loss to the govern- ment was $15,000,000. These guns, i.t is true, had beea used in the war, and presumably the goverument had got $15,000.000 worth of service out of them; but qhey were in good condition and might have been used by, our little standing army of 25.000 men for century if tlm st3le had not changed. The Springfield rifle cost a]ittle mo r than the old-tyle mus,kct. It was re- placed by a magazine gun of small ca,li- ber and high velocity. The old guns were not discarded when th new ones came in. They are "as good as gold," sayes Gem :Flagier, the chief of ordnance of the army. They were put through the armory, where all worn parts were replaced, and 90 per cent., of them was restored to prime eonditiou. They will be kept tn reserve for use in time Of txouble. The officers of the gvern- mnt, will no& even say how many of them there are. for fear forei,wn nations should base on that information an es- tJmate of our figh,ting resources. Some of t, he old heavy ordnance still has uses, but most of it has been sold for old iron or given away. Three huu- dred aad seventy-eight guns have been given away, principally to grand army posts; also 132 gun carriages, and about 9,000 shells. This ordnance, like the muskets, had seen good service, and besides, its origi- nal cost was comparatlvely small. An old eight-inch smooth-bore cost about $1,500, while an eight-inch modern rifle gun cost $15,000. There is an amazing difference in the efficiency of the however. The old smooth-bore wa a 56-pounder and used 10 pounds of powder. The modern gun of the same caliber is a 300-oounder, and uses 135 pound of powder. Wh,en the navy department adopted a new rifle recently, it turned the old rifles over to the naval m,ilitia. There were more than 5,000 of them, nd they were worth about $75#00. Even if there had been no militia to equip, the loss by this change would have been com- paratively smM1, There arc 10,000 of the new vii es, including' those for the marine corps, and they cost about$1?5,- 000. At the end of the war the navy de- partment did not fopthwith tumble over- board the old cast-iron cannon and sub- stitute the modern built-up gun. The change has bee. gradual, and some of the old guns re still in use on our ships of wa. Nor were the wooden sMps of the old navy discarded, except as they wore out. The ships of the new navy are of the very latest design, and cos,t $250,000 to $5,000,000 each. It. is not likely that con ditions will arise which will render them entirNy.osolee. As for our four- inch o thirteen-inoh guns, which cost the government from $2,500 to $60,000 each, the only changes likely to occur are in their mechanism, and these arc small, compared wi,th the total east of the gun. Still. any day some genius may come to the front with a wholly new construction which will leave mil- lions of dollars' worth of heavy ordnance practically useless on our hands.Bos- ton Globe. The Itevlsed Version. "What is your new painting called?" " 'The Gleaner.' " "Ah, a young girl with a sickle and a bundle of grain?" "No; an elderly girl with a fiat poek- ethook and an armful of bargain dry goods,"--Chicago Recd. --Washington, in the District of Co- lumbia, was founded in 1791, an w maple the seat o! governvaat in 1800, Tle tapita ia I793, PERSONAL --Bret, Itarte's new book, "The Thrt Partners," is the thirty-third volume bearing his name. ] --Lafcadio tIearn, who has livednany yesrs in Japan, says that the oteque pictures nmde by Japanese artists now" seem to him to be true. --Miss Nellie Salome Thomas. of Bo ton, while in England went to Malver-a, and, after decorating the grave of Jen* nie Lind. started a fund for a memorial; window in the abbey. --When Senator Coekrell, of Miotrl : recelves from one of his eonstituen request for public documents on a s'ul jeer tm most-invariably sendsallSho mat ter available, even as fax bac ath war. --%'lleu Tennyson. in 1830, wrote thiff n "Locksley Italh .... Let, the gl:eat world spin forever down the ringing grooves of change," he supposed tha the wheels of rilway ears ran t oved rails. Itenry R. Pritchard. af Indiaap ells, who is the oldest living preacher in the Church of the Disciples of mer- ica, ha pi cached 6,000 sermom. :Ite ha known Gcn. Itarrisn ever since tht latter was a boy. ---Mr. John E. Levitt, of Porsmouth N. II., has lind a gavel made from the original oak in the old frigate Cons41tu- tion and haa sent. it as a present to the Society of the Ameri- can Revolut.ion --The king of Siam carries back witlx him the Grand Cross of the Order of St.. Andrew of Ilussia, St. Stephen of ]Iunffaxy, SS Maurice and Lazarus an4 the Annunciation of Italy, the Elephan of Denmark. the Black Ea,le of Pr- sia the Lion of tim Netherlands. Charles 'III. of Spain, the Conception of Portu- gal and St. Savior of Greece. Of miser orders his instgrd would load a Baa kok mnle. , COLUMBUS WAS A Feonk Stock/on Says the V,s a Grand Mttste" Of lPlrmeqlr, It ls not necessary for us to enter very deeply into the consideration of the policy of Columbus towards th people of the islands of te West lndies His second voyage was nothing moro than an expedition for the sake  plunder, lie had discovered other riche in the West Indies, had found that the people who iahab ited the islanda were simple-hearte" : inoffensive creatures how to fight, azad vrho did fight. Therefore, a it was ao sail his ships into the harbors defensele islands, to subjugate %he natives, and to take away the products of their mines and il, he a veritable Gourde of piracy, The acquisition of gold of plunder eemed to be the ole oh- leer of this Slntsh expedition*; aad na tives were enslaved anti subjected to thd greatest hardfl'fips, so that they die in great numbers. At one time 30 t hem were sent as slaves to Spa&n, A pack of bloodhound, which Columbu had brought with him for th was used to hunt down when they eadeavored the hands of the every way the i .ipal scene of was treated m, if committed a dreadful crime by being in possession of the wealth which the Spn lards desired for theselve Queen Isabella was greatly opposed to these cruel and uujust proceedings. She sent back to their native land the laves which Columbus had shiIped o Spain; and she gave positive 0dera that no more of helnabitan.ts were to be enslaved, and that they were all to be treated with moderation and kind- ness. But the Atlantic is a wide oeea, am'l Columbus, far away from his royal paid little attention to her xJshes and c)mmantls; and withoutge ink further into the history of thi period, we wilt simply mentionAhe fat that it was on account of his alleged atrocities that Columbus was supersed- ed in lfis command and sent back i hains to Spain.Frank R. Stockton, i St.. :Nicholas. - ! A Cat Retriever. Here is n in tereing is reported as a true story of tellience: Mr. Blan,k is a snburbmatto who delights dtriag the summer after noons to go in quest of sparrows. Early in the pabst eason a "family moved, into an adjoining house. With the family came a cat. One afternoon Mr. Blank. returvhg from a guuning expedit- espied the eat dozing on the piazza. It threw a parrow to her. The eat  quickly a,t worl, and in a short tim there was little left of the parr(. The following afternoon the eat a ill . the same place dozing, but quite wde, awake, watching for the returninF .portman, tier wa warded by two parro's front of her. Now what eunious, consequently 1he ne afternoon when Mr. Blank started ot on his uual hunt he was joined by the eat, who tuck close to his heel, ad; when a sparrmv was brought down0tha cat. would take it in her mouth ,t|| home was reached, when the devouring would begin. Evexy afternoon after that until the season waned the cat. would' be seen following close at th heels of the suburban sparr de- stroyer.--Bost on Traveler. Didn't Covet" thl "I reckon," said the old "that rll have to qul yer paperY "Why, don't its politic suit you ?" "Oh, yes." "You like its editorials?" "USt class." "No fault with its newsfeatures?" ! "None "tall." "Then, maY I ssk what's for quitting?" "Welt. it's times, you know, an' the tln" their hair up in mus, an' I've got 17 is too small ter Coastitutiom